Assignments‎ > ‎

PTSD Research Analysis



In a research study shows how a person who has suffered from Post traumatic stress disorder should be categorized differently from a war veteran and a civilian. Although the event that these categorize face are completely different the symptoms and diagnoses remain the same, although it is PTSD not every person will have the same traumatic event and there for different treatments will be initiated according to what the patient is facing and how severe it and this determent by a sub category of PTSD which is Type I exposure and Type II exposure, its these different categories that helps doctors determine which treatment is right for them. In one interview that I have made the person is a retired combat medic who has PTSD and has occasional flashback but that person is taking a medication that controls those flashback and keeps him from the mental disorder from getting worse. Treatment is available to all who have PTSD but the problem is that those who do not seek help the mental disorder will become worse, but the treatment are very effective in controlling the mental disorder. 

Post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a disorder that will always be problematic around the world whether it be from at soldier who is currently serving overseas or a veteran from wars or a civilian. (Our Empathic Nature, 2012). Because of this disorder it poses the following question: Should PTSD be considered the same diagnoses from a war veteran to a civilian? There have been various researches done on both cases the civilian and war veterans and also many treatments for the disorder. (Make the connection, 2013). To analyze these two cases there a few question that should be asked when determining if there should be a different name for of the disorder for the civilian or for the war veterans. The questions are the following: How can PTSD be defined and are there sub categories? What Kind of events trigger PTSD in an individual and are these traits the same for patients of PTSD? What individuals may be affected by Posttraumatic stress disorder in America and what are the primary symptoms? And how do illnesses like PTSD rank in importance in America, and do patients get adequate treatment? These questions will discuss how the disorder affects people, how it determines and the different cases on different people who suffer from the disorder.

How can PTSD be defined and are there sub categories?

From the information gathered there were two types of PTSD, chronic and complex. The differences between the two are the complexity of the traumatic event and how long experience last whether it be a few months to years, which is the case of these two types. Chronic PTSD is experiencing on traumatic event that is not so severe but it keeps on remind the person of it and it last month and it can go way but if those months turn into a year it will most likely turn in to years. (Psychology Today, 2012) In the case of complex PTSD it is more involved of the traumatic event it self whether it be from an abusive childhood experience or something that will cause a major affect on the person, because of that experience it disturbs the person and the person will create trust issues because of the event. This information is gathered by Dr. Joyce who he interviews and a person who suffers from chronic PTSD and the interviews the patient describes her experiences and because of how severe the disorder has gotten she learn to deal with this new life style. in general PTSD is a disorder caused by a traumatic event from childhood or from something else this is essentially what defines PTSD and it splits into two categories complex and chronic. Because of these certain types of PTSD it creates trust issues and because of these trust issues it could create problem in relationships with family, friends, or the persons spouse. (JoyceGFW, 2011). According to the study by the US department of veteran affairs, if the person with PTSD reacts differently to the person the patient has a relationship with, that person will react differently to the person with PTSD and could result to more trust issue with the person with PTSD, this cycle can be harmful and could possibly do more damage. There are different way it help the person with PTSD with their situation with relationships, there are support groups that the friend and family can initiate to reassure the person that there are people to support that person with PTSD and it can help the person’s self esteem. There are also other treatment that can help with relationship issues for example: One-to-one and group therapy, anger and stress management, assertiveness training, couples counseling, family education classes, or family therapy. (USDVA). Even with different types of PTSD there are solution to treat the problem and to keep it under control. (Relationships and PTSD, 2011).

What Kind of events trigger PTSD in an individual and are these traits the same for all Americans?

There are several events that could trigger PTSD the following are examples of events that could cause the disorder: Childhood sexual and physical abuse, Rape, Domestic violence, Combat, Terrorism, Genocide, Torture, Kidnapping, or Prisoner of war. (USDVA). These are event that cause a person to have nightmares or repeating flashback, but this depends on the individual. (HelpGuide, 2013). These events could happen anytime either during childhood or throughout a person’s life. Depending on the event it also has to depend on the intensity of the event, the people who experience the event could have different reactions, not every person is equal and because there are different people there are different treatments. For a war veteran their event that would have triggered PTSD could be the following: combat, terrorism, maybe torture or prisoner of war. These are a few events that a person with PTSD will have reoccurring nightmares or flashbacks. For a war veteran they might have experienced on of their teammates been shot and killed in front of them, or seeing a bomb go off and the soldiers around that person die and they are the only survivor, or being captured by the enemy and tortured for a long period only to see a few of the soldiers teammates survive while others did not make it. Its these event that triggers PTSD in a war veteran has graphic images reoccurring in flashback and because of the flashback it is difficult for the veteran to function in society properly without thinking about those events. (Help guide, 2013). In the case of a caviling it would be different in the sense of that person not being in combat, a person was in a car accident and that person only received minor injuries but that person had 3 friends in the car also but all three of them died, that person has had nightmares about the accident everyday since the accident, and because of that, that person is irritated during the day and will drive a little as possible and that person will freak out if they hear a tire screech or metal hitting metal. These are two cases of a war veteran who has survived combat and a civilian how has survived a car accident. In these two cases the disorder was triggered by another persons death. (Help guide, 2013).



For theses types of events there will be different reactions for these situation that have happened, not all people are the same so the traits is not the same for all people, a soldier could have more tolerance of the mental disorder than the civilian because of the soldiers training, but because the soldier is exposed to combat for long periods of time there will be a greater change of the soldier to develop PTSD. For a civilian who has had no training for situation for example combat the brain wont be able to handle the stress and thus it will become a problem in the future and if the problem is not treated immediately it will soon become PTSD. (Our Empathic Nature, 2012).

What individuals may be affected by Posttraumatic stress disorder in America and what are the primary symptoms?

People who are exposed to traumatic events, the individuals range from children to adults and on. According to The Veterans Health Administration's treatment of PTSD and traumatic brain injury among recent combat veterans, veterans are the most affected by a severe case of PTSD than civilians, due to the reason of how severe the traumatic event was. An interview I conducted has shown information very similar to what The Veterans Health Administration's treatment of PTSD and traumatic brain injury states. The person I have interviewed has served in the army as a field medic; this individual gave me detailed information about his new lifestyle and how he deals with it. During the day he told me that he might recall certain event all of a sudden and it bothers him until it passes. He also told me that he might hear noises out of nowhere and it affect how he goes about his daily life but he has been given medication to control and contain these episodes to a minimum so that he may continue his daily life. He is married with two children and he is going to the university of El Paso Texas and he is studying engineering, for him to study engineering with PTSD is a challenge for him but he says he wont give up because of the mental disorder and keeps striving to become an engineer.

Not only is it just war veterans that are affected by it but children can also develop PTSD from a young age due to Re-experiencing the trauma, which can include nightmares, intrusive recollections, flashbacks, and traumatic play. . (Medscape, 2013). Avoidance of memories or situations that remind the child of the traumatic event, Sleep problems, Emotional numbing, Symptoms of increased arousal and, hyper vigilance, Altered cognitive function, Behavioral inhibition, Regression, Difficulties with physical contact. (Medscape, 2013).

In a survey conducted in 2005 the most common form of traumatic event that cause PTSD in children is a personal trauma, examples are physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse, domestic violence and also if parents are addicts to drug and abuse the substance will affect the child and cause problems when the child’s life progresses. (Medscape, 2013). The symptoms that a child would display is also similar to what an adult can experience but because every one is different they wont show all signs and it can be difficult to determine PTSD in some cases. The graph below show the type of people who have reported it who are affected by the mental disorder and it give a clear view of who are the most affected by it and the profession or event that has occurred and it’s the graph is bases on both male and female.

How do illnesses like PTSD rank in importance in America, and do patients get adequate treatment? 

For this type of mental disorder PTSD is dived into two categories that define a specific but still broad type of mental disorder. There are two types type I exposure, and type II exposure. Type I exposure is defined as A single traumatic event; an individual may have repeated exposures to this kind of event and the type II exposure is Chronic, enduring event which could be an ongoing physical or sexual abuse. (Medscape, 2013).

According to a YouTube about a professor who is interviewing two patients with both types of exposure they have received adequate treatment. During the interview on of the people who is being interviewed has said at first they were afraid to search for help but after much support that person looked for help. In another video by the public broadcasting service a doctor who specializes in treating patients has also mention that the patients who has search for treatment for their mental disorder has been kept under control and has been very successful. (This emotional life, 2009). In the research that has been conducted there are two types of conditions for PTSD and that PTSD is determine by what the individual has experienced and how it’s being treated. The occurring problem that these researchers found was that a person who has PTSD is not that the treatment they are on is not working is that they have not received helped, that is the leading cause of why there are still people that cant control the PTSD is because some are afraid to let other people know that that person has PTSD. (U.S. Department of Veterans affairs, 2013). According to The compassionate-mind guide to recovering from trauma and PTSD the best treatment for returning soldiers and veteran who suffer from PTSD it the compassion of a family member or friend which is the similar treatment to an adult or child who suffer from the mental disorder. Its compassion that makes the victim of PTSD control the reoccurring events and live a more normal life by being with people who support the patient. (The compassionate-mind guide to recovering from trauma and PTSD, 2013).
In conclusion from the conducted research by doctors and those who work with veteran affairs the victims of post traumatic stress disorder range from children to adults and older, with the large range of people each person will be different and would receive treat that works best for that person. Although PTSD is defined as a metal disorder that is cause by a traumatic event there are two types that affect in different ways. The graph that is show is only the number of people who have reported having PTSD there are people who are afraid or just don’t reported and tend to coup with the disorder by themselves according to some of the doctors who help those with PTSD.
Comments