General Writing

  • Alexander, Patrick H., John F. Kutsko, and James D. Ernest. SBL Handbook of Style. Peabody, Mass. : Hendrickson Publishers, 1999.
  • Carson, D. A. NT Commentary Survey. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007.
  • DeMoss, Matthew S. Pocket Dictionary for the Study of NT Greek. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2001.
  • Hagner, D. A. NT Exegesis and Research: a Guide for Seminarians. 1999.
  • Turabian, Kate L., et. al. eds. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 7th Ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

NT Introductions

  • Achtemeier, Paul, Joel Green, and Marianne Meye Thompson. Introducing the NT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001.
  • Brown, Raymond. An Introduction to the NT. New York: Doubleday, 1997.
  • Carson, D.A., Douglas J. M., and L. Morris. An Introduction to the NT. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992.
  • deSilva, David A. An Introduction to the New Testament. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004.
  • Johnson, L. T. The Writings of the New Testament: An Interpretation. Rev. ed. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1999.
  • Martin, Ralph. NT Foundations: A Guide for Christian Students 2 vols. Rev ed. Eugene: Wipf and Stock, 1999.
  • McKnight, Scot and Grant R. Osborne, eds. The Face of New Testament Studies: a Survey of Recent Research. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004.

Bible Dictionaries

  • Evans, C. and S. Porter, eds. Dictionary of NT Backgrounds. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2000.
  • Freedman, D. N., ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
  • Green, J., S. McKnight, and I. H. Marshall, eds. Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1992.
  • Hawthorne, G. F. R. P. Martin, and D. G. Reid, eds. Dictionary of Paul and His Letters. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1993.
  • Martin, R. P. and P. H. Davids, eds. Dictionary of the Later NT and Its Developments. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1997.

Language Tools

  • Bauer, W., F. W. Danker, W. Arndt, and F. W. Gingrich, eds. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. 3nd edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.
  • Brooks, J.A., and C.L. Winbery. Syntax of New Testament Greek. Lanham: University Press of America, 1979.
  • Brown, Colin, ed. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology 4 vols. Zondervan: Grand Rapids, 1986.
  • Brown, F. S. Driver, C. Briggs, eds. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon: With an Appendix Containing the Biblical Aramaic. Peabody: Hendrickson Publishing, Inc., 1996.
  • Kittel, G. and G. Friedrich, eds. Theological Dictionary of New Testament Theology. 10 vols. Trans. G. W. Bromiley. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964-76.
  • Kittel, G., ed. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament: Abridged Volume. Trans. G. W. Bromiley. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1985.
  • Liddell, H. G., R. Scott, and H. S. Jones, eds. A Greek-English Lexicon. 9th edition. Oxford: Claredon Press, 1996, 1748.
  • Metzger, B. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. Stuttgart: Biblia-Druck, 1971.
  • Metzger, B. et. al. The Greek New Testament. United Bible Societies 4th Edition. Stuttgart: Biblia-Druck, 1994.

Helpful Commentary Series (stars indicate rating)

  • Anchor Bible. Ed. W. F. Albright and D. N. Freedman. Garden City: Doubleday and Company (old versions not good; new are good). ****
  • Black’s/Harper NT Commentary. Ed. H. Chadwick. Peabody: Hendrickson (some dated). **
  • International Critical Commentary. Ed. J. Emerton, C. Cranfield, and G. Stanton. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. ***
  • Interpretation. Atlanta: Ed. P. Achtemeier. Louisville: John Knox. **
  • Hermeneia. Ed. H. Koester, et. al. Minneapolis: Fortress (some dated, but new are great). ****
  • New International Greek Testament Commentary. Ed. D. A. Hagner. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. ****
  • NIV Application Commentary. Ed. T. Muck, et. al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan (not critical). *
  • Sacra Pagina Series. Ed. Daniel J. Harrington. Collegeville: Liturgical Press. **
  • Word Biblical Commentary. Ed. D. A. Hubbard and G. W. Barker. Dallas: Word Books. ****

Cultural Helps (# indicates recommended)

  • Barrett, C. K., ed. The NT Background. Rev. ed. San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1989.#
  • Ferguson, Everett. Backgrounds of Early Christianity: NT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987.#
  • Jeremias, J. Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1967 (very dated).
  • Keener, C. The IVP Bible Background Commentary: NT. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1993.#
  • Kennedy, G. A. NT Interpretation through Rhetorical Criticism. Chapel Hill: Univ. of N. Carolina, 1982.
  • Richards, E. Randolph. Paul and First Century Letter Writing: Secretaries, Composition and Collection. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2004 (entire book).
  • Stowers, S. K. Letter Writing in Greco-Roman Antiquity. Ed. W. Meeks. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1986.

Gospel Studies (# indicates recommended)

  • Aland, Kurt, ed. Synopsis of the Four Gospels: Greek-English Edition of the Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum. 10th ed. Stuttgart: Biblia-Druck, 1993. #
  • Brown, Raymond. The Birth of the Messiah: a Commentary on the Infancy Narratives in Matthew and Luke. Garden City: Doubleday, 1977.
  • Brown, Raymond. The Death of the Messiah : from Gethsemane to the grave : a commentary on the Passion narratives in the four Gospels . 2 vols. New York : Doubleday, 1994.
  • Bauckham, Richard. God Crucified: Monotheism and Christology in the NT. Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1998.#
  • Bauckham, Richard. Gospel Women: Studies of the Named Women in the Gospels. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002.
  • Bauckham, Richard. The Gospels for all Christians: Rethinking the Gospel Audiences. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.
  • Bultmann, Rudolf. History of the Synoptic Tradition. Rev. ed. Trans. John Marsh. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1963.
  • Dunn, J. D. G. Christology in the Making. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1989.
  • Evans, Craig. Authenticating the Actions of Jesus. Boston: Brill, 2002.
  • Hengel, Martin. Crucifixion. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977. #
  • Hultgren, Arland J. The Parables of Jesus: a Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000.
  • Jeremias, Joachim The Parables of Jesus. Rev. ed. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1963.
  • Meier, John P. A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus. 3 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1991, 1991, 2001. #
  • Newman, Carey C., ed. Jesus and the Restoration of Israel: a Critical Assessment of N. T. Wright’s Jesus and the Victory of God. Downers Grove: Intervarsity, 1999.
  • Schweitzer, Albert. The Quest of the Historical Jesus. 2nd Eng. Ed. Trans. W. Montgomery. London: A & C Black, 1936.
  • Wenham, David. The Parables of Jesus. The Jesus Library. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1989.
  • Wright, N. T. The Challenge of Jesus. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1999.
  • Wright, N. T. Jesus and the Victory of God. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1996
  • Wright, N. T. The Resurrection of the Son of God. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003. #

Pauline Studies (# indicates recommended)

  • Barrett, C. K. Paul: An Introduction to His Thought. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox, 1994. #
  • Davies, W. D. Paul and Rabbinic Judaism. London: SPCK, 1962.
  • Dunn, J. D. G. The Theology of the Apostle Paul. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.#
  • Dunn, J. D. G. The Parting of the Ways: Between Christianity and Judaism and their Significance for the Character of Christianity. London: SCM Press, 1996.
  • Dunn, J. D. G., ed. The Cambridge Companion to St. Paul. Cambridge: CUP, 2003.
  • Dunn, J. D. G. Paul and the Mosaic Law. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996.
  • Hock, R. F. The Social Context of Paul’s Ministry. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1980.
  • Horrell, David. An Introduction to the Study of Paul. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2004.
  • Jewett, R. Christian Tolerance. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1982.
  • Keener, Craig S. Paul, Women and Wives: Marriage and Women’s Ministry in the Letters of Paul. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1992.
  • Kim, Seyoon. Paul and the New Perspective: Second Thoughts on the Origins of Paul’s Gospel. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 2002.
  • Kim, Seyoon. The Origins of Paul’s Gospel. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Siebeck), 1981.
  • Longenecker, Richard N, ed. The Road from Damascus: the Impact of Paul’s Conversion on His Life, Thought, and Ministry. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997.
  • Meeks, W. A. The First Urban Christians: The Social World of the Apostle Paul. New Haven: Yale, 1982.#
  • Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome. Paul: a Critical Life. Oxford: Oxford Univ., 1997.#
  • Räisänen, Heikki. Paul and the Law. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986.
  • Riesner, R. Paul’s Early Period: Chronology, Mission Strategy, Theo. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1998. #
  • Sanders, E. P. Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1985.
  • Sanders, E. P. Paul and Palestinian Judaism. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1977. #
  • Segal, Alan. Paul the Convert. New Haven, Yale, 1990.
  • Stendahl, Krister. Paul among Jews and Gentiles. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983.
  • Toney, Carl. Paul's Inclusive Ethic. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007.#
  • Webb, William J. Slaves, Women, and Homosexuals: Exploring the Hermeneutics of Cultural Analysis. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2001.#
  • Wenham, D. Paul: Follower of Jesus or Founder of Christianity? Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995.
  • Westerholm, Stephen. Perspectives Old and New on Paul: the “Lutheran” Paul and His Critics. Grand Rapids, 2004. #
  • Wrede, William. Paul. Trans. by Edward Lummis. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2001.
  • Wright, N. T. The Climax of the Covenant: Christ and the Law in Pauline Theology. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990.

Journals/Monograph Series

  • Biblical Archaeological Review (more popular)
  • Catholic Biblical Quarterly (& monograph series)
  • Expository Times
  • Journal for the Study of the New Testament/now called Library of New Testament Studies (& supplement series)
  • Journal of Biblical Literature
  • Journal of Theological Studies
  • Near Eastern Archaeology (more academic)
  • New Testament Studies, Novum Testamentum (& supplement series)
  • Semeia
  • Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament

Search Engines

  • ATLA
  • NT Abstracts
  • Religious & Theological Abstracts
  • Review of Biblical Literature
  • JSTOR

Primary Sources

  • Greek and Latin authors with English Translations (including Philo & Josephus). Loeb Classic Library
  • Neusner, Jacob. Trans. The Mishnah. New Haven/London: Yale Univ. Press, 1988.
  • Brenton, Lancelot C. L. The Septuagint with Apocrypha: Greek and English. Hendrickson, (1851) 2005.
  • Coogan, Michael D., ed. New Oxford Annotated Apocrypha. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1991.
  • Holmes, Michael W., ed. The Apostolic Fathers: Greek Texts and English Translations. Rev. ed. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999.
  • Holladay, Carl R. Fragments from Hellenistic Jewish Authors (Historians, Poets, Aristobulus, Orphica). 4 vols. Chico, CA/Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1983, 1989, 1995, 1996.
  • Martínez, Florentino G. and Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar. The Dead Sea Scrolls: Study Edition. 2 vols. Leien/Grand Rapids: Brill/Eerdmans 1997-98.
  • Charelsworth, James H. The OT Pseudepigrapha. 2 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1983, 1985.
  • Robinson, James M., ed. The Nag Hammadi Library. Rev. ed. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990.
  • Pritchard, James B., ed. The Ancient Near East. 2 vols. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1958, 1975.
  • Schneemelcher, Wilhelm and R. McL. Wilson. The NT Apocrypha. 2 vols. Westminster/John Knox Press, 1991.