November 19th 1600 - Born

1625 - Crowned King of England and Scotland

1625 - Appointed Duke Buckingham

1628 - Signed Petition of Rights

1629 - Dismissed 3rd parliament, arrested opponents, and declared his intention of ruling alone.

1630 - Peace with Spain and France

1633 - Appointed William Laud

1635 - Stable Finances

1637 - Bishops Wars, attempts to force religious conformity onto Scotland

1640 -Recalls Parliament

1641 - Scottish uprisings

1642 - Attempts to incarcerate opponents in parliament and evacuates London

1645 - 1646 - Royalists defeated

1646 - Surrenders to Scotland

1647 - Charles escapes custody from the Hampton Court and he flees to Isle of Wight

1647 - Charles is turned over to the Scots by Colonel Hammond

1649 - Parliament ridden of royalist sympathizers and high court of justice appointed

1649 - Convicted of high treason and sentenced to death

January 30th 1649 - Publicly beheaded

1660 - Canonized Kind Charles the Martyr

             King Charles I left a very important legacy on England.  As a result of Charles’ religious, military, and government actions, England was forced to remove almost all of the power given to the monarchy and transfer it to the parliament.  England became a much more democratic nation.  England incorporated many new reforms, a fair justice system, and a parliamentary government, which showed a movement away from absolute monarchy/despotism and towards a government very similar to modern governments.  Charles I ended absolute monarchy for England, and many other countries witnessed what could happen if a monarch had too much power.