Aerospace Education

Welcome to Westover Composite Squardron  MA-015's Aerospace Education page!


Welcome to the electronic bulletin board for the Westover Composite Squadron of the Civil Air Patrol! Here is where you'll find all the up-to-date information on current events in aerospace, aviation, weather, astronomy as well as current and past squadron activities.  Aerospace Education is one of the principle functions of the Civil Air Patrol.  Hope you enjoy and learn something.

More AE Current Events

posted May 29, 2018, 6:15 PM by Jay Reynolds


1.  USAF retires Predator:  The MQ-1B Predator, the first drone aircraft to be used in warfare, was retired from service on 9 Mar.  Predators have been used since 1995, and were extensively used during Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan in 2001.  The Predators’ workload will now be taken up by the MQ-9 Reapers. http://www.airforcemag.com/Features/Pages/2018/March%202018/USAFs-Predator-Set-to-End-Its-Era-at-Creech.aspx


2.  Zombie Supernova:  A star has seemed to have exploded as a supernova multiple times, at least five times since 2014 (and possibly more times extending to 60 years ago).  This is unusual because a supernova is considered to be a death knell of a star. Astronomers believe this star has a mass of 50 to 100 times that of our Sun; it’s rare to see a star that massive, and it may date back to the beginning of the universe.  http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-resources/astronomy-questions-answers/science-faq-answers/living-dead-star-sheds-light-early-universe/?k=EpaGbB56S7D1ICPhwoOQQd2kdamrwPw75x%2FkO6qK9Mg%3D&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-jma-nl-180309


3.  Professor uses augmented reality to teach aircraft systems:  At Western Michigan College of Aviation, Professor Lori Brown has created a holographic system for students to learn aircraft systems, familiarize themselves with cockpit design, etc.  Students can even “preflight” an aircraft using this system. https://www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2018/march/12/aviation-professor-bridges-real-artificial-worlds


4.  Here’s why you need to secure cargo in an aircraft:  An AN-12 cargo plane lost over 33% of its cargo just after taking off from a Russian airport.  The cargo (10 tons of gold, platinum and diamond) scattered over the runway as well as up to 16 miles away from the airport, after the cargo apparently shifted and took out the aft cargo door.  Apparently, though, the authorities have recovered all the missing precious minerals. https://www.geek.com/tech/its-raining-gold-russian-cargo-plane-drops-precious-metals-onto-runway-1734333/


5.  New way to remove paint and corrosion from aircraft:  The USAF Air Mobility Command (AMC) is testing a new way to remove paint and corrosion from aircraft:  lasers. Traditionally, maintainers will use a sander or a blasting machine, but that can cause too much material to be removed, and also requires the maintainers to wear protective equipment.  http://www.amc.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1465437/travis-tests-lasers-to-fight-corrosion/

6.  Flying car is an autogyro, not a plane:  Dutch company PAL-V has debuted its Liberty flying car at the Geneva Auto Show.  It is an autogyro, not a traditional airplane that’s used in such “hybrids.” (Autogyros are like helicopters, but the main rotor is not powered but instead lets the forward speed from its conventional propeller rotate the blades.)  Be prepared to shell out nearly $400,000 for it, though. https://www.cnet.com/g00/roadshow/news/pal-v-liberty-flying-car-geneva-auto-show/?i10c.encReferrer=&i10c.ua=1&i10c.dv=13


7.  Tiangong-1 plunges back to Earth:  China lost control several years ago over its space station Tiangong-1 (meaning, “heavenly palace”).  The schoolbus-size space station’s orbit finally decayed sufficiently that the Earth’s atmosphere caused the spacecraft to fall back to Earth.  Although it was not known ahead of time where it would land, it fortunately re-entered over the south Pacific Ocean. (Most of it likely burned up on re-entry.)  https://www.sciencealert.com/here-s-how-china-s-first-space-station-went-from-launch-to-its-fiery-end

8.  Stratolaunch has successful taxi tests:  The huge Stratolaunch airplane (with TWO fuselages, powered by six B-747 jet engines, and containing 28 wheels) has undergone taxi tests, reaching a top speed of 40 knots.  Although the initial purpose of the plane was to launch satellites, now Paul Allen (Microsoft co-founder and Stratolaunch funder) says he wants to use it to launch a new space shuttle the company is considering, called “Black Ice.”  http://www.traveller.com.au/paul-allens-stratolaunch-worlds-largest-plane-takes-next-steps-towards-launch-h0x4ff


Aerospace Education News - April 2018

posted May 29, 2018, 5:51 PM by Jay Reynolds   [ updated May 29, 2018, 5:55 PM ]

INSPIRING OTHERS
 
NASAStudent Programs and Projects
 
Looking for something different?  Check out NASA's A-Z list of education opportunities that NASA offers throughout the year.

 Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) 

Want to Talk to an Astronaut on the International Space Station? Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) contacts allow education audiences to learn firsthand from astronauts what it is like to work and live in space. These scheduled contact opportunities are offered to formal and informal education institutions and organizations, individually or working together.  The radio contacts are approximately 10 minutes in length due to the radio communication window permitted by the logistics of orbital passes of the ISS.  During the contact, students interact directly with astronauts and cosmonauts during this communication window using a question and answer format.
      National Coalition for Aviation and Space Education  

AIAA Foundation Educator Achievement Award
Do you know a deserving K-12 Classroom teacher that deserves to be recognized? Honor a K-12 classroom teacher for the work they do to support the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) in its efforts to bring "real world" STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) to the classroom in new and exciting ways.  Nominate teachers who excite and engage students through STEM content and experiences. Through this recognition, AIAA celebrates the "best and brightest" educators for inspiring students. Each award recipient will be honored at the AIAA Aerospace Spotlight Awards Gala.

A nominee may be any K-12 teacher who supports AIAA in its efforts to bring "real world" STEM experiences to students. Past recipients may not apply for this award a second time. All recipients must be or become an AIAA Educator Associate member. Preference will be given to educators who demonstrate active participation and use of AIAA resources in their classroom.
 
Questions? Contact Carol Stewart at carols@aiaa.org or 703.264-7623.
  
Subscribe to the NCASE Monthly Newsletter and find out what thousands of young people and educators are doing!
4-H

Uses Model Rocketry for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM)
Rocketry is one of the most enjoyable projects 4-H has to offer. 4-H and the National Association of Rocketry have formed a partnershipto help students learn about model rocketry and STEM. 

Delaware County and Pennsylvania State University
Delaware County 4-H, for example, provides Rocketry School Enrichment and After School Enrichment Programs that help students meet Pennsylvania Academic Standards in science. 4-H project books are available for Delaware County, Pennsylvania classroom teachers, home school families, and after school clubs to use with students.  
Civil Air Patrol (CAP)

Promotes and Supports Aerospace Education  

CAP educational programs (for its own members and the general public) help prepare American citizens to meet the challenges of a sophisticated aerospace society and understand its related issues. CAP and the national Association of rocketry have formed a partnership to help students learn about model rocketry and STEM.


National Standards-based Products
CAP offers national standards-based educational products, including a secondary textbook, Aerospace: The Journey of Flight, and the middle-school-level Aerospace Dimensions. Aerospace Education Members can get classroom materials and lesson plans from CAP.

Estes  
 
It's spring...the prime time for model rocketry at schoolsEstes Educator works with many educators daily, getting lots of calls and emails from teachers and youth group leaders who have never built and launched a model rocket but who want to do that with their students. Can you guess the two questions first-time rocketry teachers ask the most? They are "How do I get started teaching model rocketry?" and "What materials do I need to teach model rocketry?" These questions can be answered in 13 steps. And don't forget to check out their new downloadable iPhone app!

Help NASA find new disks, homes of extrasolar planets, by classifying images from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer telescope and other observatories. In this citizen science project, you'll view animated images of disk candidates and classify them, distinguishing good candidates from galaxies, asteroids and image artifacts. 

RESOURCES 

NASANASA Makes Finding Teaching Materials Easy

NASA's Education Materials Finder will help teachers locate resources that can be used in the classroom. Users may search by keywords, grade level, product type and subject. With hundreds of publications and Web sites indexed, the finder is the best way to locate NASA educational resources.
  
NASA's Adventures in Rocket Science Educator's Guide
This guide contains 25 activities designed for 4-H Clubs, Boys and Girls Clubs, Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, after-school programs, and other informal education venues. Participants learn about the history and principles of rocketry and NASA's newest rockets -- Ares I and Ares V. While doing these hands-on activities, participants also learn about Hero Engines, parachutes and surface area, altitude tracking, and Newton's Laws Of Motion. Learners can also build four types of rockets and two types of egg drops. Take a look at the Adventures in Rocket Science Guide!
 
NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center Education Page
NASA and the Marshall Space Flight Center strive to help maintain a strong American education system. They pursue this goal by nurturing students' interest in mathematics and science from elementary school through their college years, and by encouraging young people to consider careers in engineering and the aerospace industry. Browse the Marshall Space Flight Center Education Page!
Small NAR LogoNational Association of Rocketry (NAR) offers Teachers and Youth Group Leaders Resources

 The NAR offers Free Resource downloads produced by members who have helped teachers and youth group leaders like yourself all over the United

States.  Check these out and see if any match what you had in mind for your course! 


Space History  

 

April 2, 1915: President Woodrow Wilson appointed the first 12 members of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). Twenty one days later, on April 23, the Secretary of War called the first meeting in his office. Brig. Gen. George P. Scriven, Chief Signal Officer, was elected temporary chairman, and Dr. Charles D. Walcott, secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, was elected first chairman of the NACA Executive Committee. 

April 4, 1930: David Lasser, G. Edward Pendray, Fletcher Pratt and nine others founded The American Interplanetary Society, later the American Rocket Society (ARS), in New York City to promote interest in and work toward interplanetary expeditions and travel. 

 

April 1, 1945: The U.S. Army fired the first of 17 Jet Propulsion Laboratory Private F rockets at Hueco Range at Fort Bliss, Texas as part of its historic Ordnance/CIT ballistic rocket program. 

April 4, 1960: Frank D. Drake initiated Project Ozma using the 85-foot Howard E. Tatel Radio Telescope at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank, W. Va. It was the first systematic attempt to detect artificial radio signal patterns from nearby stars. After 150 hours of listening, the project returned no evidence. However, Project Ozma was the precursor for many more, increasingly sophisticated searches which continue today.  

 

April 6, 1965: The United States launched Intelsat I, the first commercial communications satellite, into geostationary orbit. Also called "Early Bird," the satellite provided the first scheduled transoceanic television service and was operational for 3.5 years.  

 

April 11-17, 1970: NASA launched Apollo 13 via a Saturn-V rocket. About 56 hours into the flight, an oxygen tank in the Apollo service module exploded and damaged several of the systems, including life support. People throughout the world watched, waited and hoped as NASA personnel on the

 

 ground and the Apollo crew worked together to find a way safely home. Astronauts Jim Lovell, Fred Haise and Jack Swigert used the lunar module as a lifeboat before returning to the control module for reentry. After a dramatic period of innovative recalculation at Mission Control Center at NASA's Kennedy Space Center inHouston, Texas, the crew returned safely six days later. 

April 26, 1980: The U.S. Department of Defense launched the NavStar 6 navigation satellite via Atlas F rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The NavStar Global Positioning System (GPS) is a radio-positioning system of satellites that provides navigation and timing information to military and civilian users across the globe. 

April 29, 1985: NASA launched the space shuttle Challenger (STS-51B) from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. It was the first operational flight for the Spacelab orbital laboratory series developed by the European Space Agency (ESA). The orbiter made its first crosswind landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California at the end of this mission. 

April 24, 1990: NASA launched the Hubble Space Telescope on space shuttle Discovery (STS-31). Soon after launch, controllers found that the telescope was flawed by a mirror defect only 1/25th the width of a strand of human hair. Scientists found a way to work around it using computer enhancement, and engineers planned a shuttle repair mission to fully correct it. Hubble has made many important astronomical discoveries, including generating images of galaxy M87 and providing evidence of a potentially massive black hole. 

April 3, 1995: NASA launched the MicroLab 1 mini-satellite on a Pegasus rocket carried aloft by an L-1011 aircraft flying out of Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The mini-satellite carried meteorological experiments designed to track lightning and to provide detailed temperature and moisture profiles across the globe. Data from this mini-satellite has shown that more than 1.2 billion lightning flashes occur around the world every year, with more lightning strikes occurring over land masses than over the oceans. 

April 4, 2000: Russia launched Soyuz TM-30 from The Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on the last Soyuz mission to the 14 year-old Mir space station. Cosmonauts Zalyotin and Kaleri reactivated the uninhabited station and used two Progress spacecraft to raise the station's orbit. Prior to this mission, Mir's orbital plane was only around 120 degrees away from the International Space Station, making transport between the two stations impossible. 

April 15, 2005: Russia launched Soyuz-TMA 6 from The Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan carrying the Expedition 10 crew to the International Space Station. The crew included three astronauts; Sergei Krikalev (Russian), John Phillips (American) and Robert Vittori (Italian.) During the mission, Krikalev broke the record for total time in space. Fifty-four years in March, NASA's Pioneer 4 probe flew within 37,000 miles of the lunar surface. In doing so, the tiny spacecraft flew the first successful American lunar flyby mission.

Current Events in Aerospace

posted Feb 24, 2018, 1:08 PM by Jay Reynolds

Here are some more current events in Aerospace.   Special THANKS to Lt Col Lipman for passing them on.  ENJOY!

1.  Segway meets Back to the Future:  The Zapata company has introduced Ezfly, which allows users to fly through the air on small platform using bodyweight-shifting to steer.  The device has several jet thrusters.  It’s not clear what the range of the device is, or how high it could fly…or how much it would cost!  https://newatlas.com/zapata-ezfly-flying-segway/53044/



2.  How’s THAT for a paper airplane?  A 25-year-old from California has spent several thousand hours (over nine years) making a Boeing-777 plane out of…manila file folders.  The plane is incredibly detailed (with support structures, seats/meal carts/bathrooms, working flight-control surfaces, and even working thrust reversers!).He’s now working on the wings.  https://www.theverge.com/2014/1/22/5334046/boeing-777-paper-model-photo-essay and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThDJDuSAq-w


3.  Task force greatly diminishes threat from ISIS UASs:  the Combined Joint Task Force fighting ISIS states that they have “choked” the threat to Coalition forces from Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) by “repelling, shooting down, or chasing away” the drones before they can attack personnel or infrastructure.  So far this year, the CJTF has sighted only about six UASs, none of which posed a threat to Coalition personnel.  http://www.airforcemag.com/Features/Pages/2018/January%202018/ISIS-UAS-Capabilities-Choked-Posing-Little-Threat-in-2018.aspx

4.  Would a Europa lander sink upon touching down?  Scientists studying Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons, think that the surface of Europa might have the consistency of quicksand, which would potentially doom any attempt of landing a probe on that moon.  The scientists state that the surface is powdery; the powder is composed of small particles with lots of space between them.  https://www.space.com/39495-jupiter-moon-europa-porous-surface.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20180127-sdc

5.  More good news for Mark Watney:  NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has identified water ice along some cliff faces.  These are far from the poles where scientists already had seen evidence of water (as well as CO2) ice.  This would be good news for Mark Watney, the hapless astronaut who was accidentally abandoned on Mars in the book, “The Martian.”  http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/cliffs-reveal-water-ice-on-mars/?k=EpaGbB56S7D1ICPhwoOQQd2kdamrwPw75x%2FkO6qK9Mg%3D&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-jma-nl-180126

6.  But first…let me take a selfie:  NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover took a few minutes out from its work on the Martian surface and took a self-portrait with its imaging equipment mounted on the end of a 7-foot-long boom.  But it’s not like your cell-phone selfie – this one was stitched together from dozens of photos.  Curiosity has exploring Mars since August, 2012.  https://www.space.com/39575-mars-rover-curiosity-selfie-vera-rubin-ridge.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20180202-sdc


7.  Planetary definitions:  Back in 2006, astrophysicists (led in part by Neal DeGrasse Tyson) caused a big stir around the world by stating that Pluto was not actually a full-fledged planet, but actually a “dwarf planet.”  But what’s the upper limit in size for a planet?  It appears to be somewhere about 10 times the mass of Jupiter – less than that, the planet forms by accretion (ice and rocks sticking together, building a planet from the center out.  More than 10 Jupiter masses, it will form by collapsing from a cloud of gas, which would create a “brown dwarf” or failed star.  http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/new-definition-planet/?k=EpaGbB56S7D1ICPhwoOQQd2kdamrwPw75x%2FkO6qK9Mg%3D&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-jma-nl-180202

8.  General Aviation pilots help out after California mudslides:  After the Thomas Fire was followed by heavy rains, and then horrific mudslides, over 50 pilots volunteered to fly trapped victims to doctor’s appointments for free.  These victims were unable to drive, since U.S. 101, the main north-south highway in the area, was buried by the mud.  https://www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2018/january/24/pilots-band-together-for-santa-barbara-airlift?utm_source=ePilot&utm_medium=email&utm_content=tts&utm_campaign=180125epilot

Cobb County's new Aviation Themed park

posted Dec 4, 2017, 9:04 AM by Jay Reynolds

Hey, Cobb: That $2.7M aviation-themed park just opened

4:54 p.m Friday, Nov. 10, 2017  Things to Do in Atlanta
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Town Center CID
Here's a look at the aviation-themed park that opened Nov. 10. It is a $2.7 million Town Center CID project.

There’s a new place to play in Cobb County.

An aviation-themed park opened near the Cobb County International Airport-McCollum Field (of course) on Friday. The county approved the park in February.

According to organizers, the three-acre Aviation Park cost $2.7 million and was funded by the Town Center Community Improvement District and the Town Center Community Alliance.

This is the sketch from when the park was a mere proposal. Town Center Community Improvement District

But how aircraft-inspired are we talking?

Well, there’s an airplane-shaped climbing rope web, control tower-themed bathrooms and the picnic pavilion is designed to look like a wing.

And the whole thing is located near the end of the airport’s runway, which is why there’s an open area designed to specifically watch planes in flight.

To find it, you’ll want to search this address: 2659 Barrett Lakes Blvd., Kennesaw.

December Current Events

posted Dec 4, 2017, 8:57 AM by Jay Reynolds

Another rounds of current Aerospace events courtesy of Lt Col Shelley Rosenbaum Lipman, CAP.

 

 1.  Curiosity discovers evidence of water on Mars:  The NASA Curiosity rover, which has been exploring the Martian surface for the last five years, has been imaging the surface.  Now some of those photos show evidence of water-rock interaction.  Spectrographic observations have revealed Hematite (an iron-oxide mineral) in some of the rocks.  Hematite usually forms in the presence of water.  http://www.ibtimes.com/nasas-curiosity-rovers-iron-ore-findings-mars-show-extensive-water-rock-interaction-2609439

2.  Printing in Space:  Believe it or not, astronauts aboard the International Space Station have been using an Epson 800 inkjet printer for the last 17 years.  (Well, not the same printer, but the same model.)  Since that’s old technology, NASA worked with HP to create a new printer – the “ENVY Zero-Gravity Printer,” which is due to be sent to ISS sometime next year.  It’s not straight-forward to design a printer for use in space – it needs to handle paper in zero gravity, handle ink waste, be flame retardant, and be power efficient.  http://mashable.com/2017/10/30/moon-by-1-ring-levitating-camera/


3.  China building spaceplane:  The China Aerospace Science & Technology Corporation (CASTC) is apparently well on its way to developing a spaceplane that will take off and land horizontally.  It appears the spaceplane will use ramjet propulsion shortly after take-off, and then switch again to rocket motors.  The first flight may occur as soon as 2020.  http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/chinas-secret-futuristic-spaceplane-designed-land-horizontally-could-be-launched-by-2020-1645905

4.  Water on Enceladus:  Not only is there the possibility of water on Mars, but the Cassini space probe has produced evidence that Enceladus, one of Saturn’s moons, has had liquid water for several billion years.  This may be sign that life may have formed (or may form in the future).  It is not clear why Encledadus is so hot – the tidal forces (caused by its close proximity to Saturn) do not explain the heating; it may be due to the composition of Enceladus’ core.  https://gizmodo.com/warm-water-has-existed-on-saturn-s-moon-enceladus-for-p-1820215932

5.  Star Wars for the US Air Force?  Or Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.?  The Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) has awarded a contract to Lockheed Martin to develop a laser weapon that would be placed on “a tactical fighter jet” as part of the Self-protect High Energy Laser Demonstrator (SHiELD) program.  Testing on this device might occur as early as 2021.  It’s not clear whether laser weapons would be useful – lasers require lots of energy, don’t have a very large range, and they don’t do well in haze, smoke or dust.  https://gizmodo.com/us-air-force-wants-to-put-lasers-on-fighter-jets-by-202-1820254414


6.  B757 can be hacked:  A group from government, industry, and academia demonstrated that they could remotely hack into a Boeing-757.  Apparently, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has known this for several years.  It’s not clear whether a software fix has been created yet, or whether newer aircraft are vulnerable (the B-757 that DHS used was a “legacy” version).  http://www.aviationtoday.com/2017/11/08/boeing-757-testing-shows-airplanes-vulnerable-hacking-dhs-says/

7.  Dream Chaser has its first glide:  Sierra Nevada’s “Dream Chaser” (which looks like a small version of the Space Shuttle) had its first successful glide and landing on a runway, after it was released from a helicopter.  Sierra Nevada is one of three companies which will be supplying cargo to the International Space Station (along with SpaceX and Orbital ATK) from 2019 through 2024.  Sierra Nevada believes its first cargo flight to ISS will be in 2020.  https://www.theverge.com/2017/11/13/16643094/sierra-nevada-corporation-dream-chaser-nasa-commercial-cargo-program-free-flight


8.  New wind tunnel for MIT:  MIT’s 79-year-old wind tunnel will be replaced by a new state-of-the art tunnel.  It can test up to speeds of 200 mph (the current one only goes to 150 mph), and use half the power of the current tunnel while nearly doubling the test-are

a volume.  The new tunnel will be completed in 2020, and will be used by students in advanced dynamics and fluid mechanics.  https://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/A-New-Wind-Tunnel-For-MIT-229922-1.html?ET=avweb:e3857:218011a:&st=email

9.  I’ll have fries with that:  A Hainan Airlines B-787 flew from Beijing to Chicago.  Now, that might not seem like much of an accomplishment, but the fuel for this flight was 100% waste cooking oil.  The Chinese Zhenhai Refining and Chemical Company refined the waste oil into kerosene.  Hainan Airlines already flew a domestic flight on waste cooking oil earlier this year.  http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2017-11/21/content_34817272.htm

Aerospace Information in the News......

posted Jul 12, 2017, 12:04 PM by Jay Reynolds

1. Is Mars made of green cheese? Well, not green cheese, but Swiss cheese…a spectacular photo from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) shows a Swiss-cheese-like landscape, caused by pits in carbon-dioxide ice. There’s also a very deep pit in the picture; researchers aren’t sure whether it’s due to a meteoric impact or a collapse. http://www.space.com/37077-mars-crater-or-pit-collapse-mystery-photo.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20170605-sdc

2. SpaceX to handle next USAF X-37B launch: The X-37B space plane, which recently returned to Earth after its record-setting 718-day (!) mission in space, will next be launched into space by SpaceX. Previously, the X-37B was launched by United Launch Alliance on its Atlas V rockets. The X-37B, which looks like a small version of the Space Shuttle, is an unmanned vehicle and will be launched “later this year.” http://www.space.com/37123-spacex-launch-next-x-37b-mission.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20170607-sdc

3. Israeli company introduces electric-powered airplane: Eviation, an Israeli startup, introduced an all-electric airplane at the Paris Airshow. It’s anticipated to carry 6-9 passengers, cruise at 240 knots for 600 nm, and weigh just under 12,000 pounds (half of which would be battery weight; it would carry a payload of about 2,750 pounds). Eviation is hoping the first production model would be available by 2020. http://www.flyingmag.com/all-electric-eviation-makes-debut-at-paris-air-show

4. Global Hawk crashes in California: A USAF RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned aircraft, on a positioning flight from Edwards AFB to Beale AFB, crashed near Mt. Whitney (eastern Sierra Nevada). Although there were no injuries, the crash did start a small fire that was extinguished, and the $220-million aircraft was destroyed. No word on what caused the crash. http://www.fireengineering.com/ap-news/2017/06/22/us-air-force-drone-crashes-in-remote-area-near-mt-whitney.html?cmpid=enl_fe_fireengineeringdaily_2017-06-22&email_address=shelley@lipmanfamily.org&eid=293139754&bid=1793941

5. TIGHAR to continue search for Amelia Earhart: The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR), which for the last 30 years has been looking to solve the disappearance of Amelia Earhart on July 2, 1937, will be taking a team of dogs from the Institute for Canine Forensics to search Nikumaroro Island for human remains. In 1940, 13 bones were discovered on the island, but after they were shipped to Fiji they were lost. TIGHAR believes the dogs may be able to find the remains of Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan. https://generalaviationnews.com/2017/06/21/earhart-mystery-could-be-solved-by-dogs/

6. What is this mysterious aircraft? Many in the aviation industry are all abuzz about a bullet-shaped airplane with a pusher propeller. Sleuths have investigated and discovered the tail number is registered to a company called Otto Aviation Group LLC, the aircraft is called the Celera 500L, and it has (according to the registration) a reciprocating engine. A patent applied for a combined turbocharger and “supplemental thrust device” indicates it would enable competition in the hub-and-spoke method of airline travel. http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/11571/unmasking-the-bullet-shaped-mystery-aircraft-after-it-reemerges-at-victorville

7. The smell of freshly-baked bread…in space: Bake in Space, a German company, is creating an oven that will work in micro-gravity, and hopes to send it to the International Space Station. Currently, astronauts aboard ISS use tortillas as bread, as (1) the tortillas have a long shelf life; and (2) tortillas don’t create crumbs (which would float around the ISS). Bake in Space is also working on a sourdough bread that would use yeast grown on the ISS. https://www.space.com/37306-baking-bread-in-space-microgravity-oven.html?utm_source=notification

8. DARPA teaching manners to robots: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is working on “teaching” social norms to robots so they can interact better with humans. They hope that eventually the robots’ artificial intelligence will allow them to figure out on their own in new situations how to act. https://www.space.com/37216-darpa-teaching-robots-manners.html?utm_source=sdc-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20170616-sdc

9. Army, Navy, Air Force…Space Corps? The U.S. Congress has pushed the Department of Defense to establish a Space Corps to improve America’s military readiness in space. Although the Space Corps would be a separate branch of the military (even having its own representation on the Joint Chiefs of Staff), it would be overseen by the Secretary of the Air Force. Current SecAF Heather Wilson (a former CAP cadet) opposes the creation of the Space Corps. https://www.livescience.com/59586-military-space-corps-moves-forward.html?utm_source=notification


Thank you to Lt. Colonel Shelley Rosenbaum Lipman for passing on this great aerospace information......

F-35 The Future of Warfare.

posted Sep 22, 2016, 4:45 PM by Jay Reynolds

Here is an article on from Business Insider about the new F-35 and  what the future of warfare looks like.   Wit all the potential pilots we have as cadets, it would be great to see a couple of them go on to fly this incredible plane.

 http://www.businessinsider.com/afa-f35-fusion-warfare-2016-9

August Current Events

posted Aug 9, 2016, 6:47 PM by Jay Reynolds   [ updated Aug 9, 2016, 6:48 PM ]

Thank you to Major Shelley Rosenbaum Lipman, CAP for sending us these Aerospace current events.  If you have an interesting Aerospace related event, please let me know.  Thank you! 

 1. One better than Tatooine: Astronomers discovered a gas giant planet in a TRIPLE-star system. This planet is orbiting the brightest star in the system (about 10 times brighter than our Sun) about 7 billion miles away from that star. Another pair of stars circle the brightest one, about 30 billion miles away. (This is as opposed to Luke Skywalker’s home planet of Tatooine, which circles a binary star system.) http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/exoplanet-found-in-triple-star-system-0707201623/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-mya-nl-160708&utm_content=861064_SKY_HP_eNL_160708&utm_medium=email

2. Hybrid-electric plane successfully completes first test flight: The Extra 300, usually found as a staple on the airshow circuit, is the test platform for a hybrid-electric plane powered by a Siemens 260 kW electric motor. The hope is that this type of motor could power a four-seat General Aviation aircraft soon. http://www.flyingmag.com/siemens-electric-extra-records-successful-maiden-flight#page-2

3. New dwarf planet found outside Pluto’s orbit: Another astronomical discovery – this time RR245, a small (~400 miles in diameter) dwarf planet far beyond Pluto in the “Kuiper Belt” region. It has a very elliptical orbit, varying from 3 billion to 11 billion miles from the Sun, taking 700 years to orbit once. By comparison, Pluto is about 1400 miles in diameter, and orbits the Sun every 248 years. Although astronomers have discovered other KBO (Kuiper Belt Objects), this is the first one large enough to be classified as a dwarf planet (massive enough to be crushed into a sphere by its own gravity; but unlike “regular” planets, it has not cleared and coalesced its orbital path of other debris) since the designator was created. Of course, Pluto was recently downgraded from a regular planet to a dwarf planet in 2006. http://www.space.com/33387-dwarf-planet-discovery-2015-rr245.html

4. USAF may build “Super Warthog”: The Air Force is studying requirements for a new Close-Air Support (CAS) aircraft. This would take the place of the A-10 Warthog, which will be retired soon. The new Super Warthog would include the capability to use laser-guided and precision bombs, and would upgrade the engine. It may be based upon the Raytheon T-X or the A-29 Embraer EMB Super Tucano aircraft. http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/revealed-us-air-force-planning-build-super-10-warthog-16915

5. Mars 2020 Rover to proceed with final design: NASA stated that they will complete design and begin constructing the Mars 2020 Rover, a space probe that will be launched sometime in the summer of 2020. This rover will be looking for signs of life (both past signs, as well as current), and will return Martian rock and soil samples to Earth. Additionally, it will have a set of microphones, so for the first time we can hear the sounds from the red planet. There’s a possibility that the rover would also contain “helicopter drones” which would make short flights away from the rover base. http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/mars-2020-rover-construction-moves-ahead-nasa/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-mya-nl-160722&utm_content=864899_SKY_HP_eNL_160722&utm_medium=email

6. EPA says aircraft emissions dangerous: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says it plans to reduce aircraft carbon emissions, which it says account for about 2% of all global greenhouse gas emissions. Any regulation would depend on the result of the Presidential election (since the regulation wouldn’t be implemented until January, and would have to be coordinated with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). http://www.wsj.com/articles/epa-advances-plans-to-limit-carbon-emissions-from-aircraft-1469458800

7. “Parachutist” jumps out of plane without ‘chute: Luke Aikens, a skydiver with more than 18,000 jumps under his belt tried something different: he jumped out of a plane over Simi Valley (CA) at 25,000’ without a parachute, landing successfully in a 100’ x 100’ net. Well, okay, he was WEARING a parachute (since this was being broadcast live, the Screen Actors’ Guild required him to wear it), but he didn’t use it. Aikens was the backup to Felix Baumgartner (who set the record for highest skydive in 2012). http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2016/8/guinness-world-records-confirms-new-record-for-skydiver-who-fell-25-000-ft-withou-438265

8. Forget about Amazon, 7-11 makes first commercial drone delivery: A 7-11 convenience store in Reno, NV did a trial run of a delivery from their store to a customer’s home a mile away. The drone delivered a chicken sandwich, donuts, coffee, candy and Slurpees in about 5 minutes. The customer reported that the coffee was still hot, and the Slurpees still frozen. http://www.theverge.com/2016/7/23/12262468/7-11-first-retailer-deliver-food-drone

9. Is the end in sight for the B747? The Boeing-747, the first wide-body jumbo jet (first flown in 1970) may be approaching the end of its production run. Boeing will be reducing production from 12 per year to six, as airlines look to save costs by using twin-engine aircraft (the 747 has four engines). http://money.cnn.com/2016/07/28/news/boeing-747-end-production/

May 2016 Current Events

posted May 24, 2016, 4:35 PM by Jay Reynolds

Thank you to Major Shelley Rosenbaum-Lipman for passing on these interesting tidbits. 


1.  We don’t have to worry about space aliens attacking Earth:  An astronomer from Columbia University in NY has come up with a way to use laser beams to either hide or change the image of Earth that space aliens may view.  However, it does require that those on Earth know where the aliens are.  http://www.space.com/32423-laser-cloak-could-hide-earth-from-aliens.html

2.  Dogs can fly:  An animal trainer from New Zealand trained three dogs (all of whom were rescue dogs) to fly a plane.  The dogs learned to turn left if a blue light on the glare shield came on, right for a red light, and straight ahead for a white light.  After a certificated pilot took off and climbed to altitude, the dogs took over, and successfully flew the plane through a figure-8.  http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/tv-and-radio/dogs-taught-to-fly-a-plane-for-british-television-show-20160407-go130l.html

3.  SpaceX’s Falcon 9 first stage lands on floating platform:  SpaceX launched a supply ship to the International Space Station.  After the first stage exhausted its fuel and dropped away, it landed successfully on a floating platform in the Atlantic, paving the way for a reusable launch system.  The Dragon spacecraft launched by the Falcon 9 then successfully docked with the ISS, unloading 7000 pounds of supplies, including a soft expandable habitat built by Bigelow Industries.  https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2016/04/08/elon-musks-spacex-nails-landing-at-sea/

4.  “The Martian,” for real:  SpaceX announced that it plans to send its Dragon unmanned capsule to Mars, perhaps as soon as 2018.  This is a step in the company’s goal to set up a colony of Mars.  This unmanned flight is intended to demonstrate the ability to send large payloads of supplies needed in place on Mars for an eventual manned mission.  http://www.space.com/32719-spacex-red-dragon-mars-missions-2018.html




5.  Russia launches three satellites:  A Russian Soyuz rocket carried three satellites into orbit, including an astrophysics observatory that will look for gamma-ray bursts, cosmic rays, and near-Earth asteroids.  http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/russian-space-observatory-lomonosov-launches/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-mya-nl-160429&utm_content=840839_SKY_HP_eNL_160429&utm_medium=email

6.  Japan gives up on its x-ray-observing satellite:  Japan’s Hitomi satellite, which was launched in February and lost communications in March, has been officially written off by JAXA, the Japanese space agency.  Apparently, although the satellite wasn’t moving, the Attitude Control System (ACS) thought it was, so it gave a command to counter the movement (causing the satellite to actually start moving).  Because the ACS wasn’t working properly, it caused the momentum to increase greatly, eventually shedding the solar-cell panels and parts of the satellite. http://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/recovery-for-hitomi-observatory-now-unlikely/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_campaign=sky-mya-nl-160429&utm_content=840839_SKY_HP_eNL_160429&utm_medium=email

7.  Solar Impulse 2 successfully lands in California:  The solar-powered airplane Solar Impulse 2 flew non-stop from Hawaii to Mountain View, CA, landing just before midnight.  Solar Impulse had been grounded in Hawaii for several months after a flight from Japan caused problems with the battery system.  This is part of their around-the-world solar-powered flight.  http://www.aopa.org/News-and-Video/All-News/2016/April/25/Solar-Impulse-in-California?utm_source=ePilot&utm_medium=Content&utm_content=tec&utm_campaign=160429epilot


8.  Earth-like planets circling a star in the “habitable zone”:  Astronomers found three planets that are about the same size as the Earth that are orbiting a brown-dwarf star that’s 40 light-years away.  All three planets are within the “habitable zone,” or the distance from a star in which the amount of radiation the planet receives is such that water would be in a liquid form.  The scientists are already working on detecting water or methane molecules on these planets.  http://www.wcvb.com/health/three-earthlike-planets-discovered-orbiting-dwarf-star/39341460


Untitled Post

posted Apr 13, 2016, 9:37 AM by Jay Reynolds


Top 5 Aerospace Trends 
of Now and the Future


Flying cars, hybrid vehicles, massive jets, sleek new fighters, and Mars-bound rockets. These are the kinds of things we consider when we think of our latest heights in the endless evolution of human flight: hardware. Indeed, the old cliché about there being a million parts in an airplane is truer now than ever. But those million parts are only a fraction of the story behind what puts any vehicle in the air—and what keeps it there..

1. System Software on the Rise

The code at the heart of any aircraft isn’t something that can be slapped together by the latest Silicon Valley wiz kid. Unlike the programming that makes our apps and video games, airborne software is system dependent. Whoever’s writing the code has got to know every aspect of the hardware....

2. Craft-to-Craft Communication

How a message gets from the cockpit to the landing gear, rudder, or anywhere else, is a relatively self-contained problem, not too different from the controls found in land-based vehicles. But how vehicles talk to each other is another issue....

3. Data Handling

Surveillance vehicles get a lot of attention for political, military, and techie reasons. But in the field of aerospace engineering their development and employment is a much smaller challenge than that of what to do with their product...

4. Flying Commuters

Passenger jets and drones are not the only vehicles that will need to talk to each other in the none-too-far-off future...

 5. Aerospace Engineering Education

Who’s going to put together these systems? The kids, of course. Perhaps the biggest trend in aerospace is the growing interest among students. There are now 65 programs in the U.S., and 25 are stand alone programs. Of the 38,000 new aerospace engineering jobs that opened up last year, 4,000 of them were taken by students. Aerospace is the third most popular field for engineering students. A large percentage of them go into programming, “because they know their software will be implemented on real hardware,” says Yang. “The aerospace profession has expanded form hardware-based science, technology, and engineering, to systems, and even systems of systems-based engineering. At a very high level that trend has become even more important,” he adds.

Michael Abrams is an independent writer.

***You can read the entire article at https://www.asme.org/engineering-topics/articles/aerospace-defense/top-5-aerospace-trends-now-future    but the idea here is that that people with a Aerospace Education and STEM education will have plenty of high paying work in the future.


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