Tibetan Prefixes
Table of Tibetan prefixes and “name base” (root letter) combinations
 

མིང་གཞི་ལུ་སྔོན་འཇུག་ཐོབ་རེའུ་མིག།


འཇུག་ཡུལ་གྱི་མིང་གཞི་
སྔོན་
འཇུག་
རྐྱང་
པ་
འདོཊ་ཅན་ མགོ་ཅན་ ར་མགོ་ ས་མགོ་













































































































ཀྱ ཀྲ







གྱ གྲ

















པྱ པྲ







བྱ བྲ







མྱ







ཀྱ ཀྲ
རྐ
སྐ རྐྱ སྐྱ སྐྲ

གྱ

རྒ
སྒ རྒྱ སྒྱ སྒྲ

(ང)


རྔ
སྔ













(ཇ)


རྗ





(ཉ)


རྙ
སྙ






རྟ ལྟ སྟ






རྡ ལྡ སྡ



(ན)



རྣ
སྣ






རྩ
སྩ



(ཛ)


རྫ

















ཟླ






(ར)

རླ

















སྲ སླ





ཁྱ ཁྲ







གྱ གྲ
































































































ཁྱ ཁྲ







གྱ གྲ






































དྲ







ཕྱ ཕྲ







བྱ བྲ



























༤༨ ༡༣ ༡༤ ༡༠

The first column lists the five prefixes which occur in Tibetan (ག,ད,བ,མ,འ ); the second column the base consonants which each prefix may precede; and the remaining columns the consonant combinations with those base letters that may occur after  each prefix.

Consonants shown in brackets in the second colum do not occur in their bare form but only in the combinations shown in the following columns on the same row. 


མིང་གཞིming gzhi - root letter; A term of grammar. Name-base. This is the letter which forms the basis of a "name" (Tibetan word = ming). It is one of the thirty consonants either alone or with modifications. It can be modified with one or more of the following additions to produce a name: a suffix, post-suffix, prefix, super-fix, sub-joined letter, or one of the four vowels. It is the letter upon which alphabetization is carried out. It is the only letter in a name (with a few exceptions) which can have a vowel sound joined to it. There can only be one name-base per "name". (Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary).

Some Dzongkha words contain an additional name base or ming mtha' ( མིང་མཐའ་).