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SOME BRITISH ROYAL MONARCH STATISTICS

 

 
 
WINCHESTER CASTLE, HAMPSHIRE   

Since William the Conqueror came to the throne in 1066 as the country's first Norman monarch, England / Britain has seen forty one monarchs - six queens and thirty five kings - from nine royal houses or dynasties.

The longest reigning royal dynasty was the Plantagenet Dynasty and the shortest dynasty was that of the Royal House of Saxe Coburg & Gotha, although the house does in fact still exist but it's title was changed from it's original German name to that of the more English sounding, House of Windsor, due to the two countries war history.

The longest reigning monarch was Queen Victoria, who reigned for over sixty three years and the shortest reigning monarch was Queen Jane who reigned for only nine days.

The longest reigning king was George III who reigned for over sixty years and the shortest reigning King was Edward V who was murdered after just three months on the throne.

The youngest monarch to take the throne was Henry VI at the age of just nine months and the oldest monarch to take to the throne was Edward VII at the age of 59.  

Of these forty four monarchs three were never crowned, King Edward V and Queen Jane who never lived to see their coronations and King Edward VIII who abdicated. King Henry III however was crowned twice and three monarchs, Queen AnneKing Charles II and King James II had their coronation on the same date, the 23rd of February otherwise known as St George's Day.    

Six monarchs died of natural causes or old age, one monarch died an accidental death and one abdicated, two monarchs were killed in battle and two were murdered, three were executed and three were deposed, with the others all dying from a verified medical condition. 

Found below are the timelines and a small bio of all forty four English / British monarchs from the year 1066 to the present day. Each name can be found under their respective royal house or dynasty.   


 TIMELINES OF THE BRITISH MONARCHY  


THE NORMAN DYNASTY 

1066 - 1154                                                                      


Four monarchs over eighty eight years.


William - 1027 - 1087. (William the Bastard - so named because of his status at birth - William the Conqueror - so named because of his conquest of England).  

Born in Normandy sometime in 1028 William oversaw a twenty one year reign from 1066 until 1087 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey in London on the 25th of December 1066.  

He died from injuries sustained after a fall from his horse on the 9th of September 1087 and was interred at the Abbaye aux Hommes in Caen, France.


William II 1087 - 1100. (Rufus, so named because of his red hair which resembled the colour of fox fur).  

Born in Normandy sometime in 1056 William oversaw a thirteen year reign from 1087 until 1100 after a coronation at Canterbury Cathedral on the 26th of September 1087.  

He died from a verified hunting accident in the New Forest in Hampshire on the 2nd of August 1100 and was buried at Winchester Cathedral in Hampshire.


Henry I - 1068 - 1135. (Beauclerc, so named because he was the first Norman King to speak fluent English). 

Born in Selby in Yorkshire sometime in 1068 Henry oversaw a thirty five year reign from 1100 until 1135 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 5th of August 1100.  

He died from an over indulgence of lamprey (a type of eel) on the 2nd of December 1135 and was interred at Reading Abbey in Berkshire.


Stephen - 1096 - 1154. Born in Normandy sometime in 1096 Stephen oversaw a nineteen year reign from 1135 until 1154 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 22nd of December 1135.  

He died of natural causes on the 25th of October 1154 and was interred at Faversham Abbey in Kent.  

 


THE PLANTAGENET DYNASTY 

1154 - 1399  

Eight monarchs over 245 years.


Henry II - 1133 - 1189. Born in Le Mans, France on the 5th of March 1133 Henry oversaw a thirty five year reign from 1154 until 1189 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 19th of December 1154.  

He died of natural causes on the 6th of July 1189 and was interred at Fontevraud Abbey in Chinon, France.


Richard I 1157 - 1199 (Richard the Lionheart, so named because of his prowess on the battlefield).  

Born in Oxfordshire on the 8th of September 1157 Richard oversaw a ten year reign from 1189 until 1199 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 3rd of May 1189.  

He died whilst recuperating from a crossbow injury to his shoulder in Chalus, France on the 6th of April 1199 and was buried at Fontevraus Abbey in Chinon in France.


John - 1167 - 1216. Born in Oxfordshire on the 24th of December 1186 John oversaw a seventeen year reign from 1199 until 1216 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 27th of May 1199.  

He died from a bout of dysentery on the 18th of October 1216 and was later interred at Worcester Cathedral, Worcestershire.


Henry III 1207 - 1272. Born in Hampshire on the 1st of October 1207 Henry oversaw a fifty six year reign from 1216 - 1272 and was crowned twice, once at a simple affair at Glocester Cathedral on the 28th of October 1216 and again, by order of Pope Honorius III, at Westminster Abbey on the 17th of May 1220 . 

He died from natural causes whilst travelling through Carlisle on his way to Scotland on the 16th of November 1272 and was interred at Westminster Abbey.


Edward I 1239 - 1307 (Longshanks, so named because of his great height of well over six feet, a rare phenomena in that day and age).  

Born in London on the 17th 0f June 1239 Edward oversaw a thirty five year reign from 1272 until 1307 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 19th of August 1274. 

He died from natural causes on the 7th of July 1307 and was interred at Westminster Abbey.


Edward II 1284 - 1327. Born in Caernarfon in Wales on the 25th of April 1284 Edward oversaw a twenty year reign from 1307 until 1327 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 25th of February 1308.  

He had supposedly been tortured to death by his wife Isabella of France and her lover Roger Mortimer for his homosexual tendencies whilst being kept prisoner at Berkley Castle, Gloucestershire and died there on the 22nd of September 1327.He was later interred at Gloucester Cathedral, Gloucestershire.


Edward III 1312 - 1377.  Born in Windsor on the 13th of November 1312 Edward oversaw a fifty year reign from 1327 until 1377 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 1st of February 1327.  

He died from natural causes on the 21st of June 1377 and was interred at Westminster Cathedral.


Richard II 1367 - 1400.  Born in Bordeux, France on the 6th of January 1367 Richard oversaw a twenty two year reign from 1377 until 1399 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 16th of July 1377.  

He died of natural causes on the 14th of February 1400 and was interred at Westminster Abbey.  

 

 

THE ROYAL HOUSE OF LANCASTER 

1399 - 1471  

Three monarchs over fifty two years.


Henry IV 1367 - 1413. Born in Lincolnshire on the 13th of April 1367 Henry oversaw a fourteen year reign from 1399 until 1413 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 13th of October 1399.  

He died during an epileptic seizure on the 20th of March 1413 and was buried at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent.


Henry V 1387 - 1422.  Born in Monmouth, Wales on the 16th of September 1386 Henry oversaw a nine year reign from 1413 until 1422 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 9th of April 1413.  

He died from a bout of dysentery on the 31st of August 1422 and was interred at Westminster Abbey.


Henry VI 1421 - 1471. Born in Windsor on the 6th of December 1421 Henry oversaw a thirty nine year reign from 1422 until 1471 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 6th of November 1429 but was deposed on the 11th of April 1471 due to his inability to stamp authority.  

 He died, probably murdered, whilst in prison on the 22nd of May 1471 and was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.  


THE ROYAL HOUSE OF YORK 

1471 - 1485 

Three monarchs over twenty four years.


Edward IV 1442 - 1483. Born in Rouen in France on the 29th of April 1442 Edward oversaw a twenty two year reign from 1471 until 1483 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 28th of June 1461.   

He died from complications of pneumonia on the 21st of May 1471 and was later buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


Edward V 1470 - 1483. (The Prince in the Tower, so named because of his incarceration and subsequent murder in the Tower of London).  

Born in London on the 2nd of November 1470 Edward reigned for just three months and was never crowned. He was apparently murdered along with his younger brother, the Duke of York, at the Tower of London on the 3rd of September 1483.  

The bodies of the two brothers have never been found


Richard III 1452 - 1485.  Born in Northamptonshire on the 2nd of October 1452 Richard oversaw a two year reign from 1483 until 1485 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 6th of July 1483.  

He died on the battlefield at Bosworth Field in Leicestershire on the 22nd of August 1485. His place of burial was unknown for 527 years until his remains were unearthed at the site of the former Greyfriars Church in Leicester on the 24th of August 2012. 

King Richard's remains will be formally interred at Leicester Cathedral in the Spring of 2015. 

 

 

THE TUDOR DYNASTY 

 1485 - 1603   

Six monarchs over 118 years.


Henry VII 1457 - 1509.  Born in Pembrokeshire in Wales on the 28th of January 1457 Henry oversaw a twenty four year reign from 1485 until 1509 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 30th of October 1485.  

He died from tuberculosis on the 21st of April 1509 and was interred at Westminster Abbey.


Henry VIII 1491 - 1542.  Born in London on the 28th of June 1491 Henry oversaw a thirty eight year reign from 1509 until 1547 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 24th of June 1509.  

He died from complications of Type II Diabetes on the 13th of February 1542 and was later buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


Edward VI 1537 - 1553. born in London on the 12th of October 1537 Edward oversaw a six year reign from 1547 until 1553 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 20th of February 1547.  

He died from congenital syphilis, probably contracted from his father, on the 6th of July 1553 and was interred at Westminster Abbey.


Jane 1535 - 1554. Born in Leicestershire sometime during the Winter of 1536 / 37 Jane reigned for only nine days in May 1553 and was never crowned.  

She was executed, along with her husband Guildford Dudley, at the Tower of London on the 12th of February 1554.She was later buried at the tower's Chapel of St Peter ad Vincula.


Mary I 1516 - 1558. (Bloody Mary, so named because of the deaths of thousands of protestants during her reign).  

Born in London on the 18th of February 1516 Mary oversaw a five year reign from 1553 until 1558 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 1st of October 1553.  

She died from natural causes on the 7th of January 1558 and was later interred at Westminster Abbey.


Elisabeth I 1553 - 1603. (Good Queen Bess, The Virgin Queen - so named because she never married ). 

Born in London on the 7th of September 1533 Elisabeth oversaw a forty five year reign from 1558 until 1603 after a coronation on the 15th of January 1559.  

She died on the twenty fourth of March 1603 from ill health brought on from years of depression. She was interred at Westminster Abbey.  

 

 

THE STUART DYNASTY 

1603 - 1714   

Six monarchs over eighty nine years.


James I 1566 - 1625. Born in Edinburgh on the 19th of June 1566 James oversaw a twenty two year reign from 1603 until 1625 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 29th of July 1567.  

He died from the effects of a stroke on the 27th of March 1625 and was later interred at Westminster Abbey.


Charles I 1600 - 1649. Born in Dunfermline, Scotland on the 19th of November 1600 Charles oversaw a twenty four year reign from 1625 until 1649 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 2nd of February 1626.  

He was executed at the Mansion House in London on the 30th of January 1649 for treason, due to his many conflicts with parliament. He was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. 


Charles II 1630 - 1685. Born in London on the 29th of May 1630 Charles officially oversaw a thirty six year reign after his rule began from the time his father was executed in 1649 (With his first coronation taking place at Scone Castle in Scotland on the 1st of January 1651).  

After eight years in exile Charles went on to reign for another twenty five years after the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660 and received a second coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 23rd of April 1661.  

Charles died from a stroke brought on by a fit of temper on the 6th of February 1685 and was later interred at Westminster Abbey.


James II 1633 - 1701. Born in London on the 14th of October 1633 James oversaw a three year reign from 1685 until 1688 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 23rd of April 1685 but was deposed by parliament on the 23rd of December 1688. 

James spent the rest of his life living in exile in France where he died on the 16th of September 1701.He was buried at the Church of the English Benedictines in Paris.


William III - 1650 - 1207 and Mary 1662 - 1694. Born in The Hague, in the Netherlands on the 14th of November 1650 William oversaw a thirteen year reign from 1689 - 1702 along with his wife Mary.  

Mary was born in London on the 30th of April 1662 and ruled, along side her husband, for five years after a double coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 11th of April 1689.  

Mary died from smallpox on the 28th of December 1694 and William died from pulmonary fever on the 8th of March 1702.

Both William and Mary are buried at Westminster Abbey. 


Anne - 1665 - 1714. Born in London on the 6th of February 1665 Anne oversaw a twelve year reign from 1702 until 1714 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 23rd of April 1702.  

She died from complications brought on by several years of ill health due to obesity on the 1st of August 1714 and was later interred at Westminster Abbey.  

  


THE ROYAL HOUSE OF HANOVER 

1714 - 1901   


Six monarchs over 186 years.


George I 1660 - 1727. Born in Hanover, Germany on the 28th of May 1660 George oversaw a thirteen year reign from 1714 until 1727 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 20th of October 1714.  

He died from the effects of a stroke whilst travelling in his native Germany on the 11th of June 1727 and was later interred at the Chapel at Herrenhausen in Hanover.


George II 1683 - 1760.  Born in Hanover, Germany on the 30th of October 1683 George oversaw a thirty three year reign from 1727 until 1760 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 11th of October 1727. 

He died after a severe bout of diarrhoea on the 25th of October 1760 and was later interred at Westminster Abbey.


George III 1738 - 1820.  Born in London on the 4th of June 1738 George oversaw a sixty year reign from 1760 until 1820 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 22nd of September 1761.  

He died from natural causes on the 29th of January 1820 and was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


George IV 1762 - 1830. Born in London on the 12th of August 1762 George oversaw a ten year reign from 1820 until 1830 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 19th of July 1821.  

He died from obesity related problems on the 26th of June 1830 and was later buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


William IV 1765 - 1837.  Born in London on the 21st of August 1765 William oversaw a seven year reign from 1830 until 1837 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 8th of September 1831. 

He died from porphyria on the 20th of June 1837 and was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.

  

Victoria - 1819 - 1901.  Born in London on the 24th of may 1819 Victoria oversaw a sixty three year reign from 1837 until 1901 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 28th of June 1838.  

She died from the effects of a stroke on the 22nd of January 1901 and was later interred at the Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park in Berkshire.   


 

THE ROYAL HOUSE OF SAXE COBURG & GOTHA 

1901 - 1910    


One monarch over nine years.


Edward VII 1841 - 1910. (Bertie, so named as it is a shortened version of his official name of Albert).  

Born in London on the 9th of November 1841 Edward oversaw a nine year reign from 1901 until 1910 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 9th of August 1902.  

He died after a bout of bronchitis on the 6th of May 1910 and was later buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.  

  


THE ROYAL HOUSE OF WINDSOR 

1910 - Present   

 

Four monarchs to present day. 104 years.


George V 1865 - 1936. Born in London on the 3rd of June 1865 George oversaw a twenty six year reign from 1910 until 1936 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 22nd of June 1911.  

He died from lung and heart disease on the twentieth of January 1936 and was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


Edward VIII 1894 - 1972. Born in Richmond, Surrey ion the 23rd of June 1894 Edward oversaw an eleven month reign in 1936 after he abdicated before being crowned in order to marry American commoner and divorcee Wallis Simpson on the 10th of December 1936. 

Edward and Wallis lived in exile in France for the rest of their lives. Edward died from throat cancer in Paris on the 28th of May 1972 but was bought back to Britain for burial, as was Wallis who also died in Paris fourteen years later on the 24th of April 1986 where they were both buried at the Frogmore Mausoleum in Windsor Great Park, Berkshire. 


George VI 1895 - 1952.  Born in Sandringham in Norfolk on the 14th of December 1895 George oversaw a seventeen year reign from 1936 until 1952 after a coronation at Westminster Abbey on the 12th of May 1937.  

He died on the sixth of February 1952 from a heart attack brought on by the effects of lung cancer. He was later buried at St george's Chapel, Windsor Castle.


Elisabeth II - born 1926. (Liz, short for Elisabeth - Maj, short for Your Majesty).  

Born in London on the 21st of April 1926 Elisabeth has overseen a reign of sixty two years after a coronation on the 2nd of June 1953 at Westminster Abbey.  

 


 
 
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