Hypothalamus

Cross references:  Thalamus     Pituitary Gland    HPA Axis   
Paraventricular nucleus (PVN)     Oxytocin     Arginine Vasopressin     
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)   CRH Receptors     ACTH   
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)    Luteinizing Hormone    Human Endocrine System    Hormone   Stress   Direct Cortisol Pathway  
Endocrinology of Dominance   Dictionary    Figure Labels    

The book discusses the hypothalamus, frequently with pictures, in numerous places: [K&W: 54, 194-195 & 410-417].    

Hypothalamus (Wiki)  
    "The Hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions. One of the most important functions of the hypothalamus is to link the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland (hypophysis)."  
    "
The hypothalamus is responsible for certain metabolic processes and other activities of the autonomic nervous system. It synthesizes and secretes certain neurohormones, often called hypothalamic-releasing hormones, and these in turn stimulate or inhibit the secretion of pituitary hormones. The hypothalamus controls body temperature, hunger, thirst,[1] fatigue, sleep, and circadian cycles.
"  
    "
In mammals, the axons of magnocellular neurosecretory cells of the paraventricular nucleus and the supraoptic nucleus, which contain oxytocin and vasopressin (also called antidiuretic hormone), comprise the posterior pituitary. Parvocelluar neurons of the paraventricular nucleus contain neurons that release corticotropin-releasing hormone and other hormones into the hypophyseal portal system where these hormones diffuse to the anterior pituitary.
"    
    "
The hypothalamus is responsive to:
  • Light: daylength and photoperiod for regulating circadian and seasonal rhythms
  • Olfactory stimuli, including pheromones
  • Steroids, including gonadal steroids and corticosteroids
  • Neurally transmitted information arising in particular from the heart, the stomach, and the reproductive tract
  • Autonomic inputs
  • Blood-borne stimuli, including leptin, ghrelin, angiotensin, insulin, pituitary hormones, cytokines, plasma concentrations of glucose and osmolarity etc.
  • Stress
  • Invading microorganisms by increasing body temperature, resetting the body's thermostat upward."            

The hypothalamic nuclei include the following:[5][6][7]

Hypothalamic nuclei
Region Area Nucleus Function[8]
Anterior Medial Medial preoptic nucleus
Supraoptic nucleus (SO)
Paraventricular nucleus* (PV)
Anterior hypothalamic nucleus (AH)
Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SC)
Lateral Lateral preoptic nucleus
Lateral nucleus (LT)
Part of supraoptic nucleus (SO)
Tuberal Medial Dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DM)
Ventromedial nucleus (VM)
Arcuate nucleus (AR)
Lateral Lateral nucleus (LT)
Lateral tuberal nuclei
Posterior Medial Mammillary nuclei (part of mammillary bodies) (MB)
Posterior nucleus (PN)
Lateral Lateral nucleus (LT)


The pituitary gland - Endocrinology - NCBI Bookshelf 
I was unable to copy-and-paste it, but clicking on (Box 7.5) presents a very good diagram of the hypothalamus. 








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