Fair trade today allows us to help the workers in third world countries make a better living. Fair trade deals with many rules and regulations making sure everything is fair to everyone. It prohibits abusive child labor as well as forced labor. With this rule being applied, but not stressed enough, children all around the world continue to slave over items and make little pay.
Child labor has existed throughout American history in different forms whether it be indentured servitude or child slavery. Children were usually preferred to work because they were viewed as more manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. By the early 1900s the number of child laborers became very high in the U.S. with children working in mines, glass factories, textiles, messengers, etc.
Child labor began to decline, however, as the labor and reform movements became popular and the labor standards improved. In 1899 the Consumer's Leagues and Working Women's Societies came up with the National Consumer's League and the National Child Labor Committe in 1904. These organizations had goals including improving child labor with anti-sweatshop campaigns and other programs. There work strived to give free education for all children (Child Labor).
The National Child Labor Committee has tried for many years to gain federal regulaton and the attempts to do this have failed until 1938. This year the Federal regulation of child labor was achieved in the Fair Labor Standards Act and for the first time, minimum ages of employment and hours worked for the children were regulated by the federal law (Child Labor).
Many children all over the world used be involved in labor and unfortunately not be involved in school. Fortunately now, thanks to the Fair Labor Standards Act, more children are going to schools but some however are still only involved in labor. Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest number of child laborors worldwide. According to Elizabeth Gibbons, 38% of all children between 7 and 14 years are involved in work that can be considered harmful to development (Child Labor).
Below is a graph of the activity status of children 7-14 in sub-Saharan Africa.
A quantitative hypothesis: I wanted to figure out the number of children involved in child labor in one of the most populated area with children laborers.