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851

#851. [Bad taste.] Vulgarity. -- N. vulgarity

  • vulgarism
  • barbarism
  • Vandalism
  • Gothicism|!
  • bad taste
  • gaucherie
  • awkwardness
  • want of tact
  • ill-breeding
  • courseness
  • indecorum
  • misbehavior
  • lowness
  • homeliness
  • low life
  • rusticity
  • boorishness
  • brutality
  • rowdyism
  • ribaldry
  • slang
  • (neology) 563
  • bad joke
  • [Excess of ornament] gaudiness
  • tawdriness
  • false ornament
  • finery
  • frippery
  • trickery
  • tinsel
  • gewgaw
  • baroque
  • rococo
  • rough diamond
  • tomboy
  • hoyden
  • cub
  • clown
  • (commonalty)
  • Goth
  • Vandal
  • Boeotian
  • snob
  • cad
  • gent
  • parvenu
  • frump
  • dowdy
  • slattern
  • V. be vulgar
  • misbehave
  • talk shop
  • smell of the shop
  • Adj. in bad taste vulgar
  • unrefined
  • coarse
  • indecorous
  • ribald
  • gross
  • unseemly
  • contra bonos mores[Lat]
  • ungraceful
  • dowdy
  • slovenly
  • ungenteel
  • shabby genteel
  • low
  • common
  • hoi polloi[Grk]
  • uncivil
  • (discourteous) 8
  • ill bred
  • ill mannered
  • underbred
  • ungentlemanly
  • ungentlemanlike
  • unladylike
  • unfeminine
  • wild
  • wild as an unbacked colt
  • untutored
  • unschooled (ignorant) 491
  • unkempt. uncombed
  • untamed
  • unpolished
  • uncouth;
  • plebeian
  • heavy
  • rude
  • awkward
  • homely
  • homespun
  • home
  • bred
  • provincial
  • countrified
  • rustic
  • boorish
  • clownish
  • savage
  • brutish
  • blackguard
  • rowdy
  • snobbish
  • barbarous
  • barbaric
  • Gothic
  • doggerel
  • heathenish
  • tramontane
  • outlandish;
  • uncultivated
  • Bohemian
  • obsolete
  • unfashionable
  • newfangled
  • (unfamiliar)
  • odd
  • particular
  • affected
  • meretricious
  • extravagant
  • monstrous
  • horrid
  • shocking
  • gaudy
  • tawdry
  • overornamented
  • baroque
  • rococo
  • bedizened
  • tricked
  • out
  • gingerbread
  • obtrusive

#852. Fashion. -- N. fashion

  • style
  • ton
  • bon ton|!
  • society
  • good
  • society
  • polite society
  • drawing-room
  • civilized life
  • civilization
  • town
  • high life
  • court
  • world
  • fashionable
  • world
  • gay world
  • Vanity Fair
  • show
  • manners
  • breeding
  • air
  • demeanor
  • 4
  • gentility
  • decorum
  • propriety
  • conventions of society
  • Mrs. Grundy
  • punctilio;
  • form
  • formality
  • etiquette
  • point of etiquette
  • dress
  • custom
  • mode
  • vogue
  • go
  • rage
  • prevailing
  • taste
  • fad
  • trend
  • bandwagon
  • thing
  • in thing
  • craze
  • chic
  • last word
  • man of fashion
  • woman of fashion
  • man of the world
  • woman of the
  • world
  • height of fashion
  • pink of fashion
  • star of fashion
  • glass of
  • fashion
  • leader of fashion
  • arbiter elegantiarum
  • the
  • beautiful people
  • the fashion set
  • upper ten thousand
  • elite
  • smart set
  • the four hundred [U.S.]
  • in crowd
  • V. be fashionable
  • be the rage
  • have a run
  • pass
  • current
  • follow the fashion
  • conform to the fashion
  • fall in with the fashion
  • follow the trend
  • follow the crowd
  • go with the stream
  • (conform)
  • keep up appearances
  • behave oneself
  • set the fashion
  • bring in the fashion
  • give a tone to society
  • cut a
  • figure in society
  • keep one's carriage
  • Adj. fashionable
  • in fashion
  • a la mode
  • admitted in society
  • admissible in society
  • presentable;
  • conventional
  • genteel
  • well-bred
  • well mannered
  • well
  • behaved
  • well spoken
  • gentlemanly
  • ladylike
  • civil
  • polite
  • polished
  • refined
  • thoroughbred
  • courtly
  • unembarrassed
  • jaunty
  • dashing
  • fast
  • modish
  • stylish
  • chic
  • trendy
  • recherche
  • newfangled
  • all the rage
  • all the go|!
  • with it
  • in
  • faddish
  • in court
  • in full dress
  • in evening dress
  • (ornament) 847
  • Adv. fashionably
  • for fashion's sake
  • Phr. a la francaise
  • a la parisienne
  • a l'

#853. Ridiculousness. -- N. ridiculousness

  • comicality
  • oddity
  • extravagance
  • drollery
  • farce
  • comedy
  • burlesque
  • buffoonery
  • frippery
  • doggerel verses
  • absurdity
  • bombast
  • anticlimax
  • bathos
  • eccentricity
  • monstrosity
  • laughingstock
  • V. be ridiculous
  • pass from the sublime to the ridiculous;
  • make one laugh
  • play the fool
  • make a fool of oneself
  • commit an absurdity
  • Adj. ridiculous
  • ludicrous
  • comical
  • droll
  • funny
  • laughable
  • pour
  • rire
  • grotesque
  • farcical
  • odd
  • whimsical
  • whimsical as a dancing bear;
  • fanciful
  • fantastic
  • queer
  • rum
  • quizzical
  • quaint
  • bizarre
  • screaming;
  • eccentric
  • strange
  • outlandish
  • out of the way
  • baroque
  • weird
  • awkward
  • extravagant
  • outre
  • monstrous
  • preposterous
  • bombastic
  • inflated
  • stilted
  • burlesque
  • mock heroic
  • drollish
  • seriocomic
  • tragicomic
  • gimcrack
  • contemptible
  • (unimportant)
  • doggerel
  • ironical
  • risible
  • Phr. risum teneatis amici [Horace]
  • rideret Heraclitus
  • du sublime au
  • ridicule il n'y a qu'un pas [Napoleon]

#854. Fop. -- N. fop

  • fine gentleman
  • swell
  • dandy
  • dandiprat|!;
  • exquisite
  • coxcomb
  • beau
  • macaroni
  • blade
  • blood
  • buck
  • man about town
  • fast man
  • fribble
  • milliner|!
  • Jemmy Jessamy|!
  • carpet knight
  • masher
  • dude
  • fine lady
  • coquette
  • flirt
  • vamp

#855. Affectation. -- N. affectation

  • affectedness
  • acting a
  • part
  • pretense
  • (ostentation) 8
  • boasting
  • 884
  • charlatanism
  • quackery
  • shallow profundity
  • pretension
  • airs
  • pedantry
  • purism
  • precisianism
  • euphuism
  • teratology
  • 577
  • mannerism
  • simagree
  • grimace
  • conceit
  • foppery
  • dandyism
  • man millinery
  • coxcombry
  • puppyism
  • stiffness
  • formality
  • buckram
  • prudery
  • demureness
  • coquetry
  • mock
  • modesty
  • minauderie
  • sentimentalism
  • mauvais honte
  • false shame
  • affector
  • performer
  • actor
  • pedant
  • pedagogue
  • doctrinaire
  • purist
  • euphuist
  • mannerist
  • grimacier
  • lump of affectation
  • precieuse
  • blue stocking
  • poetaster
  • prig
  • charlatan
  • (deceiver) 5
  • petit maitre
  • flatterer
  • coquette
  • prude
  • puritan
  • V. affect
  • act a part
  • put on
  • give oneself airs
  • boast
  • coquet
  • simper
  • mince
  • attitudinize
  • pose
  • flirt a fan;
  • overact
  • overdo
  • Adj. affected
  • full of affectation
  • pretentious
  • pedantic
  • stilted
  • stagy
  • theatrical
  • big-sounding
  • ad captandum
  • canting
  • insincere
  • not natural
  • unnatural
  • self-conscious
  • maniere
  • artificial;
  • overwrought
  • overdone
  • overacted
  • euphuist
  • stiff
  • starch
  • formal
  • prim
  • smug
  • demure
  • tire a quatre epingles
  • quakerish
  • puritanical
  • prudish
  • pragmatical
  • priggish
  • conceited
  • coxcomical
  • foppish
  • dandified
  • finical
  • finikin
  • mincing
  • simpering
  • namby-pamby
  • sentimental
  • Phr. "conceit in weakest bodies strongest works" [Hamlet]

#856. Ridicule. -- N. ridicule

  • derision
  • sardonic smile
  • sardonic
  • grin
  • scoffing
  • mockery
  • quiz|!
  • banter
  • irony
  • persiflage
  • raillery
  • chaff
  • badinage
  • quizzing
  • squib
  • satire
  • skit
  • quip
  • grin
  • parody
  • burlesque
  • travesty
  • farce
  • caricature
  • buffoonery
  • practical joke
  • horseplay
  • scorn
  • contempt
  • V. ridicule[transitive]
  • deride
  • mock
  • taunt
  • snigger
  • laugh in
  • one's sleeve
  • tease[ridicule lightly]
  • badinage
  • banter
  • rally
  • chaff
  • joke
  • twit
  • quiz
  • roast
  • haze [U.S.]
  • show up
  • [i.p.] play upon
  • play tricks upon
  • fool to the top of one's bent;
  • laugh at
  • grin at
  • smile at
  • poke fun at
  • satirize
  • parody
  • caricature
  • burlesque
  • travesty
  • turn into ridicule
  • make merry with
  • make fun of
  • make game of
  • make a
  • fool of
  • rally
  • scoff
  • raise a laugh
  • play the fool
  • make a fool of oneself
  • Adj. derisory
  • derisive
  • mock
  • mocking
  • sarcastic
  • ironic
  • ironical
  • quizzical
  • burlesque
  • scurrilous
  • 929
  • Adv. in ridicule

#857. [Object and cause of ridicule.] Laughingstock. -- N

  • laughingstock
  • butt
  • game
  • fair
  • game
  • April fool
  • original
  • oddity
  • queer fish
  • odd fish
  • quiz
  • square toes
  • old monkey
  • old fogey
  • fogey monkey
  • fogy monkey
  • buffoon
  • pantomimist
  • schlemiel
  • jest
  • Phr. dum vitant stulti vitia in contraria currunt[Lat]
  • 3. PROSPECTIVE AFFECTIONS

#858. Hope. -- N. hope

  • hopes
  • desire
  • fervent hope
  • sanguine
  • expectation
  • trust
  • confidence
  • reliance
  • faith
  • affiance
  • assurance
  • secureness
  • security
  • reassurance
  • good omen
  • good auspices
  • promise
  • well grounded hopes
  • good prospect
  • bright prospect
  • clear sky
  • assumption
  • presumption
  • anticipation
  • hopefulness
  • buoyancy
  • optimism
  • enthusiasm
  • heart of grace
  • aspiration
  • [person who is hopeful] optimist
  • utopian
  • castles in the air
  • castles in Spain
  • le pot
  • Utopia
  • millennium
  • day dream
  • golden dream
  • dream of
  • airy hopes
  • fool's paradise
  • mirage
  • vision)
  • fond hope
  • beam of hope
  • ray of hope
  • gleam of hope
  • glimmer of hope
  • flash of
  • hope
  • dawn of hope
  • star of hope
  • cheer
  • bit of blue sky
  • silver lining
  • silver lining of the cloud
  • bottom of Pandora's box
  • balm in Gilead
  • light
  • at the end of the tunnel
  • anchor
  • sheet anchor
  • mainstay
  • staff
  • heaven
  • 981
  • V. hope
  • trust
  • confide
  • rely on
  • put one's trust in
  • lean upon
  • pin
  • one's hope upon
  • pin one's faith upon
  • feel hope
  • entertain hope
  • harbor hope
  • indulge hope
  • cherish hope
  • feed hope
  • foster hope
  • nourish hope
  • encourage hope
  • cling to hope
  • live
  • in hope
  • see land
  • feel assured
  • rest assured
  • feel confident
  • rest
  • confident
  • presume
  • promise oneself
  • expect
  • hope for
  • anticipate
  • be hopeful
  • look on the bright side of
  • view on the sunny
  • side
  • make the best of it
  • hope for the best;
  • put a good face upon
  • put a bold face upon
  • put the best face upon
  • keep
  • one's spirits up
  • take heart
  • take heart of grace
  • be of good heart
  • be of
  • good cheer
  • flatter oneself
  • "lay the flattering unction to one's soul"
  • catch at a straw[hamlet]
  • hope against hope
  • reckon one's chickens
  • before they are hatched
  • count one's chickens before they are hatched
  • [cause hope] give hope
  • inspire hope
  • raise hope
  • hold out hope
  • n
  • promise
  • bid fair
  • augur well
  • be in a fair way
  • look up
  • flatter
  • tell a flattering tale
  • raise expectations[sentient subject]
  • encourage
  • cheer
  • assure
  • reassure
  • buoy up
  • embolden
  • Adj. hoping
  • in hopes
  • hopeful
  • confident
  • secure
  • (certain)
  • sanguine
  • in good heart
  • buoyed up
  • buoyant
  • elated
  • flushed
  • exultant
  • enthusiastic
  • utopian
  • unsuspecting
  • unsuspicious
  • fearless
  • free from fear
  • free from
  • suspicion
  • free from distrust
  • free from despair
  • exempt from fear
  • exempt
  • from suspicion
  • exempt from distrust
  • exempt from despair;
  • self reliant
  • probable
  • on the high road to
  • within sight of shore
  • within sight of
  • land
  • promising
  • propitious
  • of promise
  • full of promise
  • of good omen;
  • auspicious
  • reassuring
  • encouraging
  • cheering
  • inspiriting
  • looking up
  • bright
  • roseate
  • rose-
  • colored
  • Adv. hopefully
  • Int. God speed!
  • Phr. nil desperandum [Lat][Horace]
  • never say die
  • dum spiro
  • spero[Lat]
  • latet scintillula forsan[Lat]
  • all is for the best
  • spero
  • meliora[Lat]
  • every cloud has a silver lining
  • "the wish being father to
  • the thought" [Henry IV]
  • "hope told a flattering tale"
  • rusticus expectat
  • at spes non fracta[Lat]
  • ego spem prietio non emo [Lat][Terence]
  • un
  • "hope! thou nurse of young desire" [Bickerstaff];
  • in hoc signo spes mea[Lat]
  • in hoc signo vinces[Lat]
  • la speranza e il pan
  • de miseri[It]
  • "the
  • mighty hopes that make us men" [Tennyson]
  • "the sickening pang of hope
  • deferred" [Scott]

#859. [Absence

  • want or loss of hope.] Hopelessness. -- N
  • hopelessness
  • despair
  • desperation
  • despondency
  • depression
  • (dejection) 8
  • pessimism
  • pessimist
  • Job's comforter
  • bird of bad omen
  • bird of ill omen
  • abandonment
  • desolation
  • resignation
  • surrender
  • submission
  • hope deferred
  • dashed hopes
  • vain expectation
  • 509
  • airy hopes
  • forlorn hope
  • gone case
  • dead duck
  • gone coon*
  • [U.S.]
  • goner*
  • bad job
  • bad business
  • gloomy horizon
  • black spots in the horizon
  • slough of Despond
  • cave of Despair;
  • immedicabile vulnus[Lat]
  • V. despair
  • lose all hope
  • give up all hope
  • abandon all hope
  • relinquish all hope
  • lose the hope of
  • give up the hope of
  • abandon the
  • hope of
  • relinquish the hope of
  • give up
  • give over
  • yield to despair;
  • falter
  • despond
  • inspire despair
  • drive to despair
  • disconcert
  • dash one's
  • hopes
  • crush one's hopes
  • destroy one's hopes
  • hope against hope
  • abandon
  • resign
  • surrender
  • submit
  • Adj. hopeless
  • desperate
  • despairing
  • gone
  • in despair
  • au
  • forlorn
  • desolate
  • inconsolable
  • broken
  • hearted
  • unpromising
  • unpropitious
  • inauspicious
  • ill-omened
  • threatening
  • clouded over
  • out of the question
  • not to be thought of
  • impracticable
  • past
  • hope
  • past cure
  • past mending
  • past recall
  • at one's last gasp
  • 360
  • given up
  • given over
  • incurable
  • cureless
  • immedicable
  • remediless
  • beyond remedy;
  • incorrigible
  • irreparable
  • irremediable
  • irrecoverable
  • irreversible
  • irretrievable
  • irreclaimable
  • irredeemable
  • irrevocable
  • ruined
  • undone;
  • immitigable
  • Phr. "lasciate ogni speranza voi ch'entrate" [Dante]
  • its days are
  • numbered
  • the worst come to the worst
  • "no change
  • no pause
  • no hope
  • yet I
  • endure" [Shelley]
  • "O dark
  • dark
  • dark
  • amid the blaze of noon" [Milton];
  • "mene mene tekel upharson" [Old Testament]

#860. Fear. -- N. fear

  • timidity
  • diffidence
  • want of confidence;
  • apprehensiveness
  • fearfulness
  • solicitude
  • anxiety
  • care
  • apprehension
  • misgiving
  • mistrust
  • suspicion
  • qualm
  • hesitation
  • nervousness
  • restlessness
  • inquietude
  • disquietude
  • worry
  • concern
  • flutter
  • trepidation
  • fear and
  • trembling
  • perturbation
  • tremor
  • quivering
  • shaking
  • trembling
  • throbbing
  • heart
  • palpitation
  • ague fit
  • cold sweat
  • abject fear
  • mortal funk
  • despondency
  • despair
  • fright
  • affright
  • dread
  • awe
  • terror
  • horror
  • dismay
  • consternation
  • panic
  • scare
  • stampede [of
  • horses]
  • intimidation
  • terrorism
  • reign of terror
  • [Object of fear] bug bear
  • bugaboo
  • scarecrow
  • hobgoblin
  • 980
  • nightmare
  • Gorgon
  • ogre
  • raw head and
  • bloody bones
  • fee-faw-fum
  • alarmist
  • V. fear
  • stand in awe of
  • be afraid
  • have qualms
  • apprehend
  • sit upon thorns
  • eye askance
  • distrust
  • hesitate
  • falter
  • funk
  • cower
  • crouch
  • skulk
  • "let 'I dare not' wait upon 'I would'"
  • take fright
  • take alarm
  • start
  • wince
  • flinch
  • shy
  • shrink
  • fly
  • tremble
  • shake
  • shiver
  • shiver in one's shoes
  • shudder
  • flutter
  • shake
  • like an aspen leaf
  • tremble like an aspen leaf
  • tremble all over
  • quake
  • quaver
  • quiver
  • quail
  • grow pale
  • turn pale
  • blench
  • stand aghast
  • not dare to say one's soul
  • is one's own
  • inspire fear
  • excite fear
  • inspire awe
  • excite awe
  • raise
  • be in a daze
  • bulldoze [U. S.]
  • faze
  • S.]
  • give an alarm
  • raise an alarm
  • sound an alarm
  • alarm
  • startle
  • scare
  • cry "wolf," disquiet
  • dismay
  • fright
  • frighten
  • terrify
  • astound
  • fright
  • from one's propriety
  • fright out of one's senses
  • fright out of one's wits
  • fright out of one's seven senses
  • awe
  • strike all of a heap
  • strike an awe
  • into
  • strike terror
  • harrow up the soul
  • appall
  • unman
  • petrify
  • horrify;
  • pile on the agony
  • make one's flesh creep
  • make one's hair stand on end
  • make one's blood
  • run cold
  • make one's teeth chatter
  • take away one's breath
  • stop one's
  • breath
  • make one tremble
  • haunt
  • prey on the mind
  • weigh on the mind
  • put in fear
  • put in bodily fear
  • terrorize
  • intimidate
  • cow
  • daunt
  • overawe
  • abash
  • deter
  • discourage
  • browbeat
  • bully
  • threaten
  • Adj. fearing
  • frightened
  • in fear
  • in a fright
  • haunted with the fear of
  • afraid
  • fearful
  • timid
  • timorous
  • nervous
  • diffident
  • coy
  • faint-
  • hearted
  • tremulous
  • shaky
  • afraid of one's shadow
  • apprehensive
  • restless
  • fidgety
  • more frightened than hurt
  • aghast
  • awe-stricken
  • horror-stricken
  • terror-stricken
  • panic-
  • stricken
  • awestruck
  • awe-stricken
  • horror-struck
  • frightened to death
  • white as a sheet
  • pale
  • pale as a ghost
  • pale as death
  • pale as ashes;
  • breathless
  • in hysterics
  • inspiring fear
  • alarming
  • formidable
  • redoubtable
  • perilous
  • (danger) 6
  • portentous
  • fearful
  • dread
  • dreadful
  • fell
  • dire
  • direful;
  • shocking
  • terrible
  • terrific
  • tremendous
  • horrid
  • horrible
  • horrific;
  • ghastly
  • awful
  • awe-inspiring
  • revolting
  • Gorgonian
  • Adv. in terrorem[Lat]
  • Int. "angels and ministers of grace defend us!" [Hamlet]
  • Phr. ante tubam trepidat[Latin]
  • horresco referens[Latin]
  • one's heart
  • failing one
  • obstupui steteruntque comae et vox faucibus haesit
  • [Lat][Vergil]
  • "a dagger of the mind" [Macbeth]
  • expertus metuit [Lat][Horace];
  • "fain would I climb but that I fear to fall" [Raleigh]
  • "fear is the parent
  • "Gorgons and hydras and chimeras dire" [Paradise
  • Lost]
  • omnia tuta timens [Latin][Vergil]
  • "our fears do make us traitors"
  • [Macbeth]
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