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WELCOME TO BUDAPEST

    
                                                   (Buda Caste view to Danube)             (Hungarian Parliament)                    (Heroes Square)                              (Buda Castle)

Budapest is the capital and largest city of Hungary, and the sixth largest in the European Union. It is located on the banks of the Danube River and has1,712,710 inhabitants (2009) (3,271,110 in the metropolitan area or Greater Budapest - 2009). Budapest was founded on November 17, 1873 with the merger of the cities of Buda and Obuda on the right bank of the Danube, with Pest on the left bank.

       
                                                                                                                             (Budapest Flag)                                (Coats of arms of Budapest)



History

    
                (The Hungarian State Opera House)   (During the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919)


Around 89 b.c, on the right bank of the Danube, the Romans founded the city of Aquincumin place that would become Obuda (Óbuda, in Hungarian, "Old Buddha", now a suburb of Budapest). From 106 a.c until the fourth century, Aquincum was the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Across the river was rising over time to be called a town Pest (Pest, in Hungarian).Around 900 a.c, the region was occupied by the Magyars, who founded the Kingdom of Hungary. 

South of Obuda and in front of Pest, a hill at the bank of the Danube, the Magyars in 1241 erected a royal castle, in a location that would be called Buddha (the Buddha, in Hungarian). In 1361 Buda became the capital of Hungary.
In 1541, Buda and Pest fell under Ottoman rule and became one seat of an Turkish pasha. The area was conquered by the Habsburgs in 1686.

Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Pest grew rapidly and became a commercial center. The three cities - Óbuda, Buda and Pest - were merged by a decision of the revolutionary government in 1849 revoked the decision when the revolution was suppressed by the Habsburgs. With the Compromise of 1867, which granted self-government for Hungary within the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the merger was again performed (1873), creating the city of Budapest, the capital of Hungary. In 1900, its population reached 730,000 inhabitants, in 1930, one million.

Approximately one third of the 250,000 Jews of the town perished during the Nazi occupation in World War II. Budapest was heavily damaged when the city was taken by the Red Army.




Climate

The city has a temperate, transitional climate - somewhere between the mild, snowy weather of Transdanubia, the variable continental climate of the flat and open Great Plain to the east and the almost sub-Mediterranean weather of the south.







Map of Budapest

Budapest