To appear

Convention and common ground. Mind and language.


(Paula Rubio-Fernández, Bart Geurts, and Chris Cummins)  Is an apple like a fruit? A study on comparison and categorisation statements. Review of philosophy and psychology 8: 367-390.

Fictional commitments. Theoretical linguistics 43: 53-60.


(Paula Rubio-Fernández and Bart Geurts)  Don’t Mention the Marble! The role of attentional processes in false-belief tasks. Review of philosophy and psychology 7: 835-850.

Presupposition and givenness. In: Yan Huang (ed.), The Oxford handbook of pragmatics, pp. 180-198.

(Bart Geurts and Bob van Tiel) When “all the five circles” are four: new exercises in domain restriction. Topoi 35: 109-122.

(Bob van Tiel, Emiel van Miltenburg, Natalia Zevakhina, and Bart Geurts) Scalar diversity. Journal of semantics 33: 107-135.


(Bart Geurts, David Beaver, and Emar Maier) Discourse representation theory. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy.

Speech acts and conventions. In: Elena Dragalina-Chernaya (ed.), Rationality in action: intentions, interpretations and interactions. Aletheia, St. Petersburg. Pp. 68-78.

(Sammie Tarenskeen, Mirjam Broersma, and Bart Geurts) Overspecification of colour, pattern, and size: salience, absoluteness, and consistency. Frontiers in psychology: language sciences 6, 1703.

(Sammie Tarenskeen, Mirjam Broersma, and Bart Geurts) “Hand me the yellow stapler” or “Hand me the yellow dress”: colour overspecification depends on object category. In: Christine Howes and Staffan Larsson (eds.), Proceedings of the 19th workshop on the semantics and pragmatics of dialogue (SemDial). University of Gothenburg. Pp.140-148.

(Bart Geurts and Paula Rubio-Fernández) Pragmatics and processing. Ratio 28: 446-469.


(Bob van Tiel and Bart Geurts) Truth and typicality in the interpretation of quantifiers. In: Urtzi Etxeberria, Anamaria Fălăuş, Aritz Irurtzun, and Bryan Leferman (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 18. Unversity of the Basque Country, Vitoria-Gasteiz. Pp. 451-468.

(Bart Geurts and Jaap van der Does) Unary quantification redux. In: Maria Aloni, Michael Franke, and Floris Roelofsen (eds.),The dynamic, inquisitive, and visionary life of φ, ?φ, and ◊φ: a festschrift for Jeroen Groenendijk, Martin Stokhof, and Frank Veltman. ILLC, Amsterdam. Pp. 108-114.

A plea for covert operations. In: Maria Aloni, Michael Franke, and Floris Roelofsen (eds.),The dynamic, inquisitive, and visionary life of φ, ?φ, and ◊φ: a festschrift for Jeroen Groenendijk, Martin Stokhof, and Frank Veltman. ILLC, Amsterdam. Pp. 105-107.

(Bart Geurts and Emar Maier) Layered Discourse Representation Theory. In: Alessandro Capone, Franco Lo Piparo, and Marco Carapezza (eds.), Perspectives on linguistic pragmatics. Springer, Berlin. Pp. 311-327.

(Bart Geurts and Bob van Tiel) Embedded scalars. Semantics and pragmatics 6, 9: 1-37.

Alternatives in framing and decision making. Mind and language 28: 1-19.

(Paula Rubio-Fernández and Bart Geurts) How to pass the false-belief task before your fourth birthday. Psychological science 24: 27-33.


(David Beaver and Bart Geurts) PresuppositionIn: Klaus von Heusinger, Claudia Maienborn, and Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: an international handbook of natural language meaning. Vol. 3. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. Pp. 2432-2460.


(David Beaver and Bart Geurts) Presupposition. In: Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy.

Discourse anaphora, accessibility, and modal subordination. In: Klaus von Heusinger, Claudia Maienborn, and Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: an international handbook of natural language meaning. Vol. 2. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. Pp. 1987-2011.

(Judith Pijnacker, Bart Geurts, Michiel van Lambalgen, Jan Buitelaar, and Peter Hagoort) Reasoning with exceptions: an event-related brain potentials study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23: 471-480.

(Denis Hilton, Christophe Schmeltzer, and Bart Geurts) Language and meaning representation. In: Wibecke Brun, Gideon Keren, Geir Kirkeboen, and Henry Montgomery (eds.), Perspectives on thinking, judging, and decision making. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo. Pp. 201-211.


Quantity implicatures. Cambridge University Press.

Specific indefinites, presupposition, and scope. In: Rainer Bäuerle, Uwe Reyle, and Thomas E. Zimmermann (eds.), Presuppositions and discourse. Emerald, Bingley. Pp. 125-158.

(Bart Geurts, Napoleon Katsos, Chris Cummins, Jonas Moons, and Leo Noordman) Scalar quantifiers: logic, acquisition, and processing. Language and cognitive processes 25: 130-148.


Goodness. Proceedings of the 17th Amsterdam Colloquium, pp. 277-285.

(Bart Geurts and Nausicaa Pouscoulous) Free choice for all: a response to Emmanuel Chemla. Semantics and pragmatics 2 (5): 1-10.

(Bart Geurts and Nausicaa Pouscoulous) Embedded implicatures?!? Semantics and pragmatics 2 (4): 1-34.

Scalar implicature and local pragmatics. Mind and language 24: 51-79.

(Judith Pijnacker, Bart Geurts, Michiel van Lambalgen, Cornelis C. Kan, Jan K. Buitelaar, and Peter Hagoort) Defeasible reasoning in high-functioning adults with autism: Evidence for impaired exception-handling. Neuropsychologia 47: 644-651.

(Judith Pijnacker, Peter Hagoort, Jan Buitelaar, Jan-Pieter Teunisse, and Bart Geurts) Pragmatic inferences in high-functioning adults with autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 39: 607-618.

(Bart Geurts and Nausicaa Pouscoulous) No scalar inferences under embedding. In: Paul Egré and Giorgio Magri (eds.), Presuppositions and implicatures. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics. (An enlarged and much improved version of this paper is here.)


Quantifiers and discourse referents. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of Cognitive Science (ICCS), Yonsei University, Seoul. Pp. 757-760.


(Bart Geurts and Rick Nouwen) "At least" et al.: the semantics of scalar modifiers. Language 83: 533-559.

Experimental support for a modal analysis of "at least" and "at most" . In: Proceedings of the ESSLLI workshop on quantifier modification

Really fucking brilliant. (Commentary on Chrisopher Potts, The expressive dimension.) Theoretical linguistics 33: 209-214.

Existential import. In: Ileana Comorovski and Klaus von Heusinger (eds.), Existence: Semantics and syntax. Springer, Dordrecht. Pp. 253-271.


Implicature as a discourse phenomenon. In: Estela Puig-Waldmüller (ed.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeuting 11. Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona. Pp. 261-275.

Compositionality: the real problem. In: Hans-Martin Gärtner, Sigrid Beck, Regine Eckardt, Renate Musan, and Barbara Stiebels (eds.), Between 40 and 60 puzzles for Krifka.

Take "five": the meaning and use of a number word. In: Svetlana Vogeleer and Liliane Tasmowski (eds.), Non-definiteness and plurality. Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia. Pp. 311-329.

(Bart Geurts and Janneke Huitink) Modal concord. In: Paul Dekker and Hedde Zeijlstra (eds.), Concord and the syntax-semantics interface. ESSLLI, Malaga. Pp. 15-20.


(Bart Geurts and Frans van der Slik) Monotonicity and processing load. Journal of Semantics 22: 97-117.

(Bart Geurts and Emar Maier) Quotation in context. In: Philippe de Brabanter (ed.), Hybrid Quotations. Benjamins, Amsterdam. Pp. 109-128.

Entertaining alternatives: disjunctions as modals. Natural Language Semantics 13: 383-410.


Weak and strong reflexives in Dutch. In: Philippe Schlenker and Ed Keenan (eds.), Proceedings of the ESSLLI workshop on semantic approaches to binding theory.

(Bart Geurts and Rob van der Sandt) Interpreting focus. Theoretical Linguistics 30: 1-44, with commentaries by David Beaver, Daniel Büring, Regine Eckardt, Mark Gawron, Gerhard Jäger, Joachim Jacobs, Angelika Kratzer, and Roger Schwarzschild.

(Bart Geurts and Rob van der Sandt) Interpreting focus again. Theoretical Linguistics 30: 149-161. (Response to the commentaries on the preceding item.)


Quantifying kids. Language Acquisition 11: 197-218.

"Or" in context. Proceedings of the Amsterdam Colloquium.

Monotonicity and syllogistic inference: a reply to Newstead. Cognition 90: 201-204.

Reasoning with quantifiers. Cognition 86: 223-251.

Semantics as lexicography. Theoretical Linguistics.


Bad news for anyone? A reply to Abbott. Journal of Semantics 19: 203-207.

Donkey business. Linguistics and Philosophy 25: 129-156.


(Rob van der Sandt and Bart Geurts) Too. Proceedings of the 13th Amsterdam Colloquium. University of Amsterdam.


Buoyancy and strength. Journal of Semantics 17: 315-333.

Function or fashion? Reply to Martin Haspelmath. Linguistics 38: 1175-1180.

Explaining grammaticalization (the standard way). Linguistics 38: 781-788.

Indefinites and choice functions. Linguistic Inquiry 31: 731-738.

Review of S. Crain and R. Thornton, Investigations in Universal Grammar. Linguistics and Philosophy 23: 523-532.

Review of P. Bloom, How Children Learn the Meanings of Words. Linguist List 11.1511.


Presuppositions and Pronouns. [6Mb]  Elsevier, Oxford.

Specifics. In: B. Geurts, M. Krifka and R. van der Sandt (eds.), Focus and Presupposition in Multi-Speaker Discourse. ESSLLI 99, Utrecht. Pp. 99-129.

Review of I. Heim and A. Kratzer, Semantics in Generative Grammar, and H. de Swart, Introduction to Natural Language Semantics. Language 75: 835-837.

(Bart Geurts and Rob van der Sandt) Domain restriction. In: P. Bosch and R.A. van der Sandt (eds.), Focus: Linguistic, Cognitive, and Computational Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 268-292.


The Mechanisms of denial. Language 74: 274-307.

Presuppositions and anaphors in attitude contexts. [3Mb]  Linguistics and Philosophy 21: 545-601.

(Petra Ludewig and Bart Geurts, eds.) Lexikalische Semantik aus kognitiver Sicht. Gunter Narr, Tübingen.

Scalars. In: P. Ludewig and B. Geurts (eds.), Lexikalische Semantik aus kognitiver Sicht. Gunter Narr, Tübingen. Pp. 95-118.


Good news about the description theory of names. Journal of Semantics 14: 319-348.

Dynamic Dido and commutative Aeneas. In: R. van der Sandt, R. Blutner and M. Bierwisch (eds.), From Underspecification to Interpretation: Papers from the ASG Workshop. ILL Working Paper 29, Institute for Logic and Linguistics, IBM Scientific Centre, Heidelberg. Pp. 163-182.

(Bart Geurts, Manfred Krifka and Rob van der Sandt, eds.) Focus and Presupposition in Multi-Speaker Discourse. ESSLLI 99, Utrecht.

Dynamic semantics vs. DRT. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 16: 209-226.

Review of L.M. Moxey and A.J. Sanford, Communicating Quantities. Journal of Semantics 14: 87-94.

(Bart Geurts and Rob van der Sandt) Presuppositions and backgrounds. Proceedings of the 11th Amsterdam Colloquium. University of Amsterdam.


(Bart Geurts and Anja Krüger) Market Research, Initial Report. RECALL Report, WP1.1, D5, University of Osnabrück.

Local satisfaction guaranteed. Linguistics and Philosophy 19: 259-294.

On "no". Journal of Semantics 13: 67-86.

Presuppositions and attitudes. Proceedings of DAARC 96, Lancaster University.

A presuppositional account of domain restriction. In: D. Gibbon (ed.), Natural Language Processing and Speech Technology: Results of the 3rd KONVENS Conference. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. Pp. 293-304.


Presupposing. Doctoral dissertation, University of Stuttgart.


Review of P.C. Collins, Cleft and pseudo-cleft constructions in English. Language 70: 197-198.


(Bart Geurts, Bill Black, Hamish Cunningham and Gerrit Rentier) Natural Language Engine Demonstration. PLUS Deliverable D2.4. Esprit P5254.

(Bart Geurts and Gerrit Rentier) Quasi Logical Form in PLUS. Report, ESPRIT P5254 (PLUS), ITK, KUB.

Constraints on presupposition projection. In: R.A. van der Sandt (ed.), Presupposition and Anaphora. Workshop reader, Fifth European summer school in logic, language, and information, Lissabon.


Linguistic knowledge and knowledge of the world -- Comments on Claudia Maienborn's paper. In: Gudrun Klose, Ewald Lang and Thomas Pirlein (eds.), Ontologie und Axiomatik der Wissensbasis von LILOG. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Pp. 91-94.

Issues. In: S. Preuss and B. Schmitz (eds.), Workshop on Text Representation and Domain Modelling -- Ideas from Linguistics and AI. KIT-Report 97, Technische Universität, Berlin. Pp. 121-129.

(Bart Geurts and Gerrit Rentier) The PLUS Grammar. Report, ESPRIT P5254 (PLUS), ITK, KUB.


(Rob van der Sandt and Bart Geurts) Presupposition, anaphora, and lexical content. In: O. Herzog and C.-R. Rollinger (eds.) Text Understanding in LILOG. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Pp. 259-296.


Quantified referents. Proceedings of the 2nd ITL Conference on Natural Language. Pp. 53-58.

(ed.) Natural Language Understanding in LILOG: An Intermediate Overview. IWBS Report 137, IBM Germany, Scientific Centre, Stuttgart.

Semantics. In: Geurts (ed.), pp. 48-53.

Computing salience. ECAI 90, Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Pp. 298-300.

(Peter Bosch and Bart Geurts) Processing definite NPs. Rivista di Linguistica 2: 177-199. Also as IWBS Report 78, IBM Germany, Scientific Centre, Stuttgart.

(Jan Sleutels and Bart Geurts) Knopen en connecties. In: C. Brown, P. Hagoort and T. Meijering (eds.), Vensters op de Geest. Grafiet, Utrecht.


Processing contrast relations. In: D. Metzing (ed.) GWAI-89, 13th German Workshop on Artificial Intelligence. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Pp. 196-202.


The structure of nominal concepts. In: W. Hüllen and R. Schulze (eds.), Meaning and the Lexicon -- Meaning, Sense and World Knowledge in Lexical Semantics. Niemeyer, Tübingen. Pp. 97-109.

The representation of generic knowledge. In: M. Krifka (ed.), Genericity in Natural Language. SNS-Bericht 88-42, Seminar für natürlich-sprachliche Systeme, University of Tübingen. Pp. 155-174.

Interpreting Discourse in a Simple Office Environment. Report No. 88-NICI-05, Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, University of Nijmegen.

(Bart Geurts, Wim Claassen and Martin Ader) Natural language dialogue in an office environment. In: Esprit '88 - Putting the Technology to Use. North-Holland, Amsterdam. Pp. 917-928.

Review of H. Alshawi, Memory and Context for Language Interpretation. Journal of Semantics 6-1: 95-98.


Generics. Journal of Semantics 4-3: 257-270.