||Probably first chess club ever organized occurred in
||Cafe de Procope in Paris
- meeting place for the intellectual
establishment of the 18th century
- famous chess playing visitors are: Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and Napoleon
- 1989 Café Procope was refurbished
in 18th-century style.
||Café de La Regence in Paris.
- Place du Palais-Royal
- 1740 chess players moved to the Cafe de la
Regence from the Cafe Procope
- Frequent visitors were Philidor, Legall, Descheppeles, La Bourdonnais, Saint-Amant,
Kieseritzky, Voltaire, Rousseau, Robespierre, Diderot, Franklin,Napoleon,
and Paul Morphy.
- 1855 relocated on Rue St. Honore
- 1916 the chess room
||Slaughter's Coffee House London
- St. Martin's Lane London
- It housed London's only chess club for many years
- 1735 chess was being played
- 1747 Francois Philidor played Philip Stamma
Slaughter's was deserted
- 1844 the building was demolished
|| An informal chess club existed in Dublin,
||Chess players started gathering at the Salopian coffee house and tavern at Charing Cross
- 1804 coffee house stops
- 1851 restaurant stops
||Chess club in Parsloe's Coffee House on St. James Place (next door to the Thatched House Tavern) in London
- 1774, Philidor frequented Parsloe's
- 1825 Parsloe's stops
||Chess club under the
patronage of le Comte de Provence (later Louis XVIII), who was himself a
||Chess club in Berlin.
||Chess club in New
||The London Chess Club was founded at Tom's Coffee House, in
- The club was supported by city merchants and members of the
Stock Exchange, who played chess in the middle of the day. The club was
closed to amateurs not from London.
- 1824, the London Chess Club played a correspondence match
with the Edinburgh Chess Club. The Edinburgh CC won the match. Book about the match
- 1827 Stopped because William Lewis the owner went bankrupt from bad investments in the piano business.
||Chess club Schachgesellschaft
- The world's oldest
chess club still in existence
||A chess club was founded in Dusseldorf, Germany.
||A chess club was founded in Dublin
||Chess was being played at the Athenaeum, on the 2nd
floor, 6th Street and Walnut, in Philadelphia.
||The Manchester Chess Club was founded and met at the Albion Hotel
in Manchester, England.
- 1825 the Manchester Chess Club defeated the Liverpool
Chess Club in a correspondence match.
- Henry Blackburne was champion of the Manchester
Chess Club in the 1860s.
- 1876 stopped
||The Dublin Philidorian Chess Society was formed at
the Harp Coffee House in Dublin.
||A tobacconist named Gliddon, opened a room in the
rear of his shop, King Street, Covent Garden for chess. He supplied it
with chess books and periodicals, chess sets, and chess boards and called it
Gliddon's Divan. Gliddon's Divan was frequented by Howard Staunton.
||The Edinburgh Chess Club was founded, the oldest in Scotland. It is probably the second oldest chess club in the world.
- 1824 the London Chess Club played a correspondence match with the Edinburgh Chess Club. The Edinburgh CC won the match. Book about the match
||The Amsterdam Chess Club, or
Vereenigd Amsterdamsch Schaakgenoostschap (VAS), was founded.
- 1824 the Amsterdam Chess Club defeated the Rotterdam
Chess Club in a correspondence match, winning two games.
||The Royal Dutch Chess Society (Discendo Discimus)
was founded in The Hague.
| The Paris Chess Club (Le Cercle de Philidor) was
||A chess club formed at the Percey Coffee House on
Rathbone Place in London.
||The Rotterdam Chess Club was founded.
- 1824 the Amsterdam Chess Club defeated the Rotterdam
Chess Club in a correspondence match, winning two games.
||The St. Martin's Chess Club on St. Martin's Street
in London was founded.
- It was disbanded in 1827.
||The Dundee Chess Club was founded in Dundee,
||The Philadelphia Chess Club at 5th Street and
Chestnut, was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The chess
club formed after a visit by Maelzel and the Turk automaton. Over
100 members enrolled themselves in the chess club in the first week. The club soon disbanded.
|Chess clubs in Madras and Hyderabad, India
were founded. In 1828, the Madras Chess Club defeated the Hyderabad Chess
Club in a correspondence match.
||Bernhard and Samuel Bernhard Ries, opened the Grand Cigar Divan at 101 Strand in London.
- 1833 he gave it the name Simpson's, named after his head waiter.
Simpson's was frequented regularly by all the greatest players of the
- 1840 Henry Buckle won the first organized chess
tournament at the Cigar Divan.
- 1840 Mr. Ries invited La Bourdonnais to come over from
Paris, and play exclusively at the Divan. La Bourdonnais came, but
died next door to the Divan in December, 1840.
- 1903 Simpson's was purchased by Westminster Council. Simpson's was
reopened in 1904, but chess was not encouraged there until 1980 when the
final of the English national club championship was held there.
||The Bristol Chess Club was founded by Elijah
Williams. The original club disbanded in 1871.
||The Nottingham Chess Club was founded at Bromley
House in Nottingham, England.
||Huttman opened a coffee house on Bedford Street in
Covent Garden. George Walker then suggested the formation of a chess club in
the coffee house. Soon, every cigar Mr. Huttman sold in the coffee
house was wrapped in a printed chess problem. Huttman later published
a chess periodical and expanded his club (renamed the Westminster Club in
1835). Soon, the club had 300 members. It was this club that La
Bourdonnais and McDonnell played thier chess matches in 1834. The club
dissolved in 1840.
||The Hamburg Chess Club (Hamburger Schachklub), the
oldest chess club in Germany, was founded.
||The Cambridge University Chess Club was founded.
||The Berlin Chess Club (Berliner Schachgesellschaft)
||The Dublin Chess Club was formed. It
disbanded in 1867.
||The Leeds Chess Club was founded.
||The Bromley House Chess Club was founded. It
disbanded in 1845
||The London Chess Club played the Paris Chess Club
in a correspondence match. The Paris club won.
||The Munich Chess Club was founded.
||The Liverpool Chess Club, the Wakefield Chess Club,
and the Worcester Chess Club were founded.
||Sam Ries purchased the furniture of the Westminster
Chess Club for his chess club.
||The New Orleans Chess Club was founded.
||The Budapest Chess Club (Pesti Sakk-kor) was
founded by Jozsef Szen.
|1839||Chess clubs were formed in New York and Washington,
D.C. The two chess clubs played a correspondence match against each
|1840||The Glasgow Chess Club was formed in Glasgow,
|1840||The Halifax Chess Club in Halifax, Nova Scotia was
founded. It disbanded in 1959.|
|1840||Huttman's Garrick Chess Divan at No. 4 Little
Russell Street, Covent Garden, was founded.|
|1841|| A chess club was formed in New Orleans.|
| 1841, the Westminster Chess Club moved to Charles Street
in London. Howard Staunton was elected Secretary.
It disbanded in 1843.|
|1843||The St. George's Chess Club was located at Beatties
Hotel on George Street, Cavendish Square. It moved in 1844.|
|1843|| The Zurich Chess Club (Schachgesellschaft) was
|1843||Hugh Kennedy founded the Brighton Chess Club.|
|1844||The St. George's Chess Club moved to the
Polytechnic. It remained there until 1854.|
|1845||Purssell's restaurant in Cornhill, London founded a
chess club. The place closed down in 1891 and was demolished in 1894.|
|1845||A chess club was formed at 33 Pemberton Square in
Boston. It disbanded in 1848.|
|1845|| A chess club was formed at West Point by Hyacinth
|1845||An informal chess club was formed at Oxford
| 1846, Howard Staunton played and won his match with
Horwitz at the London Chess Club.|
| 1847 - 1852, the London Chess Club played a match with
the Amsterdam Chess Club (Cercle des Echecs). The London CC won the
match, with two wins and one draw.|
| 1847, the Belfast Chess Club, the oldest in Ireland, was
|1847||The Athenaeum Chess Club at 6th and Adelphi in
Philadelphia was founded.|
| 1847, the Sheffield Athenaeum in Sheffield, England was
| 1847, the Dundee Chess Club at No. 1 South Union Street
in Dundee, Scotland was founded.|
| 1848, the Penzance Chess Club was founded in England.|
| 1849, Henry Buckle won a knockout chess tournament at
| 1850, the Burnely Chess Club in Lancashire, England and
the Newcastle upon-Tyne Chess Club were founded.|
| 1851, the St. George's Club, Polytechnic
Building, Cavendish Square in London, sponsored the first International
| The London Chess Club did not take part in the Tournament of
1851, but July-August, 1851. they gave a cup worth 100 guineas in a
tournament for the foreign players then in London. The cup was won by
| 1851, the Birmingham Chess Club and the Leamington Chess
Club in England were founded.|
| 1851 the Melbourne Chess Club at 188 Collins Street was
founded in Melbourne, Australia.|
| 1852, the City of London Chess Club was formed. It
held its meetings at the George and Vulture Tavern, Cornhill. It later
met at Mouflet's Hotel on Newgate Street. It merged with the National
Chess Centre in 1939. It had a membership of about 450 chess players.|
| 1852 the Huddlesfield Chess Club, the Shrewsbury Chess
Club, and the Stourbridge Chess Club were founded in England.|
| 1853 the first chess club in Russia was founded in St.
| 1853 the Aberdeen Chess Club was founded in Aberdeen,
Scotland. The Bon Accord Chess Club was also founded in 1853 in
| 1853 the Bradford Chess Club was founded in England.|
| 1854 the St. George's Chess Club moved to Regent Street
in London. It remained there until 1862.|
| 1854 the Tasmanian Chess Club in Tasmania was founded.|
| 1855 the Folkestone Chess Club and the Great Northern
Railway Chess Club were founded.|
The Mechanics' Institute building in San Francisco, 1861
The Mechanics' Institute building in San Francisco
houses the oldest chess club in the United States. It was
organized in 1854, with its first meeting on December 11,
The Institute chess club was incorporated on April 24, 1855.It
is currently located at 57 Post Street, San Francisco, 4th
| In the 1850s, the Boston Young Men's Christian Union (YMCU)
maintained a small room for chess. A chess club was formally
recognized in 1919, calling itself the Boylston Chess Club.|
| In 1856, the Ballarat Chess Club was founded at Brun's Cigar
Divan in Australia.|
| In 1856, the Cambridge University Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1856, the Yale Chess Club was founded in New Haven,
Connecticut. It was the first American college chess club.|
| In 1857, the Croydon Chess Club in England was founded.|
| In 1857, the Milwaukee Chess Club, located at the Newhall
House, was founded. It disbanded in 1883.|
| In 1857, the St. George's Chess Club moved to King Street in
London, and remained there until 1881.|
| In 1857, the Vienna Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1858, the Brooklyn Chess Club at 280 Fulton Street in
Brookly, New York was founded.|
| In 1858, the Dubuque Chess Club in Dubuque, Iowa was founded
by Louis Paulsen.|
| In 1859, the Charleston Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1859, the Philadelphia Chess Club met at 13th and
Chestnut in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was formed after a visit by
Paul Morphy to Philadelphia. It disbanded in 1866.|
| In 1860, the Glasgow Central Chess Club was founded in
| In 1860, the Leicester Chess Club in Leicester, England was
| In 1860, the first chess club in Argentina was formed.|
| In 1861, the Dudley Chess Club was founded in England.|
| In 1862, the St. Petersburg Chess Club was formed, but
disbanded a few months later by the Russian police.|
| In 1862, the Wolverhampton Chess Club was founded in
| In 1863, the Napier Chess Club was founded in Dunedin, New
Zealand. It disbanded in 1870.|
| In 1864, the Adelaide Chess Club was founded in Adelaide,
| In 1864, the Georgetown Chess Club was founded in British
| In 1865, the Louisville Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1865, the Ballarat Chess Club was formed at the Ballarat
Mechanics Institute in Australia.|
| In 1865, the Copenhagen Chess Club was founded in
| In 1865, the Rotherham Chess Club was founded in England.|
| In 1866, the
Club was founded, the oldest chess club in Australia and the southern
| In 1866, the Clerkenwell Working Man's Chess Club was
founded at 46 Lower Rosoman Street in Clerkenwell, England.|
| In 1866, the Philadelphia Chess Club formed at 1218 Market
Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It disbanded in 1867.|
| In 1866, the Westminster Chess Club formed in London.
It disbanded in 1875.|
| In 1866, The Stockholm Chess Club was founded, oldest in Sweden. |
| In 1867, the Bury St. Edmunds Chess Club and West Suffolk Chess Club were founded in England. |
| In 1867, the Dublin Chess Club was formed in Dublin, Ireland which still exists today. It is the oldest chess club in Ireland. |
| In 1867, the Press Chess Club was founded at 607 Walnut
Street in Philadelphia. It disbanded in 1874.
| In 1869, the Oxford University Chess Club was founded under
the auspices of the Reverend C.E. Reanken.|
| In 1869, a chess club was organized at Cornell University,
but very little interest was taken, and the club existed for only one year.|
| In 1870, the first chess club devoted to correspondence
chess, the Caissa Correspondence Club, was founded in England.|
| In 1870, the Cafe Europa was founded at 16 Division Street
in New York. It disbanded in 1872.|
| In 1872, the Cafe Cosmopolitan Chess Club was founded at 1½
2nd Avenue in New York.|
| In 1872, the City of London Chess Club defeated the Vienna
Chess Club in a telegraph match.|
| In 1872, Mary Rudge joined the Bristol Chess Club.
She was the first woman member of the club, which did not allow women
to be members of the club until she joined.|
| 1873 chess club Augsburg|
| In 1873, the Brighton public chess rook was founded in
Brighton, England. It disbanded in 1921.|
| In 1873, the first Oxford University Chess Club vs.
Cambridge University Chess Club match was held. Wilhelm Steinitz was
responsible for establishing the match.|
| In 1874, the Harvard Chess Club was founded, the oldest
chess club in the Boston area.|
| In 1875, the Philidor Chess Club, Brooklyn's oldest chess
organization, was formed.|
| In 1877, chess players met at the
Cafe Logeling, 49 Bowery St in lower Manhattan. My Logeling was
a chess enthusiast and eventually built a room in the back of his cafe
for chess. There was a decision to form a chess club, and
discussion centered around the name of the club: Metropolitan, Morphy,
or Manhattan. On December 1, 1877, 37 chess players showed up
for the first meeting, calling it the Manhattan Chess Club. Dues were $4 per year and $1 per person entrance fee.
In 1882, world champion William Steinitz joined the Manhattan Chess
Club. The Manhattan CC hosted some of the games of the world
championship matches in 1886, 1889 amd 1894. Women were not
allowed to join the Manhattan CC until 1938. In 1942, former
world champion Jose Capablanca fell from a stroke while watching a
chess game at the Manhattan CC. He died the next day. In 1955,
Bobby Fischer joined the Manhattan CC and was its youngest member.|
In 1883, the Manhattan Chess Club moved to 110 East 14th
Street in New York
In January 2002, the Manhattan Chess Club finally closed
permanently after 124 years. From 1877 to 2002, it was the oldest
chess club in America in continuous existence.
| In 1877, the Dresden Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1878, the Philidor Chess Club at 61 Montrose in Brooklyn
| In 1878, the Rockford Female Seminary (RFS) was founded in
| In 1879, the Seattle Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1880, the New Orleans Chess, Checkers, and Whist Club was
founded at 600 Gravier Street in New Orleans. It disbanded in 1935.|
| In 1880, the Accademia Scacchistica Roman was founded, the
oldest chess club in Rome.|
| In 1880, the Liverpool Chess Club played the Calcutta Chess
Club via telegraph. It was the first intercontinental telegraph match.|
| In 1880, Chigorin organized one of the first
chess clubs in Russia.|
| In 1881, the Montreal Chess Club was formed, the oldest in
| In 1882, the Hastings Chess Club was founded at the Albert
Temperence Hotel in Hastings.|
| In 1884, the Golden Gate Chess Club was founded in San
| In 1884, the first telephone chess match occurred between
the Cardiff Chess Club and the Swansea Chess Club.|
| In 1885, the Cape Town Chess Club was founded, the oldest
chess club in Africa.|
| In 1885, the British Chess Club was founded by Leopold
| In 1885, the Franklin-Mercantile Chess Club was founded in
| In 1885, the Havana Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1885, the Hampstead Chess Club was founded at the
Stanfield House in England. It disbanded in 1955.|
| In 1886, the Brooklyn Chess Club was organized at 201
Montague Street. It had about 150 members.|
| In 1886, the first Croation Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1888, the San Antonio Chess Club was founded at the historic
Menger Hotel, near the Alamo. It is the oldest chess club in
| In 1890, the Staten Island Chess Club was founded by Albert
Hodges at 10 Bay Street in Staten Island, New York.|
| In 1890, the Steinitz Chess Club was founded at Alakea Street in Hawaii.
It was the earliest chess club in Hawaii. It disbanded in 1891. |
| In 1890, the New Orleans Chess, Checkers, and Whist Club burned down.
Its library, valued at $15,000, was destroyed, as well as its Morphy
| In 1891, chess players who used to play at Purssells moved
to Dr. Butler's Head, a restaurant on Mason's Avenue.
| In 1891, the Tacoma Chess Club was founded at the Theatre
Building in Tacoma, Washington.|
| In 1891, Lord Randolph Churchill, who was a co-founder of
the Oxford University Chess Club, was the first president of the
Johannesburg Chess Club in South Africa. Lord Churchill, father of
Winston Churchill, was a member of the St. George's Chess Club till the day
of his death.|
| In 1894, the Women's Chess Club was founded at 12 East 22nd
Street in New York. It disbanded in 1949.|
| In 1895, the Ladies' Chess Club on Tottenham Court Road,
London, was founded.|
| In 1895, the first moves transmitted by telegraph over cable
was between the British Chess Club and the
Manhattan Chess Club.|
| In 1896, the Memphis Chess Club was founded.|
| In 1898, a club in St. Petersburg was formed.|
| Other famous 19th-century chess cafes were: Roode Leeuw in
Amsterdam; Bauer, Belvedere, Kaiserhof, Kerkau, and Konig in Berlin; Cafe de
la Couronne in Geneva; Hanisch in Leipzig; Cafe du Levant in Madrid;|
International Cafe in New York; Procope and Cafe de la Regence in Paris;
Reuter in Riga; Palazzo de' Cnque in Rome; Dominink in St. Petersburg;
Central and Rabel in Vienna.
| The leading London resort in the 20th century was The Gambit
in Budge Row. It was opened in 1898, and closed in 1958. In 60
years, it was closed only once, for two days in September 1940, after damage
from an air raid. Only men were allowed in The Gambit, even though its
owner for most of the time was Edith Price.|
| In 1900, Daniel Willard Fiske founded the Reykjavik Chess
| In 1906, the Mechanics' Institute and Chess Club was
destroyed by earthquake and fire. It was rebuilt in 1909.|
| In 1915, Frank Marshall formed the Marshall Chess Club. In
1931, it permanently moved to 23 West 10th Street in New York. It is currently New York's oldest chess club.|