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    Africa Anthrax Attacks (2001)

    BIOTERRORBIBLE.COM: The Africa Anthrax attacks occurred roughly a month after the 9/11 Anthrax Attacks in America and exhibits the earmarks of a false-flag/state sponsored terror operation. Despite the number of high-profile bio-terror plots and patsies, the historical record indicates that 99% of all bio-terror plots, attacks, “tests”, “accidents” and drills are conducted by the government who has the means, the motive and the opportunity.

    Title: Anthrax, Smallpox, Vx: The Inferno Next Time
    Date: October 17, 2001
    Source: All Africa

    Abstract: Recriminations have started in America following the worst terrorist attack in the history of any nation. The only consolation is that this could have been a thousand times worse not only for America but for the whole world.

    As the true extent of the tragedy sinks in - perhaps 20,000, perhaps 30,000 dead (half the number of young Americans who perished in Vietnam) - the world's most powerful nation could turn inwards again and become introverted vis-a-vis Africa, the most neglected continent (All Africa, 2001).

    Title: Anthrax In Parcel Sent To Nairobi Doctor
    Date:
    October 17, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract: An anthrax alert was flashed to health headquarters in Nairobi yesterday after a white powder feared to contain the deadly bacteria was found at the United Nations in Gigiri.

    The powder was in a parcel sent from Pakistan, one source said.

    Another parcel mailed from Georgia in the United States also contained the suspect powder, it was believed.

    The parcels were detected by security staff at the United Nations Environment Programme headquarters and were immediately put in polythene bags and taken to the Ministry of Health.

    The discoveries sent ministry officials into a crisis meeting which went on late into the evening (High Beam, 2001).

    Title:
    Anthrax In Parcel Sent To Nairobi Doctor
    Date:
    October 19, 2001
    Source: Telegraph

    Abstract: A Kenyan doctor has been sent a package containing anthrax bacteria, authorities in Nairobi said yesterday.

    It is the first such attack outside America and heightens fears that biological weapons could be used anywhere in the world.

    The anthrax was in a package sent to the doctor in Nairobi by his brother in America. It had been tampered with while in transit in Florida.

    Tests were being carried out on two other suspicious letters, one of which was sent to the United Nations Environment Programme, which has its headquarters in Nairobi, from Pakistan. Up to 10 of its employees were being treated with antibiotics as a precaution.

    Kenya's health minister, Sam Ongeri, said all three packages contained a powdery substance. He declared a state of alert. Officials linked the cases and said they believed Osama bin Laden was a likely suspect.

    "It is bio-terrorism," Julius Meme, Kenya's director of health, said. "We are under attack again.

    "Kenya was bombed in 1998 by terrorists and now this attack seems to follow in the pattern of what is happening in the United States."

    Four men linked to bin Laden were sentenced to life imprisonment in New York yesterday for their roles in the bombings of the American embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in 1998, in which 224 people were killed, 202 of them Kenyans.

    This is the only trial so far of any of bin Laden's followers. It would not have taken place without the help of Kenyan intelligence during the investigation.

    President Daniel arap Moi of Kenya has pledged total support for America's war on global terrorism and has agreed to provide logistical help to the US military.

    His stance has provoked fierce opposition from the country's Muslims, 2,000 of whom held a pro-bin Laden demonstration in Nairobi a week ago.

    The doctor who received the letter containing anthrax bacteria has not been named but officials said he and three other people who came into contact with it were being treated with antibiotics. It is not yet known whether they have developed the disease.

    The package, containing cloth samples, was posted in Atlanta by a relative of the doctor on Sept 8, three days before the attacks on New York and Washington.

    According to Prof Meme, the package, posted express, was diverted through Miami in Florida "at a time when some of the September 11 hijackers were known to be in the state". He said the bacteria were probably put in after it was posted.

    The parcel did not arrive in Kenya until Oct 9 and was opened by the doctor's secretary two days later.

    "She handed it to him and it was soggy and mouldy," Prof Meme said. "He took the envelope home and after a day or so he became suspicious and brought it to a hospital for analysis."

    White powder was also found in a parcel sent to the UN from Pakistan. It was removed in polythene bags and taken to the Health Ministry for further analysis.

    The third parcel was sent to a businessman in the town of Nyeri. It was allegedly posted in Nairobi. Mr Ongeri said it contained a pink powder (Telegraph, 2001).

    Title: Top Security Lab Established To Deal With Terrorists' Bugs
    Date:
    October 19, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract: A high security laboratory has been set up at the Kenya Medical Research Institute to deal with biological weapons attacks more serious than the anthrax one.

    The institute is also stockpiling testing reagents for such germ-based diseases spread by terrorists.

    According to Dr Gabriel Mbugua, director of Kemri's Centre for Microbiology Research and head of the laboratory team in charge of testing suspect samples in the current anthrax scare, the country has enough capacity to test any number of anthrax samples.

    "Anthrax is a fairly ordinary organism and we have the necessary personnel, lab equipment, reagents and know-how to test...(High Beam, 2001)

    Title: Kenya No Stranger To Anthrax
    Date:
    October 19, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract: Kenya is no stranger to anthrax. There has been a recent resurgence in the disease - commonly found among domestic animals and wild game - due to a breakdown in vaccination services. What is new in the bioterrorism scare is the use of powder anthrax bacteria to deliberately infect people...(High Beam, 2001).

    Title:
    Deputy Speaker In Anthrax Fear At Mystery Mail
    Date: October 19, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract: Parcels to Kenya's Deputy Speaker and a doctor at a leading hospital were among nine feared to contain anthrax pores. Deputy Speaker Joab Omino's and five of the others were cleared by scientists at the Kenya Medical Research Institute - but the Nairobi Hospital doctor's packet was found to contain the potentially deadly bacteria. The scientists were last night checking two other letters which were received in the capital only hours before. Mr Omino said he decided not to open his letter because he could not tell where it had come from. Instead, it was handed to the police. The alert came as an increasing number of...(High Beam, 2001)

    Title:
    Parcel Taken For Tests as Firms Step Up Security
    Date:
    October 20, 2001
    Source: All Africa

    Abstract: The envelope businessman Martin Njoroge Nduati received from Barclays Bank containing a white powder looked substandard because it did not bear the bank's logo, he said. However, another envelope inside the larger parcel was complete with the logo, and was self-addressed to the bank's Nairobi Area Manager (All Africa, 2001).

    Title: Govt Bodies Form Anthrax Task Force
    Date: October  20, 2001
    Source: All Africa

    Abstract:
    Health and security departments have formed a joint task force to deal with Anthrax, the bioterrorism threat. The move comes a day after a Kenyan businessman received a letter stuffed with anthrax germs. Three other members of his family were exposed to the germs (All Africa, 2001).

    Title:
    Union Wants Anthrax Vaccine For Workers
    Date:
    October 22, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract: The Union of Posts and Telecommunications workers want mail handlers vaccinated as the anthrax scare spreads. The protective gear given to workers by the Postal Corporation of Kenya was not enough, the Nairobi branch of the Union of Posts and Telecommunications said yesterday. Mr Abel Nandwa, the branch secretary, said "Vaccination against anthrax is considered more effective than body protective gear." The vaccination, he said, should extend to employees of DHL, UPS, TNT Express and other courier service organisations. Mr Nandwa said workers have been scared by the threat of bioterrorism. He called for the setting u...(High Beam, 2001)

    Title:
    Anthrax Scares Kampala
    Date:
    October 23, 2001
    Source: All Africa

    Abstract: The National task force on bioterrorism is investigating two anthrax scares reported in Kampala yesterday, health ministry officials have said.

    Dr. Sam Okware, the commissioner for community health, said samples from two suspicious parcels had been taken for testing and results would be out today (All Africa, 2001).

    Title: Personal Vendetta Blamed For Grahamstown Anthrax Scares
    Date: October 24, 2001
    Source: All Africa

    Abstract: A personal vendetta was blamed for anthrax letter scares at two co-owned businesses in Grahamstown yesterday afternoon.

    Two addressed envelopes containing palm-full amounts of a mystery white powder were received at the popular Fruit & Veg City off Church Square and Marvics fruit and vegetable wholesalers in Beaufort Street near the Grahamstown police station (All Africa, 2001).

    Title: State Truth On Anthrax
    Date: October 25, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract:
    What we really need is a terse statement once and for all whether or not Kenya has been invaded by human anthrax.

    A spokesman yesterday insisted on the Government's earlier affirmation that powder contained in external mail contained the deadly germs.

    He was commenting on a claim by the local office of the US Centres for Disease Control (CDC) that its own tests had proved wrong the Government's earlier finding.

    Yet there may be a common denominator. Kenya's statement was referring specifically to powder posted from the US. Powder posted from Pakistan and elsewhere had proved harmless.

    That was what raised doubts in...(High Beam, 2001)

    Title: US And Kenya Experts Clash Over Anthrax
    Date: October 25, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract:
    Experts in Kenya and the US have differed sharply over whether a parcel sent to a Kenyan doctor actually contained anthrax.

    Less than a week after Health Minister Sam Ongeri announced that the parcel did contain anthrax, the US said yesterday that its own tests showed no trace of the deadly bacteria.

    The Kenya government however insisted that tests by the Kenya Medical Research Institute (Kemri) which showed the presence of anthrax spores "were 100 per cent correct".

    The parcel - one of 43 examined by Kemri but the only one to test positive - was sent to Dr Samuel Mwinzi of Nairobi Hospital by his daughter who lives in Atlanta, Georgia. It contained cloth samples and a polythene envelope in which was...(High Beam, 2001).

    Title: Uganda, Kenya Free Of Anthrax Scourge
    Date: October 25, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract:
    Two parcels that caused an anthrax scare in Kampala on Monday have both tested negative for the dreaded germ, health ministry officials said yesterday.

    Meanwhile, the AFP yesterday quoted reports from Paris, France as saying that both anthrax attacks reported outside the United States proved to be false alarms.

    A letter which Kenyan authorities had said contained anthrax spores later tested negative for the bacterium, a US official said, while an Argentinian official said that anthrax found in a letter there was from a harmless strain.

    Uganda's commissioner for community health, Dr. Sam Okware, said preliminary results from...(High Beam, 2001).

    Title: Governments Brace For Bioterrorist Attacks
    Date: November 9, 2001
    Source: High Beam

    Abstract:
    Following the confirmation of one anthrax case and several suspected others in Nairobi last week, the governments of the three East African states are pulling all stops to pre-empt bioterrorist attacks.

    Kenya and Tanzania are still smarting from the 1998 bomb attacks on the American embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam, which left over 250 people dead and about 5,000 others injured.

    The action by the three countries follows the suicide hijack attacks in New York and Washington, in which over 6,000 people, including 25 Africans, are believed to have perished (High Beam, 2001).