Bridgid Finn
Senior Research Scientist

I am a Senior Research Scientist in the Cognitive Science division at Educational Testing Services, an educational non-profit, in Princeton, NJ.

My primary research interests are in the processes that regulate learning and memory.  I explore these topics by examining the cognitive and metacognitive processes underlying student's learning and assessment behaviors.


  • Finn, B. (in press). Metacognitive evaluations during science simulations: How do ratings of confidence and understanding relate to science assessment inquiry processes? Archives of Scientific Psychology.
  • Carniero, P., Lapa, A., & Finn, B. (in press). The effect of unsuccessful retrieval on children’s subsequent learning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 
  • Finn, B., Thomas, R., & Rawson, K.A. (in press). Learning more from feedback: Elaborating feedback with examples enhances concept learning. Learning and Instruction. 
  • Hoogerheide, V., Vink, M., Finn, B., Raes, A., Paas, F. (in press) How to bring the news… Peak-end Effects in Children’s Affective Responses to Peer Assessments of Their Social Behavior. Cognition and Emotion.
  • Finn, B. (in press). A framework of episodic updating: An account of memory updating after retrieval. Psychology of Learning and Motivation.
  • Ling, G., Attali, Y. & Finn, B. (2017). Is a Computerized Adaptive Test More Motivating Than a Fixed Item Test? Applied Psychological Measurement, 7, 495-211.
  • Finn, B. & Miele, D. B. (2016). Hitting a high note on math tests: Remembered success influences test preferences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 42, 17-38.
  • Kornell, N. & Finn, B. (2016). Self regulated learning: An overview of theory and data. Self-regulated learning: An overview of theory and data. In J. Dunlosky & S. Tauber (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Metamemory. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Finn, B. (2015).  Retrospective utility of educational experiences:  Opportunities to broaden motivation theory and classroom applications. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 4, 388-390.
  • Finn, B. (2015).  Retrospective utility of educational experiences: Converging research from education and decision making. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.
  • Finn, B. & Tauber, S.K. (2015). When confidence is not a signal of knowing: How students' experiences and beliefs about processing fluency can lead to miscalibrated confidence.  Educational Psychology Review, 27, 567-586.
  • Thomas, R. C., Finn, B., & Jacoby, L.L. (2015). Metacognitive judgments at the category level predict test performance with educational concepts. Metacognition and Learning, 1-18.
  • FinnB. & Metcalfe, J. (2014). Overconfidence in children’s multi-trial judgments of learning. Learning and Instruction, 32, 1-9.
  • Finn, B. & Roediger, H.L. (2013). Interfering effects of retrieval in learning new information. Journal of Experimental Psychology:  Learning, Memory and Cognition, 39, 1665-1681.
  • Metcalfe, J. & Finn, B. (2013). Metacognition and control of study choice in children. Metacognition and Learning, 8, 19-46.
  • Finn, B.,  Roediger, H.L. & Rosenzweig, E. (2012).  Reconsolidation from negative emotional pictures:  Is successful retrieval required? Memory & Cognition, 40, 1031-1035.
  • Wahlheim, C. N., Finn, B. & Jacoby, L. L. (2012). Multiple bases for category learning judgments:  Effects of repetition and family size. Memory & Cognition, 49, 703-716.
  • Metcalfe, J. & Finn, B. (2012).  Hypercorrection of high confidence errors in children. Learning and Instruction, 22, 253-261.
  • Roediger, H.L., Finn, B. & Weinstein, Y. (2012).  Improving metacognition to enhance educational practice. In Della Sala & Anderson (Eds.), pp. 128-154. Neuroscience in Education:The good the bad and the ugly. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  • Son, L., Kornell, N., Finn, B. & Cantlon, J. (2012).  Metacognition and the social animal.  In Briñol & DeMarree (Eds.), Social Metacognition.  Frontiers of Social Psychology:  New York, Psychology Press.

Reviews and Commentary
  • Finn. B. (2012). What is metacognition? (Review of the book The Taxonomy of Metacognition).  PsycCritiques.
  • Finn. B. & Weinstein, Y. (2010).  Eric Kandel and the new science of mind. (Review of the motion picture In Search of Memory, With the Neuroscientist Eric Kandel, Winner of the Nobel Prize).  PsycCritiques. Contemporary Psychology, 55.
Research Reports
  • Finn, B.
    Wendler, C., Pedley, K., & Arslan, B. (in press). Does the time between scoring session impact scoring accuracy? (ETS RR). Educational Testing Service. 
  • Rikoon, S. Finn, B., Jackson, T., & Inglese, P. (in press). Crosscutting Literature on STEAM Ecosystems, Expectancy-Value Theory, and Social Emotional Learning: A Metadata Synthesis. (ETS RR). Educational Testing Service.
  • Finn, B. (2015). Measuring motivation in low stakes assessment. (ETS RR-15-19). Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.