Associate Professor of Finance
Wisconsin School of Business
Research interest: Financial intermediation, Decentralized Trading, Search and matching
Abstract: We propose a dynamic model of the over-the-counter market that jointly determines traders' connections with prices and asset flows. In an environment where ex ante homogeneous traders face uncertainty of other’s trading needs, a multilayered hierarchical market structure emerges to allow traders to better target their counterparties over time. Traders at a higher tier are committed to providing immediacy to those at a lower tier and become more central. Not only does the model rationalize the highly concentrated market and lengthy intermediation chains, it also generates new predictions for dealer centrality and markups that are consistent with the micro-level data.
Abstract: We analyze the impact of a regulatory reform in a novel framework that jointly determines banks’ bilateral networks and platform access. In our model, banks use their bilateral connections to obtain indirect access to the platform, which saves direct entry costs but results in risk concentration. This trade-off leads to a unique market structure, which is generally asymmetric with multiple layers even if all banks are ex ante homogeneous. Policies that increase balance sheet costs relative to entry costs could result in a more symmetric market structure but have ambiguous effects on transaction costs. Our results underscore that policies aiming to achieve all-to-all trading, reduce risk concentration, or lower transaction costs can be counterproductive.