posted Nov 14, 2011, 6:51 AM by Danica Draper
updated Nov 15, 2011, 12:14 PM
A fluent reader is able to read with accuracy (few or no errors), appropriate pacing (not too fast or too slow), and phrasing (grouping words together as in natural speech); all this while understanding the material. It may sound like a lot to ask from a very beginning reader; however, all CRW students can practice fluency with successful results if they have the right amount of support from us.
The keys to fluency are:
With questions or comments, email email@example.com. Enjoy!
- Appropriate material: For very beginning readers, choose material with short sentences, with a lot of picture support. Very Easy True Stories, by Sandra Hayer, is a perfect example.
- Pre-reading: During fluency practice, do not ask students to read "cold," without first previewing the material. Talk about the pictures, the title, and give students time to look at the text. This is especially true for students with learning disabilities.
- Repeated Reading: Read one or two sentences aloud while students look at the pictures. Read it again while they follow along with the words silently. Then, read the text together as a group (choral reading). Next, ask for a volunteer to read the words. Continue to ask for volunteers until all students have read. For students who need more support, try echo reading, where you read one word or phrase aloud, and have the student repeat these chunks.
- After reading: Follow up the reading with activities to reinforce comprehension, sight words, and vocabulary. Very Easy True Stories includes these activities after each story to give you ready-made lesson plans. Additional activities include sequencing, retelling, summarizing, and sentence-building activities. See the attachments below for sample lessons and more explanation of these activities.