Game Analysis

First and foremost coaches must know and understand the game. They must understand how the game functions as well as the principles, components and concepts that govern the game.,
The ability to observe and hear what is occurring in the game is a fundamental requirement for every coach. The ability of the coach to concentrate is crucial to accurately reading the game. The coach must be detached from the many emotions of the game in order to stay focused and to analyze the game objectively. Analyzing, observing the game is most important skills for any good coach to have it. 
Everything we do start from the game. The game indicates what we need to train for and during training we prepare for the game. Because the game is the source of our practice content, we must constantly evaluate the game to determine the problems for the individual, group and team. The process that we utilize to evaluate and improve players and teams is the same. When we analyze the game, we need to divide the problem, issues manageable small pieces to deal with.
THE OPPONENT (SCOUTING)
A. NUMBER OF FORWARDS
B. MIDFIELD COMPOSITION
C. BACK PLAYERS

A. DIRECT/INDIRECT PLAY
B. GAME MAKER (SCHEMER)
C. MAIN GOAL SCORER
D. PATTERNS OF RUNS
E. RESTARTS

A. NUMBER OF BACK PLAYERS
B. MIDFIELD COMPOSITION
C. ROLE OF FORWARDS IN DEFENDING
D. HIGH PRESSURE OR LOW PRESSURE DEFENDING
E. MAN TO MAN MARKING, ZONE, COMBINATION
F. RESTARTS
G. GOALKEEPER

A. SPEED
B. SIZE
C. TECHNICAL-TACTICAL ABILITIES
D. HOW DOES A, B, AND C ABOVE, AFFECT OUR ATTACKING AND DEFENDING
(For analyzing your own team)
YOUR TEAM
The game presents many difficulties that players must overcome. As these difficulties become greater in number or intensity, their solution also becomes more complex. Since soccer is a game in which players must constantly make choices in response to situations, it is vital that we fully understand and recognize these difficulties.
When observing the game the coach must recognize the impact that these difficulties have on the game and subsequently on the level of the players’ performance. Failing to recognize the impact of these difficulties on the game can cause the coach to analyze the game incorrectly and not clearly identify or prioritize the problems.
We analyze the game by carefully observing our players as they carry out their tasks within the three distinct functions of the game.

A. DEFENDING
• Pressure
• Cover
• Balance
• Collective Defending - Group and Team Defending

B. ATTACKING
• Player in Possession
• Close Supporting Players
• Unbalancing Player(s)
• Collective Attacking - Group and Team Attacking

C. TRANSITION
Individuals - Player in area of the ball
• Does the player in the area of the ball immediately change from attack to defense and vice versa?
• Is the speed of decision making too slow?
• Is the fitness level of the players sufficient enough that they can go from one action to another throughout the entire game?
• Do the players display the correct attitude and mentality throughout the game to make the transition quickly from one action to another without being asked?

Group and Team
Do the players quickly recognize when to adjust their positions based upon either regaining possession or losing possession of the ball? Do they recognize the visual cues when positioned on the opposite side of the field?
Do the players move in a block or do they get stretched out and leave gaps between them? Do the players quickly move out after clearing a ball? Is width created immediately when the ball is recovered?