Luangpoo Dun Atulo

THE CITTA IS BUDDHA

All Buddhas and all beings in the world are nothing but the single citta. Outside this single citta nothing at all exists. The single citta, free from the conventional self, is something that was not made and is something, which cannot be destroyed. It is not a thing with color, such as green or yellow and has neither form nor appearance. It is not included in existing things or non-existing things. One cannot have the view that it is something new or old, longer short, large or small because it is beyond all limitations, beyond all measuring, beyond labels, beyond leaving a trace and beyond all comparisons.

This single citta is before our very eyes but when we use reason to conceive of it as a "thing" or "self", try it! We will immediately be mistaken. It is like emptiness that is without limitation and cannot be conceived or measured.

The single citta, this alone is Buddha. There is no difference between Buddha and all worldly beings except that worldly beings cling to the various worldly forms causing them to search for "Buddha Nature" (Buddha Bhava) externally. That very search makes them miss "Buddha Nature". This is like using Buddha to search for Buddha or the citta to search for the citta. Even though they may try as hard as they can for a full eon, they will never achieve "Buddha Bhava".

They do not know that is they stop thinking and conceiving and cease their confusion due to this searching. "Buddha" will appear before their eyes because the citta, itself, is Buddha.

Buddha is simply all living beings. When this appears in the worldly beings it is not a small thing and when it appears in all Buddhas it is not a great thing. When practicing the six perfections (Paramita) or any of the many similar customs or in accumulating as much limitless merit as there are sands in the Ganges River, we must consider these things. If in all our actions we have a firm base in truth this means we have but a single citta and are already one and the same with all the Buddhas. We should not try to correct this by adding to something that is already complete by performing various practices, which are meaningless. When the occasion arises, do these things but when it is over, just "be".

If one still does not see clearly and without doubt that the single citta is Buddha and remains attached to forms, rites and customs of merit making, then one's views are still wrong and not in accordance with the Way.

The single citta, that is Buddha. There is no other Buddha anywhere else. There is no other citta anywhere. It is as bright and flawless as emptiness. It has no form or appearance at all. If we use our citta to only imagine and dream, it is as if we have thrown away that, which has meaning, binding ourselves to forms, which is just the "outer bark". Buddha, which is timeless, is not the Buddha we are attached to.

In practicing the six perfections (Generosity, Virtue, Patience, Effort, Mindfulness, Wisdom) and in the many and various similar methods with the intention of becoming one of the Buddhas, we are inching our way step by step. The eternal Buddha of which I speak is not there. The attainment of Buddha is not by these practices or these methods but by awakening and opening our eyes to the single citta. There is nothing to attain. This is true Buddha. Buddha and all things are this one single citta, that's all. There is nothing outside of this.

The citta is like the void, inside of which there is no confusion or evil. Just as when the sun passes through the emptiness of space, it's rays and light fill all the corners of the earth. This is because when the sun rises it gives light evenly to all the earth. The emptiness does not get brighter and when the sun sets the emptiness does not become dark. Lightness and darkness are interchangeable. The nature of emptiness itself never changes. The citta, which is Buddha and the beings of the world, are like that. If we regard the Buddha as the giver of purity and knowledge or we look at worldly beings as stupid, blind and confused, these feelings and thoughts are the result of thinking and grasping at forms. This will prevent us from realizing the ultimate truth. Even if we practice for as many eons as there are grains of sand in the Ganges River, there remains only one single citta alone. There is nothing else at all, not even the presence of a single atom, because the citta is Buddha.

If we who are students of the Way do not open our eyes to what is the essence, which is the citta, we will hide the citta with our thoughts and imaginings. We will go in search of Buddha outside ourselves and remain attached to all forms, blindly practicing merit making rituals and other things of this kind. All this is dangerous and not the way to the highest knowledge at all. The essence of the ultimate truth is like wood or stone, internally there is no movement and externally there is emptiness, boundless and unimpeded. This thing is not mentality (Namadhamma) nor is it materiality (Rupadhamma). It has no special resting-place, no form and cannot disappear.

This citta is not the mind created by thoughts. It is a thing apart, completely unconnected with forms. It is the same for all the Buddhas and beings of the world. All one need do is liberate oneself from thoughts and views and we will reach all our goals. The true principle of Dhamma is the citta and anything outside of this is not a Dhamma principle at all. The citta is the Dhamma principle. Outside of this it is not the citta. Citta on it's own is not citta but even so it is not, not citta. In saying citta is not citta, I mean that some things, which exist, are outside of conventional language to express. So one has to stop thinking and explaining completely. When words are no more, the citta will appear, completely pure.

The citta is the pure origin of Buddha (Budhhayoni) which is present in each person. Beings with emotions, thought and movement or Buddhas and Bodhisattas, all are of one nature and not different. All the differences arise from our thoughts alone, which leads us to create endless kamma of all kinds. Our original Buddha nature,

According to the ultimate truth, is something that is meaningless to a personal self in even one atom of our being. That thing is the emptiness which pervades all things and is calm, quiet and without adulteration. It is peace, luminous and hidden tranquility and the ceasing of all things. One attains this deeply by opening ones eyes to it. It is in front of our very eyes, totally complete and perfect. There is nothing outside of this.

The citta is Buddha, the ultimate, and all things are included in this oneness, from the Enlightened Buddhas at the highest level down to all beings of the lowest forms, insects and creatures that crawl on their bellies. All these have a part equally in being Buddha. All things are of the same essence as Buddha. If we can only succeed in comprehending our heart and meet with our true nature with this understanding, one will then go beyond doubts with nothing more to search for.

If we attain true tranquility in our citta apart from all thoughts and conceivings, which are but movements of the citta, even for an instant, our true nature will be apparent as emptiness. We will then see that it is free of form, taking up no space anywhere, even one atom's worth. It is not classified as something that exists or does not exist. This is because it is something unknowable by way of the senses.

This citta, which is our true original nature, is the womb of our being. No one created it and no one can destroy it. In our interactions with various things around us, we see change in their forms and think of them as "objects". To make it convenient, we speak of the citta as "states" of mindfulness and wisdom (Sati-Panna) but when the citta is not reacting to outside stimuli and without the presence of mindfulness and wisdom to cognize or create, then it is not something which can be talked about or classified as existing or not existing. Even when it is in the act of creating by way of reasoning, it is still something which we cannot be aware of by our own senses of eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body or mind. If we know this truth, we can attain calm in emptiness. We, who are traveling on the path of all the Buddhas, should develop the citta to be still in the absolute void.

The five root elements (Feeling, Perception, Thought formations, Intention, Contact) which together compose consciousness (Vinnana) are but empty. The four root elements (Earth, Water, Fire and Air) of the physical body (Rupa-Kaya) are not self. The true citta has no form, no coming or going. This true original nature is something, which is not created and does not cease at death. It is but inclusively One, free from all movements in its true core.

Our citta and all things around us are but one and the same. If we understand this truly, we will attain clear knowledge and vision in a flash and then we will never again be concerned with the three worlds (Tiloka). We will be above the mundane, completely free of the cause of rebirth. We will just "be", free of all influences causing rebirth. We will attain a state beyond any more creating. This is the basis of Dhamma.

Full Enlightenment (Sammasambodhi) is seeing truly; there is nothing that is not vanity (Mogha). If we understand this truth, then all the illusions will be as nothing to us. Wisdom is knowing clearly; knowing clearly the original citta, free from form. If we understand that both the one who acts and that which is acted upon are just the citta and objects and are one and the same, it will lead us to understand the hidden truth beyond spoken words. By this very understanding we can the open our eyes to the ultimate truth within us.

The ultimate truth within us does not disappear even when we are in darkness and ignorance nor does it return when we reach enlightenment. It is of the nature of "knowing" (Bhutathata, Literally "Thusness" or "Suchness".). In this there is no ignorance, no right view, just emptiness that is the true essence of the single citta.

How is it the various objects that the citta creates, both mental and physical, can be outside this void? According to the principles of truth the void is empty of that which takes up space, all illusions, free of defilements, free of kamma, free of ignorance (Avijja) and free of all right views (Sammaditthi). We must understand clearly that, ultimately, nothing exists. There are no human beings, there are no Buddhas because that void is empty and not even the smallest particle, which could be seen or imagined, takes up space there. It depends on nothing, is connected to nothing. It is flawless beauty, self contained, the ultimate and the uncreated. It is a jewel beyond price.

We must disentangle "copied Rupa" (form replicated by consciousness) using knowledge (Vijja) and the way of the citta (Maggacitta). Causes and results must be abandoned, we must pay our debts and go beyond the cause of rebirth. All the uncountable living and inanimate things in the universe are but aspects of materiality and mentality (Rupa-Nama). Rupa and Nama combine, ignorance arises as well as continuing causes. Wherever there is Rupa (body or materiality) there is Nama (mind or mentality) and wherever there is Nama there is Rupa. When Rupa and Nama combine it causes constant reaction and change and "time" arises. Rupa mutually attract causing Rupa's physical spin and movement, orbiting itself according to conditions. In order for Rupa to move there must be Nama, the void between Rupa, to allow this movement.

When nature is like this, all things material, animate, inanimate, must suffer change following the three characteristics*, arising and ceasing in each movement of the citta without break and never standing still long enough to be real in the present.

The citta and consciousness (Vinnana) arise from the Rupa and Nama of the universe. It is an illusion, changing and misleading beings. From inanimate Rupa and Nama it changes to Rupa and Nama with life. From Rupa and Nama with life it changes to Rupa and Nama that has citta and consciousness. The citta and consciousness change and separates from one another leaving only empty Nama without Rupa. This is the ultimate deception of Rupa and Nama.

The cause of the arising of Rupa-Nama in the universe is the cause of Rupa and Nama in all the worlds including the uncountable stars. There is no end. The Rupa and Nama of the various worlds are the cause of the Rupa and Nama of plants. The Rupa and Nama of plants are the cause of the Rupa and Nama of beings that have movement and are then called "alive". In truth, all Rupa and Nama, whether alive or inanimate, have movement because they have Rupa-Nama. This is why they react, causing them to constantly move and change. If we look with the physical eye we won't see this movement so we then call things "inanimate".

When the Rupa and Nama of plants changes to the Rupa and Nama of beings, it is the beginning of "self" and the cause of the arising and appearance of citta and consciousness which have movement and creates kamma. The first beings made kamma of an ill nature with beings eating beings and having anger, greed and delusion following causes and conditions from both external and internal contacts. They made kamma through the eye, ear, nose, tongue and body interacting with sights, sounds, smells, tastes and touches. This is recorded, imprinted, fixed and stored in the atomic material (Rupa-Paramanu) of the subtle Rupa (Sukhuma-Rupa) latent in the void; invisible to the eye and hidden in the emptiness between the eyes, ears, nose, tongue and body where they are stored.

When the first beings died, it was this gross kamma alone that caused them to continue arising in order to "pay the debt" of that gross kamma that they had made. When they were reborn, however, they did not pay this debt but increased it, creating the twin conditions of male and female resulting in subtle Rupa fixed inside the five senses and again causing the twin conditions up to their present becoming. By the power of this gross kamma within the subtle Rupa of the five senses, they coalesced, spinning together into a "ball of atoms" persisting as Rupa by ceaselessly orbiting itself. It is the "cave" inside which the citta resides and is called "Rupa-Vinnana" or copied form. This is because it is copied by Nama through the eyes, ears, nose, tongue and body and becomes subtle Rupa latent within the void. Rupa-Vinnana which has life span, remains longer than gross Rupa and has gross kamma to keep it spinning and persisting. There is no god who can destroy this, only Nibbana can, Rupa-Vinnana would then disappear.

That which performs the kamma of beings and lies within the subtle Rupa and is aided by the eyes, ears, nose, tongue and body, is called "Citta" and in the citta's place of work are the five consciousness (i.e., of eye, ear, etc.,). These five senses together are the central work place for the "Central Citta" which is in contact with the outside world by way of these five senses. Citta and consciousness (Vinnana) are therefore not identical. Citta is "the one who knows". Consciousness is that which is the "cave " of the citta and the vehicle that leads it to rebirth or wherever it may go. It is the thing that maintains the citta. The subtle Rupa, the Rupa that is copied from the gross Rupa, has form of male and female, eyes, ears, nose, tongue and body and lies within the rebirth causing consciousness.

When beings die the gross Rupa of the body goes according to its age limit and species. The real life, the "Atomic Rupa-Vinnana" (Rupa-Paramanu-Vinnana) will not die and disappear, it will be reborn into various worlds according to causes and conditions of the cycle of continued existence (Vattha) that changes and spins endlessly.


Real life, "copied Rupa", or consciousness (Vinnana) which orbits around itself, is the cause of the citta being reborn, ceasing and continuing. The citta will receive external and internal contacts and collect both good and evil as the basis for future births and deaths or embellishments until gross kamma, the cause, is ended. Real life, "copied rupa" or "Vinnana" will then stop spinning. Subtle Rupa, Rupa-Vinnana, that arises from gross kamma and from ones beginnings will disappear and dissipate as well as the gross Rupa which cannot remain and will disappear.

As to the good kamma and the Dhamma that are attached to Vinnana, this scatters with the atomic rupa and nothing but the void remains which is but the space between the rupa of the atoms. Free of the rupa of atoms, that emptiness is pure and bright. Purity and light, light and purity or the original universe, this is called "Nibbana".
 
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How to cite this document (one suggested style): "Tipitaka: The Pali Canon", edited by John T. Bullitt.
 

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