Guatemala (1946-1948)

BIOTERRORBIBLE.COM: The following state/government sponsored bio-terror tests (attacks) occurred in Guatemala, specifically from 1946-1948. The historical record of state sponsored bio-terror is littered with unprovoked attacks on unsuspecting soldiers and citizens alike. The fact that state sponsored bio-terror tests (attacks) exist in mass confirms not only that government is the serial bio-terrorist, but that it will strike again in the near future.

Currently, Israel is the only modern nation that has not signed the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention  (refusal to engage in offensive biological warfare, stockpiling, and use of biological weapons). Also, Israel is the only modern nation that has signed but not ratified the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (refusal to produce, stockpile and use chemical weapons). Should the world suffer a major bio-terror attack or pandemic, Israel will be the #1 suspect.

Title: President Obama Apologizes To Guatemalan President For ‘Shocking,’ ‘Tragic,’ ‘Reprehensible’ Syphilis Study
Date: October 1, 2010
ABC News

Abstract: President Obama this afternoon spoke with Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom to “express his deep regret” and “extend an apology to all those infected” following the revelation that the U.S. Public Health Service conducted a study from 1946 to 1948 in which near 700 prisoners, soldiers and patients with emotional and mental problems were purposefully infected with syphilis.

The study also was sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, a forerunner of the Pan American Health Organization, and the Guatemalan government. “The president reaffirmed the United States’ unwavering commitment to ensure that all human medical studies conducted today meet exacting U.S. and international legal and ethical standards,” a White House statement said. “He also underscored the United States’ deep respect for the people of Guatemala and the importance of our bilateral relationship.”

News of the study was discovered by Wellesley University professor Susan Reverby, who wrote about the archived documents about the experiment she discovered at the University of Pittsburgh in January's Journal of Policy History. In a synopsis of her report, Reverby writes that the U.S. “doctors used prostitutes with the disease to pass it to the prisoners (since sexual visits were allowed by law in Guatemalan prisons) and then did direct inoculations made from syphilis bacteria poured onto the men’s penises or on forearms and faces that were slightly abraded when the ‘normal exposure’ produced little disease, or in a few cases through spinal punctures.” Dr. John Cutler, who participated in the infamous Tuskegee syphilis study, led this study in Guatemala. “Obviously, this is shocking,” said White house press secretary Robert Gibbs. “It’s tragic. It’s reprehensible.” ¨

Earlier today, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius issued a statement calling the sexually transmitted disease inoculation study “clearly unethical. Although these events occurred more than 64 years ago, we are outraged that such reprehensible research could have occurred under the guise of public health. We deeply regret that it happened, and we apologize to all the individuals who were affected by such abhorrent research practices” (ABC News, 2010)

Title: Judge Rules Guatemalans Can’t Sue U.S. Over 1940s Syphilis Experiments
Date: June 15, 2012

Abstract: Despite the fact that the 1940s Guatemalen
syphilis experiments that were conducted by an agency of the US government were undoubtedly a hugely unethical matter in US history, a US District judge says the victims of these atrocious experiments cannot sue the US government.

According to a Fox News Latino report Thursday, U.S. District Judge Reggie Walton said that federal laws do not admit lawsuits in the United States for harm caused in a foreign country.

Seventy years ago, Public Health Service (PHS) physician, Dr. John C. Cutler, ran a syphilis inoculation project on Guatemalan soldiers and prisoners to determine the prophylactic capabilities of penicillin against this infamous spirochete.

The number of those affected is up for debate--the Guatemalan government has determined that more than 2,000 people were infected with syphilis, gonorrhea and chancroid in the 1940s, while the United States estimates the number at a little more than 1,300 people.

In light of the discovery a couple of years ago by Wellesley College professor, Susan Reverby, the major political figures in Washington came out to apologize to Guatemala from President Obama to Secretary Clinton and Secretary Sebelius.

President Obama even ordered a bioethics commission to investigate the Public Health Service/Dr. Cutler experiments.

Judge Walton advised the plaintiffs to direct their pleas to Congress and the executive branch, "who, if they choose, have the ability to grant some modicum of relief to those affected by the Guatemala study" (Examiner, 2012).