From the Adventure Activity Standards for Bushwalking (June 2006) Recreation SA Inc pp14-15'''
In any adventurous activity, planning is essential in order to achieve objectives, have fun
and to minimise the inherent risks to participants. There are many recognised ways to
plan a bushwalking activity and AAS recognise that each group will approach this
differently. This section is intended to provide a framework for planning bushwalking
activities to minimise the risks to participants.
Considerations for developing an activity plan
Organising bodies and experienced leaders may be familiar with the many factors that
can influence the quality and the safety of a bushwalking trip. The following is a list of
such factors and should be addressed in any bushwalking activity plan.
Although recommended, it is not essential that the process of addressing these factors
be documented for all groups:
inappropriate weather conditions, insufficient equipment, restrictions dictated by the land
manager and environmental factors (flood, drought, fire).
There are many sound reasons for documenting certain aspects of the activity plan. This
may be for the safety of the group should the leader become injured or incapacitated, it
may allow search and rescue teams to conduct a more efficient search (where
necessary) or to assist with a legal defence following an incident.
Appropriate to the standard of care owed to the participants, the following should be
documented, carried on the walk and a copy made available to a non-participating
specific participant medical requirements.
The Australian/New Zealand Standard on Risk Management (AS/NZ 4360:1999) is an
established process for risk management, which describes risk management as ‘a
process consisting of well-defined steps which, taken in sequence, support better
decision making by contributing a greater insight into risks and their impacts.’
Appropriate to the walk being undertaken and the group involved, foreseeable risks
should be noted and strategies should be considered to avoid or minimise these risks.
This may be a part of the trip plan and should identify hazards such as unseasonal
snowfalls, rock scrambles and river crossings.
Some trips and organisations (such as clubs and commercial operators) have
established risk management guidelines, which should be referred to. It may be a
requirement of the organisation that this be formally documented.
An emergency strategy should be devised from the risk assessment to manage
foreseeable incidents and minimise their escalation.
Trip leader(s) and a non-participating contact, either within each organisation or
otherwise, should be made aware of the emergency strategy.
The emergency strategy for a bushwalking trip should be specific to each walk and will
designated time/s. Upon failure to do so the non-participating contact will commence the
planned process/strategy to ultimately notify the police according to that
process/strategy (trigger time).
Restriction to participation
Participants may be excluded from a trip (or a trip may be modified) at any time prior to
departure and at the leader’s discretion throughout the trip where possible. Such
participants can include (but are not limited to) those who may be under the influence of
alcohol or drugs (including prescription drugs which may affect performance), those who
are unable or unwilling to follow instructions, those who lack suitable equipment, level of
fitness, physical ability and experience for the particular trip.
[Category:Adventure Activity Standards]