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Medical Emergency

  • Attend to safety of group.
  • Locate group first aid equipment, sleeping bags, tents and  water supplies.
  • Proceed to casualty, the fastest, safest way.
  • Move patient only if necessary.
  • Assess priorities.
  • Administer basic first aid. DR.ABC
When 1-2 days may elapse before help arrives.


Send 2 competent people with a message stating:
  • date
  • time of accident
  • location grid reference
  • number of casualties
  • their names
  • age
  • sex
  • type of incident
  • injuries
  • your management
  •  type of help
  • equipment required
  • your intended action
  •  suggest best access for rescuers
2. Next-of-kin (NOK):
  • whom to advise
  • phone number
  • where you are calling from
  • light signal fire,
  • clear,mark a track for rescue,
  • set out marking discs
4. ETA of rescue party; double it. Keep distress signal going: 3 whistle blasts. If patient has to be left alone conspicuously mark his location with rope or garment.
5. MAINTAIN MORALE Make sure patient knows what you are doing.
6. NOTIFY PROGRESS TO safety officer & rest of group.
  • Protect casualty from elements
  • Keep comfortable, change position every  2 hrs
  • Maintain a record of observations:pulse, pupils, state of consciousness, skin colour, fluid intake, output
  • Check bandages:
  • a.to control haemorrhage, reinforce if necessary, replace every 4-8 hrs.
  • b. Do not disturb underlying dressing to eliminate tourniquet effect
  • Maintain body fluid & nourishment: 2.5L in 24 hrs.
  • Stop oral fluids 2hrs before surgery.
  • Facilitate excretion.
  • Prepare for overnight stay : shelter, firewood, covering.

The first aid advice in these pages is being updated, and may not represent current best practice.
Please seek advice from a qualified medical practitioner or first aider before implementing it.

[ Category:Health, First Aid and Emergency Care]