WHITEPAPERS: Army War College , ASM (American Society for Microbiology), CATO Institute, Center for a New American Security, Center for Biosecurity of UPMC, Center for Counterproliferation Research, Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute, CRS (Report for Congress), GAO (General Accounting Office), Institute for National Strategic Studies, Institute for Science and Public Policy, Johns Hopkins University, National Academy Of Engineering, National Defence University, PERI (Public Entity Risk Institute), RIS (Research & Information System), Terrorism Intelligence Centre, The Federalist Society, UNESCO (United Nations), University of Laussane, and the WMD Center.
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases (PDF below)
Abstract: The threat of bioterrorism, long ignored and
denied, has heightened over the past few years. Recent events in Iraq,
Japan, and Russia cast an ominous shadow. Two candidate agents are of
special concern—smallpox and anthrax. The magnitude of the problems and
the gravity of the scenarios associated with release of these organisms
have been vividly portrayed by two epidemics of smallpox in Europe
during the 1970s and by an accidental release of aerosolized anthrax
from a Russian bioweapons facility in 1979. Efforts in the United States
to deal with possible incidents involving bioweapons in the civilian
sector have only recently begun and have made only limited progress.
Only with substantial additional resources at the federal, state, and
local levels can a credible and meaningful response be mounted. For
longer-term solutions, the medical community must educate both the
public and policy makers about bioterrorism and build a global consensus
condemning its use (Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1998).
Title: The Threat of Bioterrorim And The Public Health Response: Summary Of The John Hopkins National Symposium On Medical And Public Health Response To Bioterrorism
Source: John Hopkins University (PDF below)
Date: October 8, 2008
Source: Johns Hopkins University (PDF below)
Abstract: Biological weapons
have recently attracted the attention and the resources of the nation.
Discerning the nature of the threat of bioweapons as well as appropriate responses
to them requires greater attention to the biological characteristics of these instruments
of war and terror. The dominant paradigm of a weapon as a nuclear device that
explodes or a chemical cloud that is set adrift leaves us ill-equipped conceptually
and practically to assess and thus to prevent the potentially devastating effects
of bioterrorism. Strengthening the public health and infectious disease
infrastructure is an effective step toward averting the suffering that could be
wrought by a terrorists use of a biological agents (Johns
Hopkins University, 2008).