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Choosing windows

posted Mar 28, 2014, 4:34 AM by Brian Carpenter   [ updated Jan 13, 2016, 11:02 AM ]

In response to a posting on FPF

Dear Peggy,
I am a home renovation contractor. When You set out to choose windows, you should know that there are basically two different types of windows: new construction and replacement windows. I build walls and install new construction windows all the time they require access to the exterior walls of your home under the siding to install them and flash them properly.
Most homeowners are looking to replace their old windows with new windows of the same size. They are looking for replacement windows. I don;t do them, but can recommend Window World of VT (Marty Dean). Window world does a great job and they do literally 10 a day (experience matters)
After you determine what type of windows you are in the market for, you need to determine what you are looking for: Single, double or triple pane? Double hung, casement, awning or slider? Vinyl, Fiberglass, aluminum or wood? Each have good and bad points. The more glass, the heavier they get, but the better insulation they have. (U-factor is the opposite of R-value in which insulation is rated. U-ratings are how fast heat goes through, not how much resistance to heat flow there is) Single plane (awnings, casements) seal better because there are fewer edges than double hung or sliders. Casements are great, but they need adjustment after they have been open for a summer. You should take this into consideration as you shop. Since you are replacing them, you don't need to buy the similar style to what you have. Vinyl is great. Aluminum cold. Fiberglass stronger and a better insulator. Wood is the classic. and Wood with aluminum outside is the cadillac. Classic interior, minor maintenance exterior, but they are pricey.
It is a formidable undertaking. And a sizeable investment in your home. remember that the price of the unit is yours to keep, and the labor to install them is often negotiable, especially when there are more than  one going in. That price may start out at $90/window, but i have seen it come down to $60/window when a crew can stay occupied all day. If you live in an old home (pre-1973) expect lead paint testing and any necessary abatement to be an expensive undertaking. everything will get plastic-ed off, and super-cleaned afterwards. It is the law.
Oh, and do consider wrapping the exterior trim. it is worth it. it makes for a nice weather seal and clean installation when they are done. even if they trample your flower beds in the process.
Good luck,
Brian Carpenter

Dear Brian,

Thank you for all the wonderful information on windows.  It has not gone unnoticed that you spent a bit of your valuable time to write advice for me.  I really appreciate it.


Chunky Wood Porch

posted Sep 18, 2012, 8:01 AM by Brian Carpenter

Chunky wood was the moniker that my client used when he saw the beams that we were using for rafters on his new porch and wood shed. "It is exactly what i had in mind." he said. After consulting an engineering program that verified that using these Douglas Fir beams for rafters would carry the worst Vermont snow load with ease, we placed them at 36" oc so as to expose the shiplap ceiling from the porch. It turned out beautifully. And this was all accomplished (to this point in the build) in only 1 week from lawn to frame and roof decked. It was a design that I noted in Charleston, SC. at the  open-air market on the old harbor there. they painted the ceiling white, and it glowed as a design feature when you were inside. As I talked to my client, i suggested a similar approach to his porch roof and after a few sketches, we are both pleased with the results.

Are You Part of the Recovery?

posted Oct 14, 2009, 11:16 PM by Brian Carpenter   [ updated Mar 16, 2012, 11:05 AM ]

Back when I was in college, I worked at a gas station. it was a decent job. i sold gas, snacks and bait. Sure it smelled a little fishy, but it paid and it gave me plenty of time in the afternoons and evenings to study a bit on the clock. 

One day a guy came in asking if he could park a truck in the side lot for a bit. He was a furniture distributor from High Point, NC. For those of you who do not know, High Point is a furniture Mecca. I'm not saying that people pray facing there, but there is an awful lot of top quality furniture made there. Folks in North Carolina tell tales of factory-direct deals and how lucky they are to live so close to the source.

Being a savvy guy, I saw an opportunity when this fellow showed up. Now I was neither rolling in money, nor looking for furniture at the time, but I still looked over the selection of furniture up in the back of that truck. it was stacked to the ceiling with couches and chairs, ottomans and tables. All of it was covered in plastic and smelled like a new car. Wow was it clean.

All of you can remember being in college. That first apartment was either furnished by mommy and daddy, or it was picked up a piece at a time off of the side of the road. Think back and we all can remember smelling the couch before calling our friend with the truck. Is that cat pee? Is it smoke? Will the ride in the back of the truck take care of it and "air" it out sufficiently? Still we would haul it home and drench it with Febreeze before throwing a sheet over it and calling it ours.

Not this time, I thought. The cornucopia of furniture I was staring up at in the back of that unmarked box truck was all new. It was exhilarating to think that I might also be able to buy (gasp) my first **NEW** piece for furniture and that I might at the same time be able to take advantage of those great NC deals.

So I did it. I selected a chair. A blue recliner was hefted down to me in the parking lot. I checked it over to verify the feel of the fabric and that no one had ever sat in it before. It was still covered in plastic and amazing to me. The money came out and changed hands. the gas station customers were backing up and complaining that the pumps were not working, but that did not matter. I was busy.

I half-stuffed the prize into the opened trunk of the sedan I was driving at the time and tied the trunklid shut. My responsibilities at the station hit me like a ton of bricks and I finished my shift in a more responsible manner. I never noticed when the truck left or whether it evaporated into a could of mist. It was not until the close of business that I remembered the chair still covered in plastic hanging out of the trunk of my car like some soft and cushy spoiler. I stole directly home and lugged it indoors.

The moment I bumped through the doorway, I hollered out to my (then) girlfriend to come and see my prize. Sharing in my excitement, we finally pulled the plastic off the chair and arranged it in front of the TV in a prime location. My longtime friend, a second-hand vinyl Barcalounger covered in an old blanket was stuffed into a corner; instantly forgotten. Then I sat down and kicked back.

Now let me tell you, friends, that I had made a mistake. I didn't know it until that moment, but I had made an awful mistake. They say "live and learn" and it is true. I learned something valuable that day, something we all should know. So today, I will impart the (costly) lesson I learned on you. Ready?


Throughout the process of buying that chair I had never sat on it. I had checked the fabric, turned it upside down to ensure that real wood was used in its construction. I smelled it and made sure that it rocked and all, but I never sat down. It was the most uncomfortable chair ever. it was four or five inches too narrow, and there was a decidedly firm spot at the back of your knees where the padding was compressed. It did recline, but there was no options between laying down and sitting up. The arms were beautifully covered in blue velor, but they also were so square that you could set a beer down on them without threat of it spilling. It was just like somebody had covered a "This End Up" chair in fabric and made it recline. Hard and angular, but built to last.

I sat in that chair every night, too stubborn to admit that it was uncomfortable. But after a time, it was backed into a corner and the 30 year-old Barcalounger was brought back out. Even the cat did not sit in it, despite it being in an afternoon sunbeam. It was an epic Fail. One that I sought never to make again.

Years later my then girlfriend now wearing a ring, and I went around to reputable furniture stores looking for a dining room table for our new house. We were decidedly NOT going to buy off of the back of a truck. I also was NOT going to buy anything without sitting in it first. But we also were not rolling in the money either, so we still were looking for good deals.

After lots of driving and lots of walking and lots of sitting down in chairs, we found a set that we both liked and that we could afford. It fit the room well. It looked both formal and comfortable. It had two leaves and six chairs, so it could expand to accommodate guests and host reasonably sized dinner parties. It was wonderful, clean and new.

And it served us well for the past eight or nine years. But we have recently outgrown it and have been seating teenagers at the kids' play table on a regular basis. We needed a new one, a bigger one. So we looked at our finances, found that we were still poor, but through the miracle of debt consolidation, we could afford a new table and some other home improvements for only $20 extra a month.We were back in business!

Over the years we had picked out a supplier of heirloom-quality furniture nearby. It is an antique dealer who loans space to a furniture builder. We had actually picked out the size, the features, and the chairs in our "dream plan" years earlier, and this was our chance. We went, recently, to pull the trigger and realize our dream.

Now with 2 kids in tow we drove an hour to the store and compelled the owner to his post early on a Sunday morning. He was probably hoping to get back in front of the fire after the "browsers" left, but was pleasantly surprised when we declared that we were there to buy instead. We placed our order, priced it, and haggled little over the details. It wasn't until the credit card came out that he made a comment that still sticks with me.

"Oh, so you are part of the recovery, eh?" he said, looking me right in the eye. "I guess so," I replied, not thinking of what he really meant by that. It was later that i thought back to it. There have been all sorts of economic displeasantries recently. I myself have been through the ringer job-wise. This fellow immediately  brought it all into perspective. Here he was, standing in the middle of his large *heated barn on a cold spring morning in Vermont surrounded by *thousands of dollars worth of furniture and antiques. The business was not new, and neither was he, being otherwise retired. But he was doing what all sorts of other folks are also doing. Treading water, paying the bills, and hoping that the buyers would once again come in through the door.

And there we were. A family of four ready to spend some money. As the boy ran cars across the merchandise, and the little girl danced to Taylor Swift songs piped through mommy's IPhone, we went to task and probably made his week's profits that day. What is more, we set the chair builders to work as well ordering ten. We were doing it for ourselves, but in the process we helped our community get back on its feet, even if just a bit.

Now we are not sitting pretty. If Congress can not come up with a spending plan, my wife will be furloughed without pay beginning just next week. I am now a builder and also selling wood flooring, but neither of those careers is exactly lucrative, and both depend largely on others. But thankfully, money is still cheap and for those of us with good credit, it is still available. We decided to pay an extra $240 a year (over the next million years) and put a whole series of folks in the local community to work. For that antiques dealer we were part of the country's "solution" to this economic downturn.

For us, we are looking forward to the new table. And for those of you still interested, I sat in those chairs years earlier. I did not need to do it again. And you don't hit your knees on the table legs when you sit at it either.

Are you Spending Money or Investing it?

posted Oct 14, 2009, 11:11 PM by Brian Carpenter   [ updated Apr 3, 2012, 5:41 AM ]

Home projects are often viewed differently depending on your outlook. I was in a conversation the other day with a person for whom I had done a Home Energy Audit. The results were pretty average for a house of its year, and in my recommendations I suggested some ways they could save some money. The thing was, my recommendations were not so simple as"turn down your thermostat". They actually required the clients to spend some money making the changes. This was met with a bit of pessimism and phrases like: "I can't spend the money on that" kept coming up during the conversation.

I guess it was a difference of perspective. For me, investing money in Home Energy work, especially Weatherization, is not on a similar playing field as, perhaps, a new floor, or new kitchen. Weatherization work is an investment in your house, one which will bring about a dividend over time the same way an investment in a money market account might be expected to. As long as fuel prices keep going up and the winters stiill get cold, investing on weatherization is just that, and investment. A kitchen, however is an aesthetic improvement. Perhaps it is just as important, but it could only return the initial investment in the event of a sale of the home, and it is just as likely that the new owners will rip it all out and do it over their way. (I have done the ripping in the past).

I have never seen anyone rip out a good insulation or air sealing job because it was not to their particulat taste. Insulation is expected to be there, and expected to perform. And the savings from said work come back to you on a monthly basis during the heating season, and they do so for as long as you own the home. There has never been such a sure thing.

For example, I did an audit of a home built in 2003 and determined that their house needed to actually add air to maintain proper influx rates and remain healthy. So in this case, air sealing or weatherization work was not appropriate. So, I took a look at the clients recent energy bills and found that they were renting a hot water heater from the utility. It was sitting in the same closet as the high efficiency boiler. I determined that giving that back to the utility and replacing it with a boiler-fed domestic hot water tank was the best investment they could make. They would save a very real $15/month rental fee. They would save the estimated $290/year cost of operating the appliance. And their boiler was at least 40% more efficient than the water heater, so they would heat the same water for less all year. Yes, it is a $1200+ investment, but  they would recoup that in less than 18 months on the rental fee alone. At the end of which, domestic hot water would be , in effect, free all winter, and very affordable in the summer, with dramatically less latent heat loss from the device itself.

But that is if they looked at it as a investment and not spending money on their home. If they were just spending money, they would have bought a couch. And there is nothing wrong with that.

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