Institutional Reform

        According to Alfred North, winner of the Nobel prize, Institutions are the formal (legal) and informal (social) rules that govern human behavior and human interaction.  In practice we think of the structures that embody and implement these rules.  In India "Government Failure" or "Governance failure" often perceived/described as corruption by the "Aam Admi," is pervasive at all levels. Thus the legal system, judiciary, courts, the police, the bureaucracy are the formal institutions that affect our behavior and our mis-behaviour (corruption) and the incentives for undertaking certain actions.  In India many of these institutions were set up a century ago by the British. Given the enormous changes that have taken place since then, these laws, rules and regulations and these institutions are in urgent need of reform, often radical reform.

One of the issues that is common across all government institutions is the issue of transparency and accountability. We need a Public Accountability Information system (PAIS) in each public institution, that generates and puts in public domain all information that any concerned citizen can with a little application judge for herself the performance of these institutions.