Click here to See Bronze Age page for discoveries in Watermill Way
"During EDWARD the CONFESSOR's time, Hanworth was held by ULF, a “huscarl” of the King. Huscarls were the bodyguards of Scandinavian Kings and were often the only professional soldiers in the Kingdom. The majority of huscarls in the kingdom were killed at Hastings in
1066, and WILLIAM the CONQUEROR granted Hanworth to ROBERT under ROGER DE MONTGOMERY, the Earl of Arundel. After his death his second son held the land until his death in the Mowbray conspiracy of 1098, after which it passed to his eldest son, ROBERT DE BELLESME, who also rebelled against the Crown in 1102 with the result that the lands were confiscated.
Towards the end of the 14th century SIR NICHOLAS BREMBRE, who was Mayor of London in 1377 and 1378, occupied the manor. Sir Nicholas was hung at Tyburn in 1387 having been accused of treason.
In 1512 Hanworth came to the Crown and HENRY VIII, who enjoyed hunting on the heath surrounding the village, gave the manor to ANNE BOLEYN for life. After her execution, the manor returned to the King who held it until his death in 1547, when it passed to his final wife KATHERINE PARR , who lived in the house with her stepdaughter PRINCESS ELIZABETH. When the princess became Queen she stayed at Hanworth Manor several times, often hunting on the heath.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanworth:
4 Hides were confirmed to Westminster Abbey by Edward the Confessor
In the 12th century the heath was part of the Forest of Staines. The forest Laws applied to it; those found poaching the Kings’ game were mutilated. (1)
The EARL of GLOUCESTER had an army of Londoners in opposition to Henry II on the Heath. (1)
The Manor House valued at 40s
The manor had six freeholders who paid quit-rents, amounting to 16s (£0.80p) and 8 villans, whose rents amounted to 24s (£1.20), there was a water-mill value at 10s. (£0.50p). Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
Hanworth Palace during HENRY V111’s reign it was a royal seat. Elizabeth 1 stayed here as a young girl and later on in her life she came back as the hunting was so good in the area. The palace was destroyed by fire in 1797. The only remains of the site are a pair of late C18 alcoves for garden seats, fireplace arches to the South and West of Tudor House, and the West arm of the moat. The former stables, built circa 1770, have been converted to form Tudor Court flats. ( As you travel around the area you are following in Henry's and Elizabeth's footsteps! Perhaps Butts Farm is on their old hunting grounds.)
50 Houses in Hanworth. Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
A bill was placed before parliament “The Bill of Hounslow Heath”: to improve the waste ground and soil., 4,239 acres which included: Isleworth, Brentford, Twickenham, Heston, Feltham, Harlington, Cranford, Harmondsworth, Stanwell, Hanworth, Bedfont, Hampton, Hounslow and Teddington. The land belonged to HENRY VIII. Most of the waste land was covered with heath and gorse…it was the rendezvous of gypsies and other loose persons, constant resort of footpads and highwaymen. MR. G.E. BATE “And So Make A City Here”
The heath which covered 4,293 acres in the 16th century (1)
WILLIAM CAMDEN states “Hanworth a small royal seat, which Henry V111 took great delight in and made the scene of his pleasures.” Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
Plague years – three burials at Hanworth. Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
Berkeley, Sir William -1606–77, colonial governor of Virginia, USA -born at Hanworth (Not a person that we want to be proud of) http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0807178.html
Plague years – nineteen burials at Hanworth. Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
Letter from LORD COTTINGTON of Hanworth to LORD STRAFFORD: a brick wall about the gardens at Hanworth…pheasants, partridges, & wild fowl…there is a certain large room made under the new building with a fountain in it… the open gallery is all painted by the hand of a second Titian…certainly they will wholly neglect the flight of HOCUS’S dog
LORD COTTINGTON On 10 July 1631 he was created Baron Cottington of Hanworth . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Cottington,_1st_Baron_Cottington
QUEEN HENRIETTA MARIA wife of CHARLES I stayed in Hanworth with her court to escape the plague in London. (1)
JAMES II had an army of 13,000 men in an attempt to overawe the people of London, but instead it became a popular day out for Londoners. (1)
CHARLES II assembled his troops on the Heath (1)
GEORGE II had a military camp on the Heath. (1)
John ROCQUES Map. No houses in our area yet but there is a little track leading from the Crane to the road - it is named "By The Ways". Hounslow Library, Hanworth History Resource File.
THE RT. HON. LORD CHARLES SPENCER married HON. MARY BEAUCLERK – with consent of parents by special licence. Hounslow Library - Phillimore
WRIGHT PRIEST married ANN GODDARD - by licence. (Note: WRIGHT PRIEST, buried 1800, was a blacksmith and inventor of the celebrated kiln-plates for drying malt). Hounslow Library - Phillimore
JAS. WALLACE ESQ –buried – was Comptroller of H.M. Victualling Office. Hounslow Library – PHILLIMORE
Map: No buildings on modern day Butts Farm area, there was a Hanworth Farm in modern day Wigley Road area; housing around modern day Bear Road\Main Street. Major General William Roy used Hounslow Heath as a base line for the first Ordnance Survey. This is a copy of his original work. (2) GENERAL ROY died before the work was completed – measurements so accurate that when the last line of the triangle was measured in Romney Marsh it proved to be only 28 inches different from the calculations based on the first line on the Heath. GEORGE III was very interested and personally defrayed the cost of the special surveying instruments that had to be made. (1)
Marriage: RICH. GIBBINS and JANE BUTTS. Hounslow Library, Phillimore. (Connection
there with Butts Farm perhaps?)
53 Houses in Hanworth. Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
Up to the enclosure the right to pasture their animals on the Heath, and let their geese, ducks and fowls wander over it. Cattle, sheep and geese were reared on the Heath and sold at Hounslow Market. Extracts from LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791 Hounslow Library
CHARLOTTE, daughter of VISCOUNT CHETWYND, baptised. Phillimore
Thomas Baird reporting to the Board of Agriculture in 1793: almost the whole of the Heath is sacrificed to a few farmers who live on the borders of it, and put on it immense quantities of greyhound like sheep that hunt about for their food, and devour with avidity every pile of grass they can meet with. The Heath cannot have been made any more attractive by the rows of gibbets that lined the route across it, each one of which held the rotting body of a highwayman. The gibbets ceased to be used in about 1801 but were not removed until 1809. The thick bushes that covered the Heath made it easy for a thief to lose his pursuers, and its proximity to London meant that loot could be disposed of easily to a fence. It was a safe place for no one, though the botanist SIR JOSEPH BANKS suffered more from law officers than highwaymen, for he was arrested while collecting specimens in the Heath and was not released till he had been brought before the local magistrate who recognised him as a neighbour. (1)
HORACE WALPOLE: mill caught fire and a large barge and the mill exploded. All the north side of Twickenham and Brentford are shattered. At London it was proclaimed an earthquake and half the inhabitants ran into the street. (1)
56 Houses with 300 residents. The Soil is for the most part light loam intermixed with gravel. The Parish pays the sum of £122.10s.11d to the land-tax, which is the rate of about 2s in the pound. LYSONS “The Environs of London” 1791.
The whole area from the Crane River to the main road was common land. It was in 1800 that it was divided up and sold. This was under the Enclosure Act. This was a bit unfair, as local people had been allowed to graze their cattle there and to collect fuel: that is to collect wood for heating and cooking. After it was divided up there was a much smaller are for locals to use. You can see the details and a map of the area in the Local Studies Centre, Hounslow Library. (When I have a decent camera I'll take a photo of the map and put it on here)
to Feltham ..................................................................to Teddington
The Commissioners for the Enclosure Awards: among them were:
Mr & Mrs GARDNER, Yeoman. (Gardner House named after them?)
William SHORE, Yeoman (Shore Grove named after him?)
Daniel GATFIELD, Blacksmith, Churchwarden (Gatfield House?)
Thomas BASDEN, Baker (Basden House?)
Evan Evans, Farmer (Evans House?)
This is how the plots were sold off.
This is what is written in the Enclosure Awards:
Purchasers of the several lots of waste land sold to defray the expenses of the Act so far as relates to the Parish of Hanworth.
Plot nos as above:
170 Allotment for Manorial Rights – Duke of St Albans
171 Allotment for Lands and Common Rights (as you can see – not a lot compared to pre-Enclosure)
172 Edmund HILL
173 The Trustees for the Poor and Allotment for fuel ( again, as you can see – not a lot compared to pre-Enclosure)
174 Rev. D. GABRIEL for tithes (I’ll check into that and see who got those tithes)
175 John SHORE
176 John SHORE
177 Charles SIMONDS
178 John SHORE
179 Thomas JULLION (not sure if the name is spelt correctly as I could not make out the first letter of the surname)
180 William LEYKAUFF. Hounslow LIbrary, Local Studies Centre.
Follow this link to discover the naming of Butts Farm
Richard Silvester BEAUCHAMP, Farmer of…. BUTTS FARM!
From records in the Guildhall Library, London. Ms11936/536/1163812 26Nov1833
Richard took out a fire insurance policy. (I found this online and as yet (Feb’10) I have not been to the Guildhall to see these records – anyone want to volunteer? I did a quick google of his name and there could be a connection with the Earl of Warwick.)
BUTTS FARM: James MIDDLETON, Farmer, born Oxfordshire, plus another 17 people living at\on the farm. Census, Hounslow Library free to view 20p per copy
On this map are situated two wells: one near Crane River and one at the junction of Hampton Road (West) and Twickenham Road. (Wonder if that is why there was a junction there?) Hounslow Library LSC
Mr WHITELEY purchased
Butts and Glebe Farms
Lloyds Weekly Newspaper, Sunday, March 10, 1895
A publican at Hanworth, Middlesex has a phenomenal pig, which measures nine feet in length, seven feet in girth and weighs something like 80 stone (500 kilos).
MAP Hounslow Library LSC. Here we see factories and Butts Cottages. The farm has been demolished. The house had only been built just over 4 years previously.
Kellys Directory of Middlesex. Hanworth population 1881: 1,040
John FREEBODY, Farmer, BUTTS FARM. Hounslow Library, Hanworth History Resource File.
A selection of occupations: Beerhouse Keeper, Cowkeeper, Packing Case Maker, Dressmaker, Apprentice Dressmaker, Cow Merchant’s Clerk, Powdermill Labourer, Greengrocer, Police Constable, Electrical Engineer, General Servant Domestic, Storekeeper, Gunpowder Packer, Wheelwright, Baker, Gardner, Showman, Market Gardner, Cattleman, Asst Schoolmistress, Fishmonger, Carpenter, Undertaker, Engine Drive, Carter, Commercial Traveller, Tinplate Worker, Charwoman, Horse Driver, Needlewoman, Kitchem Maid, Night Watchman, Bootmaker, Pensioner, Housemaid, Waterwork Labourer, Mining Engineer, Publica, carman, Housekpper, Blacksmith, Gamekeeper, Hawker, Sail Maker, Farm Bailiff.,Bothey Boy (?) Extract from an obituary of Harry Dodson: Dodson lived, as most young unmarried gardeners did, in a no-frills bothy. The one at Stansted was in the frame yard and near to an enormous garden boiler. Every morning the head bothy boy used to ring a bell on the boiler stokehole chimney. At the sound all the gardeners had to be out of the bothy and waiting in the frame yard for the head gardener, Mr Tomalin, for whom Dodson had a great respect. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article552079.ece
223 Houses and 1102 persons in Hanworth. Census Hounslow Library RG 13/1172.
Map Hounslow Library. More factory buildings plus a Mission Hall
Gunpowder Mills closed. Earth mounds in the park were man-made; heaped up on either side of high-risk buildings. Horse Chestnut trees were planted for the same reason: they were there to help contain any explosions. They were occupied (owned) by a Mr Smith. He was succeeded by a Mr Hill and followed by ISAAC BUTTS (Butts Farm perhaps?) who sold out to the partnership of HARVEY & GREUBER. Hounslow Library, Hanworth History Resource File.
As well as jam making etc there was a Paper Cap Works. Building of the A316.
BUTTS FARM ESTATE IS BEING BUILT My mum moved into her home in 1950 and the estate was still being built. Twickenham Council managed to get an Act of Parliament passed to allow them to build the estate. They had to ask Hounslow council for the land as Twickenham had not enough spare for the amount of houses they needed to build.
A landmark for Butts Farm as I was born here!
The King and Queen of Sweden visit Butts Farm. They had expressed a wish to visit a new housing development – what better place than here.
The hill opposite Hanworth Library is an old ICE-HOUSE. Built for Hanworth Park House, late 1800s. The ICE-HOUSE was cleared of rubbish in WW2 and used as an air-raid shelter. After that it was used by the Parks Department as a storage area. Hounslow Library, Hanworth History Resource File.
BUT is the above the whole story? Because when I googled "Mount" this is what I found:
A Mount is a characteristic feature of English gardens in the Middle Ages.
It is a mound, often with a summer house on top, used to provide a view out from an enclosed garden.
Sometimes, a circular path led to a seat or bower on the summit.
Watch this space as I delve more into this.....
Most of this information can be found in Hounslow Library, Local Studies Centre and on the web.
(1)The King’s England. London North Of The Thames Except The City And Westminster. ARTHUR MEE 1937. Feltham Library. Local Studies
(2) “An Account Of The Measurement Of A Base On Hounslow Heath By MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM ROY” – an excerpt from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Vol 75 Pt 2 – I was amazed to find this in Feltham Library.