B o r d e r l a n d s   D i g e s t
Reading and Writing about Social Justice
Craig Rock, editor, duniterock@gmail. com

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From March, 2019 Issue

North Stars in the Southwest
by Martha Baskin

The north stars on the southwest border are what drew the Seattle Peace Chorus to take its “Music Crosses Borders” tour on the road. They'd heard of the work faith communities were doing on behalf of refugees who'd survived the journey from Central America and detention and release by ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement), but they didn't fully grasp the breadth of support being provided until arriving on the front lines themselves.

Tijuana shelter.  Photo by Molly Ryan

Many refugees arriving in Tijuana and several checkpoints in Texas are currently forced to wait in Mexico for their asylum claims to be heard in immigration court because of Trump administration policies denying them the right to remain in the U.S. Exceptions are made at other southwest border checkpoints when one or both parents are travelling with children although these exceptions may be cancelled soon. (See news article in column one.)

It's these refugees who are finding a quiet security initiative that has little to do with building a wall. It's not unlike the North Star escaped slaves followed in search of the underground railroad. In this case it's a constellation of faith communities on both sides of the border who actively seek and welcome refugees with food and shelter, trauma counseling and navigation support for the next leg of their journey.

Take the Honduran woman with three young children who found shelter at San Antonio's Mennonite Church after fleeing gang violence that claimed three of her siblings and poverty aggravated by crop-destroying droughts. She shared her story with the Seattle Peace Chorus, who were on the first leg of a benefit tour to raise money for and volunteer at shelters in San Antonio, El Paso, Ciudad Juarez, Tucson, Nogales and Tijuana. Sofia, not her real name, crossed into Texas at the Eagle Pass checkpoint, was detained by ICE, held in a heladera or icebox for several days, and later released with an asylum court hearing number that would likely not be heard until 2020. She was left on the street.  After being stalked and harassed she remembered the name of a shelter she'd heard about in detention and found her way to the Mennonite' shelter, La Casa de Maria y Marta. 

Pastor John Garland said Sofia was terrified when she arrived. The trauma was stunning, he says. “The first response to trauma is creating felt safety.” (“Felt-safety: a principle from Trauma Competent Care referring to the degree of safety one feels. One may be safe without actually feeling safe.”)

“We create that felt safety with welcoming homes and words of very clear affirmation. You are beloved. You are a child of God. And then trauma healing moves into correction.” By which he means correcting the idea people have been told that “they don't deserve anything else in life; that they don't belong here. That needs to be corrected and challenged.” Other refugees have found shelter after release by ICE through San Antonio's Interfaith Welcome Coalition who've worked with women and children seeking asylum from violence in Central America for years.

 Shelter poster on the right to seek asylum. 
Photo by Cristina Tamer.

Music Crosses Borders” was originally conceived to celebrate the nation's multicultural roots with music from Latin America and the Middle East. As militarization of the border intensified and the right to asylum challenged, the chorus made a collective decision to take the tour to the southwest and bear witness. New songs were written, including Requiem for Felipe and Jakelin, to honor the two Guatemalan children who died in ICE custody. Choral director Fred West wrote it “with the hope that all good people will pause and reflect on how these innocent children were caught up in the chaos and tribulations of immigrating to the US.” 

A picture of Jakelin Caal Maquin sits on the desk of Father Bob Mosher with El Paso's Columban Center. Mosher, who runs the Catholic mission, “welcomes the stranger,” as he does the chorus, and steeps the group in “border awareness”. “We tend to take positions because of this or that logical conclusion we've arrived at”, he says. “But when we see a woman who's trying to take care of her children or a father with a small child, we say that person is doing exactly what I would do and probably doing it better than I would. Then something clicks when you see the decency and delicacy of these people and the way they treat each other so humanely.”

Over the following days, choral members volunteer at a shelter run by El Paso's Catholic Diocese, Centro San Juan Diego, and drive into Ciudad Juarez to sing at another. An intake counselor at the El Paso shelter, Sue Morrison, a volunteer from Seattle, says they've seen a “surge of immigrants. Yesterday four hundred were released by ICE and dropped off.” Those who are released have official papers showing the name of sponsors who've agreed to provide for them. Without a sponsor, often a relative, an immigrant could remain in detention indefinitely if they don't arrive with children. At the shelter they get showers and hot meals, while waiting for a sponsor to send money to purchase a bus or plane ticket to the sponsor's home.

Father Bob's “border awareness” includes showing the chorus a portion of the wall, a few miles from the Columban Mission. Built three years ago under the Obama administration, the wall is 18 to 30 feet tall, depending on the terrain, and cost about $73 million, according to the El Paso Times. As the choir breaks into words from the song, “Bridges Not Walls”, written by the Assistant Director, Doug Balcom, a group of children on the Mexican side of the wall listen as they climb the steel girders: 

“They tell me I should fear you; they tell me 'lock the door'. They tell me to reject you, when you come to our door, but what if my ancestors were also turned away? I would not even be here and this is what I say: you are my sister, you are my friend, your right to come here I will defend, my southern neighbor now hear my call, it's time to build bridges not walls.”

Soon a Border Patrol drone is seen circling overhead. Father Bob, who rarely uses his surname, says the Border Patrol also monitors the border by dragging tires behind a vehicle, returning every so often to see if there are any footsteps in the sand.

Walkway between Juarez Mexico and El Paso Texas. 
Photo by Lindsay Fallert.

He calls the wall “a brutal symbol of our attitude to other people, an expression of hatred, intolerance and racism.” He says it's no solution to the flow of migration from the south because “it fails to examine why people feel forced to flee their countries and what role the U.S. has in creating those conditions, such as the purchasing of illicit drugs which finance the drug cartels and all the weapons. You can't buy weapons in Mexico. There's only one gun shop in the whole country and that's in Mexico City. So obviously all the weapons are coming from the U.S. as well.”

The chorus wouldn't see another border wall until it reached Arizona.  But first it was privileged to pick oranges in a small grove on the grounds of a Benedictine Monastery in Tucson. The former monastery began opening its doors to refugees in late January. The shelter, Casa Alitas, was offered to Catholic Community Services on a temporary basis by a developer until the property is rezoned. 

In the meanwhile the community is taking full advantage of the fifty rooms available for families. The chorus helped assemble beds with sturdy spring mattresses and new bedding, sort through large donations of clothing, stock the kitchen, and even pick some of the oranges --- a rare treat for choral volunteers from the cold and rainy Northwest.

They were joined by Tucson volunteers including Frances Wheeler, a community organizer, who'd read about the effort in the Arizona Daily Star. “I've always been concerned about people being afraid of 'the other', she says, “of people who are different. You read what's going on in the mainstream media and it's not the full story. I thought if I could work with an organization helping people to get on their way and show some empathy and kindness then I'd  be representing the way I think America should be represented.”

That night the chorus perform at the Tucson Unitarian Universalist Church to a packed house. All proceeds (nearly $2,500) went to housing asylum seekers at Casa Alitas and the Inn Projects.  Local bicultural songwriting troubadour, Pablo Peregrina opened the concert. Peregrina has done his own share of border volunteerism throughout Arizona and border lands. His CD, “Traveling Shoes” has sold over 1,600 copies. It tells the story of Central American migrants on the move.

Shelter Signage explaining human rights under 
international laws. Photo by Cristina Tamer.

In its own journey, the chorus found that the north stars on the southwest border aren't only those shelters run by US faith communities; many are in Mexico,  Cuidad Juarez, Nogales and Tijuana. In Nogales, sixty miles south of Tucson in Mexico's Sonoran desert, the chorus sang and volunteered at a food kitchen, El Comedor. Run by the Kino Border Initiative, a non-profit with Catholic roots, Kino provide shelters and food kitchens throughout the area.  

When the chorus arrived at El Comedor, 100 migrants sat at long tables for a meal. A painting on the wall depicted Jesus seated at the table, not with his apostles, but with refugees. Some would soon try their luck at crossing the border, while others had recently been deported. Meanwhile, Sister Maria Ingrasia Robles asked  if they knew what their human rights were and if anyone wanted to tell their story. Rick Saling, a volunteer, translated. He said Sister Robles does a “human rights educational” daily. All thirty of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are listed on a large bulletin board. Article 14 is the right to asylum.

As the chorus traveled from San Antonio to El Paso, then Tucson and Tijuana, often by plane, they encountered many refugees heading to sponsors. Most had never been in an airport. Choral members fluent in Spanish helped with logistics, often writing notes in English which refugees could show airport personnel. The majority were young women with children. All adults wore GPS ankle bracelets, showing they'd been fingerprinted and vetted by ICE. None could be certain if they'd find a welcoming home, but at least their humanity had been restored for a time, as Father Bob put it, and they'd escaped the violence they'd fled in their home countries. For that, there was no doubt, they were grateful.

Earlier this month, the ACLU and two other groups sued the administration on behalf of migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, who are forced to wait at the San Ysidro port of entry, near San Diego. They said the policy, introduced last month, violates U.S. and international law. Meanwhile, San Antonio's Interfaith Welcome Coalition has assisted 3,702 families released from detention to date in 2019. While Casa Alitas in the former Benedictine monastery in Tucson, received five hundred plus refugees in a recent three-week period. 

From March 2019 Edition

The Politics of Place
An Interview with Terry Tempest Williams
(from the book Voice in the Wilderness)
This book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-
NonCommercialNoDerivatives4.0 International.
 To view a copy of this license, 

The connection between language and landscape is a perennial theme of American letters. Nature has been a well-spring for many of our finest writers—from Whitman and Thoreau to Peter Mathiessen and Edward Abbey. Terry Tempest Williams belongs in this tradition. A native of Utah, her naturalist writing has been richly influenced by the sprawling landscape of the West. It also draws on the values and beliefs of her Mormon background. Terry Tempest Williams is the naturalist-in-residence at the Utah Museum of Natural History in Salt Lake City. She was thrown into the literary spotlight in 1991, with the release of her sixth book, Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place. It tells of how the Great Salt Lake rose to record levels and eventually flooded the wetlands that serve as a refuge for migratory birds in Northern Utah. Williams tells the story against the backdrop of her family’s struggle with cancer as a result of living downwind from a nuclear test site. 

For Williams, there is a very close connection between ourselves, our people, and our native place. In the words of the Utne Reader—who recently included her The Politics of Place among their 100 leading “visionaries”—her writing “follows wilderness trails into the realm of memory and family, exploring gender and community through the prism of landscape.”

In addition to her work as a naturalist and writer, she has been active in the struggle to conserve public lands. She has recently been embroiled in one of the most heated public lands debates in the West. Together with the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, she is pursuing federal legislation that will designate as wilderness 5.7 million acres of land in Utah, to protect it from oil and gas exploration, dams, and other uses.

The following conversation took place in May 1995 in Santa Barbara, California.

Scott London: You’ve said that your writing is a response to questions. 

Terry Tempest Williams: I think about Rilke, who said that it’s the questions that move us, not the answers. As a writer, I believe that it is our task, our responsibility, to hold the mirror up to social injustices that we see and to create a prayer of beauty. The questions serve us in that capacity. Pico Iyer describes his writing as “intimate letters to a stranger,” and I think that is what the writing process is. It begins with a question, and then you follow this path of exploration. 

London: At a recent talk you surprised a lot of people in the audience by saying that you don’t consider yourself a writer. That was a very puzzling thing to hear from someone who has written eight books. 

Williams: Yes. Well, it feels so presumptuous somehow. I know the struggle from the inside out and I would never be so bold as to call myself a writer. I think that is what other people call you. But I consider myself a member of a community in Salt Lake City, in Utah, in the American West, in this country. And writing is what I do. That is the tool out of which I can express my love. My activism is a result of my love. So whether it’s trying to preserve the wilderness in Southern Utah or writing about an erotics of place, it is that same impulse—to try to make sense of the world, to try to preserve something that is beautiful, to ask the tough questions, to push the boundaries of what is acceptable. 

From March 2019 Edition

An Interfaith View of the Borderlands -December 2018

Southern Arizona Border Narrative
(This is the final version of a document signed by many congregations in Pima County, Arizona.) 

The people who reside on the borderlands have been living alongside immigrants for generations. We live in an international and multicultural context. We have accompanied travelers. We have fed, housed, transported, and given the water of life to our migrating neighbors. We have been living out the traditions and scriptural imperatives of our various faiths, including the words,

Don’t mistreat or oppress an immigrant, because you were once immigrants in the land of Egypt. (Deuteronomy 22:21)

As many are awakening to this as a new reality, it may appear to be a new journey. In truth, this is a journey with a long history of work by and relationships among the people who live on the borderlands.

Recently, a change has occurred in the focus of the border. Due to political policies, our tierra has been further militarized in order to create a narrative of fear. Our international families and businesses have been divided by a wall. We have heard an increase in the rhetoric of hate and racism. Our peaceful and colorful context has been invaded by the fear mongering and war-like stances  by our government.

The reality is that we are seeing travelers from Central America. We also continue to receive people from Mexico, along with a few other countries. We accompany families fleeing violence, climate-related refugees, and those facing extreme poverty. They are on an xodus journey; seeking a new life in America, where peace and the ability to work are common realities.

Another reality is that an increased number of asylees are being detained in mostly for-profit prison-like facilities. They are not given legal options. They are herded through our legal system without due process. Children are put in detention with parents, as well as unaccompanied minors being detained in prison-like tent facilities. We are treating the immigrant among us as criminals, instead of asylees or refugees or neighbors.

Our faith based partner communities in Mexico are working diligently to care for immigrants that get stuck at the border. They are providing food, shelter, and legal advice. These partners are assisting people who have grown up in the United States, but have been deported to communities in Mexico. They are welcoming the strangers from Central America and other countries. They are fighting against trafficking of all kinds. 

There are many congregations, agencies, and faith entities that are assisting the traveler with temporary housing, bond funds, water in the desert, and legal assistance. The people who live here are working diligently to care for our neighbors.

We abhor the hatred, racism, and cruel treatment of families and children who are leaving their homelands due to poverty, violence, and other forms of crisis. We uphold the honor of caring for the immigrant in whatever ways are needed, and we call on our country to acting honorably as well. 

If you would like to help the work of the borderlands, consider connecting with the many groups and organizations that are providing assistance. See file attached at the bottom of this page for a list of supporting individuals and churches.
We also appreciate your prayers, your presence, and your voice for justice and peace in the world. 

NY Times Photo Story on the 1,900 Border with Mexico

Along the U.S.-Mexico Border

As the president fights to build a wall between the United States and Mexico, correspondent Azam Ahmed and photographer Meridith Kohut drove the approximately 1,900-mile border and sent dispatches from crossings along the way.

From April 2019 Edition

Evolution of the Social Serigraphy Movement In the San Francisco Bay Area, 1966-1986

Historical Essay

by Michael Rossman, Berkeley, November 1986

This account was written as the catalogue-essay for the exhibition "Speak! You Have the Tools!" at the de Saisset Museum of Santa Clara University in early 1987 and includes 18 of the 61 designs in the exhibition. Italic numbers in brackets refer to designs in the exhibition. Bold-faced numbers in parentheses indicate designs reproduced in "Poster Poster" from Mother Jones magazine (1993).

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

This April article is now available in a separate file at the bottom of this page

San Francisco Poster Brigade

Political Poster Art 1965 - 1986

edited by Craig Rock

(Editor's Note: This following paragraph on political poster art is the lead paragraph of a longer piece entitled Evolution of the Social Serigraphy Movement in the San Francisco Bay Area 1966-1986 by Michael Rossman. Because of its length, his complete article can be found in the "Archives" section of this site. That article as well as other resources about Bay Area history can be found at  Content at that site is available under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0, Powered by MediaWiki.  Many of the prints are also available at the Library of Congress. For easy access there, simply google either Rachael Romero or Leon Klayman and add "Library of Congress" to the search of either name. The San Francisco Poster Brigade is also known as the Wilfred Owen Brigade. See Ms. Romero's film on page 1.)

The domestic political poster renaissance began in 1965-66 from several roots, as the emerging counterculture cross-fertilized the New Left, already seven years old, and the Farmworkers struggle developed. In the subsequent ferment, poster-making quickly became a prominent and universal activity among progressives — amounting to a minor movement in itself, of social art, sprung from and serving a many-branched, evolving Movement for political and social justice. By 1986, this poster movement had produced over 100,000 designs nationally, a flood of images illuminating every activity of the complex social movement underlying it. This collective work is unique, in being the product of a populist movement without State support; and in the radical decentralization and diversity of its sources, influences, and directions. 

Rachael Romero, 1975, Library of Congress

  Committee in Solidarity with the people of El Salvador 1980-1990, Library of Congress.

Stop the Bombing of El Salvador

 Quote from Refugee to Christian Science Monitor

"At first the Air Force dropped bombs that knocked down trees and houses, killed people and made 3 meter craters. Then, they began to drop bombs that exploded before hitting the ground and others that made craters 8 meters deep to kill us as we hid in our shelters. Now they use the worst bombs of all - the flaming liquid" (napalm and phosphorus).

Leon Klayman, Wilfred Owen Brigade, 1975, Library of Congress

NY Times June 13, 1976
Why They Love Earl Butz
by James Risser

"He has antagonized or alienated food shoppers, environmentalists, labor leaders, social reformers and religious and ethnic groups. He is blamed for high food prices, accused of hurting small farmers and of playing politics with malnutrition and hunger and he is charged with disrupting the nation's foreign policy. His only real friends are the big farmers, and, if this summer's expected bumper crop on the Great Plains affects their income as some anticipate, he may soon lose them, too."
Read the full article, click here

Memoir of International Hotel
by Eric Mar via
poster by San Francisco Poster Brigade

“The International Hotel Manila town Center is the historic site of the community struggle to save the International Hotel and prevent the eviction of its elderly residents from 1968-77. The block at Kearny and Washington Streets, adjacent to Chinatown and the current Hilton Hotel, became a focal point in the creation of the contemporary Asian American movement, especially for Filipino Americans and San Francisco’s housing justice movement.

Filipino American youth from San Francisco State University and UC Berkeley and artists and community activists found their ‘roots’ in the stories and lives of the ‘Manongs’ (respected immigrant elders). The anti-eviction/anti-displacement struggle became a key site for the formation of a distinct Filipino American and pan-Asian American consciousness. (Poster by Rachael Romero)

Historians like Estella Habal, a student activist during the anti-eviction protests, frame the site’s history within the context of the broader left politics of the 1970s era, the urban housing movement and San Francisco city politics. ‘The I-Hotel also served as a social network and cultural center that allowed students, artists and community activists to develop their organizing and advocacy skills while also feeling a sense of home,’ she says.

Ultimately, despite mass resistance and solidarity from throughout San Francisco and the Bay Area, the residents were forcibly evicted on the night of August 4, 1977, and the buildings were razed. But the International Hotel Manilatown Center building, completed in 2005 with 104 units of senior housing above, now occupies the site and commemorates the residents and activists who fought for housing and justice for the elderly and self-determination for Filipino and Asian American communities.”

Eric Mar, Former San Francisco City Supervisor, Former President of the San Francisco Board of Education, Assistant Professor at SFSU

       Title: Guilty! Shah of Iran murderer!        

Creator(s): San Francisco Poster Brigade.,

·         Date Created [San Francisco] : Wilfred Owen Brigade, 1976. Library of Congress.

                           Life Under the Shah
by Anonymous
(from the Harvard Crimson, Dec 1979)

The Shah systematically dismantled the judicial system of Iran and the country's guarantees of personal and social liberties. His regime consistently violated the codes of law and justice, destroying the dignity of our people by treating them like backward savages to be pulled with an iron hand out of the middle ages into the light of the modern era. Nearly every source of creative, artistic and intellectual endeavor in our culture was suppressed........SAVAK conducted most of the torture, under the friendly guidance of the CIA. which set up SAVAK in 1957 and taught them how to interrogate suspects. Amnesty International reports methods of torture that included "whipping and beating, electric shocks, extraction of teeth and nails, boiling water pumped into the rectum, heavy weights hung on the testicles, tying the prisoner to a metal table heated to a white heat, inserting a broken bottle into the anus, and rape.".......The Shah greatly expanded the military and turned it against his own people. With newfound oil wealth the Shah bought $2C million of U.S. arms. The U.S. military trained Iranian officers. Despite claims that a strong army was needed to prevent external agression, its real purpose became clear last year when the army murdered more than 50,000 Iranians fighting the Shah (the number is based on estimates of dead quickly buried after street massacres and compiled throughout the year).                      

Leon Klayman, Wilfred Owen Brigade, 1975, Library of Congress

Long Live a Democratic Greece!
Greek Dictatorship 1967 - 1974

The Papadopoulos regime was notorious for torturing political prisoners, forbidding dissent and free speech, and attempting to control university education and rewrite textbooks; its drastic conservatism led to bans on miniskirts for women and long hair for men and on the writings of Aristophanes, William Shakespeare, and Anton Chekhov, among others. As exiled Greek intellectuals and leftists scattered across Europe, the regime was widely condemned by other Western countries, though it was supported by the U.S. government for its anticommunist stance. 
Encyclopedia Britannica 

View many posters by Rachael Romero and 
the San Francisco Poster Brigade

From the April 2019 edition
March 22, 2019 News from No More Deaths (

Evidence in Scott Warren Trial
 Points to Government 
Surveillance and Retaliation

A motion filed by the defense in the case of United States v. Scott Warren last week in Tucson federal court has revealed the sweeping extent of government surveillance of No More Deaths/No Más Muertes and the retaliatory nature of Dr. Warren’s arrest in January of 2018. The Motion to Dismiss due to Selective Enforcement details months of communication between U.S. Border Patrol and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services, beginning as early as July 2017 and discussing the movement and activities of No More Deaths volunteers in Ajo, AZ

According to the motion, on January 8th, 2018, nine days before Dr. Warren’s arrest, “[Border Patrol Agent] Marquez then provided Scott Warren’s home address to [USFWS Law Enforcement Agent] Ebann…The two exchanged information about vehicles Ebann had observed at the Barn, which included some he referred to as ‘the NMD vehicles.’ Ebann even told Marquez that ‘Warrens POV [privately owned vehicle] is there as well,’ to which Marquez responded ‘Oh nice’. The two law enforcement agents thus kept track not only of where Scott Warren lived, but also what kind of car he drove, and his whereabouts. This exchange makes clear that Marquez had his sights set on NMD, and Scott Warren specifically, although he never stated any reason to suspect them of doing anything illegal.”

On January 17th, 2018, No More Deaths released a report documenting Border Patrol’s routine interference with humanitarian aid efforts. The report was released alongside footage collected over several years showing Border Patrol agents destroying and/or removing aid supplies left in the desert. The motion asserts that Dr. Warren’s arrest was a targeted act of political retaliation resulting from No More Deaths’ open criticism of Border Patrol’s human rights abuses

The motion also examines, in detail, the communications of the Border Patrol agents who surrounded and surveilled “the Barn,” a base of operations for numerous humanitarian aid groups in Ajo, on the morning of January 17th. The agents spent the morning tracking No More Deaths volunteers’ activities in and around the Barn as well as at the office of the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge. According to the motion, “At 4:38 pm, Marquez reports, he saw Dr. Warren step outside the Barn with two individuals he believed to be undocumented. At this point, [his partner BP Agent] Burns sent two messages…In the message to [BP Agent] Ballesteros and Marquez, Burns says, ‘2 toncs at the house’. Ballesteros responds, ‘What!?!?!?!?!?! Nice!’ This is surely not the reaction of a professional Border Patrol Agent every time he locates an undocumented individual.”

Previous statements from the arresting officers have asserted that their surveillance of the Barn on the afternoon January 17th was driven by information that two undocumented individuals were suspected to be in the Ajo area. Upon cross-examination, it was revealed that the officers had tried to obtain absolutely no descriptive information about the two individuals in question and knew nothing about their height, age, hair color, or other identifying features. The defense lawyers go on to assert that Agent Ballesteros’ exclamation is not “the reaction of a Border Patrol Agent who had a reasonable suspicion in the first place that the surveillance of the Barn was going to reveal the presence of undocumented aliens. Rather, it evidences Agent Ballesteros’s excitement at the idea of ‘busting’ NMD.”

Press Release Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)

 'The Last Column' to highlight the
 human cost of journalism
The book features the final articles and photographs of fallen journalists

New York, NY, March 13, 2019 -- The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), an independent, nonprofit organization that promotes press freedom worldwide, today announced the launch of "The Last Column," a book and digital campaign that highlight the human cost of reporting the news.

Developed with support from News Corp, the Dow Jones Foundation, and Harper Collins Publishers, "The Last Column'" book ( features the 24 final works of journalists killed in the service of news gathering, including Daniel Pearl of The Wall Street Journal, Marie Colvin of The Sunday Times of London, and Jamal Khashoggi of The Washington Post. CNN's chief international correspondent, Clarissa Ward, wrote the introduction.

The global initiative includes publication of the book, a mini-documentary, live events, and educational content to raise awareness of CPJ's work, including the organization's Global Campaign Against Impunity, which advocates for justice and an end to the impunity endemic to murders of journalists.

"We're currently living in one of the most dangerous times for journalists, with reporters being imprisoned in record numbers and murders on the rise. We can't allow violent forces to determine what we know about the world," said Courtney Radsch, advocacy director of the Committee to Protect Journalists. "With 'The Last Column', we hope to inspire everyone to learn more about these brave journalists, celebrate freedom of the press, and protect those out there who continue to inform their communities in the face of threats and hardship."

According to CPJ research, nine out of ten journalist murders go unpunished. Too often the root of this impunity is a lack of political will, and enlisting the public is critical to fighting for justice when journalists are killed in reprisal for their work. A digital campaign featuring the friends and family of the fallen journalists will aim to engage the public in this conversation.

"The Last Column reminds us that while we have lost our journalists, our colleagues, our friends, there are still many more we can save and it is not too late to help protect them," said Ilana Ozernoy, VP, Communications at News Corp and formerly a war correspondent. "The legacy of those who have fallen is now in our hands."

The campaign includes launch events in New York and Washington D.C.; a panel on the human cost of reporting at SXSW, and a series of international events that will be open to the public. Details to come.

About CPJ - The Committee to Protect Journalists is an independent nonprofit organization that promotes press freedom worldwide and defends the right of journalists to report the news safely and without fear of reprisal. Its Global Campaign Against Impunity and annual global Impunity Index seek to hold to account those who murder journalists.

Border Wall would make things worse

By Don Winslow, San Diego Tribune

President Donald Trump’s proposed border wall would do nothing to solve our drug problem. It would only make things worse. 
Here’s why:  
As Trump ceaselessly reminds us, nations need to control borders. So do drug cartels. On one level the business of drug cartels is, of course, drugs; but on another level their real product is their ability to move product across borders, mostly through legal Ports of Entry (POEs), which have gates that remain open 24/7/365. Cartels ultimately do what   governments do — funnel product through narrow choke-points where they can track and tax it. 

(A Monument to Narcissism and Ignorance)

 (Proposed Border Wall would make things worse)

 (Mexico has a U.S. Drug Problem)

Craig Rock,
Apr 28, 2019, 10:06 AM
Craig Rock,
Mar 29, 2019, 9:30 PM
Craig Rock,
Apr 28, 2019, 10:27 AM