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Low Countries (including Spanish Netherlands)

General information about Dutch book trade guilds can be found in:



Amsterdam

Boek-, kunst- en kaartverkopers- en boekbinders- en drukkersgilde
1662-1812

Brief history
Booksellers and bookbinders originally part of Guild of St Luke (predominantly guild of painters); in 1616, printers, existing outwith the Guild, petitioned to form separate book trade guild with booksellers and bookbinders; in 1661, booksellers petition for separation of trade from guild; 1662 guild formed; dissolved 1812

Archive
survives

Sources
  • I.H. van Eeghen, De Gilden: theorie en praktijk (Bussum: C.A.J. van Dishoeck, 1965), pp.100-7
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Antwerp

Lucasgilde [Guild of St Luke]
1450s-1612

Brief history
Records go back to 1450s; Antwerp book trade was ordered to form a guild in 1557; in 1558 a separate “nation” for trade within Lucasgilde; 1612 printers tried to form own guild 

Archive
survives

Sources
  • Paul Arblaster [private information]
  • Paul Rolland, “Inventaris op het Archief van het Oud Sint Lucasgild en van de Oud Koninklijke Academie van Antwerpen”, Antwerpen’s Oudheikundige Kring: XVe Jaarboek (1939), pp. 42-101
  • De Liggeren en andere historische Archieven der Antwerpsche Sint Lucasgilde, ed. by P. Rombouts and T. van Lerius, 2 vols (Antwerp, 1864-1876)

Bruges

Der Ghilde van sinte jan Ewagz [Guild of St John the Evangelist]
1454

Brief history
Chartered in 1454

Archive
unknown status

Sources
  • George Haven Putnam, Books and Their Makers during the Middle Ages, 2 vols (New York & London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1896-97), I.106
 

Brussels

Les Frères de la Plume
15th century

Brief history
[at about the same time as Antwerp & Bruges] the scriveners instituted a limited guild of their own”

Archive
unknown status

Sources
  • George Haven Putnam, Books and Their Makers during the Middle Ages2 vols (New York & London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1896-97), I.107

[printers and booksellers] 
1662 

Brief history
established 1662 — a copy of the royal order is Bodleian Library, Oxford, shelfmark: 4 D 275 

Archive
unknown status

Sources
  • Léon Voet, “The Printers’ Chapel in the Plantinian House”, The Library, 5th ser., 15 (1961), pp. 1-14
  • Paul Arblaster [private information]

Dordrecht

Spellenmakersgild
1590

Brief history
“Lettermakers” guild - only evidence of existence in 1590

Archive
survives

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Enkhuizen

Boekverkopersgilde
1659-1798

Brief history
Booksellers and bookbinders; founded 1659; dissolved 1798

Archive
does not survive

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Ghent

librariers gild
1424

Brief history
Does not seem to have been chartered

Archive
unknown status

Sources
  • Hugh William Davies, Devices of the Early Printers 1457-1560: Their History and Development (London: Grafton & Co., 1935), p.153
  • Paul Arblaster [private information]

Goes

Koopmans- of kramersgilde
before 1544-1798

Brief history
Included printers, binders and booksellers; founded before 1544; dissolved 1798; continued as Kramersambacht

Archive
survives

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Haarlem

Boekdrukkers-, boekbinders- en boekverkopersgilde
1616-1798

Brief history
Founded 1616; dissolved 1798

Archive
survives

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996


Hulst

Vettewariërs, merseniers en kruideniersgilde
before 1331-1795

Brief history
Included bookbinders; founded before 1331; dedicated to Saints Nicholas and Michael; dissolved 1795

Archive
does not survive

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996


Kampen

Timmerliedengilde en kistenmakers
1483-1798

Brief history
In 1520 included bookbinders; founded 1483; dedicated to St Joseph; dissolved 1798

Archive
survives

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Malers, glasemakers, beeldesnyders, borduyrwerkers, boeckbynders en hillige-backers 
1525-1798

Brief history
In 1590 also included printers and booksellers; founded 1525 by separating from Timmerlieden; dedicated to St Luke; dissolved 1798

Archive
does not survive

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996
 

Leiden


Boekverkopersgilde
1636-1811

Brief history
Booksellers, printers, bookbinders and papersellers; founded 1651; dissolved 1811

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996 (which records the foundation date as 1636)
  • Van Selm, Menighte treffelijcke boeken (I'm very grateful to Marieke T.G.E. van Delft for this information)

  • Laura Cruz, The Paradox of Prosperity: The Leiden Booksellers' Guild and the Distribution of Books in Early Modern Europe (New Castle: Oak Knoll, 2008) - due out January 2009


Middelburg 

Boekdrukkers-, binders- en verkopersgilde 
1590-1813

Brief history
Separated from Guild of St Luke in 1590; (amalgamated 1620?); dissolved 1802

Archive
some survives from 1577

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996 (which records the date of dissolution as 1813)
  • W.S. Unger, De archieven der Gilden en beurzen (Middelburg 1930), p. 14 (I'm very grateful to Marieke T.G.E. van Delft for this information)

Rotterdam 

Boekverkopersgilde 
1699-1798

Brief history
Booksellers, printers and binders; separated from Guild of St Luke 1699; dissolved 1798 

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996
  • Hans van Mourik, 'Het boekverkopersgilde in Rottterdam', in Rotterdam Bibliopolis, ed. H. Bots et al (Rotterdam: Gemeentelijke Archiefdienst, 1997), pp. 463-81 [not consulted]



’S-Gravenhage [The Hague] 


St. Lucasgilde
1463-1798

Brief history
In 1650s included booksellers and printers; founded 1463; dissolved 1798 

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Boekverkopersgilde
1702-1798 

Brief history
Booksellers, printers and binders split from Guild of St Luke 1702; dissolved 1798 

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996


Steenwijk 

Silversmids, tinnegieters, glazemakers, en boekbindersgilde
before 1798-1798

Brief history
Founded before 1798; dissolved 1798

Archive
does not survive

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Utrecht 

Sadelaarsgilde
1304-1798

Brief history
In 1540 included printers and binders; founded 1304; dedicated to “Maria ter Snee”; dissolved 1798 

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Letterszetters en boekdrukkers
1599-1792 

Brief history
Compositors and printers; also included booksellers; separated from Zadelaars guild in 1599; dissolved 1792

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Boekverkopersgilde 
before 1753-1798 

Brief history
Founded before 1753; dissolved 1798 [IISH] 

Archive
does not survive

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Vlissingen 

Schilders, boekdrukkers [&] verkopers en beeldhowersgilde
1656-1806 

Brief history
Printers and booksellers; separated from Schilders & Kramers guilds in 1656; dissolved 1806 

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Boekdrukkers, en boekbindersgilde 
before 1798-1798

Brief history
Printers and binders; possibly also booksellers; separated from Schilders and other guilds before 1798; dissolved 1798 

Archive
does not survive

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Zierikzee 

St Lucasgilde
before 1513-1807 

Brief history
Included bookbinders; founded before 1513; dissolved 1807

Archive
survives

Sources

  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996

Zwolle 

Lucasgilde
1537-1798 

Brief history
Included printers, binders, booksellers; founded 1537; dissolved 1798 

Archive
does not survive

Sources
  • Database search at International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam, November 1996
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