Some of the plants in the chaparral have these hard thin leaves that are like needles to help them from losing water. There are even some kinds of plants that are fire resistant. Most of the animals in the chaparral are burrowing animals as well as nocturnal. Some other animals like mice and lizard make a partially solid urine so they don’t get rid of as much water. Some animals also go into something called estivation which is pretty much the same as hibernation except instead of sleeping to avoid the cold, they sleep to avoid the heat.