The first automaton chess player
The Turk, also known as the Mechanical Turk or Automaton Chess Player (German: Schachtürke, "chess Turk"' Hungarian: A Török), was a fake chess-playing machine constructed in the late 18th century. From 1770 until its destruction by fire in 1854, it was exhibited by various owners as an automaton, though it was exposed in the early 1820s as an elaborate hoax. Constructed and unveiled in 1770 by Wolfgang von Kempelen (1734–1804) to impress the Empress Maria Theresa, the mechanism appeared to be able to play a strong game of chess against a human opponent, as well as perform the knight's tour, a puzzle that requires the player to move a knight to occupy every square of a chessboard exactly once.
The Turk was in fact a mechanical illusion that allowed a human chess master hiding inside to operate the machine. With a skilled operator, the Turk won most of the games played during its demonstrations around Europe and the Americas for nearly 84 years, playing and defeating many challengers including statesmen such as Napoleon Bonaparte and Benjamin Franklin. Although many had suspected the hidden human operator, the hoax was initially revealed only in the 1820s by the Londoner Robert Willis. The operator(s) within the mechanism during Kempelen's original tour remains a mystery. When the device was later purchased in 1804 and exhibited by Johann Nepomuk Mälzel, the chess masters who secretly operated it included Johann Allgaier, Boncourt, Aaron Alexandre, William Lewis, Jacques Mouret, and William Schlumberger.more info about it clicking the link
Play chess online with Shredder
Carlsen the new World Chess Champion 2013 -
Chess is rising
What is autochess ?
Daily Chess Puzzle
Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:
Join AutoChess link-exchange program!. If you enjoy our server and would like to see it expand, please add the following HTML-line on your own homepage:
<a href="http://sites.google.com/site/chess2u//"_blank"><img border="0" src="https://sites.google.com/site/chess2u/_/rsrc/1280357933401/home/autochess.jpg" alt="AutoChess" width="88" height="31" /></a>
<a href="http://sites.google.com/site/chess2u//"_blank"><img border="0" src="http://sites.google.com/site/chess2u/_/rsrc/1283314774266/
home/autochess03.png" alt="AutoChess" width="100" height="120" /></a>
My IP Address, Browser, ISP and User Agent