Fungi

Kingdom Fungi

Features
  • Members of the opisthokonts
  • Hyphal or strand-like organization (hyphae or mycelium)
    • Some have a thalloid organization
  • All fungi have chitin in their cells walls (similar to animals)

Ecological Importance
  • Along with bacteria, fungi are the fundamental decomposers in nature 
  • Cause of many plant diseases, pneumonia, ringworm 
  • Needed for alcohol production, cheese, penicillin, cyclosporin, as well as culinary delicacies
  • Form important symbiotic relationships: e.g. mycorrhizae 

Geologic Age: Ediacaranpresent

Classification
Unikonta - single flagellum organisms
Opisthokonta - fungi, animals, and others
Phylum Chytridiomycota - Chytrids
Phylum Zygomycota - Sugar Molds
Phylum Basidiomycota - Club Fungi
Phylum Ascomycota - Sac Fungi
Incertae Sedis - Unclassified

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