Date: April 19, 2012
Abstract: What does it take to keep a champion athlete down? One might think a potentially deadly bacterial infection would do it- but then again, not if you’re Kenyan runner Emmanuel Mutai.
“I had a fever a few weeks ago and was under medication,” Mutai admitted. “But I am feeling better now and my recovery has been good. I will have to try my best.”
Typhoid fever is a life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Salmonella Typhi lives only in humans. Persons with typhoid fever carry the bacteria in their bloodstream and intestinal tract. In addition, a small number of persons, called carriers, recover from typhoid fever but continue to carry the bacteria. Both ill persons and carriers shed S.Typhi in their feces.You can get typhoid fever if you eat food or drink beverages that have been handled by a person who is shedding S. Typhi or if sewage contaminated with S. Typhi bacteria gets into the water you use for drinking or washing food. Therefore, typhoid fever is more common in areas of the world where handwashing is less frequent and water is likely to be contaminated with sewage (Examiner, 2012).
Title: Singapore: Rugby Tournament Eye Infection Outbreak Caused By Parasite
Date: May 26, 2012
Abstract: Approximately 150 kids who participated in a rugby tournament in Singapore this past April developed symptoms of the eye infection, keratoconjunctivitis.
According to a Singapore Ministry of Health (MOH) press release Thursday, at least two of the keratoconjunctivitis cases have been confirmed to be caused by the protozoan parasite, microsporidia.
The MOH reports confirmation in a 10-year old boy who resides in Singapore and a 12-year old boy who resides in Malaysia. Both boys had played in the tournament.
The rugby tournament took place 20-22 April 2012 at Turf City and involved around 1,600 players from 16 rugby clubs from a number of countries.
As of the date of the press release, the various participating clubs reported approximately 150 affected cases: Singapore reported 80-90 cases, Hong Kong-33, Malaysia-14 and Australia-13. All of those affected were between the ages of 5 and 17.
Microsporidia are increasingly recognized as opportunistic infectious agents worldwide. The Microsporidia include hundreds of different species of obligate intracellular parasites, which are seen mainly, but not exclusively, in severely immunocompromised patients.
Microsporidia, are characterized by the production of resistant spores that vary in size, depending on the species.
Some of the Microsporidian species that have been implicated in keratoconjunctivitis include,Anncaliia algerae, Encephalitozoon cuniculi and Encephalitozoon hellem, to name a few.
Some species of microsporidia have been implicated in gastrointestinal infections and disseminated infections in the immunocompromised.
According to the Singapore MOH:
Cases of eye infection with microsporidia have been known to occur in Singapore. Infection can occur when mud enters the eye during sporting activities in muddy fields. This can cause keratoconjunctivitis, which may cause eye pain, redness or blurry vision as early as 2 days and as late as 21 days after exposure. Microsporidia keratoconjunctivitis is generally mild and can be treated with antibiotic eyedrops. The infection cannot be transmitted from person to person.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), topical fumagillin is used to treat microsporidial keratoconjunctivitis, with Albendazole being the drug of choice for ocular, intestinal, and disseminated microsporidiosis.
The MOH is currently in contact with health authorities of the affected countries.
In addition, while the investigation is ongoing, health authorities are
advising the public to avoid using Turf City pitches for rugby when it is rainy
or muddy. Members of the public who engage in sports that involve contact with
soil or mud should maintain good personal hygiene and seek medical advice if
they experience itchy and painful red eyes with discharge occurring from two
days up to three weeks after engaging in sports that involve contact with soil
or mud (Examiner, 2012).
Title: Euro 2012 Health Warnings: Measles And STDs
Date: May 30, 2012
Abstract: The 2012 UEFA European Football Championship or Euro 2012 is ready to kick off next Friday and hundreds of thousands of spectators are expected to converge on the hosting countries of Poland and Ukraine and health officials are warning about some health risks that may be encountered.
Both the British Health Protection Agency (HPA) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued warnings this week concerning measles in that part of Europe.
Both health agencies are urging travelers to the Ukraine for the football championship to ensure their vaccines are up-to-date.
The HPA said Monday that vaccine shortages in the Ukraine for the past two years have led to more than a million unvaccinated children in the country.
The CDC issued a measles outbreak notice Friday reporting the seriousness of the situation in Ukraine:
As of May 14, 2012, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported 9,173 suspected measles cases in 2012, mostly in the western regions of the country.
The HPA expect the measles outbreak to continue to increase during its peak transmission season until June.
And the Ukraine is not alone; measles is a big problem in many European countries, where many of the fans will be traveling from.
Naturally, anytime you get that many people to assemble in one area, some unvaccinated and susceptible, the risks of respiratory infections increase dramatically. Ensuring vaccinations are up-to-date for other respiratory illnesses like influenza would also be advised.
In addition, anytime you get a large amount of out-of-towners coming to an area, the prostitutes will be there looking for business.
In the US, we see this when big events occur like the Super Bowl, and this is expected with the political conventions in Tampa and Charlotte this summer.
Not surprisingly, Ukraine’s sex industry is also gearing up for Euro 2012. In a Channel News Asia story Wednesday, it is reported that "Kiev's prostitutes are preparing actively for Euro 2012," one Ukrainian sex site said, claiming that some are even studying the history of the 16 nations taking part in the tournament, plus the basics of football, to get a competitive edge.
This has drawn the ire of the feminist group, Femen and Anna Hutsol, who is targeting the upcoming Euro 2012. They warn against the rise of sex tourism in Ukraine under the banner of “Ukraine is not a brothel".
Prostitution is big business in Ukraine since becoming a misdemeanor six years ago. The country now hosts somewhere around 70,000 sex workers, and with prostitution comes sexually transmitted diseases of all kinds.
HIV for instance has become a major problem in the Ukraine which currently has Eastern Europe and Central Asia's highest rates of HIV infection. Sexual intercourse is the main form of transmission in the country. Formerly, it was injecting drug use.
The Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) report at least 350,000 people aged 15 and over up in the nation of 46 million are living with the HIV virus that can lead to AIDS. Ukrainian prostitutes carry a high percentage of HIV positive people.
The UEFA has even started a campaign urging football fans to where a condom when having sex—prostitute or otherwise.
If you are traveling to partake in the Euro 2012 championship, ensure you take all the necessary precautions to avoid bringing an infectious disease back home with you (Examiner, 2012).
Title: Ukraine Measles Outbreak Shows No Sign Of Slowing Ahead Of Euro 2012
Date: May 31, 2012
Abstract: The numbers of measles cases increased by dozens in a 24 hour period and show no sign of abating in advance of the masses of fans that will soon arrive for the Euro 2012 football championship.
According to the Ukrainian new source forUm, the Ukraine Health Ministry said in a statement Wednesday that they registered 63 cases in a 24 hour period, primarily in the Western areas of the country.
This brings the total measles cases reported in the Ukraine to 10,056 as of May 30, this is up from 9,173 two weeks prior.
Measles or rubeola, is an acute highly communicable viral disease that is characterized by Koplik spots in the cheek or tongue very early in the disease. A couple of days later a red blotchy rash appears first on the face, and then spreads, lasting 4-7 days. Other symptoms include fever, cough and red watery eyes. The patient may be contagious from four days prior to the rash appearance to four days after rash appearance.
The disease is more severe in infants and adults. Complications from measles which is reported in up to 20% of people infected include; seizures, pneumonia, deafness and encephalitis.
If you plan on traveling to Europe for the football championship next week, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends:
Talk to your doctor to see if you need a measles vaccination before you travel. People who cannot show that they were vaccinated as children and who have never had measles should probably be vaccinated.
The first dose of measles vaccine is routinely recommended at age 12–15 months in the United States. However, children traveling outside the United States are recommended to get the vaccine starting at age 6 months. If your child is aged 6–11 months and will be traveling internationally, talk to a doctor about getting the measles vaccine (Examiner, 2012).
Title: Bad Salad Blamed For Ukraine Football Team Food Poisoning
Date: June 9, 2012
Abstract: Just days before Ukraine’s inaugural match against Sweden in the Euro 2012 football championship, at least ten players from the squad were sickened with a bout of food poisoning in Germany.
Ukrainian team doctors are now blaming the outbreak on a bad salad from a German hotel.
According to a AP report, Ukraine team doctor Leonid Mironov said Thursday that he thinks the players suffered from “the bad effects of eating a salad”.
The causative agent of the food poisoning outbreak was never identified.
Ukrainian coach, Oleg Blokhin originally announced the illnesses Wednesday after Turkey defeated Ukraine. Later on a report from Ukraine TV, Blokhin even suggested the outbreak was the result of sabotage.
As far as the team is concerned, the situation is now “case closed” as team spokesperson Oleksandr Glyvynskiy told The Associated Press there will be no further investigation into the cause of the food poisoning.The Ukraine is co-hosting the 2012 European Football Championship with Poland. The tournament will host 16 European clubs competing for the coveted championship. It will continue until its finale on July 1 (Examiner, 2012).
Title: Chelsea Striker, Daniel Sturridge Confirmed Positive With Viral Meningitis
Date: July 5, 2012
Abstract: The Chelsea Football Club confirmed yesterday that the rumors of their star striker; Daniel Sturridge are true, the 22-year-old is suffering from a bout of viral meningitis, but his condition is improving according to reports yesterday.
As reported on the Official Site of the Chelsea Football Club, chelseafc.com, Blues manager, Roberto Di Matteo confirmed Wednesday that Sturridge was diagnosed with the debilitating viral disease.
'He has viral meningitis,' said Di Matteo. 'I spoke to him and he feels better, we are going to progress his situation and hopefully he gets well as soon as possible and he will be able to join Olympic team.
It will be day-to-day but Sturridge and the club remain hopeful he will be able to compete for Team GB at the London Olympics starting on July 27.
MSN Wild World of Sports reports Coach Stuart Pearce's squad will meet at the Team GB holding camp in Loughborough next weekend, and Football Association (FA) medical staff will assess the results of tests before deciding if Sturridge can still play a part.
Pearce has until July 25 to select a replacement should Sturridge be forced to withdraw.
The debilitating, but rarely fatal viral meningitis (a.k.a., aseptic meningitis) is a very common type of meningitis affecting newborns, children and adults alike.
The symptoms of viral meningitis typically last a week or so; however, in some patients they can last for months. Symptoms include headache, fever, irritability, stiff neck, nausea and a sensitivity to light.
The Meningitis Foundation of America says viral meningitis is spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions (kissing, coughing, sneezing, and sharing a cup, utensil, lip gloss, or cigarette). Viral meningitis is also found in one's stool, which is how infants and neonates who aren't toilet trained and adults changing diapers develop it.There is no specific treatment for viral meningitis at this time. Treating the symptoms of viral meningitis include getting plenty of rest, relaxation, fluids, and medicine to relieve a fever or headache (Examiner, 2012).