DEBEL (Defence Bioengineering and Electromedical Laboratory)

Title: DEBEL (Defence Bioengineering And Electromedical Laboratory)
Date: 2012
Source: DRDO

Abstract: Defence Bioengineering and Electromedical Laboratory (DEBEL) was formed in April 1982 by bringing together the Aero Bioengineering Unit (ABEU) located in ADE campus and the Electromedical Instrumentation Division (EMID) of LRDE located at LRDE campus. The laboratory started functioning from its own independent premises located at the ADE campus with effect from 17 June 1994. Today DEBEL is one of the few DRDO laboratories dedicated to both R & D work for the Services and also spin off use to the civilian population.

The genesis of research and development in Bioengineering and Electromedical Technology related to Defence can be traced to two units. In 1958, a very small group called Aeromedical Section was formed as part of DTD&P (AIR), Ministry of Defence, New Delhi. It functioned from the premises of the then Institute of Aviation Medicine (IAM), Bangalore. In 1974 it was renamed as Aero Bioengineering Unit (ABEU). In 1980 it was brought under the Directorate of Food and Applied Sciences, DRDO. It shifted to an accomodation in the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) Complex, CV Raman Nagar, in September 1980. The unit has been undertaking indigenization of aircrew flying, protective and survival clothing and equipment for the Air Force, Indian Navy and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bangalore.

When the Electronics Research and Development Establishment (LRDE) was formed in 1958, it had a special equipment division called EMID which was also in charge of the R&D activities related to Electromedical Equipment. A modest programme for the design and development of a small number of biomedical instrumentation as well as personal protective systems for aircrew was initiated.

The then Scientific Advisor, Dr. Raja Ramanna, in 1982, visualized that a complex R&D activity of this nature, involving multidisciplinary fields, can make rapid progress to meet the challenging requirements of Service Combatants, only when the concerned groups operate under one roof with special impetus. Hence, in January 1982, EMID was transferred with its staff to ABEU. Thus was born the Defence Bioengineering and Electromedical Laboratory (DEBEL), in April 1982, by the merger of ABEU and EMID. The Laboratory started functioning from its own premises located at the ADE campus with effect from 17 June 1994 (DRDO, 2012)

Title: New Chemical And Biological Sensor Facility Inaugurated In India
Date: May 31, 2012

Abstract: India’s Defense Research & Development Organization recently inaugurated a new state of the art chemical and biological sensor facility in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India,at the Defense Research and Development Establishment.

The DRDE is a defense laboratory meant to develop novel technologies and products for the defense of chemical and biological terrorism. The DRDO works under India’s Ministry of Defense’s Department of Defense Research and Development.

“Its time to strengthen our capabilities in area of nuclear, chemical and biological warfare,” Vijay Kumar Saraswat, a scientific advisor to the DRDO, said. “I congratulate the dedicated members of DRDE who have not only developed a wide range of NBC technologies but also translated them into products and taken them to users.”

Saraswat said that the future of warfare and terrorism will involve asymmetrical wars, proxy wars and low intensity conflicts. In such cases, biological and chemical agents along with cyber warfare will become more common.

India’s DRDO takes on design and development projects with the goal of producing the world’s top weapon systems and equipment as the country needs them. The organization works in multiple areas of military technology including life sciences, simulation, advanced computing, naval systems, materials, missiles, engineering systems, electronics, combat vehicles, armaments and aeronautics (BioPrepWatch, 2012)

Title: India Building Bio-Radar
Date: June 25, 2012

Abstract: The Indian military recently announced that it is attempting to build a nanotechnology-based bio-radar system to act as an early warning system against bioterrorism.

V. K. Saraswat, the scientific advisor to India’s defense minister and the director general of the Defense Research and Development Organization, said that the Defense Bioengineering and Electomedical Laboratory will lead in the system’s development, according to

V. Padaki, DEBEL’s director, said the bio-radar’s components will be able to detect the existence of dangerous chemical and biological material and then communicate that information to a central control room.

Padaki also said that the use of nanosensors would increase the system’s overall sensitivity beyond conventional technology.

DEBEL, which operates under the DRDO, recently opened a new facility in Bangalore. The laboratory is known predominantly for carrying out research and development in the areas of aero-medical equipment, biomedical engineering and life support systems for the armed forces, according to

Saraswat said the DRDO expects the new facility to cut Indian imports of military life-support systems, including those to protect against chemical and biological weapons, by nearly 70 percent.

“We shouldn’t miss this bus the way we have missed the other engineering revolutions. DRDO is creating bio clusters to learn and create new usable models from biological concepts,” Saraswat said, reports (BioPrepWatch, 2012).