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Criminal Law Study
- Criminal law, or penal law, is the bodies of rules with the potential for severe impositions as punishment for failure to comply. Criminal punishment, depending on the offense and jurisdiction, may include execution, loss of liberty, government supervision (parole or probation), or fines.
- the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment
- A law belonging to this system
- A system of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes
- Criminal Law is a film directed by Martin Campbell, released in 1989.
- Devote time and attention to acquiring knowledge on (an academic subject), esp. by means of books
- applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading); "mastering a second language requires a lot of work"; "no schools offer graduate study in interior design"
- analyze: consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; "analyze a sonnet by Shakespeare"; "analyze the evidence in a criminal trial"; "analyze your real motives"
- survey: a detailed critical inspection
- Investigate and analyze (a subject or situation) in detail
- Apply oneself to study
criminal law study - Criminal Law
Criminal Law Case Studies, 4th (American Casebooks)
This title makes complex criminal law issues more accessible to students by examining the facts of carefully-selected real-life case studies. The new edition has four exciting and timely new cases added, along with all accompanying material. Included in the text are details regarding the offender's background, the nature of the offense, all relevant facts of the case, photographs of the people and locations of the offense, and the texts of both then-governing and current statutes. This unique approach entices analytical thinking about what that law is and should be, and, via the inclusion of the aftermaths of each case, encourages discussion about what actually happened to the defendant and why.
Guizhou Leishan Miao Village: Fire Prevention Feast and Miao Customary Law
Cow awaits slaughter for fire prevention feast in Leishan County, Qiangdong Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture ethnic Miao (known outside China as Hmong or Mong) village. Every New Year, many Miao villages have a fire prevention ceremony. All home fires are extinguished, the villagers pledge themselves to fire safety and then the members eat and drink together. The eat the meat of the ox. If someone has a fire during the year, they have to pay to buy the ox for the next year's fire prevention ceremony. On the village level, Miao customary laws and regulations operate in parallel with and reinforce provincial and national regulations according to recent book by two Guizhou University scholars. Here is capsule summary of one of them: Miao Customary Law and PRC State Laws Seen from the Perspective of Legal Diversity A Field Study in the Ethnic Miao Nationality Area of SE Guizhou Province ?????????????????——??????????????[Falu duoyuan shijiao xiade miaozu xiguanfa yu guojiafa laizi qiangdong dongnan miaozu diqu de tianye diaocha] by Xu Shaoguang ??? and Wen Xinyu ???, published Guizhou, December 2006, Guizhou Minzu Chubanshe (Guizhou Nationalities Press). Xu Shaoguang is a professor at the Law School of the Guizhou Minorities University. Wen Xinyu, an ethnic Miao and native of Leishan County, is an assistant researcher at the Guizhou Academy of Social Sciences and graduate of the Law School of the Guizhou Minorities University. The Miao do not have a written language so their laws and legal tradition is passed down through word of mouth, especially during gatherings at special memorial markers and through songs. Customary law enacted over the centuries covers a wide range of issues including marriage, libel, theft, murder, land boundaries, mountain land use, forest rights, and extortion. Miao have used gatherings for legislation and setting up boundaries to A organize themselves regionally as in 1937 when thousands of Miao rallied to oppose high taxes and impressments of Miao into Chiang Kal-shek's KMT army. For the past several hundred years, rich forest resources brought more attention to the Miao areas of Guizhou and the increasing imposition there of Chinese law and written contracts, although Miao traditional law continued to function at the local level. During the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 191 central government officials in Miao areas left village civil disputes to traditional laws and often deferred to customary law in handling serious criminal cases as well. Miao customary law sets aside village forest land as a community resource that is protected and managed. The rich forest resources in the Miao areas were one of the reasons for strong Han immigration and conflict in the nineteenth century. With the founding of the PRC in 1949, Miao traditional, man-made forest lands were mistakenly considered to be virgin forest and so became state property whereas they were actually well-managed resources. The removal of the forestlands from the management under Miao customary law and their effective opening to anyone's use as "state or local collectivity assets?' led to serious conflicts during the l980s. For example, from 1981 - 1987 in the Miao county of Jinping alone, there were over three thousand forest land dispute that led to nine riots, three deaths and 86 people seriously injured. During the l990s, many Miao villages in the Qiandong Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture re-established traditional regulations and fines relating to forest management that had previously been in effect for hundreds of years. Traditional customary Miao law, operating in parallel with PRC law, has proven effective in restoring order to forest management. Offenders are typically fined cows or pigs which they must contribute to a feast enjoyed by all the villagers. (see Xu and Wen below, pp. 122 - 132). During the past 30 years of opening and reform, Miao traditional law has again come to play an important role in resolving village disputes. The authors caution "we should uphold Marxist dialectical materialism, and study [traditional law] and keep the part of it that represents a good popular traditions and reject the part of it that is feudal nonsense." Village disputes are solved by debate in front of all the villagers, sometimes checking whether a duck's eye is intact after cooking to determine if the accuser or the accused should win. Once the verdict is decided, everyone shares in the feast as a pledge that the dispute is settled and the village rules will be obeyed. If a solution is available under Miao law, Miao generally will not take their cases of a PRC state court, even in instances where the punishment would be much lighter under PRC law. A survey of people fined under Miao traditional law generally told researchers "our village rules were made by everyone, including me. Therefore they must be carried out." (Xu, p. 82). The authors write that the "PRC Village Council Organi
I'm studying Law now
My husband was competing in a swimming carnival today at Campbelltown. I lay on a hillside nearby, underneath the gum trees, watching club cricket, reading Criminal Law and being chewed by bullants. There were cheeky lorikeets in the trees above too :o)
criminal law study
With wit and intelligence, Leo Katz seeks to understand the basic rules and concepts underlying the moral, linguistic, and psychological puzzles that plague the criminal law.
"Bad Acts and Guilty Minds . . . revives the mind, it challenges superficial analyses, it reminds us that underlying the vast body of statutory and case law, there is a rationale founded in basic notions of fairness and reason. . . . It will help lawyers to better serve their clients and the society that permits attorneys to hang out their shingles."—Edward N. Costikyan, New York Times Book Review