Vastu Purusha Mandala

Vastu Purusha Mandala

The concept of Vastu Purusha
The Vastu Purusha Mandala is an indispensable part of vastu shastra and constitutes the mathematical and diagrammatic basis for generating design. It is the metaphysical plan of a building that incorporates the course of the heavenly bodies and supernatural forces. Purusha refers to energy, power, soul or cosmic man.Mandala is the generic name for any plan or chart which symbolically represents the cosmos.
In Hindu cosmology the surface of the earth is represented as a square, the most fundamental of all Hindu forms. The earth is represented as four-cornered in reference to the horizon's relationship with sunrise and sunset, the North and South direction. It is called Chaturbhuji (four cornered) and represented in the form of the Prithvi Mandala. The astrological charts or horoscopes also represent in a square plan the positions of the sun, moon, planets and zodiac constellations with reference to a specific person's place and time of birth.
The legend of the Vastu Purusha is related thus. Once a formless being blocked the heaven from the earth and Brahma with many other gods trapped him to the ground. This incident is depicted graphically in the Vastu Purusha Mandala with portions allocated hierarchically to each deity based on their contributions and positions. Brahma occupied the central portion - the Brahmasthana- and other gods were distributed around in a concentric pattern. There are 45 gods in all including 32 outer deities.
  • North- Kubera- Ruled by lord of wealth (Finance)
  • South- Yama- Ruled by lord of death - Yama(Damaging)
  • East- Indra- Ruled by the solar deity- Aditya (Seeing the world)
  • West- Varuna- Ruled by lord of water (Physical)
  • Northeast {Eshanya} - Ruled by Shiva
  • Southeast- Agni- Ruled by the fire deity - Agni (Energy Generating)
  • Northwest- Vayu- ruled by the god of winds (Advertisement)
  • Southwest- Pitru/Nairutya, Niruthi- Ruled by ancestors (History)
  • Center- Brahma- Ruled by the creator of the universe (Desire)

Mandala types and properties

Mahapitha Mandala
The central area in all mandala is the Brahmasthana. Mandala "circle-circumference" or "completion", is a concentric diagram having spiritual and ritual significance in both Buddhism and Hinduism. The space occupied by it varies in different mandala - inPitha (9) and Upapitha (25) it occupies one square module, inMahaapitha (16), Ugrapitha (36) and Manduka (64), four square modules and in Sthandila (49) and Paramasaayika (81), nine square modules. The Pitha is an amplified Prithvimandala in which, according to some texts, the central space is occupied by earth. The Sthandila mandala is used in a concentric manner.
The most important mandala are the Paramasaayika Mandala of 81 squares and especially the Manduka/ Chandita Mandala of 64 squares. The normal position of the Vastu Purusha (head in the northeast, legs in the southwest) is as depicted in the Paramasaayika Mandala. However, in the Manduka Mandala the Vastu Purusha is depicted with the head facing east and the feet facing west.
An important aspect of the mandala is that when divided into an odd number of squares, or ayugma, its center is constituted by one module or pada and when divided into an even number of squares or yugma, its center is constituted by a point formed by the intersection of the two perpendicular central lines. In spatial terms, the former is sakala or manifest/ morphic and the latter is nishkalaor unmanifest/ amorphous.

Mandala in siting

The mandala is put to use in site planning and architecture through a process called the Pada Vinyasa. This is a method whereby any site can be divided into grids/ modules or pada. Depending on the position of the gods occupying the various modules, the zoning of the site and disposition of functions in a building are arrived at.Mandala have certain points known as marma which are vital energy spots on which nothing should be built. They are determined by certain proportional relationships of the squares and the diagonals.
A site of any shape can be divided using the Pada Vinyasa. Sites are known by the number of divisions on each side. the types of mandalas with the corresponding names of sites is given below.
  • Sakala(1 square)corresponds to Eka-pada (single divided site)
  • Pechaka(4 squares) corresponds to Dwi-pada (two divided site)
  • Pitha(9 squares) corresponds to Tri-pada (three divided site)
  • Mahaapitha(16 squares) corresponds to Chatush-pada(four divided site)
  • Upapitha(25 squares) corresponds to Pancha-pada(five divided site)
  • Ugrapitha(36 squares) corresponds to Shashtha-pada(six divided site)
  • Sthandila(49 squares) corresponds to sapta-pada(seven divided site)
  • Manduka/ Chandita(64 square) corresponds to Ashta-pada (eight divided site)
  • Paramasaayika(81 squares) corresponds to Nava-pada(nine divided site)
  • Aasana(100 squares) corresponds to Dasa-pada (ten divided site)

 Mandala in construction

The concept of sakala and nishkala are applied in buildings appropriately.
In temples, the concepts of sakala and nishkala are related to the two aspects of the Hindu idea of worship - Sagunopaasana, the supreme as personal God with attributes and Nirgunopaasana, the supreme as absolute spirit unconditioned by attributes. Correspondingly, the Sakala, complete in itself, is used for shrines of gods with form (sakalamoorthy) and to perform yajna (fire rites). However the Nishkala is used for installation of idols without form- nishkalamoorthy- and for auspicious, pure performances. The amorphous center is considered beneficial to the worshippers, being a source of great energy. This could also be used for settlements. In commercial buildings, only odd numbers of modules are prescribed as the nishkala or amorphous center would cause too high a concentration of energy for human occupants. Even here, theBrahmasthana is left unbuilt with rooms organised around.

House grid with sloping roof and open courtyard.
In accordance with the position occupied by the gods in themandala, guidelines are given for zoning of site and distribution of rooms in a building. Some of these are:
  • North - treasury
  • Northeast - prayer room
  • East - bathroom
  • Southeast - kitchen
  • South - bedroom
  • Southwest - armoury
  • West - dining room
  • Northwest - cowshed

Vaastu Shastra : The Hindu Architecture

We often hear devout Hindus say, "Hinduism is more than just a religion; It is a way of life." While members of other religions also like to say the same thing––few devoted people want to think that their religion is not a way of life––there is actually some justification for the Hindu statement. We can say this because Hindu culture has never fully separated its so-called “secular side” from its religious side, something that has taken place in many other religions as a result of the secularizing influence of modernity. We have noted this fact in reference to astrology. Hinduism still includes, not only religion, but also astronomy, astrology, grammar, mathematics, law, medicine, politics, diplomacy, war, love, architecture and many other branches of knowledge. In this way, Hinduism is holistic. It is not just about theology. 
Vaastu Shastra

It is popular in many Western countries to hear about the ancient Chinese system of Feng Shui, which attempts to align the energies of the physical world with the life of man. The branch of Hindu learning that includes these ideas is called Vaastu Shastra, Hindu Architecture. In Sanskrit the word “vaastu” means a building or structure and so the expression “vaastu shastra” is the science of structure. Like Vedic astrology, vaastu is a vast and highly developed branch of learning and in this installment I can describe only the most basic principles of this subject. There are, of course, whole books devoted to this wonderful subject and an interested reader is encouraged to study these books, especially if one is planning to build or buy a home, commercial building or land for construction.

Hindu Architecture addresses two kinds of buildings: religious structures––temples and shrines––and non-religious structures, civic buildings, business complexes and residential homes. In Hindu culture, not only is the home and family all important, but so is the actual building where the family lives. Consequently, how a physical building is designed and constructed is a matter of deep concern. Hindu traditions tell us that there are forces, some subtle and others not so subtle, some positive and some negative, around us at all times, and like the Chinese system of Feng Shui, it is in man’s interest to arrange his life to take advantage of these positive forces and avoid the effects of the negative forces. It has been observed that through the proper orientation of a building and other techniques, the positive forces can be focused in a way that will lead to an increase in wealth, happiness, and harmony for the residents of such a building. Conversely, the wrong orientation of a structure and other architectural failures can cause unhappiness, disease and troubles for the inhabitants. The same can be said for other buildings including temples, business and civic structures. 

The Cosmic Body Of God

In our discussion on astrology, we pointed out some of the essential principles of Hindu theology that affect not only astrology, but many other subjects of learning, including Hindu architecture. The first is the idea that the world is a manifestation of the body of God or, more precisely, the world is the body of God. A sacred structure such as a temple is designed to be not just the home of God, but the actualbody of God. The building is sacred because it is the Deity directly. The second principle concerns the relationship between the macrocosm and the microcosm. A tiny structure like a temple or a home, compared to the large universe, is constructed as a miniature version, a microcosm, of the greater universe, the macrocosm. And finally, the third principle teaches that the part always contains within itself the whole. Design a building by aligning the universe on the inside with the universe on the outside, knowing that the whole is within, and you control the forces of the universe within that building.

Hindu architecture always begins by laying the cosmic body of God (purusha) over every building site (mandala). This is call the Mandala Purusha. The accompanying diagram illustrates this and shows how this cosmic body is positioned in relation to the site. Notice that the head of “God” lays in the northeast corner. The basis behind this orientation is the principle of maximization of light that is described by the metaphor: the sun equals light, which equals knowledge, which equals consciousness and ultimately spiritual enlightenment. The east is the source of light and of all the points along this eastern axis the north-east point is the most important because it is the point of maximization of light. On June 21st of every year the sun rises in the north-east and this is the day when daylight is longest and darkness is shortest. There is maximization of light at this point and so the north-east corner is called God’s corner (isha-kona). The cosmic head, which is a symbol for enlightenment, is placed in the northeast. It is perhaps a little crude to mention, but notice where the cosmic anus is located. Ancient Hindu culture includes everything! This is the position reserved for the negative forces of the universe, personified as demons. The south-west corner, which is the exact opposite of the north-east corner is not considered an auspicious place and so when arranging a home one should avoid placing the meditation, kitchen, or financial areas in this place.

In addition to the sun, there are, of course, many other powerful forces that affect the life of man, and so these forces have also been considered in Hindu architecture and given their respective places. One of the most common features of  Hinduism is its tendency to personify all things and so these forces are personified as Gods and given their proper “seats” in the various directions of Hindu architecture according to how they are positioned in the macrocosm, the greater universe. See the accompanying diagram that illustrates the sitting places of these powerful forces. Agni, the god of fire, sits in the south-east corner and so this is the ideal direction for a kitchen. Kuvera, the god of wealth sits in the north, so this is the best place for keeping financial matters. In this way, knowing the places of these forces, the next illustration shows the basic arrangement of how any building should  be designed to create an alignment with the forces of the universe. This is the basis of Hindu architecture. Beyond this there are, of course, a large number of details. Below I provide just a few details found in Vaastu Shastra along with my explanations (in italics) to help the reader get an idea of how the system of vaastu works. Exactly how a building is designed will vary greatly according to the site and the needs of the family in the case of a house for example. There is a lot of flexibility built into this system of architecture.
*No garbage should be dumped in the north-east corner of the site or the building. The reason for this is obvious: the northeast corner is God’s corner.
*Lawns and gardens with small plants should be grown in the northern and eastern side. Large trees should only be planted in the south and western sides, never in the east and north-eastern sides. The east is the source of spiritual power and so this energy should never be blocked or obstructed. Blocking the southern direction blocks death. In addition, planting tree in the south and west provides cooling shade against the hottest positions of the sun. 
*Beds should be placed so that when one sleeps the head is directed towards the south, east, or west, but never towards the north. A person’s body is a tiny magnet with a north and south pole. One’s head is the north pole. The universe is also a magnet (a very big magnet!) with a north and south pole. Polaris, the north star, is the north pole of the universe. Place two magnetic poles together and there is a repulsion. So to sleep with one’s head in the directions of the universe’s head is the same as placing two north poles together. There is repulsion. Therefore sleep will be better when the head is placed towards the south or another direction other than north.
*Main doors should open to the east, north or west, but never to the south. 
The east is the source of divine light and therefore this is the preferred placement for the main door of a house. The south is the direction of the God of death and so a main doorway should not open to death.

*The site should be higher in the west than in the east. By sloping slightly to the east the site is open to the east, the source of divine light. In addition, a slope provides for water drainage.
*The staircase should be located in the south, west or south-west corner. The stair or elevator area is not considered useful living space so these things are relegated to less important areas of the building.
*A Kitchen should be located in the south-east corner, but may also be in the north-west corner. In either case the cooking area should allow facing east while cooking. The south-east the the place given to the fire divinity, Agni. A kitchen involves fire, so the placement is obvious. The cooking fire is a miniature sun and therefore light, so facing the cooking fire and facing east while cooking is facing light. 
*A Kitchen should never be in the south-west because it will endanger the health of residents. Notice that the south-west is the the place of the cosmic anus, so placing the kitchen in this location is not favorable for health. Instead the south-west is the proper place for toilets, garbage and storage of things like tools.
Sample House
*The site should be square or rectangular. Sites with triangles, round shapes, with five corners or more, or having odd shapes should be avoided.Symmetry is the basis of Hindu aesthetics, Odd shapes “confuse” or otherwise obstruct the flow of energy and create an imbalance of energy. A shape such as a triangle does away with one whole flank of energy.
*The treasury should never be located in the west or south-west. The deity of wealth resides in the north and so the financial part of a house should be in this position. As we have noted, the south-west is the place of negative energy, so one should avoid subjecting wealth to negative energy.
*The meditation area ideally should be in the north-east, but should never be in the south-west. The north-east is God’s corner and the south-west is for less positive things. The placement for meditation is obvious.
Finallly, here is a sample home design that conforms to the principle of Vaastu Shastra. I provide this just to give a simple idea on how a building can be designed. There can be many many such designs.
What I have described in this short discussion on Vaastu Shastra is only a basic outline of what is a detailed and complicated subject. In spite of this, I have provided the essence of the subject matter as far as residential homes are concerned. There can be endless designs and there are many ways to adjust the designs and even design methods andpujas that can be performed to settle or neutralize problems and defects in the site and even in existing homes.

Vaastu Shastra for Children Bedroom

Children are the most important part of the family.Parents, they live for them and they render many services to their children just to make them versatile and to make theirfuture bright. Parents, they also do many practices to provide the best to their children, but does the childrenknow how to return back the favour given by their parents. Generally they doesn’t know how to overcome with their studies and how to keep standing an elegant image and name of their parents in the society. Sleep in well manner is basic necessity for all. This is the only way to forget about allnegativity and awful experiences and come up with new ideas and to get bliss in your life.children

Some vaastu tips for children bedroom:-
  • For children bedroom west is the best direction. For girl's room north west is best, whereas for boys it can be northern and eastern part of the house.
  • Entrance door of children bedroom should be in the north or east, and it should have one shutter only.
  • The window should be opposite to the door & it should be small in west as compared to the one in east or north direction.
  • Furniture should be few inches away from walls.
  • Bed should be placed at south direction and some space should be left around the bed. if space cannot provide around the bed, then you can place the bed at south west corner or south or west corner.
  • While sleeping children should place their head at east side and legs towards west side. It Is very profound way for them to have high intelligence & knowledge. This position can raise more memory power.
  • For almirahs and cabinet south or west direction is appropriate.
  • Computer and television should not be placed inchildren bedroom and if you wish to place so the south east direction is suitable for television and can place computer in north direction of the room.
  • LCD or the monitor at night reflects the bed, which behaves like a mirror & reflects bad energy.
  • If you want to place study table in bedroom, then it should be in south direction that child could face east, north and northeast while studying.
  • In children room up-light at south-east corner, it is good for health and also tends to generate positive energy too. Never use sharp lights and spot lights as it creates mental strain.
  • Color affects mood a lot and even every aspect of life. Basically green color is ideal for children’s bedroom as it increases brain power and also provides the freshness and peace.
  • These few tips can be beneficial for the physical as well as mental development of your child & will provide the happiness and allow him/her to excel in all fields…

Implement Vaastu Tips

A plot with all corners 90 degrees having two sides road front and back is a good plot.
2. The open space left in North and east should be more than South and West.
3. The maximum construction should be done in South, West and southwest portion of the plot.
4. A pond or a water body should be placed in Northeast corner of the house.
5. A house should be designed in such a way so that there is maximum entry of sunlight and proper cross ventilation.
6. The entire opening should be made on the North and East Side of the house
7. Trees of any kind should not be grown in eastern or northern, northeast directions.
8. Only small plant can be grown in North, east, Northeast.
9. The hearth or oven must be arranged in eastern southeast direction of the entire house, in such a way that the person cooking faces east.
10. The shadow of any tree should not fall on the house.
11. Pictures of any war scenes, demons, one in anger should not be placed in the house.
12. The slope of the property should be from West to east or South to north.
14.Allow a bright light on the main door.
15.It is best to leave only maximum 5 door open.
16.Avoid keeping a T.V. set in bed-room.
17.Avoid keeping any water feature or plants in the bed room.
18.Do not use seperate mattresses and bed-sheet.
19.Arrange the furniture to from a square or a circle or an octagon in.
20.Brighten the corners.
21.Place a picture of bright sunrise on southern wall in living room
22.The wind should come from south-west in the bed room.
23.Dining-room should not expose to the front door of your house.
24.Never put mirror in kitchen.
25.Keep the broom and mops out of the sight in kitchen.
26.Keep the bathroom and toilet door closed as much as possible.
27.Windows should open outward normally.
28.Do not keep prickly cactus, plants in the house.
29.Place an aquarium in the south-east corner in living room.
30.Place a happy family picture in living room.
31.Please cheque there aren`t grown very high trees like Bangan, Pipal, Thorny trees.
32. Please cheque the gate of the lift is not in front of the main gate of the house.
33.There should not be any room which has shape.
34.There should not be obstructive houses surrounding your plot.
35.The house should be fully airy and has enough water resource.
36.The seat in the latrin should be NORTH-SOUTH.
37.In the office, sit facing the door.
38.Hang a picture of mountains behind you in the office.
39.Place the computer on your right side on the table.
40.A ladder to go up stair curved on the right side should be devided in to two parts.
It should be constructed leaving north-east or south-west direction. Ladders stepping down towards north or west creates waste of Lakshmi.
41.One should never hoard stale food, withered flowers, torn clothes, waste paper , waste materials, empty tins, old jars and useless things. These things prevent Lakshmi from entering the house.
42.If there is marble flooring in the house you should see that the old leather shoes are not lying here and there. Marble is considered to be holy stone. If possible avoid marble in bedroom, bathroom, latrine.
43.In a place of worship in the house it is necessary to have open atmosphere. Use marble in the worship room. Take care that there is enough light and air. Latrine should not be near worship room. Keep cleanliness and always light incense sticks.

* Construct your house in such way it admits bright light into the main doorway
* It is really advisable to allow 5 doors of a maximum opening
* Setting television in the bedroom area is not recommended
* Keep the plants and water sport far from your bedroom
* Never split bed sheet and bed mattresses
* Set your house furniture in the form of circle, square or as octagon
* Keep the corners bright
* It is good to fix an image of bright sun in the southern wall of the living area
* Construct your bedroom, where wind must blow from south to west
* Your house dinning hall must never get exposed to the entrance door of the house
* Setting a mirror in the kitchen room is not recommended
* Do not place the mops and brooms in the kitchen. Keep it far aside
* It is good to keep the doors of your toilet and bathroom closed most the time
* It is good to set your windows opened towards out face
* Growing of pricking plants like cactus in your house is not advisable and recommended
* It is good to place the fish aquarium in the southeast corner in your living area
* It is good to stick a happy family photograph or picture inside your living room
* Growing of high trees such as Bangan, Thorny trees and Pipal is not good and recommended
* Ensure that the lift gate is not set in face of the entry main gate of your house
* Building your house rooms in shape of oval, or circle or triangle is strictly not advisable
* Your house should never be in disturbed by any obstructive buildings
* Ensure that your house is good with right air circulation and water source
* Your latrine seat must be kept facing towards northern south
* It is good to sit facing the doorway, while you sit in your office
* It is good to set a mountain wallpaper behind you in your office
* Never keep a ladder that faces towards west or north, as it makes waste of money
* Never wear torn clothing, withered flowers, as these will prevent the goddess Lakshmi entering into the home

Vaastu Shanti tips for business and Office.

Money and valuables should be kept in an Almirah or safe facing north.
-If north is blocked it can be cured with the help of regulators.
-A boring or tube well in south is very harmful for finance.
-A pit or under ground tank in south is also very harmful for finance.
-Certain pictures of god goddess and proper placement of mirrors brings financial gains in the house.
-Water flowing from north to east is very good.
-A water fountain in the north east part of the house or factory is very good.
-An aquarium with 9 gold fish and one black fish, in the north east corner/portion of the house or factory is very good.
-In the office, the temple should not be placed at the back of the owner’s seat.
-The owner seat must be facing east or north. West is also permissible but it must not face south.
- There must always be a solid wall behind the owner’s seat.
-The owner’s desk must always be rectangle.
-The central point of a factory, house and office should be empty.
-Vaastu Shanti Tips for Offices/Businesses.
-In the office, the temple should not be placed at the back of the owner’s seat.
-The owner seat must be facing east or north. West is also permissible but it must not face south.
-There must always be a solid wall behind the owner’s seat.
-The owner’s desk must always be rectangle.
-The central point of a factory, house and office should be empty.
* The place of seat arrangement for managers, executives and directors must be located in south, west and southwestern direction of the office premises
* As per the Vastu principles it is really good to set the accounts department in southeast direction.
* The appropriate place to set the reception is in the northeastern direction of the office.
* With respect to Vastu principles, it is good to seat the employees facing the north or eastern direction
* The central portion of the office must be set empty
* As per the Vastu principles, it is good to place rectangular desk for the MD
* Placing bore-well or fixing tank in the direction of south is not really recommended. This will affect the owner with less and insufficient cash flow.
* The best and right direction of keep the storeroom is on the northwest and southeast location.
* It is recommended to set the marketing department in the direction of northwest
* Fixing of some idols or images of god and goddess in the right location of mirrors will bring you improved financial gains.
* Setting a water fountain in the location of northeast of the office premises is really good and recommended.
* Placing an aquarium containing 1 black fish and 9 gold fish in the location of northeast of the office premises is really good and advisable.

Vastu dosha remidies...

1) Ganesh pooja, Navagrah shanti & poojaof Vastu purush.
(2) Navachandi Yagya, Shantipath, agnihotra yagya.
(3) Vastu purush idol, Nag (snake) made of silver, copper wire, pearl and powla. All these items to be put in a red cloth with red earth and keep that in East direction.
(4) Red sand Cashew Nut, Powla in red cloth - keep that in West direction on Tuesday and worship that with seemed incense will bring peace in house.
(5) Old buildings should be demolished after permission of Vaastu Purush by prayer.
(6) During demolition - The Earthen Pot, Water, or Seat etc should not be taken home.
(7) Daily worship the entrance step - worship with Swastik - Design of Earthenware Pot., Shubh-Labh etc. with Rice and Kumkum. Do not enter the house putting your entrance step.
(8) Rakhshoghna Sukta jaap, Homa and anusthan should be done.
(9) Recite this mantra 12500 times - starting from Tuesday - minimum 108 times daily till 12500 are over "Om Namo Bhagvati Vaastu Devtay Namah" - Do Dasamsa Home in the end.
(10) Prayers to Vaastu Purush.
(11) If South-West is cut or there is uneasiness in the family, do Pitrushanti,Pindadan, Nagabali, Narayan Bali etc.
(12) Do Rudri - Every Monday and Every Amavasyaday.
(13) Keep phot or idol of Ganpati in house.
(14) A pooja room in the house is must in every house.
(15) Do not enter house for residence doing Navagrah Shanti.
(16) The house which is vacant since some years should be taken in use after doing Vastu Shanti. After doing Vaastu Shanti – do not keep that house empty for more than 3 months.
(17) Never keep underground cellar empty.
(18) Do not keep South-West room vacant nor give it on rent.
(19) In kitchen do not keep any Power - (Shakti)except fire & water.
(20) Light a lamp daily evening near waterpot in the house.
(21) Do Grah Shanti every year because we are doing many sinful things in our life.
(22) If some river or drain is flowing in a direction other than the north-east direction of the house and has anti - clock movement, then place the statue of dancing Ganeshji facing the west on the north-east corner of the house.
(23) If the boring has been done in the wrong direction in a house or a factory, then place the picture of Panchmukhi Hanumanji, facing South-East to the boring.
(24) If a naked wall is seen while entering into a flat, then either a picture or a statue of Ganeshji should be placed there or a Shree Yantra. The naked wall is the sign of loneliness.
(25) If high voltage overhead wires pass over a house, then a plastic pipe filled with lime should be erected from one corner to the other of the affected area in such a manner that its both ends should remain outside by at least three feet each. This will eliminate the evil effects of energy being generated out of the overhead wire.

Vastu tips for peace and prosperity.

When sitting for worship, keep your face towards North-West and sit in that corner to intake air from that direction.
-Cash boxes can be located in the room towards the North (treasury). But if the box is heavy (such as a safe, heavy almirah) then it should be kept in the South­west corner and the door of the almirah should open towards the North.
-TVs and computers should ideally be placed in the Southeast corner of the living room or study room. They should not be placed in the Northeast corner or Southwest corner.
- Telephones can be placed in the Southeast or North­west corner but not in the Southwest or Northeast.
-An aquarium with 9 gold fish and one black fish, in the north east corner/portion of the house or factory is very good.
-If the north-east area is untidy or unshapely, the well being of male issues is found to be precarious.
-One should sleep with his head pointing towards the South.
-Students should be facing east while studying, for Academic Excellence.
-If the kitchen is off the proper place, some member or the other is always found to be suffering from severe digestive disorder.
-Keep the Gas in the south east corner of the kitchen
-Person should face the east while cooking.
-Drinking water should be in the north east of the kitchen.
-While Taking meals the plate should be in South-East.
-The statue of Hanumanji should not be placed in South-East. It may create fire hazard.
-All the doors should open inside so that the energy may remain inside.
-The hinges of doors should be noiseless. If so. The hinges may be greased periodically.
-The doors should open towards right hand.
-Bed should not be put under a beam.
-There should not be five corners in the ceiling of a room.
-Efforts should be made a leave the rooms open on North-East side.
-While ascending the staircase, the face should be either towards the north or the east.
-The seat of the toilet should face North-South.
-No doors or windows should be provided on South-West side.
-Almirahs and beds should be set very close to the South - West wall and at a distance from the north - east wall.
-A house should not have paintings, which depicts depressing scenes, i.e. like an old woman crying, scenes of war or poverty. It should have picture of say, a sunrise, an ocean, mountains, flowers or laughing children.
-Tall trees are nowhere recommended close to the main building. For trees the south in itself is good and so is the west. No tree should be grown in the north and the east. The one at the north-east is the worst.
-Small decorative plants and shrubs may be grown in the north and the east. The height should not exceed, say, half a meter at the north-east increasing gradually to not more than 1.5 meter as one moves from the north-east to the north-west or to the south-east end.
-Except rose and a few medicinal ones, all thorny plants give rise to tensions in the environment. Plants exuding white sap should also be kept off. Lime and karonda etc. are OK in an orchard but not in residence or business premises.
-Amongst the beneficial plants, the best is Tulsi. It is commendable to keep at least one Tulsi plant in the north-east area of the premises, but its height should not exceed 1.5 meter.
-Growing creepers/climbers with support on the compound wall or a house wall is best avoided.
-Cactus should not be planted or kept in the house.
-In the South-West Corner of the house one should sleep pointing his head towards south.
-If north of any house is blocked it blocks prosperity.
-Water flowing/water fountain from north to east is very good. Defective Vastu Defective Vastu: Problems Vastu Defects Feng Shui Defects
1) Blocked Money / Finances draining from your Business / Loans Relationship Problem...


After the Selection of Site, by applying the Vastu principles to the design of the building, one would be assured of a proportionate, aesthetic and beautiful building with the right measurements. The Vastu principle ‘Chanda – aesthetics/form’ describes the different forms or elevations of a building.

Chanda means ‘Beauty’. So Chanda is the beauty aspect oraesthetics of buildings.  Chanda in Vaastu literally means, a view of the contour of a structure against the sky, i.e. its perspective view. In ancient Indian architecture, the contours of buildings were different for buildings with different functions. The forms of different classes of buildings  varied to satisfy different functions and they never were identical in appearance. According to Vaastu Shastra, adherence to Chanda would ensure an aesthetic looking building that is pleasing to the eye. Also, it ensured the easy identification of buildings (of different functions). For example, a temple can easily be identified by it’s mountain like form.
There are six chandas in Vaastu Shastra. They have been explained below along with suitable architectural examples.
  1. Meru Chanda,
  2. Khanda Meru Chanda,
  3. Pataaka Chanda,
  4. Sushi Chanda,
  5. Uddista Chanda,
  6. Nasta Chanda.
In Meru Chanda, the form of a building is like the mythological, sacred, Hindu mountain, “Meru” which is believed to be the centre of all physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes. The Meru perspective appears like a central pinnacle which rises considerably above the ground surface and having sides sloping step by step in an easy gradation all round. Many hindu temples are modelled on the Meru aspect to symbolically represent Mount Meru.
In Khanda Meru the outward peripheral ends of the building do not form a complete circle, but has a vertical cut side, i.e., it appears  like Meru which has been cut off vertically leaving the exposed surface as a precipitous cliff. An example of a building with this contour is the well known Burj Al Arab hotel in Dubai, the second tallest hotel in the world at a height of 1050 feet.
In Pataaka Chanda the building appears to be like a flagstaff with a flag unfurled, i.e. with a narrow lower portion and progressive, cantilevered upper floors. For example, the Throne Pillar at Fatehpur Sikri, India. Shown here is an example of such a structure, the CN tower in Toronto, Canada which is a communications and observation tower at a height of 1815 feet.
In Sushi Chanda the building has the appearance of a needle. An example is the recently completed, tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa towers in Dubai at a height of 2717 feet.
Uddista and Nasta Chandas are not independent and they have no perspective view of their own.
The above mentioned Chandas or forms were used in the design of different buildings meant for different functions. For example,  temples all over India took the form of the mythological Mountain Meru, thought to be the seat of Lord Brahma in Hindu mythology.
This post about the ‘Vaastu Shastra principle  | Chanda – Aesthetics’ explains the different forms/shapes/aesthetics of  Buildings. After working out the right proportion, fixing the external dimensions of the building and deciding the external form or elevation, one needs to design the interior layout of the building. Read about another important “Vastu Shastra principle | Site Planning” which explains the ideal position of different rooms in a building.


Chanda is the 'aesthetics of buildings'. Chanda in Vaastu literally means, a view of the contour of a structure against the sky, i.e. its perspective view. . The contours of buildings assumed different forms depending on the functions of the buildings. The structures varied for different classes of buildings  and to satisfy different functions and they never were identical.


There are six chandas in Vaastu namely, Meru, Khanda Meru, Pataaka Chanda, Sushi Chanda,Uddista and Nasta. They have been explained below along with suitable architectural examples.

MERU CHANDA - The form of a building is like the mythological, sacred, mountain, "Meru" which is believed to be the seat of the Hindu god Brahma. The Meru perspective appears like a central pinnacle which rises considerably above the ground surface and having sides sloping step by step in an easy gradation all round. Many hindu temples are modelled on the Meru aspect to symbolically represent Mount Meru. Shown here is the Shore temple in Mahaballipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. It is for me, one of the most proportionate and aesthetic structures that I have seen. Unfortunately it has been eroded by the sea air as it is on the shore and the sharpness in its details has been dulled.

KHANDA MERU - The outward peripheral ends of the building do not form a complete circle, but has a vertical cut side, i.e., it appears like Meru which has been cut off vertically leaving the exposed surface as a precipitous cliff. An example of a building with this contour is the well known Burj Al Arab hotel in Dubai, the second tallest hotel in the world at a height of 1050 feet.

PATAAKA CHANDA - The building appears to be like a flagstaff with a flag unfurled, i.e. with a narrow lower portion and progressive, cantilevered upper floors. An example of such a form is the Throne Pillar at Fatehpur Sikri, India.

SUSHI CHANDA - The building has the appearance of a needle. An example of such a form is the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa towers in Dubai at a height of 2717 feet.

UDDISTA and NASTA CHANDAS - Thay are not independent and they have no perspective views of their own.

This post was about the Vaastu Shastra principle | Chanda or Aesthetics of Buildings. It explains the different forms/shapes that can be used in the design of buildings.

Calculations of VaastuShastra


In Vaastu Shastra, a set of six formulae called Aayadi are used to work out the Length, Breadth, perimeter, area and the height of the building. According to Vaastu Shastra, it is necessary that one follows the Aayadi formulae strictly in order to experience positive effects within the building.

Aayadi constitutes six formulae Aaya, Vyaya, Yoni, Raksha, Vara and Tithi. The remainder obtained by using these formulae, determines whether it is gain or loss. If it is a gain, then the structure is proportionate and stable and the dimensions are right. However if it is a loss, then it means the dimensions are not right and should be suitably corrected.
  • Aaya- is the remainder obtained when Length is multiplied by 8 and divided by 12
  • Raksha- is the remainder obtained when Length is multiplied by 8 and divided by 27
  • Vyaaya- is the remainder obtained when Breadth is multiplied by 9 and divided by 10
  • Yoni- is the remainder obtained when Breadth is multiplied by 3 and divided by 8
  • Vara- is the remainder obtained when Height is multiplied by 9 and divided by 7
  • Tithi- is the remainder obtained when Height is multiplied by 9 and divided by 30
  • Aaya and Raksha formuale are used to fix both the Length of the building and of the rooms.
  • Aaya also known as 'aadhayam', means income and 'Vyaya' means loss or expenditure. Therefore, the Aaya should always be greater than the Vyaya.
  • Using the Aayadi formulae it has been concluded that for the Aaya to be more than the Vyaya the length of rooms/building should preferrably be 1.5 times the breadth or at least 1.375 times the width.
  • This is why we find that sites are generally not square but rectangular with a Length 1.375 - 1.5 times the Breadth. For example: Sites have dimensions of 40 x 60, 30 x 40, 30 x 45, and 50 x 80.
  • The Yoni and Vyaya formulae are used for fixing the breadth of the building.
  • If the Yoni obtained is an odd remainder, then it is good whereas if it is even, then it is considered bad Yoni.
  • 1, 3, 5 and 7 remainders are considered good Yoni and are associated with the directions East, South, West and North, respectively.
  • Therefore depending on the direction the building faces, the corresponding Yoni should be used to fix the breadth of the building/rooms.
  • The Yoni of the first floor should be the same as the Yoni of the ground floor.
  • When an old house is being renovated, then a new Yoni different from the Yoni of the old house should be used for the renovated house.
  • The Yoni formula defining the breadth measurement is useful for buildings that are not oriented to the cardinal directions.
  • Vastu Shastra clearly emphasizes the importance of orienting buildings towards the four cardinal directions (North, East, South or West) so that they can withstand the impact of monsoon winds and natural energies and also benefit from them.
  • As far as possible, buildings should not be oriented to the intermediate directions.
  • But in rare situations, if the site faces an intermediate direction, the Yoni formula should be used so that the remainder is 1. This will ensure that the dimensions of the building are such that it can withstand the forces of nature.
  • The height of the building can be fixed using the Vara and Tithi formulae.
  • The height of the first floor should not be more than that of the Ground floor.

In the olden days the units of measurement were the Angula (3/4 of an inch) and Hasta ( 18 inches) so that 1 Hasta equals 24 Angulas. However the value of Hasta and Angula were different in different regions. Therefore, by using the Aayadi formulae for fixing the dimensions of a building, the risk of creating disproportionate spaces is eliminated.

This post was about the Vaastu Shastra principle | Aayadi, which is useful for fixing the dimensions of a building. According to Vaastu Shastra, the shape/form of a building was related to it's function.

Planning according to Vaastushastra

According to Hindu mythology, in the beginning, Brahma, the creator of the Universe, experimented with the creation of a new creature. He created a large cosmic man, who grew rapidly as he began to devour everything in his path to satisfy his insatiable hunger. When he became so big that his shadow fell on the Earth creating a permanent eclipse, the gods Shiva and Vishnu begged Brahma to do something before everything was destroyed by this Creature.

Brahma realised his mistake and called the Astha Dikapalakas, the Gods of the eight cardinal directions. Together, they overpowered the monster and held it flat against the earth. Then Brahma jumped in the middle and held the monster down.Then the Monster cried “You created me like this. So why am I being punished?” Brahma offered him a compromise and made the Monster immortal with the boon that he would be worshiped by any mortal that builds a structure on earth. He was named Vastu Purusha.

Vastu Shastra gives the directive principles regarding construction of buildings so as not to displease the Vastu Purusha. These principles are explained with the help of the diagram called the Vastu Purusha Mandala.
  • The diagram shown above, known as Vastu Purusha Mandala, is a metaphysical square plan that illustrates how the Vastu Purusha was pinned down by Brahma and 44 Gods - face down, with his head to the North-East and his  feet towards the South-West.
  • The diagram is divided into 9x9 = 81 parts. The positions of the 45 gods (32 in the external enclosures and 13 in the internal enclosures) who are holding down the Vastu Purusha are shown. These symbolic Gods rule various aspects of life and have certain inherent qualities.
  • The function of the rooms placed in each area of the house was according to the nature of the deity ruling that particular area.
According to Vastu Shastra, if the house is designed as per the Vastu Purusha Mandala, a perfectly balanced environment which ensures enhanced health, wealth and happiness is created, because the ancient Vaastu pundits figured out that when the different rooms were placed according to the Vastu Mandala, good disposition to the Sun, proper ventilation and lighting and privacy would be ensured.

Humans perform different activities depending on the time of the day. The ancient Vastu pundits divided the 24 hours into eight parts, representing the eight cardinal directions. They designed and oriented various rooms of a house towards the Eight cardinal directions, such that at any given time of the day depending on the activity, the  inmates were able to get the useful rays of the Sun, according to the position of the sun through the day. This has been explained here:
  • North-East: The period between 3 am and 6 am, just before sunrise is called Brahma Muhurta. At this time, the Sun is in the North-Eastern part of the house. These hours are ideal for Yoga, meditation, or study as it is very quiet and peaceful.Therefore, the N orth-East corner is the best position for thePuja Room or meditation room.
  • East: From 6 am to 9 am, the Sun is in the eastern part of the house. This is the time for bathing and preparing for the day, so East is a good location for a bathroom used for bathing purposes only.
  • South-East: The time between 9 am to 12 in the noon, when the Sun is in the South-East part of the house, is the best time for preparing food to be eaten later in the day. Therefore, the kitchen can be located here.
  • South: After lunch it is time for rest, so the time between noon and 3 pm is called Vishranti, the resting period. The Sun is now in the South, and hence the best position for a bedroom.
  • South-West: After rest, from 3 pm to 6pm is the time for studying and work, and the Sun is now in the South-West section of the house, the ideal location for a study or library.
  • West: The period between 6 pm and 9 pm is the time for eating, sitting or reading. The Sun is in the West and this is the best location for dining roomor sitting room.
  • North-West: The time between 9 pm and midnight, when the Sun is in the North-West part of the house is the time to sleep. This part is a good location for another bedroom also.
  • North: The time between midnight and 3 am, when the Sun is in the Northern section, is the time of darkness and secrecy. The North is the best place to hide valuables and to keep them protected.

This post is about the 'Vastu principle | Vastu purusha Mandala' and the positioning of different rooms of a House according to this diagram. Read about another important "Vaastu Shastra principle | Maana - Proportions", which explains the right proportions, ratio of height to breadth for buildings, here:
Whether one is creating a building, a craft item or an article of daily use, the aim of the design should be that:
  • The designed product must be useful and lend itself to easy application.
  • The designed product must be aesthetically pleasing. This principle covers the exterior of a building as well as the interior.
  • The designed product must be capable of evoking a feeling of well-being and contentment.
For this, certain 'proportions' should be followed when designing an object or a building. The third principle of Vaastu Shastra is 'Maana or Proportionate Measurement'. According to Vaastu Shastra, adherence to Maana is imperative in all creative activity, be it sculpture or architecture because only then will an object created by man look perfect, proportionate and pleasing to the eye.
The ancient indian Vaastu pundits after trial and error, arrived at the perfect measurements- ratio of height, length and breadth- to create a proportionate three dimensional building. So for centuries afterwards, this became an easy formula for Architects to follow when designing buildings.

In Indian Architecture the standards of measurements are Angula (3/4th. of an inch) and Hasta (18 inches). The measurement is divided into 6 categories. Proportionate ratios of these 6 categories are laid out for various uses:
  •  Measurement of height,
  •  Measurement of breadth,
  •  Measurement of width or circumference,
  •  Measurement along plumb lines,
  •  Measurement of thickness and
  •  Measurement of interspace.
The following ratios of Height to Breadth are  the best for buildings and each indicates a certain aspect of beauty and proportion.
  • Ratio of 1: When the Height is equal to the Breadth, the structure is considered to be aesthetically proportionate.
  • Ratio of 1.25: When the Height is 1.25 times the Breadth, the structure is considered to have good stability.
  • Ratio of 1.5: When the Height is 1.5 times the Breadth, the structure is considered to have a pleasant appearance.
  • Ratio of 1.75: When the Height is 1.75  times the Breadth, the structure is good in every way and will be appear both strong and beautiful.
  • Ratio of 2: When the Height is twice the Breadth, the structure will appear gorgeous.
Nowadays, people do not make an effort to follow proportion in buildings. The only consideration in the design of such structures is about maximising the F.A.R. / F.S.I. and no thought is given to the height or proportion or whether the building will look overpowering or ugly.
This is why a science like Vaastu Shastra should be referred to when people have doubts about proportions and aesthetics. All the proportions and dimensions for creating a beautiful house have been handed down to us on a platter in the form of formulae.

Decoration of main gate according to Vaastushastra

That is, the decoration of the main gate must be more than that of the other doors. The main gate must be decorated with the figures of urn, fruits and foliage, leaves, flowers, creepers, lion, swan etc. VAASTU Rajvallabha dictates that the main gate must be built splendidly and decorated vividly. It should have more decorations than rest of the doors. It must be decorated with auspicious and religious insignia. OM, Swastika, urn mounted with coconut, goddess Lakshmi showering gold coins, cow, feeding a calf, figure of Kuldevata (tutelary deity) etc. is few such figures that can decorate the main gate. Idols of armed guards can be bas relieved on each of the two pillars comprising main gate.


That is the width of the main gate must be a multiple of 3, 5 or 7 and its height must be double than its width. Thus, if the width of the main gate is 3,5 or 7 feet, its height will be 6, 10 or 14. But in today's context dimension of 3x6 seems ideal.

If the main gate is installed in the shape of a door, its frame should have a thickness of six inches on the sides while its threshold and sill should be nine inches in thickness.

Raised threshold is required to prevent the entry of the crawling insects and serpents. If the main gate in situated on a platform, raised threshold is not necessary.

The main gate should open inward and not outward. It should not touch the walls when opened. These thing preserve the accumulated energy in the house.


Passage leading to the main gate and the one passing through it must be exactly the same. The passage leading to the main gate should be double in width than the one passing through it. It must have an outward slope as well. Such a passage adds to the beauty of the house and facilitates the entrance of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. If the main gate is somewhat higher, easy flight of steps should lead to it.

Main entrance of a house must comply to its main gate in every aspect. It should have better built and decoration than rest of the doors but not more than the main gate.

For a house that has a greater number of doors and windows, it doesn't matter if their total number is odd or even. There is no restriction on the number of the doors and windows and the directions they face. If a house has only one or two rooms, it should then have even number of doors and windows. Most of the windows and almirahs, however should be provided in the northern and eastern walls whereas western and southern walls should have minimum number of windows and almirahs.

All the doors, windows and almirahs should have their top in the same level i.e. they should be of same height. A door must face a door. If there is no provision of that, a window must be provided to face a door.

Doors of different storeys are usually situated one above the others. In such situation, width of the door in upper storey be at least three inches less than that of the lower storey. Top of all the doors, windows and the almirahs however should be at the same level in every storey.

Each room must have two doors. If for some reason, only one door could be given in a room, absence of the second door should be compensated for by a window. This allows ample of sun and air in the room, which is beneficial for the health of the inmates.
All the exit doors should open inward. This is also necessary from the safety point of a view.

Colours represent different wave lengths of a spectrum and are thus nothing but forms of energy. Their effects on the mind and the body are well proven now. You yourself might have experienced that sitting in a room with walls of a particular colour you feel melancholy, while in another room with different colour you feel happy. The implications are clear that you should choose only those colours that have pleasing effect to paint the walls of your room.

Light green, sky blue, azure, pink, light blue and white are such colurs with pleasant effects. Red has medicore effects. Bright red makes the occupant short-tempered and leads to loss of wealth. Black and chocolate colours too have inauspicious effects.

Atharveda clearly dictates regarding the beautification of a house so that the occupants could pass their lives happily in it.
Accordingly, an ideal house must have ample open space around it allowing unabated ventilation from all the four sides. It should be provided with sufficient number of doors and windows as well.

Atharveda also dictates to have a door facing a door in a room so that the cyclical magnetic flow could be completed. Air flow is also unabated in such a room.

Savants of VAASTU Shastra have deeply analysed the necessity of open space in and around a house. They have concluded that a house should have maximum open space in the northern and eastern sides. Western side can have some open space while the southern side should have least or none. Open space in northern side yields wealth, while in eastern side gives brilliance, knowledge and fame.

Vaastushastra in ancient scriptures.

Vaastu Shastra




VAASTU Shastra believes in the existence of VAASTU Purush who is the main deity of a building. In this regard Rigved says:

that is VAASTU has a relation with Griha devata (deity of the home)

According to Shatpath Brahmin (an ancient scripture), VAASTU is the ruling deity of animal stock and the people living in a home.

Concept of VAASTU Purush in VAASTU Shastra is an ancient one. As per the scriptures, once a fierce battle took place in ancient times between a demon Andhakasur and Lord Shiv. During the battle, a few drops of Lord Shankar's sweat fell on the ground and gave birth to a formidable monster. The monster at once began to kill the gods. Acting unitedly then, all the gods captured the monster and burried him with his face facing down. The gods also granted a boon to pacify him: "You shall be worshipped in all auspicious tasks."

Since the gods made an abode on the monster, he came to be known as VAASTU Purush. And since all the gods have an abode on him, he is worshipped by prudent people.

Vishwakarma is regarded as the father of VAASTU Shastra. In his treatise Vishwakarma Prakash, he writes about the origin of VAASTU Purush:

In Tretayug on the third day of the dark phase of the lunar month Bhadrpad, Brahma created a formidable man. Even the gods were frightened by his appearance. Then by Brahma's consent, all the gods pushed him down, with his face downward and themselves sat on him.

The formidable man then appealed to Brahma: "O Lord, you have created this cosmos. This body is also yours. Why then these gods are torturing me without reason? Tell me how should I behave with the gods."

Pleased Brahma said: "Since this moment your worship shall be indispensable in every auspicious construction work because of your presence beneath the gods. Those who won't worship you for any reason shall have to suffer penury and untimely death. They shall have to face your wrath and hence obstacles in everything they do."

Therefore in the beginning of a building's construction, installation of doors and on the occasion of making first entry into newly built home, worship of VAASTU is more than must. Apart from these occasions, on every auspicious task offerings ought to be made into fire according to one's strength.


VAASTU Purush is lain with his face downward. His head points to north-east, while feet point together to south-west. His right hand and the joint of right leg point toward south-east, while left hand and joint of left leg point to north west.


In VAASTU Shastra, eight directions - North, East, West, South, North-east, South-east, South-west and North-west are considered as important. If you are planning to build your bungalow or any other building on the basis of VAASTU Shastra, first of all you should have knowledge of your plot's direction. Then you should decide in which direction you ought to keep your main gate. You may if necessary, take the help of a compass to know the directions.

As the numerals have their apparent influence of human life, similarly influence of the directions is also apparent. Richness or penury of a person can be known from the location of his house. In which direction is his house located? Which direction does the entrance of his house face? How is the interior decoration? These and other related things reveal the economic condition of a person. Similarly changes that must be made in order to bring prosperity and to prevent imminent danger or crisis can also be known with the help of VAASTU Shastra.

As everybody knows there are four major directions - east, west, north and south. Besides these, four sub-directions are also considered. These are Agney (South-east), Nairitya (South-west), Vayavya (North-west) and Ishaan (north-east). Each of these directions and sub-directions has its own merits and demerits and yields results accordingly. Every direction has a deity or lord that rules it.

EAST: Indra is the ruling deity of the east. He was born out of Brahma's mouth and is capable of destroying enemies. He can appear in any form as per his wishes. He is also the lord of rains and has the wind as his assistant. Increment in wealth, cereals and animal stock can be effected through worshipping Indra. Indra is also the king of the heaven. Elephant Airavat is Indra's vehicle and Vajra (lightning) in his weapon.

The east is also the abode of gods like Surya, Agni, Indra, Jayant, Ish, Parjanya, Satya, Bhup and Akash.

The east is also known as a direction of lineage. During the construction of the house, some portion must be left open in the east. It leads to long life for the owner.

WEST: The west is the opposite of the east. No work can progress in the west. Varun (Neptune) is the lord of this direction, which is under the influence of sage Agastya. Sea is the abode of Varun (Neptune). He therefore, has most influence on the water bodies. A proper utilization of westerly portion of plot leads to reputation, fame, prosperity and success for the owner.

NORTH: Kuber is the lord of this direction. Literally, Kuber means the one who controls the imminent events and causes increments. He has inassessible wealth and property. Kuber is the king of Yakshas and Kinnars and is a friend of Rudra (Shiv). Kailash is the abode of Kuber who has three legs, eight hands and a yellow dot in place of eyes.

Mercury is the planet that rules the north. It is more influencial in the dark phase of every lunar month. North is a also an abode of the gods like Kuber, Diti, Aditi, Shail, Naga and Bhallat etc.

North is also a place of mother. Leaving some portion open in north leads to prosperity of maternal side as well as provides wealth, comforts, peace etc. for the owner.

SOUTH: Yama is the lord of this direction. He is the son of Surya and is hostile towards Vishnu. Nakshatra Bharani is the most important for him. During the last eight days of the lunar months of Ashwin and Kartika this nakshatra is more influencial. South direction weakens human life, hence all the auspicious tasks are forbidden in the south. South is also an abode of the gods like Yama, Gandharvas, Mriga, Pusha, Vitath and Kshat. In all the south direction yields nothing but mourning, depression and pain.

AGNEYA (SOUTH-EAST): Direction that lies midway between the east and the south is known as Agneya (south-east). Agni (fire) is the lord of this direction. He is the preserver and defender of every being. Agni also carries the message of people who worship and offer oblations with devotion to God.

Worshippers of Agni are economically strong and long living. Agni himself takes care of the people who make offerings into him. Agni also provides them with comfort, peace, prosperity and progeny.

While constructing a house, the first pillar must be erected in the south-east direction. Alternatively, kitchen of the house should occupy a place in this direction. This is the foremost and an important rule of VAASTU Shastra. First day of every month also represents the element fire.

A warm Agneya direction makes a man healthy, whereas a faulty use makes the owner short tempered.

NAIRITYA (SOUTH-WEST): It lies midway between the south and the west directions. Nairitya is the ruling lady of this direction. Literally, Nairitya means repeated happening - whether be it the birth of a baby or any other event. It also means that anything not done at proper time can't have a repetition. If the house is built in this direction, the home suffers continuous decay.

South-west portion of the house should never be left open, nor should a pit be dug is this direction. This direction is an abode of demons and ghosts. To prevent the accumulation of inauspicious and pain causing things, digging of pit in south-west is prohibited. If for some reason, digging is necessary it should be covered as early as possible or a sapling be planted in its place.

VAYAVYA (NORTH-WEST): It lies mid way between the west and the north. Vayu (wind) is the lord of this direction. Five kinds of Vayu - Prana, Upana, Samana, Vyana and Udana are necessary for human life. Hanumana and Bheema are the representations of Vayu. Those who worship Vayu in the form of Hanumana, get their desired results at once.

North-west angle is the progenitor of friendship or enemity. Hence, a faulty use of this portion of plot may result in majority of the enemies. If you use this angle of your plot wisely and flawlessly, you will have many friends who will undoubtedly benefit you.

ISHANYA (NORTH-EAST): The angle that lies midway between north and the east is known as Ishanya (north-east) direction. Shiv is the lord of this angle. Pashupat is the weapon of Shiv. Nakshatra Ardra is the symbol of Lord Shiv. Semul (silk-cotton) tree is considered auspicious in this direction.

Worshipping of ruling God of this direction yields many virtues in the life of the worshipper. Portion of the house in this direction must be kept holy for it yields many kinds of divine powers to the owner. Proper utilization of this portion of house provides wealth, reputation, property and every kind of excellence for the owner. A faulty utilization of this angle, however, may block successful continuation of progeny.


Who is Vaastupurush?

There is a very interesting myth associated with the origin of VAASTU-Purusha, from which we can understand as to why we should build a house according to guidelines of VAASTU SCIENCE and then perform the appropriate rituals for the VAASTU-Purusha. The VAASTU-Purusha is said to be residing in all the buildings – small or large. He has a peculiar physique and indications. He occupies the entire constructed area in a posture of head drooping forward. The story of the origin of the VAASTU-Purusha is narrated in the Matsya-Purana.

Once upon a time Lord Shiva fought a battle against the monster named Andhak and killed him. Since the battle was long drawn, Lord Shiva got very tired. He was sweating profusely. A drop of sweat fell on the ground and a humanoid figure was born out of that. He had a huge and a terrible body. He was also very hungry and started to drink the blood of the slain monster Andhak. Even after drinking the blood, his hunger was not satiated and he could not tolerate it. Hence he prayed to Lord Shiva to allow him to eat all the three worlds. Lord Shiva was pleased with his penance and granted him his wish. 
As soon as Lord Shiva granted him his wish, the demon captured all the three worlds and started to eat the earthlings. This caused panic amongst the gods and goddesses, humans and demons. They approached Lord Brahma for help. He told them to knock the demon down in prone position. Accordingly the 45 major and minor gods felled him down. The 32 gods from outside and 13 gods from inside held him down. The names of 32 gods who held him from outside are as follows – 1) Eesh [Shikhi] 2) Parjanya 3) Jayant 4) Indra 5) Surya 6) Satya 7) Bhrush 8) Aakash 9) Waayu 10) Poosha 11) Vitatha 12) Bruhatkshat 13) Yama 14) Gandharva 15) Bhrungaraj 16) Mruga 17) Pitru 18) Douwarik 19) Sugreeva 20) Pushpadant 21) Varun 22) Asur 23) Shoka 24) Papyakshma 25) Roga 26) Ahi 27) Mukhya 28) Bhallat 29) Soma 30) Sarpa 31) Aditi 32) Diti . 
The above mentioned 32 gods are outside the limits of the VAASTU (the building ), whereas the below mentioned 13 gods are within the limits of the VAASTU – 1) Aap 2) Savita 3) Indra(with Jayant) 4) Shesha 5) Marichi 6) Savitri 7) Vivaswan 8) Vishnu 9) Mitra 10) Rudra 11) Pruthvidhar 12) Aapvatsa 13) Brahma. 
All these gods attacked that demon and held him down by sitting on various parts of his body. Eesh (Agni – Fire) on the head, Aap on the face, Pruthvidhar and Aryama (Marichi) on the chest, Aapvatsa on the chest, Diti and Indra on the upper arms, Som and Surya on the right hand, Rudra and Rajyakshama(Papyakshma ) on the left hand, Savitri and Savita on the right arm, Vivaswan and Mitra on the stomach, Poosha and Aryama (Marichi) on the wrist, Asur and Shesha on the left flank, Vitatha and Bruhatkshat on the right flank, Yama and Varuna on the thigh, Gandharva and Pushpadant on the knees, Sugreeva and Mruga on the lower legs, Douwarik and Mruga on the feet, Jay and Satya on the hair on legs, and Brahma on the heart. 
The captured demon remained in the prone position. He said to the gods that, since they have captured and tied him down, would they tell him as to how long will he remain confined like this? And what shall he eat? On hearing this the gods said, “Today is the third day after ‘no moon’ in the month of Bhadrapada and the constellation is Vishakha. Hence you should lie down like this and change your direction once in three months.”
You will stay in this position pointing your head towards East and feet towards West, in the months of Bhadrapad, Ashwin, and Kartik; in the months of Margashirsh, Poush and Magh pointing head towards South and feet towards North while looking towards West. In the months of Jeshtha, Ashadh and Shrawan stay lying down keeping your head towards North and feet towards South while looking towards East. While rotating in any of these directions you will lie down on your left flank. You will be known as VAASTU-Purusha. Those who create wells, drinking water wells, tanks, or construct temples, houses not favorable to you, or effect the foundation-stone-laying or start living in the houses (Gruha pravesh) without performing the appropriate rituals and offering prayers and the offerings to you, you may punish them as you desire. The VAASTU-Purusha asked again as to what should he do to satisfy his hunger? Then the gods told him to devour the person who does not create a construction favorable to him.