Chapter 9-02 

A Brief History of the Internet 

Web site by Gifcom.

History is full of examples of those in position of an
older variety of power using their power to deny, defy
and otherwise stultify anything new, and therefore out
of their own immediate forms of control.

It is also full of examples of the "Powers-That-Be" so
vaingloriously squashing any potential rival powers in
much the same manner as a queen bee stings other queen
bees to death before they are even born.

In such a manner are the ideas of the new refused in a
world dominated by the old.

Of course what comes to mind is Napoleon III's "Salon-
des-Refuses" in which works of the [now!] greatest and
most famous painters in the world finally had a day to
have their works shown to the public after years of an
autocratic denial by the Academic Francaise's official
Salon, originally begun in the Louvre, and where great
examples of these works hang today, in defiance of the
greatest "powers-that-be" that ever were, who failed--
as all such attempts should fail.

"The Academie Francaise (French Academy)
is the most renouned and oldest of the
five learned socities that make up the
Insititue de France, established by
Cardinal Richelieu.

[Grolier's 1994 Electronic Encyclopedia]

The encyclopedia goes on to state that
"`unification, and purification'" were
among the prime "`development'" goals.

The most famous recounting of Cardinal Richelieu's
attempts to take over France and to remold it in a
reflection of his own conservative power structure
are detailed in Alexandre Dumas' Three Musketeers.
Please...take time to "Read More About It."

The encyclopedia article continues on to describe the
intense conservatism these Institutes maintain even a
few centuries later even though at least this "oldest
and most powerful" of them, "the Salon gradually lost
its position as the sole official exibition of French
painting," sculpture, etc., which also stood against
the Eiffel Tower, as well as everything else new.

A Book by Michael Hart