BpodAnalogIn


Description

BpodAnalogIn provides an object representing Bpod's Analog Input Module (a general purpose voltage ADC with a dedicated microcontroller).
The Analog Input Module has 8 input channels with 12 bits of resolution and configurable ranges up to +/-10V. 
The object has functions to:
  • Acquire data to a microSD card, on trigger from the Bpod state machine
  • Return acquired data to MATLAB via USB
  • Stream live analog input data to USB for online viewing
  • Stream live data to an output module (DDS, Analog Output, or a custom output module using the Arduino Shield).
  • Set thresholds to generate discrete behavior events, which can be handled by the state machine 

After running Bpod, an BpodAnalogIn object is initialized with the following syntax:

A = BpodAnalogIn('COM3');

Where COM3 is the analog input module's serial port.

The Analog Input device is controlled in 2 ways: 
  • Setting the BpodWavePlayer object's fields
  • Calling the BpodWavePlayer object's functions
Object Fields

  • Port 
    • ArCOM Serial port object
  • SamplingRate (Hz)
    • 1Hz-100kHz, affects all channels. 
    • The number of channels active determines how fast the system can sample. Max recommended sampling rates for logging are:
      • 1 channel: 100kHz
      • 2 channels: 50kHz
      • 4 channels: 25kHz
      • 8 channels: 20kHz
    • Other functions (streaming to USB, streaming to external module, running threshold logic) can be used in combination, but will reduce the maximum sampling rate.
  • InputRange (String)
    • A cell array of strings specifying voltage input range for EACH channel: 
      • '-10V:10V'
      • '-5V:5V'
      • '-2.5V:2.5V'
      • '0V:10V'
    • For best signal quality, use the smallest voltage range necessary for your application. 
    • Signals that exceed the maximum or minimum will be constrained to the range boundary
  • nActiveChannels (positive integer)
    • Number of channels actively sampled (consecutive, beginning with Ch1).
      • Fewer channels = faster sampling possible. Read the fewest channels necessary for your application.
  • Thresholds (V)
    • A simple voltage threshold and reset scheme is supported by the standard firmware, to generate discrete events
    • Thresholds is a 1 x nChannels vector of voltages.
    • If events are enabled (see startReportingEvents() below), on voltage threshold crossing, the channel# is sent to the state machine.
    • A low->high crossing will trigger the event, if ResetVoltage (below) is less than threshold.
    • A high->low crossing will trigger the event, if ResetVoltage is greater than threshold.
    • After a channel's voltage crosses threshold, event generation is disabled until the channel voltage crosses ResetVoltage (below)
  • ResetVoltages (V)
    • A 1 x nChannels vector of voltages
    • Event generation is re-enabled after the voltage crosses ResetVoltages(chan).
    • If a channel's ResetVoltage is below Threshold, events are triggered on low -> high threshold crossing.
    • If a channel's ResetVoltage is above Threshold, events are triggered on high -> low threshold crossing.
  • SMeventsEnabled (logical vector of length nChannels)
    • Indicates whether each channel's threshold crossing events are sent to the state machine
    • To enable or disable event transmission for the channels selected in SMeventsEnabled: 
      • Call startEventReporting() to enable events (below)
      • Call stopEventReporting() to disable events (below) 
    • Channels greater than nActiveChannels (above) are ignored.
  • Stream2Module (logical vector of length nChannels)
    • Indicates whether each channel's measurements are sent to a connected output module
    • Channels greater than nActiveChannels (above) are ignored.
  • nSamplesToLog (positive integer)
    • Determines the maximum number of samples to log to the microSD card after logging is started with startLogging()
    • Fewer samples can be acquired, if a stop command arrives while logging.
    • Set nSamplesToLog to 'Inf' to log until a stop command arrives

Object Functions

  • startLogging()
    • Starts logging all samples acquired to the microSD card, overwriting any previously stored data
    • Channels between 1 and nActiveChannels (above) are logged.
    • After logging, acquired data is retrieved with getData() below.
  • stopLogging()
    • Stops logging samples to the microSD card.
  • Data = getData()
    • Returns a struct containing data logged to the microSD card since the last call to startLogging()
    • Stops logging, if logging was enabled
    • Fields of the data struct are:
      • X: 1 x nSamples vector containing time of each sample from logging start (in seconds)
      • Y: nActiveChannels x nSamples matrix, containing voltages measured at each time in X
  • startModuleStream()
    • Starts streaming data to the "output stream" module connector
    • For each sample, the data stream output is: 
      • Character 'R' (byte 82)
      • one 2-byte sample for each channel up to nActiveChannels
    • Example firmware for the analog output module expects data in this format, and converts it into a voltage signal output.
  • stopModuleStream() 
    • Stops streaming data to the "output stream" module connector
  • startUSBStream()
    • Starts streaming data to the USB serial object (obj.Port). 
    • Data is in the same format used for streaming to modules (see startModuleStream() above)
    • Following startUSBStream, a sample can be read from the port with:
      • obj.Port.read(1, 'uint8') % This will return 'R'
      • obj.Port.read(nActiveChannels, 'uint16') % This will return 1 sample (in bits) for each active channel
    • Other commands to the module will FAIL while USB streaming. Stop the stream with stopUSBStream().
  • stopUSBStream()
    • Stops streaming data to the USB port
  • startReportingEvents()
    • Starts sending bytes to the state machine to report threshold crossing events.
    • Bytes sent indicate the channel of the threshold crossing event (i.e. byte 7 = a threshold crossing on Channel 7)
    • Only channels chosen in SMeventsEnabled (above) send events.
    • The conditions for triggering events are controlled by 2 fields: Thresholds and ResetVoltages (above).
  • stopReportingEvents()
    • Stops sending threshold crossing events to the state machine.
  • setZero()
    • This function is used to compensate for the ADC's zero-code offset, by shifting the ranges so that the ground potential reads as 0V.
    • IMPORTANT: Connect a wire between channel 1's + and - terminals before running setZero.
    • The offset will be saved to the microSD card and loaded automatically on boot.
  • scope()
    • Launches an oscilloscope-style GUI for troubleshooting, threshold configuration and online monitoring.
Cleanup

  • Clear the BpodAnalogIn object with clear:
    A = BpodAnalogIn('COM3');
    ... % Use the analog input module
    clear A
  • Clearing the object releases the serial port, so other applications can access it.
  • If a BpodAnalogIn object is created inside a MATLAB function, the object is cleared automatically when the function returns.
Comments