Glossary-Quick list of key words

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Word/term/ or nameMeaning
Word/term/ or nameMeaning
Abbasid The name for the second great Muslim dynasty named after the Prophet Mohammad's uncle Abbas. They revolted and seized power in 750 A.D. after the Umayyids ruled for 89 years from 661 A.D. till 750 A.D. 
Abu Bakr Reigned 632 A.D. to 634 A.D. He was the first Muslim caliph according to Sunni Muslims. The Shi'ite Muslims reject this and consider him the fourth caliph. Shi'ite Muslims think Ali is the first true successor to Mohammed. 
Adam The first man on the earth according to Islam. 
Ahl al Kitab "People of the Book." This refers to Jews and Christians who received revelations (various books) from God in the past. 
Akhirah The next life. 
alim A scholar in Islam. Plural is 'ulema. A scholar can be male or female. 
Allah The Islamic term for God. Muslims do NOT believe in the Trinity. There is only one God. Like none other. No partners to him. He did not give birth. He has no wife. He does not have a son. The greatest sin is to make partners with God, a shirk. 
Ansar These "helpers" were converts to Islam who lived in Medina and assisted the Prophet Mohammad and the Meccan refugees who came with him. 
aqiqah The Islamic ritual of welcoming a baby into the world. 
Arabic The name of the language spoken by the Arab people. People who are not Arabic learn some of it because portions of the Qur'an must be recited during Islamic prayers. 
Arkan al Islami The Five Pillars of Islam which are: 1-Declaration of faith, 2-Prayer, 3-Fasting, 4-Charity, 5-Pilgrimage to Mecca 
Asma' ul Husna The Most Beautiful Names of God. It is a list of 99 names which Muslims understand what God's nature is like. 1 الرحمن Ar-Rahmān The All Beneficent, The Most Merciful in Essence, The Compassionate, The Most Gracious Beginning of every chapter except one, and in numerous other places. Name frequently used in Surah 55, Ar-Rahman. 2 الرحيم Ar-Rahīm The Most Merciful, The Most Merciful in Actions Beginning of every chapter except one, and in numerous other places 3 الملك Al-Malik The Owner, The Sovereign, The True and Ultimate King 59:23, 20:114 4 القدوس Al-Quddūs The Most Holy, The Most Pure, The Most Perfect 59:23, 62:1 5 السلام As-Salām The Peace and Blessing, The Source of Peace and Safety, The Most Perfect 59:23 6 المؤمن Al-Mu'min The Guarantor, The Self Affirming, The Granter of Security, The Affirmer of Truth 59:23 7 المهيمن Al-Muhaymin The Guardian, The Preserver, The Overseeing Protector 59:23 8 العزيز Al-Azīz The Almighty, The Self Sufficient, The Most Honorable 3:6, 4:158, 9:40, 48:7, 59:23 9 الجبار Al-Jabbār The Despot, The Irresistible, The Compeller, The Most Lofty, The Restorer/Improver of Affairs 59:23 10 المتكبر Al-Mutakabbir The Highest, The Greatest 59:23 11 الخالق Al-Khāliq The Creator 6:102, 13:16, 39:62, 40:62, 59:24 12 البارئ Al-Bāri' The Rightful 59:24 13 المصور Al-Musawwir The Fashioner of Forms 59:24 14 الغفار Al-Ghaffār The Ever Forgiving 20:82, 38:66, 39:5, 40:42, 71:10 15 القهار Al-Qahhār The All Compelling Subduer 13:16, 14:48, 38:65, 39:4, 40:16 16 الوهاب Al-Wahhāb The Bestower 3:8, 38:9, 38:35 17 الرزاق Ar-Razzāq The Ever Providing 51:58 18 الفتاح Al-Fattāh The Opener, The Victory Giver 34:26 19 العليم Al-'Alīm The All Knowing, The Omniscient 2:158, 3:92, 4:35, 24:41, 33:40 20 القابض Al-Qābid The Restrainer, The Straightener 2:245 21 الباسط Al-Bāsit The Extender / Expander 2:245 22 الخافض Al-Khāfid The Abaser 95:5 23 الرافع Ar-Rāfi' The Exalter 58:11, 6:83 24 المعز Al-Mu'izz The Giver of Honour 3:26 25 المذل Al-Mu'dhell The Giver of Dishonour 3:26 26 السميع As-Samī The All Hearing 2:127, 2:256, 8:17, 49:1 27 البصير Al-Basīr The All Seeing 4:58, 17:1, 42:11, 42:27 28 الحكم Al-Hakam The Judge, The Arbitrator 22:69 29 العدل Al-`Adl The Utterly Just 6:115 30 اللطيف Al-Latīf The Gentle, The Subtly Kind 6:103, 22:63, 31:16, 33:34 31 الخبير Al-Khabīr The All Aware 6:18, 17:30, 49:13, 59:18 32 الحليم Al-Halīm The Forbearing, The Indulgent 2:235, 17:44, 22:59, 35:41 33 العظيم Al-'Azīm The Magnificent, The Infinite 2:255, 42:4, 56:96 34 الغفور Al-Ghafūr The All Forgiving 2:173, 8:69, 16:110, 41:32 35 الشكور Ash-Shakūr The Grateful 35:30, 35:34, 42:23, 64:17 36 العلي Al-'Aliyy The Sublimely Exalted 4:34, 31:30, 42:4, 42:51 37 الكبير Al-Kabīr The Great 13:9, 22:62, 31:30 38 الحفيظ Al-Hafīz The Preserver 11:57, 34:21, 42:6 39 المقيت Al-Muqīt The Nourisher 4:85 40 الحسيب Al-Hasīb The Bringer of Judgment 4:6, 4:86, 33:39 41 الجليل Al-Jalīl The Majestic 55:27, 39:14, 7:143 42 الكريم Al-Karīm The Bountiful, The Generous 27:40, 82:6 43 الرقيب Ar-Raqīb The Watchful 4:1, 5:117 44 المجيب Al-Mujīb The Responsive, The Answerer 11:61 45 الواسع Al-Wāsi' The Vast, The All Encompassing 2:268, 3:73, 5:54 46 الحكيم Al-Hakīm The Wise 31:27, 46:2, 57:1, 66:2 47 الودود Al-Wadūd The Loving 11:90, 85:14 48 المجيد Al-Majīd The All Glorious 11:73 49 الباعث Al-Bā'ith The Raiser of The Dead 22:7 50 الشهيد Ash-Shahīd The Witness 4:166, 22:17, 41:53, 48:28 51 الحق Al-Haqq The Truth, The Real 6:62, 22:6, 23:116, 24:25 52 الوكيل Al-Wakīl The Trustee, The Dependable 3:173, 4:171, 28:28, 73:9 53 القوى Al-Qawwiyy The Strong 22:40, 22:74, 42:19, 57:25 54 المتين Al-Matīn The Firm, The Steadfast 51:58 55 الولى Al-Waliyy The Protecting Friend, Patron and Helper 4:45, 7:196, 42:28, 45:19 56 الحميد Al-Hamīd The All Praiseworthy 14:8, 31:12, 31:26, 41:42 57 المحصى Al-Muhsi The Accounter, The Numberer of All 72:28, 78:29, 82:10-12 58 المبدئ Al-Mubdi' The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of All 10:34, 27:64, 29:19, 85:13 59 المعيد Al-Mu'īd The Restorer, The Reinstater Who Brings Back All 10:34, 27:64, 29:19, 85:13 60 المحيى Al-Muhyi The Giver of Life 7:158, 15:23, 30:50, 57:2 61 المميت Al-Mumīt The Bringer of Death, The Destroyer 3:156, 7:158, 15:23, 57:2 62 الحي Al-Hayy The Ever Living 2:255, 3:2, 25:58, 40:65 63 القيوم Al-Qayyūm The Self Subsisting Provider of All 2:255, 3:2, 20:111 64 الواجد Al-Wājid The Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing 38:44 65 الماجد Al-Mājid The Illustrious, The Magnificent 85:15, 11:73, 66 الواحد Al-Wāhid The One, The Indivisible 2:163, 5:73, 9:31, 18:110 67 الاحد Al-'Ahad The One, The Unique 112:1 68 الصمد As-Samad The Eternal, The Eternally Besought of All, The Everlasting, The Uncaused Cause of All Being 112:2 69 القادر Al-Qādir The All Able 6:65, 36:81, 46:33, 75:40 70 المقتدر Al-Muqtadir The All Determiner, The Dominant 18:45, 54:42, 54:55 71 المقدم Al-Muqaddim The Expediter, He Who Brings Forward 16:61, 17:34, 72 المؤخر Al-Mu'akhkhir The Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away 71:4 73 الأول Al-'Awwal The First (Alpha) 57:3 74 الأخر Al-'Akhir The Last (Omega) 57:3 75 الظاهر Az-Zāhir The Manifest, The All Victorious 57:3 76 الباطن Al-Bātin The Hidden, The All Encompassing 57:3 77 الوالي Al-Wāli The Patron 13:11, 22:7 78 المتعالي Al-Mutā'ali The Self Exalted 13:9 79 البر Al-Brr The Most Kind and Righteous 52:28 80 التواب At-Tawwāb The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting 2:128, 4:64, 49:12, 110:3 81 المنتقم Al-Muntaqim The Avenger 32:22, 43:41, 44:16 82 العفو Al-Afuww The Pardoner, The Effacer of Sins 4:99, 4:149, 22:60 83 الرؤوف Ar-Ra'ūf The Compassionate, The All Pitying 3:30, 9:117, 57:9, 59:10 84 مالك الملك Mālik-ul-Mulk The Owner of All Sovereignty 3:26 85 ذو الجلال والإكرام Dhū-l-Jalāli wa-l-'ikrām The Lord of Majesty and Generosity 55:27, 55:78 86 المقسط Al-Muqsiţ The Equitable, The Requiter 7:29, 3:18 87 الجامع Al-Jāmi The Gatherer, The Unifier 3:9 88 الغني Al-Ghaniyy The All Rich, The Independent 3:97, 39:7, 47:38, 57:24 89 المغني Al-Mughni The Enricher, The Emancipator 9:28 90 المانع Al-Māni' The Withholder, The Shielder, the Defender 67:21 91 الضار Ad-Dārr The Distressor, The Harmer, The Afflictor 6:17 92 النافع An-Nāfi The Propitious, The Benefactor, The Useful 30:37 93 النور An-Nūr The One Who Creates the Light of Belief in the Hearts of All the Believers 24:35 94 الهادي Al-Hādi The Guide 25:31 95 البديع Al-Badī The Incomparable, The Originator 2:117, 6:101 96 الباقي Al-Bāqi The Ever Enduring and Immutable 55:27 97 الوارث Al-Wārith The Heir, The Inheritor of All 15:23 98 الرشيد Ar-Rashīd The Guide, Infallible Teacher and Knower 2:256 99 الصبور As-Sabur The Patient, The Timeless. 2:153, 3:200, 103:3. JESUS could be considered the 100th name of God from a Christian perspective. 
Asr The prayer in the late afternoon. 
assalamu alaykum "Peace be upon you." This is the Muslim greeting of peace and the reply is, "Wa alaykum assalam," which means, "And upon you be peace." 
ataqullah "Be conscious of God's presence in your life." This is a common exhortation among Muslims and in the Qur'an. 
ayah/ayat "A sign." The term for a verse of the Qur'an (Koran). 
Ayatullah "Sign of God." The title of a major Shi'a cleric. Shi'a is the second largest sect of Islam. Sunni is number one in size. 
azan The Muslim call to prayer consisting of several religious statements. It is proclaimed five times a day by the muezzin. 
Azra'il The proper name of the angel of death, also known as the Malikul Mawt. 
Bani Isra'il The Children of Israel. 
Barzakh "The partition." The intermediate state in which the soul of the deceased is transferred across the boundaries of the mortal realm into a kind of "cold sleep" where the soul will rest until the Qiyamah (Judgement Day). The term appears in the Qur'an Surah 23, Ayat 100. They are either dreaming pleasantly or being tormented, based upon their faith and deeds based on how they lived in this world. 
Baytul Hikmah "House of Wisdom." A scholarly think tank established by Caliph Ma'mun in 830 A.D. in the city of Baghdad, Iraq. Most of the major translations of Greek texts into Arabic took place here also. 
Baytullah/Ka'bah "The House of God." One of the alternate names for the Ka'bab. This cub-shaped shrine in Mecca was built by Abraham but this is NOT mentioned in the Bible. All Musliims pray in the direction of this shrine out of respect for Abraham and to affirm monotheistic unity. Some say that Muslims did NOT always pray towards Mecca but to Jerusalem. 
Calif/Caliph/Khalif/Khalifa The title for the office of the spiritual and political leadership which took over after Mohammed's death. 
Hidayah Guidance from Allah. 
hijab A head scarf warn by women to cover their hair. 
Hijrah The migration of the Prophet Mohammad and all of his followers from Mecca, when Meccans became hostile to Mohammad, to Medina in 622 A.D. The Islamic calendar later gave this year as it's start. 
houris Special servants in Paradise. A beautiful virgin in Heaven for faithful Muslims. A possible lure for homicide bombers. 
Ka'bah/Baytullah "The House of God." One of the alternate names for the Ka'bab. This cub-shaped shrine in Mecca was built by Abraham but this is NOT mentioned in the Bible. All Musliims pray in the direction of this shrine out of respect for Abraham and to affirm monotheistic unity. Some say that Muslims did NOT always pray towards Mecca but to Jerusalem. 
Koran/Quran/Qur’ān/Alcoran/Al-Qur’ān  What Muslims consider their Holy book. Literally “the recitation" from Allah to the Prophet Mohhammad 
Malikul Mawt The proper name of the angel of death, also known as the Azra'il. 
Mohammad The prophet and founder of Islam. Born in 570 A.D. and died in 632 A.D. at age 62. 
muazzin/muezzin The person whi gives the Muslim call to prayer five times a day from the minaret of a mosque. 
'ulema Islamic scholars which can be male or female. Singular form is alim. 
Wa alaykum assalam When a Muslim says, "assalamu alaykum," which means, "Peace be upon you," this is the Muslim response which means, "And upon you be peace." 
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