Carol Hay

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I'm an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Massachusetts Lowell.

My academic work focuses primarily on issues in analytic feminism, liberal social and political philosophy, oppression studies, and Kantian ethics.  

I'm currently writing a trade book entitled Think Like a Feminist (Norton, 2020) that promises to be an irreverent but theoretically rigourous primer on feminism. 

 I received the 2015 Gregory Kavka/UC Irvine Prize in Political Philosophy for "The Obligation to Resist Oppression," chapter 4 of my monograph Kantianism, Liberalism, and Feminism: Resisting Oppression.

Contact me

twitter:  @DrCarolHay
For all literary inquiries, please contact my agent:

Markus Hoffmann
Regal Hoffmann & Associates LLC
143 W. 29th Street, Suite 901
New York, NY 10001

Kantianism, Liberalism, & Feminism: 
Resisting Oppression

"Progressives concerned about gender domination and other kinds of social oppression have traditionally viewed liberalism with a jaundiced eye—not at all the solution, but very much part of the problem. In this spirited contrarian text, Carol Hay makes a bold and lucid case for the defense. She argues that despite liberalism's historic complicity with patriarchy and Kantianism's abstraction and hyper-rationalism, Kant's crucial concept of duties to oneself can indeed be turned to emancipatory ends, thereby redeeming deontological liberalism for a radical feminist agenda. If mainstream liberals uninterested in social oppression issues and non-mainstream progressives uninterested in liberalism want to have their unthinking presuppositions challenged (and even if they don't), they both need to read this provocative book." – Charles W. Mills, John Evans Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, Northwestern University 

"These are fun and inspiring times to be a Kantian philosopher! Carol Hay's new addition to Kantian scholarship proves the point. Hay's ability to identify and engage central philosophical issues at the core of any plausible account of oppression makes it a very interesting contribution to the growing scholarship on systemic justice in general as well as to the related Kantian and feminist scholarship in particular. I suspect we will be hearing much more from her in the years to come –  undoubtedly a good thing." 
– Helga VardenNotre Dame Philosophical Review

"Carol Hay's account of Kantian liberal feminism is at once reconciliatory and revisionary. ...  Hay's interest is practical: bringing new resources to bear on problems worth solving.  She confidently challenges the tendency to dismiss ideas due to the problematic commitments of their earlier adherents, and seeks to build what she can from those ideas.  She succeeds in showing that a suitably modified Kantianism can be deployed in feminist theorizing, and that liberal principles have a life beyond the privileged interests of those who once applied them narrowly, and to such socially destructive ends.  ...  Hay has made a significant contribution to not one but two literatures, and will, I believe, influence the way we think about resistance going forward." - Daniel Silvermint, Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy

"Beginning in the preface, the reader is made
aware that liberalism, which includes Kantianism, is being philosophically defended against contemporary radical, communitarian, and identity-political
critiques and programs that tend to dismiss or attack liberalism (and Kantianism) as ineffective or malign for liberatory projects of race, gender, and other sites of oppression. Hay’s theses and arguments build, chapter by chapter, with passion, circumspection, and conscientious citation of related scholarly work. …  Overall, Hay’s Kantianism, Liberalism, & Feminism is a well-executed update of Kantian liberalism for feminism. It is suitable for Kant scholars, feminist moral theorists, and advanced college readers and should serve as a valuable contribution to ongoing discussion for all members of these audiences  - Naomi ZackRadical Philosophy Review 17 (2014): 313–317

"Is Kantian feminism an oxymoron?  Carol Hay’s Kantianism, Liberalism, & Feminism: Resisting Oppression shows that it does not have to be.  Hay persuasively argues that feminism and Kantianism can influence each other dialectically and formulate an imperfect duty, out of self-respect, to resist sexual harassment in particular and sexist oppression in general." - Dilek Huseyinzadegan, Kantian Review 20 (2015): 150-154 

"In the most sustained analysis of a duty to resist oppression to date, Hay defends a Kantian account of a duty of self-respect on the part of the oppressed to resist their own oppression. Intriguing and challenging cases motivate the deep issues presented, followed by detailed analyses and fair and open-minded presentation of all sides of the debates. This clear and engaging book is a must-read by anyone interested in oppression, moral psychology, and feminism."  Anita Superson, University of Kentucky

Philosophy: Feminism (ed. Carol Hay) 

Macmillan Reference USA, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning, 2017 

"Those who teach feminist philosophy to undergraduates will find Philosophy: Feminism a welcome addition to the options for a course textbook. Offering introductory yet comprehensive explanations of a wide range of topics comprising feminist philosophy, this text serves its purpose well." - Jo Trigilio, Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 

Philosophy: Feminism is composed of sixteen chapters covering such topics as human nature, intersectionality, sexism and oppression, LGBTQ theory, ecofeminism, and power. The use of film, literature, art, case studies, and other disciplines or situations/events provide illustrations of human experiences which work as gateways to questions philosophers try to address. 


Chapter 1: A Historical Introduction: The Three Waves of Feminism by Judy D. Whipps


Chapter 2: Feminist Perspectives on Sexism and Oppression by Daniel Silvermint

Chapter 3: Feminist Perspectives on Human Nature by Lori Watson

Chapter 4: Feminist Perspectives on Power, Domination, and Exploitation by Julinna Oxley

Chapter 5: Intersectionality: Locating and Critiquing Internal Structures of Oppression within Feminism by Grayson Hunt


Chapter 6: Feminist History of Philosophy by Susanne Sreedhar

Chapter 7: Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science by Nancy Arden McHugh

Chapter 8: Feminist Ethics by Sarah Clark Miller

Chapter 9: Feminist Social and Political Philosophy by Elizabeth Edenberg & Emily McGill-Rutherford

Chapter 10: Feminist Metaphysics and Philosophy of Language by E. Díaz-León

Chapter 11: Feminist Perspectives on the Philosophy of Race by Celia Bardwell-Jones

Chapter 12: Feminism and Disability by Joel Michael Reynolds & Anita Silvers

Chapter 13: Feminist Perspectives on Reproduction and the Family by Alice MacLachlan

Chapter 14: Feminist Perspectives on LGBTQI Theory by Maren Behrensen

Chapter 15: Feminist Philosophy of Religion by Elizabeth Burns

Chapter 16: Feminist Environmental Philosophy: Ecofeminism by Erin McKenna