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Introduction
Paul Emile Anders

"Civilian-based Defense (CBD) means protecting a nation against invasions or coups d'état by preparing its citizens to resist aggression or usurpation by active noncooperation rather than military force.  Tactics include strikes, encouraging invading forces to desert, encouraging other countries to use sanctions against the invader, etc.  Citizens would learn to use CBD before aggression starts, which distinguishes it from spontaneous resistance.  Prior preparation and publicity would enhance its effectiveness and also make it a deterrent to attack" (Civilian-based Defense, Spring/Summer 1994, p. 1).  For more information including recent information, see the blog http://rationalpoliticstoday.blogspot.com.

As a former executive director of the Civilian-based Defense Association, I am putting this information online to assist those trying to use this strategy. The Arab Spring once again illustrates the usefulness of nonviolence.   I hope that we will soon be able to post entire issues of the association's magazine, Civilian-based Defense, which I edited in the early 1990s.  More information is also available on the website of the Albert Einstein Institution, including works by Gene Sharp.

The challenges facing CBD continue to evolve.  How would it deal, for example, with a dirty bomb?  CBD or any defense would be hard put to know what nuclear weapons threats are being prepared by potential foes:

WASHINGTON — A three-year study by the Pentagon has concluded that American intelligence agencies are “not yet organized or fully equipped” to detect when foreign powers are developing nuclear weapons or ramping up their existing arsenals, and calls for using some of the same techniques that the National Security Agency has developed against terrorists.

The study, a 100-page report by the Defense Science Board, contends that the detection abilities needed in cases like Iran — including finding “undeclared facilities and/or covert operations” — are “either inadequate, or more often, do not exist” (DAVID E. SANGER and WILLIAM J. BROAD, Pentagon Study Finds Agencies Ill Equipped to Detect Foreign Nuclear Efforts” , New York Times, 24 Jan 2014).  [http://app.nytimes.com/#2014/01/24/world/us-efforts-to-detect-nuclear-programs-are-inadequate-pentagon-study-finds]

This site was created 11 May 2011 by Paul Emile Anders. Updated 24 Jan. 2014