A Byte of Python 

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Using Expressions

Example 5.1. Using Expressions

# Filename:

length = 5
breadth = 2

area = length * breadth
print 'Area is', area
print 'Perimeter is', 2 * (length + breadth)


$ python
Area is 10
Perimeter is 14

How It Works

The length and breadth of the rectangle are stored in variables by the same name. We use these to calculate the area and perimieter of the rectangle with the help of expressions. We store the result of the expression length * breadth in the variable area and then print it using the print statement. In the second case, we directly use the value of the expression 2 * (length + breadth) in the print statement.

Also, notice how Python 'pretty-prints' the output. Even though we have not specified a space between 'Area is' and the variable area, Python puts it for us so that we get a clean nice output and the program is much more readable this way (since we don't need to worry about spacing in the output). This is an example of how Python makes life easy for the programmer.


We have seen how to use operators, operands and expressions - these are the basic building blocks of any program. Next, we will see how to make use of these in our programs using statements.