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The Devil: Exposed

John Epps

Full title: The Devil: a Biblical exposition of the truth concerning "that old serpent, the devil and Satan" and a refutation of the beliefs obtaining in the world regarding sin and its source (1825)

See pdf attachment below. (For more on John Epps, click here.)


Chapter 1
The rule in the investigation of truth. Successful application in natural science. Why should not equal success attend its application to other truths? The method for establishing uniformity of opinion. The rule applied in the investigation of the Devil. The Book of creation affords no knowledge of the Devil. The importance of a knowledge of the Devil. Great number of passages where the word "devil" occurs in the Common Version, in which it is not in the original. No two words can mean the same thing. The true meaning of the word diabolos. Proofs from the Common Version of this meaning. The substitution of the true meaning for the untrue much more useful and instructive.

Chapter 2
Man possesses a three-fold nature. The opposition between the institutions of society and the commands of Christ. Submission of self. Means to obtain this submission. False-accusation state of mind. Passages illustrative. Parable of the tares. Parable of the sower of the seed. The misintroduction of the Devil into the Old Testament.

Chapter 3
The term "Satan." Who Satan is must be learned from revelation (i.e. the Bible). Satan applied to express "adversary." No badness of meaning essentially connected with the word satan The satan in the Book of Job an idolator. Peter, the apostle, a "satan."

Chapter 4
"Satan" indicates any state or condition adverse. Adverse to health - adverse in circumstances-adverse in state of mind. The "Satan" in the Revelations.

Chapter 5
Jesus is never said, in the original Scriptures, to have cast out "devils." God, the author of language, must know its right use. The universal extension of the Greek language. 'Daimon' as understood by the Greeks, the Romans, the Jews - a "departed human 'spirit'." Natural gods of the heathens. The Cerriti and the Larvati. 'BeeIzebub'. Paul's speech at Athens. Demons believe. The worship of demons. Paul's answer to the expediency, sham charity men of his day.

Chapter 6
Possessions indicated by certain signs. Madness an indication. The Pythia. Unusually bodily contortions. The Gadarene and Gergesene demoniacs were madmen. Lunatics. Epileptics.

Chapter 7
The Gadarene and Gergesene demoniacs. Their dispossession, and the madness of the swine examined and explained. The language of our Saviour and of his apostles corresponds to the opinions of men. How the demonians confessed Christ.

Chapter 8
Temptation, its nature. Trial. The source of temptation. Erroneousness of many notions on this subject.

Chapter 9
The source of temptation. The lust (‘epithumia’). The misapplication of the word. The steps in the production of a sin. Desire, its nature. Numerous passages in which 'epithumia' is applied to a desire, decidedly good.

Chapter 10
The history of the temptation (trial) of our Lord. The rule to guide as to a passage of Scripture being interpreted literally or figuratively. This rule applied to the three temptations of Christ, and the impossibility of the account being literally true.

Chapter 11
The peculiar work which Christ had to perform. The character, his humanity, in which he had to perform that work. The difference between the first Adam and the second Adam (the Lord Jesus). The trials of the Lord shown to be mere mental states through which his mind passed.

Chapter 12
The atheism of believing in a being called the Devil. The absurdity of such belief. The obstacles to the removal of the belief in such a being.

L Buck,
27 Aug 2009 04:09