Human Dimensions Project

photo from http://commons.wikimedia.org/

Background

At our first workshop one teacher interject the question, "I heard that our wingspan is the same as our height. Is this true?" A few had heard about this relationship, however, no one could really present any compelling evidence aside from Leonardo Da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man". We decided to start a collaborative project to answer this question.

The most effective method for data collection would seem to use a Google Doc spreadsheet and a form to allow teachers and students to submit their data and view the complete data set easily and quickly. 

After the success we had with the project, I submitted the idea to Google to be added to their bank of lesson ideas using Google Apps.  See the lesson on Google's site.

Procedure
  1. Find a partner or partners to help collect data on each other.
  2. Measure each other's dimensions as outlined below.
  3. Enter the data in the Google Spreadsheet Form.

    Human Dimensions

  4. Refresh the page. And scroll down to the bottom to see your data added to the spreadsheet. 
  5. To open the spreadsheet in a new window, click here.
  6. In order to create charts and graph, you can either go to "File" and "Make a Copy" OR go to "File" and "Export" and select ".xls" if you have Excel and wish to analyze the data in Excel.
  7. Analyze the data and see if indeed wingspan and height are related and if forearm and foot length are related.

Measurement Instructions

Measure the following human dimensions using the directions provided:

Wingspan

1. While standing, extend arms in opposite directions horizontally at shoulder height.
2. Using a tape measure, measure wingspan (cm). Wingspan is defined as the distance from the tip of the middle finger of one hand to the tip of the middle finger of the other hand.


3. Record measurement.
4. Repeat steps 1 and 2 for your partner.


Height
  1. Remove your shoes.
  2. One person lean against the chart paper that is taped on the wall. Make sure your head and heels are touching the wall!!!!!
  3. Place a ruler flat on top of your head to ensure that your head is straight. If the person you are measuring is a lot taller than you, use a level to be sure you are holding the ruler horizontal.                             
  4. Have partner mark your height with a marker next to the ruler.
  5. Place tape measure at the bottom of the wall and pull the tape measure up to your marked height. Find the height (in cm). 
  6. Repeat same procedures with your partner. 
  7. Record data in the appropriate area. Example: Ms. Coppola is 161.0 cm.

Forearm
  1. Collect Materials (Meter Stick)
  2. Move a flat table against a wall to form a 90 degree angle.
  3. Place meter stick flat on table, tight against the wall.
  4. Put elbow against wall and place arm and hand directly on meter stick.
  5. Measure the length of forearm to the wrinkle line on your wrist (as shown in the photograph below)
  6. Measure to the tip of your longest finger (do not count long nails).
  7. Record your measurement.

Foot
  1. Take off the right shoe.
  2. Using a meter stick placed aginst the wall, line your right heel up to the zero line. Keep the meter stick on the inside of your foot.
  3. Stand up straight and have another student use a ruler to line up the tip of your longest toe to the meter stick.
  4. Measure to the nearest millimeter.
  5. Record your measurement.

Data

Once you have collected your class' data, have students enter it in the Google Doc form at the top of this page. And then refresh this page to view your data in the table below.



Open the data


References


Size of a Human: Body Proportions from The Physics Factbook™ Edited by Glenn Elert -- Written by his students
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