Inventory

On this page you find an index of various southern hemisphere conceptual models. The list is not complete, but it will be updated whenever we detect missing items. The list shows mainly Conceptual Models based on Satellite Images. Conceptual Models that are not based primarily on satellite images, are marked as Physical Background Based *  in Category column .

See the "Full CM (Conceptual Model)" column to check if the description of the model already exists.
Showing 48 items
Conceptual ModelRegionCategorySub-category 1Sub-category 2Full CMLinkDescription
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Conceptual ModelRegionCategorySub-category 1Sub-category 2Full CMLinkDescription
Australian Continental Heat troughs Australia Physical Background Based * Cloud-free: “dry troposphere”    West Coast trough; Pilbara Cloncurry Trough; Easterly Trough 
Australian-Maritime Continen Monsoon Australia Physical Background Based * Broad Scale Flow     
Australian NorthWest Cloud band Australia Synoptic Scale Polar fronts and cloud bands Non-frontal cloud bands    
Blocking features Australia Physical Background Based * Broad Scale Flow     
Broadscale Westerly flow (Roaring Forties) Australia Physical Background Based * Broad Scale Flow     
Cold Front Australia Synoptic Scale Polar fronts and cloud bands Cold Fronts   Class I summer cold front: West Australia coldies 
Cold Fronts South Africa Synoptic Scale Polar fronts and cloud bands Cold Fronts  Quick Look Cases  
Continental tropical system – tropical Low South Africa Tropical    Tropical Lows in Southern Africa  
Convection in central (Altiplano) and subtropical Andes Argentina Meso and Small Scale Convective   SALLJ and MCSs  
Cut off low Australia Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers     
Cut off Low South Africa Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers   Cut-Off Low pressure systems  
East Coast Low Australia Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers     
El Nino, la Nina (ENSO) Australia Physical Background Based * Interseasonal variability     
Equatorial eddies Australia Tropical     Sumatra eddy; Borneo eddy 
Fog Australia Meso and Small Scale Boundary layer    N-Australia 
Indian Ocean Dipol Australia Physical Background Based * Interseasonal variability     
Inter tropical Convergence zone + Near equatorial trough (ITCZ + NET) Brazil Synoptic Scale Convergence Zones   Quick Look Cases Also mentioned under tropical systems 
Inter tropical Convergence zone + Near equatorial trough (ITCZ + NET) Brazil Tropical    Quick Look Cases Also mentioned under convergence zones 
Isolated single convection Australia Meso and Small Scale Convective    Often in connection with Islands: Fiji convectionHector storm (Tiwi islands) 
Low – mid level jets Australia Synoptic Scale South Hemisphere Jet Mid – Low level Jet   3 differemt types: Within trade wind flow; Local effects; Barriere Jet (West coast, New Zealand) 
Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) Australia Physical Background Based * Intraseasonal variability     
MCC Australia Meso and Small Scale Convective     
MCCs Brazil Meso and Small Scale Convective   Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCCs)  
MCSs South Africa Meso and Small Scale Convective     
Mid-latitude low Australia Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers     
Mountain waves Australia Small scale, local     Lee turbulence 
North Australian Dryline Australia Physical Background Based * Cloud-free: “dry troposphere”     
Rapid Cyclogenesis Australia Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers   Explosive Cyclogenesis in the southeast Australian region  
Ridging high South Africa Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers   Quick Look Cases  
SALLJ Argentine Meso and Small Scale Convective   SALLJ and MCSs Connected to Low level jet 
Sea breeze Australia Small scale, local, orographic     Fremantle Doctor; Canberra Seabreeze Port; Keats Undertaker 
Shallow Cold Front Australia Synoptic Scale Polar fronts and cloud bands Cold Fronts  Shallow Cold Fronts Class II summer cold front: East Australian Southerly Buster; New Zealand Southerly Buster; Central Australian Front 
Solitary waves (?) Australia Meso and Small Scale Boundary layer    Morning Glory (?) 
South American Low Level Jet (SALLJ) Argentina Synoptic Scale South Hemisphere Jet Mid – Low level Jet  SALLJ and MCSs Connected with convective cloudiness 
Southern Annular Mode  Physical Background Based * Interseasonal variability     
South Pacific convergence zone Australia Synoptic Scale Convergence Zones     
Squall lines Australia Meso and Small Scale Convective    Sumatra squall line; Papua New Guinea squall line; Fiji squall line; North Australian Gulf lines 
Subtropical Cyclones Brazil Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers    Off the coast of Brazil 
Trade Wind Flow Australia Physical Background Based * Broad Scale Flow     
Tropical low Australia Tropical      
Tropical – mid latitude transition Australia Tropical      
Tropical temperature trough South Africa Tropical     Rain-intensive systems 
Tropical waves Australia Physical Background Based * Tropical waves    Equatorial Rossby waves;Mixed Rossby gravity waves; Kelvin waves 
Tropical Waves Australia Tropical      
Upper trough and Jet stream South Africa Synoptic Scale Waves, cyclogenesis, low pressure centers   Quick Look Cases Also mentioned under jets 
Upper trough and Jet stream South Africa Synoptic Scale South Hemisphere Jet Upper level Jet  Quick Look Cases Also mentioned under waves, cyclogenesis 
Warm Fronts Australia Synoptic Scale Polar fronts and cloud bands Warm Fronts   Connected to extra tropical cyclones: Tasmania; N-Victoria 
ZONDA Argentina Small scale, local, orographic    Zonda Föhn at Andes 
Showing 48 items