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Getting Started in geocaching
For an explanation of what it is and what to do, here is a link to Geocaching 101.

Getting started for free
1.  Sign up for the free membership in  Decide later about the premium features.
2.  Using a smart phone, download the free app (Android or iOS) from Because the app restricts access to only low terrain/low difficulty caches, consider it just for getting started.  There are other free and paid apps without restrictions.  
3.  Start searching with a friendThe first few can be hard until you get the pattern.

Adventure Lab Caches - Tips for Getting Started

The Geocaching Adventure Lab app is still experimental that is playable but has some quirks. Like s lab cache, it usually goes to a virtual location. It uses location and a question to verify the find.  They count for total finds.

They are only visible and playable from the app. Download the free Adventure Lab app to a smart phone, Android or iOS, with location services turned on.

Scroll through the intro pages to log in using your geocaching ID and password. On the bottom are three selections, Explore (a local map), Discover (a wider search), Profile (exit/sign off). On the Explore option, look for a red dot, and tap on it.

Read the description. It will indicate the number of locations. Each location is a find. Press Start. The default location sequence is the order they are in the system. Look for a red dot on a map, a distance indicator and the name of the next location.

There are two choices depending on how far to go. For a live driving map, click on the blue triangle/white arrow. For walking directions, click on View Details.

View Details gives to a description of what you are doing next. Click on the navigate/GPS symbol in the upper right hand corner for the compass It works best when  you are close. When close, get back to the details description to find the Answer? box. If you are not close enough, the message is Get Closer.

Click on the Answer to find the question screen. Enter the answer. If you are correct, you get a confirmation. If there is another location, the next one is brought up to repeat the process.

There is an Android bug that does not let you restart the app correctly. Go to the tab icon in the lower left corner to find apps running in the background. Find the app and click X to close down the app. It now can be restarted normally.

GPSr Review
Here is a write up of various GPS receivers for geocaching - entry level to full featured.
Here is another review, this time with ratings.   CIGA does not endorse any brand or model.

Garmin no longer supports the popular 60CSX, in its day, the definitive geocaching device  The successor models are the 62s and more recently 64s.  

Entry level hand held receivers
Hand held GPS receivers are more accurate than smart phones and are more durable.  For all day use, hand helds are better.  Prices for GPSrs vary depending upon functionality.  Some cachers like to go beyond entry level.  Advances in technology have made entry level devices much more appealing, especially for people who are sensitive to cost.
Garmin is the most popular brand.  Magellan is second with a strong following.  DIsclaimer:  CIGA does not endorse any brand or model.  

Common differences to consider are screens, button design and internal memory.  The eTrex 10 and Triton 300 do not have an SD expansion slot.

Here are prices buying new on Amazon as of July, 2018, excluding taxes and shipping.  You may be able to get better prices through other searches.
Garmin eTrex 10 ($85.51, list $119.19), gray screens
Garmin eTrex 20x ($151.61, list $199.99), color screens
Magellan Triton 300 ($88.95), color screens
Magellan eXplorist 310 ($179.95), color screens

For comparison, the popular Garmin GPSMAP 64s, available since 2014, is $216.87 (2018 price).

The standard map that comes with a device is adequate but not detailed.  Buying detailed maps, such as streets and topo, from the manufacturer is expensive.  There are free maps,  for Garmin, for Magellan,

For Garmin users, the map site has a detailed street map.  Use Garmin's free BaseCamp to install the map into the device's memory.  For extra maps. like topo and trails, insert a micro SD card.  A memory size of 8 gig may be enough , although a 32 gig card costs about the same.  For Garmin, copy the maps into a folder on the card called Garmin (with a capital G).  In the device's system menu, select maps and enable or disable the maps.

One of the first tools cachers get is Geocaching Swiss Army Knife (GSAK).  It allows pocket queries to be loaded to a GPSr and supports volume posting of finds.  In 2019, it became free.  

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