Mediterranean

Mediterranean Climate Type
(all measurement in Fahrenheit and inches... sorry rest of the world)

Where is it Usually Located?
Mediterranean climate is found between the 30o and 45o degree latitudes.  This climate is often found on the western sides of continents.  Mediterranean climate gets its name from the climate found around the Mediterranean Sea.  

What Seasons Does it Have?
Mediterranean climate is very mild (few extreme temperatures), so it really on has 2 seasons: summer and winter.  Summers are longer than winter, and the winter is very mild.  Very few places experience snow in a Mediterranean climate.  The seasonal changes are due to changes in ocean currents and water temperature.  

What are the Temperatures like?
The climate is known for warm to hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. Winter temperatures are usually between 30 and 65 degrees.  Summer months all average above 50 degrees.  The warmest month averages about 72 degrees.  The cause of this climate is directly related to large bodies of water such as the Mediterranean Sea and ocean currents.  During the summer, cold currents keep the climate mild and dry.  Ocean currents shift as the seasons change. During the winter the water that was warmed up all summer moves in and keeps the land warm and often brings rain.  

How Much Precipitation Does it Receive?
Mediterranean climate is a fairly dry climate.  Almost no rain falls during the summer, so most of the rain falls during the cooler winter.  The summer experiences cold ocean currents that bring dry air and no precipitation.  During the winter the currents shift and warmer, moist air brings rain to these areas.   Snow can fall in higher elevation areas or places that are farther north.  Mediterranean climates receive around 20 inches of annual (yearly) rainfall.
 
 Rome, Italy
This chart shows the average maximum and minimum temperature in red and the average precipitation in blue.  You can see the rise in temperature and the drop in precipitation during the summer.  


What Kinds of Vegetation (Plants) Does it Have?
Plants in Mediterranean climate must be able to survive long dry summers.  Evergreeens such as Pine and Cypress trees are mixed with deciduous tress such as some Oaks.  Fruit trees and vines such as grapes, figs, olives, and citrus fruits grow well here.  Other plants include what are called "scrub", which include small shrubs, grasses, and herbs.  
Scrub


What Kind of Animals Does it Usually Have?
In order to survive here, animals must be able to live in rugged land and not depend too much on large areas of grass to graze.  The natural wildlife found here include goats and sheep.  These animal graze, but eat a wide variety of plants compared to cows who rely on grasses.  Rabbits, jackels, and lynx can also be found here.  
 Lynx Jack Rabbit