FAD First aid
1 Assess the situation 1.1 Physical hazards to personal and others' health and safety are identified 1.2 Immediate risk to self and casualty's health and safety are minimised by controlling the hazard in accordance with occupational health and safety requirements 1.3 The casualty's vital signs and physical condition are assessed in accordance with workplace procedures
2 Apply basic first aid techniques 2.1 First aid management is provided in accordance with established first aid procedures 2.2 Casualty is reassured in a caring and calm manner and made comfortable using available resources 2.3 First aid assistance is sought from others in a timely manner and as appropriate 2.4 Casualty's condition is monitored and responded to in accordance with effective first aid principles and workplace procedures 2.5 Details of casualty's physical condition, changes in conditions, management and response to management are accurately recorded in line with organisational procedures 2.6 Casualty management is finalised according to casualty's needs and first aid principles
3 Communicate details of the incident 3.1 Appropriate medical assistance is requested using relevant communication media and equipment 3.2 Details of casualty's condition and management activities are accurately conveyed to emergency services/relieving personnel 3.3 Reports to supervisors are prepared in a timely manner, presenting all relevant facts according to established company procedures
Range Statements

The Range Statements provide advice to interpret the scope and context of this unit of competence, allowing for differences between enterprises and workplaces. The Range Statements relate to the unit as a whole and helps facilitate holistic assessment. In addition, the following variables may be present for this particular unit of competency:

Casualty's condition [all categories] is managed for • abdominal injuries • allergic reactions • bleeding • burns-thermal, chemical, friction, electrical • cardiac conditions • chemical contamination • cold injuries • crush injuries • dislocations • drowning • envenomation - snake, spider, insect and marine bites • environmental conditions such as hypothermia, dehydration, heat stroke • epilepsy, diabetes, asthma and other medical conditions • eye injuries • fractures • head injuries • minor skin injuries • neck and spinal injuries • needle stick injuries • poisoning and toxic substances • respiratory management of asthma and/or choking • shock • smoke inhalation • soft tissue injuries including sprains, strains, dislocations • substance abuse, including drugs • unconsciousness including not breathing and no pulse
Communication systems [all categories] • mobile phones • satellite phones • Hf/vhf radio • flags • flares • two way radio • email • electronic equipment
Established first aid principles [all categories]

• checking the site for danger to self, casualty and minimising the danger • checking and maintaining the casualty's airway, breathing and circulation
First aid management [all categories] will need to account for • workplace policies and procedures • Industry/site specific regulations, codes etc • Occupational Health and Safety requirements • state and territory workplace health and safety requirements • allergies the casualty may have • location and nature of the workplace • the environmental conditions, ie, electricity, biological risks, weather, motor vehicle accidents • location of emergency services personnel • the use and availability of first aid equipment and resources • infection control
Medications [all categories] may include • asthma-aerosol bronchodilators-casualty's own or from first aid kit in accordance with State and Territory legislation • severe allergic reactions-adrenaline-subject to casualty's own regime
Physical hazards [all categories] may include • workplace hazards • environmental hazards • proximity of other people • hazards associated with the casualty management processes
Resources [all categories] and equipment are used appropriate to the risk to be met and may include • defibrillation units • pressure bandages • thermometers • first aid kit • eyewash • thermal blankets • pocket face masks • rubber gloves • dressing • spacer device • cervical collars
Risks [all categories] may include • worksite equipment, machinery and substances • environmental risks • bodily fluids • risk of further injury to the casualty • risks associated with the proximity of other workers and bystanders
Vital signs [all categories] • breathing • circulations • consciousness
Evidence Guide

The Evidence Guide identifies the critical aspects, knowledge and skills to be
demonstrated to confirm competence for this unit. This is an integral part of
the assessment of competence and should be read in conjunction with the Range Statements.

Critical aspects of evidence to be considered • Assessment must confirm sufficient knowledge of the provision of essential first aid in recognising and responding to an emergency situation • Assessment of performance should be over a period of time covering all categories from the Range Statement applicable to the learners environment • Assessment must confirm the ability to o demonstrate the following knowledge • basic anatomy and physiology • company standard operating procedures (sops) • dealing with confidentiality • knowledge of the first aiders' skills and limitations • occupational health and safety legislation and regulations • how to gain access to and interpret material safety data sheets (MSDSS) o evidence should demonstrate the following skills ƒ resuscitation • demonstration of first aid casualty management principles-assessing and minimising danger, maintaining the casualty's airway, breathing and circulation • safe manual handling of casualty • consideration of the welfare of the casualty • report preparation • communication skills • ability to interpret and use listed documents
Interdependent assessment of units • This unit must be assessed after attainment of competency in the following unit(s) o Nil • This unit must be assessed in conjunction with the following unit(s) o Nil • For the purpose of integrated assessment, this unit may be assessed in conjunction with the following unit(s) o SRXOHS001B Follow defined Occupational Health and Safety policy and procedures
Required knowledge and skills • Required knowledge o Basic anatomy and physiology o Duty of care o State and territory regulatory requirements relating to currency of skill and knowledge o Legal requirements • Required skills o Resuscitation o Bleeding control o Care of unconscious o Decision making o Infection control o Airway management o Assertiveness skills o Communication skills
Resource implications • Physical resources - assessment of this competency requires access to o resources appropriate for this unit • Human resources - assessment of this unit of competency will require human resources consistent with those outlined in the Assessment Guidelines. That is, assessors (or persons within the assessment team) must o be competent in this unit but preferably be competent in the unit at the level above o be current in their knowledge and understanding of the industry through provision of evidence of professional activity in the relevant area o have attained the mandatory competency requirements for assessors under the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) as specified in Standard 7.3 of the Standards for Registered Training Organisations
Consistency in performance • Consistency in performance should be maintained over the required range of workplace situations until renewal of competence/licence is required by the industry/organisation
Context for assessment • This unit of competency must be assessed in the context of a sport or recreation activity. For valid and reliable assessment the sport or recreation activity should closely replicate the work environment. The environment should be safe with the hazards, circumstances and equipment likely to be encountered in a real workplace. Competency may be demonstrated working individually, under supervision or as part of a first aid team • This unit of competency should be assessed through the observation of processes and procedures, oral and/or written questioning on required knowledge and skills and consideration of required attitudes • Where, for reasons of safety, access to equipment and resources and space, assessment takes place away from the workplace, simulations should be used to represent workplace conditions as closely as possible
Collect, Analyse & Organise Information Communicate Ideas & Information Plan & Organise Activities Work with Others & in Teams Use Mathematical Ideas & Techniques Solve Problems Use Technology
1 2 -1 1 2 2
These levels do not relate to the Australian Qualifications Framework. They relate to the seven areas of generic competency that underpin effective workplace practices. The three levels of performance (1, 2 and 3) denote the level of competency required to perform the task: 1. Use routine approaches 2. Select from routine approaches 3. Establish new approaches • Collecting, analysing and organising information -Collect and analyse information in regard to the casualty's condition • Communicating ideas and information -Communicate clearly with the casualty, supervisors and other medical personnel • Planning and organising activities -Not applicable • Working with teams and others -First aid assistance is sought from others • Using mathematical ideas and techniques -To operate medical first aid equipment • Solving problems -Deal with problems that may arise in provision of essential first aid • Using technology -Technology is used to assess the casualty's condition Please refer to the Assessment Guidelines for advice on how to use the Key Competencies.