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                       TIMELINES OF THE BRITISH MONARCHY 1066 - 2014    


On this page you can find the timelines of each royal house or dynasty.Use the sidebar on the left hand side of this page to read more about each of the monarchs, by clicking on to the appropriate royal house or royal dynasty link. 

 

Since William the Conqueror came to the throne in 1066 as the country's first Norman monarch, England / Britain has seen forty one monarchs - six queens and thirty five kings - from nine royal houses or dynasties. 

Barring six that died of the natural causes of old age, there has also been one monarch die an accidental death and one abdicated, two monarchs were killed in battle and two were murdered, three were executed and three were deposed, with all the others dying from some form of medical condition not attributed to old age.

The longest reigning royal dynasty was that of the Plantagenets and the shortest dynasty was that of the Royal House of Saxe Coburg Gotha, although the house does in fact still exist, but it's title was changed from it's original German name to that of the more English sounding, House of Windsor, due to the two countries war history.

The longest reigning monarch was Queen Victoria, who reigned for over sixty three years and the shortest reigning monarch was Queen Jane, who reigned for only nine days.

The longest reigning king was George III, who reigned for over sixty years and the shortest reigning King was Edward V, who was murdered after only three months on the throne.

The youngest monarch to take the throne was Henry VI at the age of only nine months and the oldest monarch to take the crown was Edward VII at the age of 59.

Below are the timelines of the English / British monarchy from the year 1066 to present day, found under each royal house or dynasty. 

Alongside each monarch's name you can find their lifespan, length of reign, cause of end of reign, and in brackets, any common names or titles that a particular monarch was known by.    

 
THE NORMAN DYNASTY. 1066 - 1154 
                                                                      

                                                                   4 monarchs over 88 years.


William - 1027 - 1087. (William the Bastard - so named because of his status at birth - William the Conqueror - so named because of his conquest of England).  Twenty one year reign from 1066 - 1087. Died from injuries sustained after a fall from his horse on the 9th of September 1087.


William II 1087 - 1100. (Rufus, so named because of his red hair which resembled the colour of fox fur). Thirteen year reign from 1087 - 1100. Died from a verified hunting accident in the New Forest, Hampshire on the 2nd of August 1100.


Henry I - 1068 - 1135. (Beauclerc, so named as he was the first Norman King to speak fluent English). Thirty five year reign from 1100 - 1135. Died from an over indulgence of eating lamprey - a type of eel - on the 2nd of December 1135.


Stephen - 1096 - 1154. Nineteen year reign from 1135 - 1154. Died of natural causes on the 25th of October 1154.  

 


                                     THE PLANTAGENET DYNASTY. 1154 - 1399  

                                                                  8 monarchs over 245 years.


Henry II - 1133 - 1189. Thirty five year reign from 1154 - 1189. Died of natural causes on the 6th of July 1189.


Richard I 1157 - 1199 (Richard the Lionheart, so named because of his prowess on the battlefield). Ten year reign from 1189 - 1199. Died from the effects of a crossbow injury to his shoulder, at Chalus in France on the 6th of April 1199.


John - 1167 - 1216. Seventeen year reign from 1199 - 1216. Died from a bout of dysentery on the 18th of October 1216.


Henry III 1207 - 1272. Fifty six year reign from 1216 - 1272. Died from natural causes at Carlisle whilst travelling to Scotland on the 16th of November 1272.


Edward I 1239 - 1307 (Longshanks, so named because of his great height of well over six feet, a rare phenomena in the 13th century). Thirty five year reign from 1272 - 1307. Died from natural causes on the 7th of July 1307


Edward II 1284 - 1327. Twenty year reign from 1307 - 1327. Tortured and subsequently murdered by his wife,Isabella of France, and her lover, Roger Mortimer, for having homosexual tendencies, at Berkley Castle, Gloucestershire on the 22nd of September 1327.


Edward III 1312 - 1377.  Fifty year reign from 1327 - 1377. Died from natural causes on the 21st of June 1377.


Richard II 1367 - 1400.  Twenty two year reign from 1377 - 1399. Died of natural causes on the 14th of February 1400.  

 

 

                                ROYAL HOUSE OF LANCASTER. 1399 - 1471 

 

                                                                      3 monarchs over 52 years.


Henry IV 1367 - 1413. Fourteen year reign from 1399 - 1413. Died during an epileptic seizure on the 20th of March 1413.


Henry V 1387 - 1422.  Nine year reign from 1413 - 1422. Died from a bout of dysentery on the 31st of August 1422.


Henry VI 1421 - 1471. Thirty nine year reign from 1422 - 1471. Deposed on the 11th of April 1471 due to his inability to stamp authority  

   


                                      ROYAL HOUSE OF YORK. 1471 - 1485 

                                                                    3 monarchs over 24 years.


Edward IV 1442 - 1483. Twenty two year reign from 1471 - 1483.  Died from complications of malaria and pneumonia on the 21st of May 1471.


Edward V 1470 - 1483. (The Prince in the Tower, so named because of his incarceration and subsequent murder in the Tower of London). Three month reign. Apparently murdered along with his younger brother, the Duke of York, at the Tower of London on the 3rd of September 1483.


Richard III 1452 - 1485.  Two year reign from 1483 - 1485. Died in battle at Bosworth Field, Lincolnshire on the 22nd of August  

 

 

                                       THE TUDOR DYNASTY. 1485 - 1603  

 

                                                      6 monarchs over 118 years.


Henry VII 1457 - 1509.  Twenty four year reign from 1485 - 1509. Died from tuberculosis on the 21st of April 1509.


Henry VIII 1491 - 1542.  Thirty eight year reign from 1509 - 1547. Died from complications of type II diabetes on the 13th of February 1542.


Edward VI 1537 - 1553. Six year reign from 1547 - 1553. Died from congenital syphilis, probably contracted from his father, on the 6th of July 1553.


Jane 1535 - 1554. Nine day reign in May 1553. Executed on the 12th of February 1554 along with her husband Guildford Dudley.


Mary I 1516 - 1558. (Bloody Mary, so named because of the deaths of thousands of protestants during her reign). Five year reign from 1553 - 1558. Died from natural causes on the 7th of January 1558.


Elisabeth I 1553 - 1603. (Good Queen Bess, The Virgin Queen - so named because she never married ). Forty five year reign from 1558 - 1603. Died from ill health brought on from years of depression on the 24th of March 1603.  

 

 

                                        THE STUART DYNASTY.  1603 - 1714   

                                                                     6 monarchs over 89 years.


James I 1566 - 1625. Twenty two year reign from 1603 - 1625. Died from the effects of a stroke on the 27th of March 1625.


Charles I 1600 - 1649. Twenty four year reign from 1625 - 1649. Executed on the 30th of January 1649 for treason, due to his many conflicts with parliament.


Charles II 1630 - 1685. Twenty five year reign from 1660 - 1685. Died from a stroke brought on by a fit of temper on the 6th of February 1685.


James II 1633 - 1701. Three year reign from 1685 - 1688. Deposed by parliament on the 23rd of December 1688.


William III - 1650 - 1207 and Mary 1662 - 1694. Thirteen year reign from 1689 - 1702. Mary died from smallpox on the 28th of December 1689 and William died from pulmonary fever on the 8th of March 1702.


Anne - 1665 - 1714. Twelve year reign from 1702 - 1714. Died from complications brought on by several years of ill health due to obesity on the 1st of August 1714.  

  


                                        THE HANOVER DYNASTY. 1714 - 1901   


                                                                  6 monarchs over 186 years.


George I 1660 - 1727. Thirteen year reign from 1714 - 1727. Died from the effects of a stroke whilst travelling in his native Germany on the 11th of June 1727.


George II 1683 - 1760.  Thirty three year reign from 1727 - 1760. Died from a severe bout of diarrhoea on the 25th of October 1760.


George III 1738 - 1820. Sixty year reign from 1760 - 1820. Died from natural causes after years of mental illness on the 29th of January 1820.


George IV 1762 - 1830. Ten year reign from 1820 - 1830. Died from obesity related medical conditions on the 26th of June 1830.


William IV 1765 - 1837.  Seven year reign from 1830 - 1837. Died from porphyria on the 20th of June 1837.

  

Victoria - 1819 - 1901.  Sixty three year reign from 1837 - 1901. Died from a stroke on the 22nd of January 1901.   


 

                        ROYAL HOUSE OF SAXE COBURG & GOTHA. 1901 - 1910    


                                                                     1 monarch over 9 years.


Edward VII 1841 - 1910. (Bertie, so named because Bertie was a shortened version of his official name, Albert). Nine year reign from 1901 - 1910. Died from a bout of bronchitis, of which he had been a sufferer of for many years due to heavy smoking, on the 6th of May 1910.  

  


                               ROYAL HOUSE OF WINDSOR. 1910 - Present.   

 

                                                     4 monarchs to present day. 96 years to date.


George V 1865 - 1936. Twenty six year reign from 1910 - 1936. Died from lung and heart disease, brought on by having been a heavy, life long smoker, on the 20th of January 1936.


Edward VIII 1894 - 1972. Eleven month reign in 1936. Abdicated in order to marry American, commoner and divorcee Wallis Simpson on the 10th of December 1936.


George VI 1895 - 1952. Seventeen year reign from 1936 - 1952. Died from a heart attack brought on by the effects of and the treatment of, lung cancer, on the 6th of February 1952.


Elisabeth II - born 1926. (Liz, short for Elisabeth - Maj, short for Your Majesty). Sixty two year reign to date. 1952 - Present Day.  

 

 

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