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The images and their copyright are most likely owned either by the artist who created the image or the publisher of the image. It is believed that the use of low-resolution images...

  • to illustrate an article, a presentation,  or a related theme or discussion of  the image in question 
  • on, a free service hosted on servers in the United States and created  for personal non-profit use...

...qualifies as fair use under United States copyright law.  

Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.
Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. 

Please notify bisson (AT) of any issue concerning the images found here.  Thank you.


 "Many notable creative people, from Warhol to Hitchcock, have revelled in the magpie-like borrowing of images and symbols." 

-        Managing Intertextuality:  Meaning, Plagiarism and Power ***

Perry Share, Institute of Technology, Sligo, Ireland.
Email: share.perry

*** This paper seeks to recast the discussion of plagiarism in terms of ‘managing intertextuality’. 

Intertextuality refers to how our contemporary cultural environment is marked by duplication, interpenetration of texts 

and the circulation and re-circulation of images, sounds and words in multiple forms and formats

      Intertextuality is ubiquitous and inevitable: the challenge is how to respond to it.

Advanced Copyright Issues On The Internet

The Ubiquitous Nature of "Copies" on the Internet 

The general issue raised by the definition of "copies" is whether images of data are sufficiently "permanent" to be deemed "copies" for copyright purposes. 

The current crisis of copyright law in the digital environment 


   Last update:  September  2019    

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