National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM)

Project: National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM): HIV/AIDS
 
Partners: National Institutes of Health
 

Description:
 
The purpose of the project is to improve understanding of longitudinal changes in relationship formation activity and risk behavior that lead to the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The study will examine data collected in a fourth wave of a unique longitudinal data set, the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM). This survey, a nationally representative sample of 1,880 men who were 15 to 19 years old in 1988, has interviewed men three times already about their risky and protective sexual behaviors as well as relationship and parenthood transitions in 1988, 1990-1, and 1995. The fourth wave of data collection took full-force in 2007. The specific aims of the project are: (1) to conduct a fourth round to determine the covariates and prevalence of behaviors among young men (32-37) that put them at risk of HIV/STD; (2) to describe the progression of risk behaviors across the life course a men move from adolescence into adulthood; (3) to examine factors associated with transitions into and out of high risk behaviors; and (4) to prepare a documented public use tape for the fourth round of data which can be linked to the previous waves of data.
 
Associated Researchers: Nan Astone, Fragiscos Sifakis, Freya Sonenstein, Arik V. Marcell, Jacinda Dariotis, Adena Galinsky, Michiyo Yamazaki, Joseph Pleck, Leighton Ku.
 

Publications:
 
2011. Dariotis, J.K., Pleck, J.H., Astone. N.M., Sonenstein, F.L. (Forthcoming) “Pathways of Early Fatherhood, Marriage, and Employment: A Latent Class Growth Analysis.” Demography.

2011. Dariotis, J.K., and Astone, N.M. (Under Review). "How are Family Size Intentions Protective for Young Men’s Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors?" Journal of Adolescent Health.

2011. Dariotis, J.K., Sifakis, F., Pleck, J.H., Astone, N.M., Sonenstein. F.
"Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Sexual Risk Behavior and STDs During Young Men's Transition to Adulthood." Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 43(1): 51-59.

2010. Finer, L.B., Astone, N.M. and Valente, T.J.
“Reproductive Health Policy and Interstate Influence.” Connections, 30(1): 29–45.

2010. Astone, N.M., Dariotis, J.K., Sonenstein, F., Pleck, J., Hynes. K.
“Men’s Work Effort and the Transition to Fatherhood.” Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 31(1):3-13.

2009. Dariotis, J.K., Pleck, J.H., Sonenstein, F.L., Astone, N.M., & Sifakis, F. “
What are the Consequences of Relying upon Self-Reports of Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Lessons Learned about Recanting in a Longitudinal Study.” Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(2): 187-192.

2009. Astone, N.M., Dariotis, J.K., Sonenstein, S.L., & Pleck, J.H.
”How Do Men’s Work Lives Change after Fatherhood?” Journal of Family Issues, 23: 101-120.

2008. Dariotis, J.K., Sonenstein, F.L., Gates, G.J., Capps, R., Astone, N.M., Pleck, J.H., Sifakis, F., & Zeger, S. “Differentiating Sexual Risk Behaviors as Young Men Transition to Adulthood." Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 40(4): 218-225.
 
November, 2007. Dariotis, J.K., Bumbarger, B.K., Duncan, L.G., & Greenberg, M.T.How Do Implementation Efforts Relate to Program Adherence? Examining the Role of Organizational, Implementer, and Program Factors.” Journal of Community Psychology, 36(6): 744-760.
 

1998. Turner, Charles F., Ku, Leighton, Rogers, Susan M., Lindberg, L.D.,  Pleck, J.H.and Sonenstein, F.L. (1998). "Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Drug Use, and Violence: New Survey Technology Detects Elevated Prevalence."  Science,  280(5365): 867-873. http://dragon.soc.qc.cuny.edu/Staff/turner/TechPDFs/33_Science.pdf

1998. Ku, L., Lindberg, L., Sonenstein, F., Pleck, J. and Burbridge, L. "Beyond the Nest: Changes in Young Men's Risk Behaviors After Leaving Home." 

1998. Leighton Ku, Sonenstein, F. L., Lindberg, L. D., Bradner, C. H., Boggess, S., & Pleck, J. H. "Understanding changes in sexual activity among young metropolitan men: 1979-1995." Family Planning Perspectives, 30(6), 256-262.

1997. Sonenstein, F. L., K. Stewart, L. D. Lindberg, M. Pernas, and S. Williams. "1-3. Involving Males In Preventing Teen Pregnancy." Urban Institute, 1997.

 
 

1998. Sonenstein, F. L., Ku, L., Lindberg, L., Turner, C. F., & Pleck, J. H. "Changes in Sexual Behavior and Condom Use among Teenaged Males: 1988 to 1995." American Journal of Public Health, 88(6), 956-959. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/reprint/88/6/956.pdf

 

1997.  Ku, L., Sonenstein, F., Turner, C., Aral, S. and Black, C. "The Potential of Integrated Representative Surveys about Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Behavior."  Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 24(5):299-309. http://findit.library.jhu.edu/go/3423911

 

1997. Pleck, J.H., Sonenstein, F. and Ku, L.  "Black-White Differences in Adolescent Males' Substance Use: Are They Explained by Underreporting in Blacks?" Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health, 2: 247-265.

 

1997. Lindberg, L.D. , Sonenstein, F.  and Martinez, G. "Age Differences Between Minors Who Give Birth and Their Adult Partners." Family Planning Perspectives, 29(2):61-66.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953363

1997. Lindberg, L. D., Sonenstein, F. L., Leighton Ku, & Levine, G. "Young Men's Experience with Condom breakage." Family Planning Perspectives, 29(3): 128-131+140. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953335

1997. Sonenstein, F., Ku, L., and Pleck, J. "Measuring Sexual Behavior Among Teenage Males in the U.S." In Researching Sexual Behavior, J. Bancroft, ed.  (Bloomington, In: Indiana University Press) pp.87-105.  Also presented at Kinsey Institute Conference on Methodology, University of Indiana, Bloomington, IL. http://books.google.com/books?id=CpMYXcxIEbQC&lpg=PA87&ots=TM_ub47vG0&dq=Measuring%20Sexual%20Behavior%20Among%20Teenage%20Males%20in%20the%20U.S.&lr&pg=PA87#v=onepage&q=Measuring%20Sexual%20Behavior%20Among%20Teenage%20Males%20in%20the%20U.S.&f=false

1997. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H. and Ku, L. (1997) "Why Young Men Don't Use Condoms: Factors Related to Consistency of Utilization." In Why Some Men Don’t Use Condoms: Male Attitudes about Condoms and Other Contraceptives, D. Besharov et al., eds. pp.1-26 (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation: Menlo Park, CA.

1997. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H. and Ku, L. "Why Young Men Don’t Use Condoms: Factors Related to the Consistency of Utilization." http://www.urban.org/publications/406396.html

1997.  Sonenstein, F.L. "Using Self Reports to Measure Program Impact."  Children and Youth Services Review, 9(7) 567-585. http://findit.library.jhu.edu/go/3424132 

1996. Lindberg, L., Sonenstein, F., Martinez, G.  and Marcotte, J. "Accuracy of Fathers’ Reports of Fertility." Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 24:15-23. 

 

1996. Pleck, J., Sonenstein, F., Ku, L. and Burbridge, L. "Individual, family and community factors modifying male adolescents' risk behavior "trajectory". Urban Institute, April, 1996. http://www.urban.org/publications/406604.html

 

1996. Pleck, J., Sonenstein, F., Ku, L.  and Burbridge, L. "Factors modifying male adolescent risk behavior." The Urban Institute Policy and Research Report, 24.

 

1995. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H., and Ku, L. "National Survey of Adolescent Males: 1988 and 1990-91.  A User's Guide to the Machine Readable Files and Documentation, Data Set 09-10." Available from the AIDS/STD Data Archive, Sociometrics Corporation, 170 State St., Los Altos, CA 94022-2812, telephone (415) 949-3282. 

1995. Turner, C.F., Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L. and Pleck, J.H. "Impact of Audio-CASI on Reporting of Male-Male Sexual Contacts: Preliminary Findings from the National Survey of Adolescent Males." Health Survey Research Methods: Conference Proceedings, Warnecke, R.B., ed., Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, p.  171-76.

1995.  Pleck, J., Sonenstein, F., and Ku., L. "Early Adolescent Risk Behaviors: Differential Predictors in Black, White and Hispanic males."  Journal of Adolescent Research, 4: 247.

1995. "Research Triangle Institute Field Report, National Survey of Adolescent Males. RTI Project 5727."  Prepared by Survey Research Division, Research Triangle Park, NC.

1995. Pleck, J.H., Sonenstein, F.L., and Ku, L.  "Caution:  Our Society's Contraceptive Messages are Hazardous to Teen's Sexual Health."  PSAY Network, 3(1):2-3.
1994. Kirby, D., Short, L., Collins, J., Rugg, D., Kolbe, L., Howard, M., Miller, B., Sonenstein, F.L., and Zabin, L. "School-Based Programs to Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors: A Review of Effectiveness." Public Health Reports, 109(3):339-360. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1403498/pdf/pubhealthrep00060-0037.pdf
 

 

1994. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L. and Pleck, J.H. "The Dynamics of Condom Use Among Young Men During and Between Relationships," Family Planning Perspectives, 26(6):246-251. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135889
 
1994. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L. "Problem Behaviors and Masculinity Ideology in Adolescent Males."  In R. D. Ketterlinus and M. E. Lamb (Eds.), Adolescent Problem Behaviors: Issues and Research.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum, pp. 165-86.

1994-1993. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H. "Neighborhood, Family, and Work: Influences on the Premarital Behaviors of Adolescent Males, 1993 through 1994." Social Forces, 72(2): 479-503. 

1993. Leighton Ku, Sonenstein, F. L., & Pleck, J. H. "Factors Influencing First Intercourse for Teenage Men." Public Health Reports (1974-), 108(6): 680-694. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1403450/pdf/pubhealthrep00064-0026.pdf

1993. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F. L., & Pleck, J. H. "Young Men's Risk Behaviors for HIV Infection and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1988 through 1991."American Journal of Public Health, 83(11), 1609-1615.  http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/reprint/83/11/1609.pdf

1993. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H., and Ku, L. "Paternity Risk Among Adolescent Males." In: Young Unwed Fathers: Changing Roles and Emerging Policies, R. Lerman and T. Ooms, eds., Temple Univ. Press, pp. 99-116, 1993.

1993. Sonenstein, F.L. "The Need to Increase Commitment to Condom Use," PSAY Network. 1(3):3-4.

1993. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L.  (1993). "Masculinity Ideology:  Its Impact on Adolescent Heterosexual Relationships." Journal of Social Issues. 49(3): 11-30. Later reprinted in Gender and Psychology Reader, Clinchy and Noren, eds., New York University Press, 1996.

 

1993. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L. "Masculinity Ideology and its Correlates." In: S. Oskamp and M. Costanzo (Eds.), Gender Issues in Contemporary Society.  Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology.  Newbury Park, CA:  Sage Publications, p. 85-110. 

 

1993. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., & Leighton Ku. "Changes in Adolescent Males' Use of and Attitudes Toward Condoms, 1988-1991." Family Planning Perspectives, 25(3), pp. 106-110+117. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2136157

1992. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., and Ku, L. "Influences on Adolescent Male Premarital Sexual Behavior." Final Report to the Office of Population Affairs, DHHS, funded by grant APR 000953-01.

1992. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H. and Ku, L., The Male Side of the Equation, TEC Networks, 33, June 1992.

1992. Leighton C. Ku, Sonenstein, F. L., & Pleck, J. H. "The Association of AIDS Education and Sex Education with Sexual Behavior and Condom Use among Teenage Men." Family Planning Perspectives, 24(3), pp. 100-106. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135538

 
1992. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F. L., and Pleck, J. H. "Patterns of AIDS-Related Risk and Preventative Behaviors Among Teenage Men in the U.S.A."  Public Health Reports, 107, 131-138.   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1403620/ 
 
1991. Sonenstein, F.L., Ku, L., and Pleck, J.H. "Sex and Contraception among Adolescent Males."  TEC Networks, 29: 3-5. 
 

1991. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H., Ku, L. and Calhoun, C. (1991), "1988 National Survey of Adolescent Males: A User's Guide to the Machine Readable Files and Documentation,"Data Set G6, Data Archives on Adolescent Pregnancy and Pregnancy Prevention. The public use data tape is available from Sociometrics Corporation, 170 State St., Suite 260, Lost Altos, CA 94022-2812, (415) 949-3282.

 

1991. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., & Leighton C. Ku. (1991). "Adolescent Males' Condom Use: Relationships between Perceived Cost-Benefits and Consistency." Journal of Marriage and Family, 53(3): 733-745. http://www.jstor.org/stable/352747 

1991. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., & C. Ku, L. "Levels of Sexual Activity among Adolescent Males in the United States." Family Planning Perspectives, 23(4), 162. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135739

 

1990. Pleck, J. H., F. L. Sonenstein, and L. C. Ku. "Contraceptive Attitudes and Intention to Use Condoms in Sexually Experienced and Inexperienced Adolescent Males." Journal of Family Issues, 11(3): 294-312.

 

1990. Ku, L. "AIDS-Related Risk Behaviors and AIDS Education among Teenage Men in the United States." Ph.D. dissertation, Boston University, University Professors Program (available from University Microfilms Inc., 300 Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48106, order no. 9024463).

1990. Pleck, J. H., F. L. Sonenstein, and L. C. Ku. "Contraceptive Attitudes and Intention to Use Condoms in Sexually Experienced and Inexperienced Adolescent Males." Journal of Family Issues, 11(3): 294-312.

1990. Pleck, J., F. Sonenstein and L. Ku. Adolescent Males’ Contraceptive Attitudes and Consistency of Condom Use. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53(3): 733-745.

1989. Pleck, Joseph H. "Correlates of Black Adolescent Males’ Condom Use." Journal of Adolescent Research, 4(2): 247-253. http://jar.sagepub.com/content/4/2/247.short

1989. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., & Leighton C. Ku.
"Sexual Activity, Condom Use and AIDS Awareness among Adolescent Males." Family Planning Perspectives, 21(4), pp. 152-158. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135805

1988. Pleck, J., F., Sonenstein, and S. Swain.
"Adolescent Males’ Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive Use: Implications for Male Responsibility." Journal of Adolescent Research, 3(3-4): 275-84. Available from: http://jar.sagepub.com/content/3/3-4/275.full.pdf+html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentations:
 
2013. Hinson L, Dariotis JD, Pleck JH, Marcell AV, Emerson M, Astone NM, Sonenstein F. "Timing and predictors of early mortality among a cohort of American men from the National Survey of Adolescent Males." Poster presentation: 2013 Population Association of America Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA.
 
November, 2011. Dariotis, J.K. "One Size Does Not Fit All: Differentiating Urban Youth Based on Exposures, Reactions, and Internal Resources." Paper Presentation: APHA Annual Conference, Washington, D.C.
 
2010. Yamazaki, M., Sifakis, F., Dariotis, J.K., Astone, N.A., Pleck, J.H., & Sonenstein,F.  "Predictors of Concurrent Sexual Relationships among Young Males in the US."  Paper Presentation: 2010 Annual Conference of the Population Association of America.  Austin, TX.
 
January, 2010. Dariotis, J.K.  "An Analysis of Early Fathers’ Transition into Fatherhood and their Lifecourse Trajectories."  Invited Talk: Office of Adolescent Pregnancy Programs (OAPP) National AFL Care Grantee Annual Conference.  Norfolk, VA.

2009. Dariotis, J.K. "Men Who Forego Fatherhood:  Exploring Heterogeneity among Childless Men." Presentation: 37th Annual Psychosocial Workshop, Detroit, MI.

2009. Dariotis, J.K., Pleck, J.H., Astone, N.M., & Sonenstein, F.L. "Early Fatherhood Trajectories:   A Latent Class Growth Analysis." Paper presentation: 2009 Annual Conference of the Population Association of America.  Detroit, MI.

 

2009. Dariotis, J.K., Pleck, J.H., Astone, N.M., & Sonenstein, F.L.  "Heterogeneity of Men Who Postpone Fatherhood: Latent Class Growth Analysis."  Paper presentation: 2009 Annual Conference for the National Council on Family Relations.  San Francisco, CA.

 

April, 2009. Dariotis, J.K.  "Pathways to Early Fatherhood, Marriage, and Employment:  A Latent Class Growth Analysis."  Paper presentation:  2009 Annual Population, Family, and Reproductive Health Research Day, Baltimore, MD.

 

April, 2008. Dariotis, Jacinda, Sonenstein, Freya, Astone, Nan, Capps, G.L., Pleck, J.H., Sikakis, F., & Zeger, S. “Differentiating Sexual Risk Behaviors as Young Men Transition to Adulthood.” Paper presentation: Annual Conference of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, LA.

March, 2007. Dariotis, Jacinda. “
To Sow or Not to Sow One’s Oats: To What Extent are Voluntary Childless and Small Family Size Intentions Protective for Men?” Presentation: 35th Annual Psychosocial Workshop, New York, NY.

May, 2006. Dariotis, Jacinda. “
Men Who Do Not Intend to Spread Their Seed: Examining the Protective Role of Voluntary Childless Intentions among Men.” Poster presentation: 2006 Annual Conference of the Society for Prevention Research, San Antonio, Texas, May, 2006.

November, 2005. Dariotis, Jacinda. “
Violating the status quo: Understanding non-normative expected family sizes.” Poster presentation: 2005 Annual Conference for the National Council on Family Relations, Phoenix, AZ. 

 

1997. Lindberg, L.D., Sonestein, F., and Martinez, G. "Age Differences Between Teen Mothers and Their Partners." Presentation at Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, LA and released as Urban Institute Working Paper.

1997. Lindberg, L.D., Ku, L. and Sonenstein, F. "Adolescent Sexual Behavior Within the Context of Drugs and Alcohol."  Presented at the 1997 Population Association of America Annual Meeting.

1997. Baratka, T.V., Pleck, J.H. and Sonenstein, F.L. "Understanding Safe Sex Practices Using an Integrated Social-Cognitive Model of Protective Behaviors."  Presented at Ohio State University Conference: Risky Behaviors of Adolescents: Integrating Research, Practice and Policy. Also the title of the master's thesis for T. Baratka at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1997.

1997. Atkisson, S.J., and Pleck, J.H. (May, 1997). "Teen Mothers with Co-Residing Male Partners: Decision-Making and Conflict Dynamics. "  Presented at Ohio State University Conference: Risky Behaviors of Adolescents: Integrating Research, Practice and Policy.

1997. Pleck, Joseph H., and Jeffrey L. Stueve. "Paternal Engagement: Its Caretaking and Development -- Promoting Components in a Diverse National Sample of Young Adult Residential Fathers." Presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Family Relations.

 

1996. Sonenstein, F.L., Ku, L., Lindberg, L., Turner, C.F., & Pleck, J.H. "Changes in Adolescent Males' Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive se: 1988 to 1995." Presentation at Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, LA.

1996. Pleck, J., Sonenstein, F., and Ku, L. "Effects of Pregnancy Experience on Young Men’s Subsequent Fertility Behavior.  Presentation at the 1996 National Council on Family Relations meeting.

1996. Burbridge, L.C., Pleck, J.H., Sonenstein, F.L., and Ku, L  "Early Employment and Its Effect on Education and Wages." Presentation at the Association of Public Policy and Management meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.

 

1995. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H. and Ku, L. "Why Young Men Don’t Use Condoms: Factors Related to the Consistency of Utilization." Presentation at Sexuality and American Policy Seminar Series, Kaiser Family Foundation and American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Washington, DC.  

1995. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L., Turner, C.F., and Aral, S.O.  "The Use of Biomarkers in Demographic Surveys:  Issues and Results of a Pretest with STD Testing."  Paper presented at the Population Association of America annual meeting in San Francisco, CA.

1994. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L. (1991, April)."Problem behaviors and masculinity ideology in adolescent males."  Paper presented at the NICHD Conference on "Adolescent Problem and Risk-Taking Behaviors,” Berkeley Springs, W. VA. 

1994. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L., and Pleck, J.H. "Changes in Young Men's Condom Use During and Between Relationships." Paper presented at NICHD Conference on Behavioral Research on the Role of Condoms in Reproductive Health, Bethesda, MD.
1994. Sonenstein, F.L. and Pleck, J.H. "The Male Role in Family Planning - What Do We Know?" Paper presented to the Committee on Planned Childbearing of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. http://www.urban.org/publications/403812.html

 

1994. Sonenstein, F.L., Ku, L., and Pleck, J.H. "Child support obligations and young men's contraceptive behavior: What do young men know?  Does it matter?" Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Miami, FL.

 

1994. Ku, L.; Levine, G., and Sonenstein, F. "State STD Reporting Rules and Research Surveys." Report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Washington, DC.

1994. Ku, L. and the NSAM Study Team. "Preliminary Results of the Pretest for the National Survey of Adolescent Males." Report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, Washington, DC .

1994. Pleck, J.H.  "Social Psychological Factors Influencing Male Contraceptive Use."  Working paper presentation at Wellesley, MA:  Wellesley College Center for Research on Women,Wellesley, MA.

1994. Pleck, J.H., Sonenstein, F.L., Ku, L., and Burbridge, L.  "Risk and Protective Influences on Early Adolescent Risk Behaviors in Males."  Paper presented to the Society for Research on Adolescence, San Diego, CA. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6ff90013-0d2a-466e-a739-a605e3ffc7df%40sessionmgr114&vid=2&hid=126

1993. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H., Ku, L. and Levine, G.  "Which Young Men Use Condoms Correctly?"  Results from the National Survey of Adolescent Males, presented at the Seventh International Conference on AIDS Education, Chicago, IL.
 
1993. Calhoun, C., Sonenstein, F.L., and Ku, L. "Ordered-Probits with Flexible Thresholds: Multivariate Analysis of Condom Use Consistency." Paper presented at the Population Association of America, Cincinnati, OH.

1992. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L. and Pleck, J.H.  "Sexual Behavior in the 90s:  Male Youth in the United States."  Presented at the Population Association of America, Denver, CO.

1992. Leighton Ku, Sonenstein, F. L., & Pleck, J. H."Factors Influencing First Intercourse for Teenage Men." Urban Institute Discussion Paper, PSC-DSC-UI-12, December 1992. 1992.

1992. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., & Leighton Ku. "Changes in Adolescent Males' Use of and Attitudes Toward Condoms, 1988-1991." Paper presentation at the American Psychological Association meeting, Washington, DC.

1992. Sonenstein, F.L., Pleck, J.H., and Ku, L.  "Cost and opportunity factors associated with pregnancy risk among adolescent males."  Presented at the Population Association of America, Denver, CO.
 

1992. Pleck, J. H., Sonenstein, F. L., and Ku, L. "Masculinity Ideology and its Correlates."  Paper presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Applied Social Psychology, Claremont Graduate School.

1991. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., Calhoun, C. and Ku, L.  "Determinants of Contraceptive Use by Adolescent Males:  Final Report to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development."  Washington, DC:  The Urban Institute. 
 

1991. Leighton Ku, Sonenstein, F. L., & Pleck, J. H.. "Sex and AIDS Education and Teenage Men's Behaviors." Results from the National Survey of Adolescent Males.  Presented at the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Bethesda, MD.

1991. Pleck, J.H., Sonentein, F.L. and Ku, L. "Attitudes Toward Masculinity: Their Impact on Adolescent Male-Female Relationships." Paper presented at the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.
 
1991. "The Association of HIV/AIDS Education with Sexual Behavior and Condom Use among Teenage Men in the United States."  Presented at the Seventh International Conference on AIDS, Florence. 

1991. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F.L., and Pleck, J.H. "The association of HIV/AIDS education with sexual behavior and condom use among teenage men in the United States. " Presented at the Fifth International Conference on AIDS Education, Budapest.

1990. Pleck, J., F. Sonenstein and L. Ku. "Adolescent Males’ Contraceptive Attitudes and Consistency of Condom Use." Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

1990. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F. L., and Pleck, J. H.  "Patterns of AIDS-Related Risk and Preventive Behaviors among Teenage Men in the U.S.A."  Paper presented at the Sixth International Conference on AIDS, San Francisco, CA.

1990. Ku, L., Sonenstein, F. L., and Pleck, J. H.  "Patterns of AIDS-Related Risk and Preventive Behaviors among Teenage Men in the U.S.A."  Paper presented at the Population Association of America, Toronto, Canada.

1989. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., and Ku, L.  "At risk of AIDS:  Knowledge and Attitudes among a National Sample of Adolescent Males.Paper presented at the meeting of the Population Association of America, Baltimore, MD. 
 

1989. Sonenstein, F. L., Pleck, J. H., and Ku, L. "Missing Data on the Missing Male:  Measuring Fertility and Paternity Behavior among Young Men." Paper presented at the meeting of the American Statistical Association, Washington, DC.

 

 


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