The purpose of the research study is to

      1. Compare the different scandals that have occurred and the different ways of cheating in the sport of baseball,

      2. Research the Steroid Era and the players that have their name associated with it, and

      3. Look at the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame and explain how the purposes have an affect on being considered a Hall of Fame player using the Rule 5 Character Clause Hall of Fame entrance criteria.

    The review of literature in relationship to the research purpose and research questions are divided into the following sections:

      1. Different Types of Scandals/Ways of Cheating In Baseball,

      2. Players That Were Involved in Different Scandals,

      3. Major League Baseball Hall of Fame Entrance Qualifications,

      4. How the Hall of Fame Voting Committee Has Not Had Consistency in Their Voting, and

      5. Current Hall of Famers' Opinions.

    The Literature Review demonstrated many different ways of cheating in baseball. Insight into Major League Baseball and the Hall of Fame was attained via a variety of media sources.

    The quantitative research provided several miscreants that have been involved in transgressions which do not live up to the Integrity and Character classifications that the Hall of Fame looks for in a candidate. Some of these players have been enshrined in the Hall of Fame already. For example Ty Cobb, Rogers Hornsby and Gaylord Perry have been elected despite certain transgressions. Throughout the history of the Hall of Fame, the voters have not had voting consistency as other players with similar infractions remain either banished from baseball or passed over during Hall of Fame elections. Current violators of the Rule 5 Character Clause, because of steroid use, are waiting for their time on the ballot but the outlook remains bleak. This further supports the inconsistency in the Hall of Fame voting process.

    Future research into the topic may provide alternate points of view which have not been expressed in the thesis. The current Hall of Fame voters, current Hall of Fame players, baseball players, owners, the Commissioner and/or other personnel have not been interviewed. Those are important individuals in the realm of baseball and should have their opinions more closely associated with the lack of inconsistency the Hall of Fame has allowed.