Patrick Arnesen, Vancouver BC, June 2009
Launch a national program to rapidly deploy affordable green nuclear power. Use it to power Canada and build a multi
$B export industry.
What is it?
Technology that once deployed would be cheaper than coal while producing <3% the waste of a conventional nuclear reactor. It can be mass-produced on an assembly line for
rapid deployment. The two most promising technologies (in order) are LFTR (Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor)
and PBMR (Pebble Bed Modular
Reactor). Fuel would last 1,000 years+. LFTR
was proven as early as the 1960s but was not pursued because it could not
be used to produce Plutonium for bombs, which during the cold war was a priority.
Why Do It?
and Gas production will soon peak. Canada needs to lessen its dependence on
these fuel sources to maintain its standard of living and competitive economy.
has commitments to lower its C02 output. Nuclear is the most viable way to do
the amount of available electricity. Thereby allowing Canada to accommodate an
electrified transportation fleet in the upcoming decades, while also powering new
industries to compensate for diminishing eco-systems services.
the oil-sands projects in Alberta in a cost-effective and more environmentally friendly
a multi $B export industry to employ thousands of Canadians.
future generations a safe and reliable source of power.
developing nations off coal and oil, thereby preventing worst-case global
than large-scale solar or wind, once the environmental impact of the
infrastructure is factored in.
How does LFTR compare to conventional
Pressurized Water Reactor (Candu)
one-off cathedral-like construction projects. 6-12 years onsite assembly.
production in a factory on a scale similar to commercial airlines. Factory
produces 1 100MW reactor/day. 3-6 months onsite-assembly.
tons Uranium/year input. Burns <10% nuclear fuel. The rest becomes radiotoxic
waste. Waste stays dangerous for up to 25,000 years.
ton thorium / year input. Burns 99% nuclear material, very little radiotoxic
waste. Waste stays dangerous for at most 500 years.
massive amounts of water, 30% efficient.
air turbine, nearly 50% efficient.
unstable because of high pressurized water core. Active safety system and
huge concrete superstructure needed to ensure safety. Worst case scenario is
release of a radioactive cloud.
stable. Room pressure core in liquid form, if overheats, volume expands,
reducing neutron flux, slowing the reaction. Impossible to melt-down, or for
an accident to spread nuclear material beyond the site. If material escapes from the core, it quickly cools and forms a solid.
Plutonium - Proliferation danger.
U233, which can be easily blended down and neutralized as a proliferation
Export Industry Work?
Engineers & manufactures the reactors.
mines the Thorium and Uranium.
nations pay an up-front fee and a yearly operating fee for a turn-key solution.
works assemble the reactor on-site and supply the fuel for the reactor’s
lifetime expires, the reactor and waste materials are returned to Canada for professional
reprocessing & disposal.
Why do this in
- World renown engineering talent.
and political system amenable to establishing efficient regulatory processes.
- Canada's reputation for quality and safety.
has some of the richest deposits of Uranium and Thorium in the world.
To cut costs and speed development, this project can be shared with other thorium-rich nations:
Norway Can Solve the Global Energy Crisis
& focused engineering efforts to develop the 1st generation